The greatest gathering of the Jewish year is nearly upon us and this year, the Passover seder will be celebrated like no other. Mah nishtanah ha-leila ha-zeh, indeed.
Most translations of this famous line portray it as a question: “Why is this night different from all other nights?” In my reading, this is incorrect. The Hebrew word “mah” doesn’t mean “why.” The proper meaning is “how” or “what.” The phrase is not a question at all: it’s a declarative statement: “How different is this night from all other nights?” Then, we get the questions designed to stimulate the engagement of the young and old: why matzo, why maror, why dipping twice, and why reclining? In this year of the coronavirus crisis, there is no question our seder experiences will be different. The question is how to make the evening engaging, educating, exciting, and memorable?
So, here are 10 tips to “zoom” in on crafting a great virtual seder:
- Prepare. Even when we gather together in person, a great seder is well-prepared in advance. A virtual seder requires even more advance work. Many people already have experienced a virtual Jewish ritual, celebrating Shabbat online these past few weeks. My wife, Susie, and I have done just that from our shelter-in-place location at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., where Susie recently received a life-saving kidney transplant. These virtual Shabbat experiences with our children and grandchildren have lifted our spirits beyond measure. So, imagine how thrilled we were to receive a photo from our daughter Havi picturing “the Paperny next generation cousins” (“Paperny” was my maternal grandfather’s name) — young people in their 30s and 40s and their kids — on a Zoom call discussing preparations for our virtual seder. To see Kate and Emma from Seattle, David and Miriam from San Diego, Lisa and Hannah from Irvine, and Havi, Ellie and Gabe from San Jose all together on that Zoom conference brought tears to my eyes. So, get your seder leaders together online now to think through how and what and why you will do what you’ll do on seder eve.
- Give homework. I have been advocating this since the publication of my book (with Joel Lurie Grishaver) “Passover: The Family Guide to Spiritual Celebration” (Jewish Lights Publishing) in 1988. Consider asking each group calling in to take responsibility for leading one of the ritual practices, or explaining a section of the haggadah, or reading the text aloud. Especially the kids — so many of them are already reading stories to their grandparents (and vice versa) online. Get a PJ Library book about Passover and have the kids (or grandparents) read it aloud.
- Tell the story. Keep your eye on the actual purpose of the seder — to tell the story of the Exodus from Egypt, our story that begins with our people in slavery and ends in our redemption. We ought to start the experience feeling constricted in a “narrow” (the literal meaning of “mitzrayim”) place (like being stuck at home) and freedom (if the weather is nice, consider walking outside after your seder). If there is one overarching theme of the evening, it is to feel as if you have experienced this “exodus:” “b’chol dor va dor chayav adam lirot et atzmo k’ilu hu yatza mi’Mitzrayim — in every generation, it is your responsibility to think of yourself as if you actually had been present at the Exodus from Egypt.” So, how do we achieve this feeling? We use every storytelling technique in our tool-box. Take turns reading sections of the haggadah. But also take time to tell the story by acting it out, singing parody songs (there are hundreds on the internet), doing magic tricks, making a video, writing your own haggadah.
- Ask questions. Begin with the Famous Four, but spice up your evening with a few provocative and well-placed queries. An obvious one this year: “The seder recalls the Ten Plagues — what’s something that plagues us today?” Or, “The seder begins by inviting anyone to join in — Ha lachma anya. How do we sustain our relationships in a time of social distancing?”
- Innovate. I cannot wait to see what folks will do by adding a symbolic food to the seder plate to mark this time in our lives. Too bad beer isn’t kosher for Pesach: a Corona would do the trick.
- Have fun. Find ways to infuse some humor. There are the old standbys: beating each other with green onions during “Dayenu” to recall the experience of slavery, searching for the afikomen, singing those parody songs at key moments in the storytelling.
- Afikomen gifts. At our face-to-face seder, Susie and I give a gift to each of the kids who look for the afikomen. This year, we’ll be sending them via one of the online platforms. Just be sure you send them early to arrive in time — even Amazon is behind in deliveries.
- Be inclusive. It can be challenging to keep the attention of everybody on a Zoom call. So, if one person is “leading” the seder, be sure to ask questions, call on people. There is a challenging short delay on Zoom to sing together, but do the best you can. You may want to mute when one party is giving a presentation.
- Make changes: It’s your story. There is a reason there are thousands of editions of the Passover haggadah. We have embraced the permission to make the experience meaningful for us in our generation. So be creative — especially this year.
- Wash your hands. Isn’t it a bit ironic or even prophetic that the seder calls for us to wash our hands not once, but twice? The first hand washing — urchatz – is often done by the leader on behalf of everyone. This year, I recommend everyone wash hands at the beginning of the seder and at rochtza before the meal. I suggest we add a blessing when we all wash for Urchatz — a version of birkat ha-gomel, a blessing of gratitude usually recited by someone who has escaped injury or successfully completed a perilous journey: Baruch ata Adonai, Eloheinu melech ha-olam, ha-gomel l’chayavim tovot she-g’malani kol tov.
Blessed are You, Adonai our God, Sovereign of the universe, who has bestowed every goodness upon us.
Instead of washing hands for 20 seconds to the tune of “Happy Birthday,” sing a chorus of “Dayenu” It’s enough already with this virus.
You might also consider adding a misheberach, a prayer for healing, at this or some point during the ceremony.
Wishing you a safe and wonderful Pesach.
Ron Wolfson is Fingerhut Professor of Education at American Jewish University and co-author of “The Relational Judaism Handbook: Second Edition” (Kripke Institute).