June 26, 2019

Weekly Parsha: Shelach

One verse, five voices. Edited by Salvador Litvak, Accidental Talmudist

They spread an [evil] report about the land which they had scouted, telling the children of Israel, “The land we passed through to explore is a land that consumes its inhabitants, and all the people we saw in it are men of great size. There we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, descended from the giants. In our eyes, we seemed like grasshoppers, and so we were in their eyes.” –Numbers 13:32-33


Heftsibah Cohen-Montagu
Arevot Women’s Beit Midrash of the Sephardic Educational Center

The story of the spies is a story of perspectives. First, they see the giants, then they see themselves like grasshoppers, insignificant insects, and thirdly, they project their own self-image on the giants. That was their chief fault, says midrash Tanhuma: God says to them, “I can forgive you for saying, ‘we seemed like grasshoppers,’ but not for saying, ‘so we were in their eyes.’ Perhaps you seemed like angels?” 

The midrash criticizes the spies for letting their subjective fears lead to defeatism. They see the good and bad sides of the land, but what tips the scale for them is their own self-image projected onto the other. 

God suggests another perspective: By reframing their subjective partial view of the other, their whole outlook will become more positive. Perhaps the midrash is saying that the spies could have seen the “Nefilim” as “angels” (as in Genesis 6), and that would have enabled them to see themselves as angels also. 

As a sabra whose parents made aliyah from Morocco, I witnessed an entire generation lose its way by letting its own self-image be determined by the perspective of the established residents, who saw them as inferior. Israel is a land of milk and honey, but also a land that consumes its inhabitants, by trapping them into internalizing a self-image that deprives them of the richness of their own identity. By going beyond rigid views of ourselves and others, we can break down preconceptions and let the land become “exceedingly good.”

Rabbi Gordon Bernat-Kunin
Rabbinic Director, Milken Community Schools

Let’s read these verses in a way that opens up interpretation and debate. Many commentaries see the sin of the spies like Camus’ definition of lying, namely, lying is saying more than one knows to be true. They may have felt like grasshoppers, but went too far when they said, “and so we were in their eyes” or “a land that consumes its inhabitants.” Rashi takes this catastrophizing even further: “We heard them say one to another, ‘There are ants in the vineyards that look like human beings.’ ” As leaders, they betrayed their responsibility and forgot the source of their deliverance. 

In their defense, consider another perspective. Compare the story of the spies to the story of the golden calf. Both Moses and the spies are away for 40 days. In both, God threatens to destroy the Israelites, promising to begin anew with Moshe. In both, Moses persuades God not to destroy the people by asking what will the Egyptians say. In both, Moses talks God off the ledge and God relents or repents. 

In both cases (the spies and the golden calf), we can ask: When are loyalty tests reasonable or just? What is the difference between radical trust and blind faith? What does it take to enable a child (or a people) to overcome previous traumas? To what extent can people maintain their core beliefs or commitments in the face of giant opposition? Finally, what kinds of reminders or tzitzit can bind us to our sacred purpose? 

Rabbi Miriam E. Hamrell
Ahavat Torah Congregation

How often do we engage in a white lie or a stretch of the truth and justify it with, “everyone else does it!” The spies sent by Moses to Israel did that and more. They did not separate reality from fantasy, nor truth from lies.

In his book “Moses as Political Leader,” Aaron Wildavsky writes that the sin of the spies is more serious than slander, a white lie or even stretching the truth because they “discredit the entire enterprise.” When the People of Israel left Egypt, they knew they were going to “the Land of Milk and Honey.” They had tremendous hope and security that God promised and God would deliver! But the spies, like all good liars, used a bait-and-switch technique. They smooth-talked and baited the people with the magnificent cluster of grapes that needed two people to carry it as proof that the land is indeed a land of milk and honey. Then came the switch: The land consumes its inhabitants; the people are giants and we seemed like grasshoppers in their eyes and ours.

Sforno says the spies deliberately misled our people. Their exaggeration and white lies threw the hopes and dreams of our people out the window. Even more than that, the entire enterprise of our people’s relationship with God was at stake. Was it possible that God lied to them?

Lies create false reality. False reality crumbles every relationship.

May we never engage in such dreadful activities. Amen.

Rabbi Michael Berenbaum
Professor of Jewish Studies, director of Sigi Ziering Institute, American Jewish University

I have a special love for this parsha because many years ago, it was my bar-mitzvah sedra, one I never forget. 

The spies did not so much speak ill of the land; they praised its beauty, the quality of its fruit, the diversity of its landscape and then they looked at its inhabitants, “men of great size.” Even their depiction of the land as one that “devours its inhabitants” is not quite as negative as it seems, if — and the “if” is all important — the children of Israel behave differently, work the land differently. 

But then they reveal their sense of self. “Grasshoppers” in the eyes of the inhabitants but more importantly, grasshoppers in their own eyes. Internalizing their servility, they could not imagine their capabilities. These were not men who could conquer a land, not men who could realize such a noble — and difficult —  task. 

Caleb and Joshua dissented, not by offering a different assessment of the land or its inhabitants, but rather of their own capacities and of their trust in God, who had bidden them to inhabit the land. They felt empowered; men equal to the task, they were worthy to inhabit the land. 

Think ahead some 2,900 years to the statement of another Jewish visionary who set the Jews on a difficult and demanding task: “If you will it, it is no dream.” 

If we seek to accomplish great things in life, we must see ourselves as empowered, ready to grow equal to the task.

Dini Coopersmith
Trip coordinator and leader, womensreconnectiontrip.com

The who that Moshe chose to spy out the Land were anashim, important leaders. How could they err so terribly and spread an evil report? The Zohar explains (3,158) that the spies were afraid that in the land, they might lose their position of leadership and power. This caused a slight bias, which subconsciously led them to skew the results of their fact-finding mission and discourage the nation from entering the Land. 

Rabbi Avraham Twerski (“Let Us Make Man”), says that arrogant people generally have low self-esteem, and therefore are power-hungry and need the praise of others to compensate for their feelings of worthlessness. Counter-intuitively, humble people know their own worth and have no need for the approval and approbation of others. 

Look at how these great men thought about themselves: “We seemed like grasshoppers in our own eyes and so we were in their eyes”! The lower their self-esteem, the more desperate they were to hold onto power, and were consequently loath to enter the Land of Israel. 

Netivot Shalom says that the Land of Israel is unique in that “HaShem your God watches it always.” God is much more involved in the day-to-day life there, and in order to feel God running the show, you need to be humble. If you are arrogant, you will think you are the source of your blessings. This is why the great spies, who were slightly conceited and insecure, failed in their mission to report positively and encouragingly about the Land of Israel!

Jewish Fashion Through the Ages

The well-known Hollywood red carpet query is “Who are you wearing?” But at a fashion exhibit currently making the rounds at Los Angeles Public Library (LAPL), the more appropriate question might be “Did they really wear that?”

Indeed, our multicultural ancestors did, and the 22 posters in the Vintage Jewish Fashion Posters exhibition prove it. These men, women and children weren’t playing dress up. The conical gold headpieces (“kufia”) attached with scarves were part of a Jewish girl’s school uniform in Tunisia. Young Fernand Lopatnik of Paris sports a Little Lord Fauntleroy suit for his end-of-school-year photo in 1920s Paris. And that traditional white cotton kemis (ankle length dress) worn by a Beta Israeli would quite naturally be festooned with Stars of David and menorahs … even in Ethiopia. 

“Fashion is something that everyone can relate to and some of these images are so surprising,” said Wendy Westgate, a librarian in the exploration and creativity department at LAPL who helped organize the exhibit. “There are some really surprising fashions and locations in there, and they weren’t all inherently religious, which is good, too.” 

The globe- and era-spanning images depict individuals from Europe, North Africa, the Middle East and Israel. Viewers can see men and women in uniform, at leisure, posed for formal portraits or cutting loose at festivals. Some are exotic and others not so much. Although you probably couldn’t track down the types of hats worn by the Brumbergs of 1911 Moscow anywhere other than a museum, the young Israeli girls headed to work in Eretz Israel in 1937 are clad in the types of khaki shorts and head kerchiefs that would not be so out of place today.  

Each image contains a paragraph with information about the fashion and the subject. The Queens of the Moroccan Beauty Pageant in 1927, for example, were shot by the noted Moroccan Jewish photographer Joseph Bouhsira. And the white-suited young man cutting loose with friends in Tel Aviv in 1930 is identified as Dov Milchan, father of Oscar-nominated film producer Arnon Milchan.  

“Many patrons have said how wonderful it was for them to be able to share these photos with their children and how it was the starting point of conversations about their own Jewish heritage,” Westgate said. “And it’s so heartwarming, to look at some of the people and think, ‘What happened to them?’ It really tugs at you.” 

 

“There are some really surprising fashions and locations in there, and they weren’t all inherently religious, which is good, too.”  — Wendy Westgate

Westgate learned of the exhibition from Lisa Silverman, a colleague at the American Jewish University’s (AJU’s) Sperber Library. The images belong to Beit Hatfutsot, the Museum of the Jewish People in Tel Aviv, and they travel easily. Beit Hatfutsot has eight to 10 “capsule” poster exhibitions on different themes, which libraries or cultural institutions are able to download, reproduce and display.

The Beit Hatsfutsot collection has more than 400,000 images depicting Jewish history, heritage and communal life across the globe. The library received permission from Beit Hatfutsot and the library’s digitalization department created the posters. Depending on their available space, the individual branches are displaying as many of the posters as they have room for.

“I wanted to bring it to the Sperber Library but we don’t have enough people just walking through, and I wanted all of L.A. to see it,” said Silverman, who learned of the opportunity during a visit to Beit Hatfutsot last year. “It has a broader reach and I knew Wendy at LAPL could get it done.”

The exhibition opened in the Robertson Branch at the beginning of May to coincide with Jewish heritage month. After spending two weeks on the Westside, it moved to the Studio City branch and will reopen June 26 at the Woodland Hills branch before moving to Fairfax (July 17-31), Encino-Tarzana (August 7-21) and Westwood (Aug. 28-Sept. 11) as well as a brief stop at the Warner Center Marriott in Woodland Hills during the Association of Jewish Libraries conference June 17-19. After the library tour concludes in September, the posters will be permanently housed at the American Jewish University.

For more information, visit their website. 

Weekly Parsha: Nasso

One verse, five voices. Edited by Salvador Litvak, Accidental Talmudist

The Lord spoke to Moses saying, “Speak to Aaron and his sons, saying: this is how you shall bless the children of Israel, saying to them, ‘May the Lord bless you and protect you. May the Lord deal kindly and graciously with you. May the Lord bestow his favor upon you and grant you peace.’” –Numbers 6:22-26


Miriam Mill
Chassidishe wife, mother and president of Tzaddik Foundation

The Priestly Blessing starts with the phrase “Yevarechecha HaShem veyishmerecha” — “May God bless you and protect you.” Since God told the Kohanim, “So shall you bless the children of Israel,” the blessing should be in the plural, “yevarechechem” but it’s not. “Yevarechecha” is in the singular. Why? The Taamei HaMinhagim gives a beautiful answer. 

Before the Priestly Blessing, the Kohen recites the blessing, “Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to bless His nation of Israel be’ahavah, with love.” (Shulchan Arukh, Orach Chaim 128:11). Although the Kohanim are indeed blessing the entire congregation, they do so in the singular in order to indicate that God desires to bless the Jews with the unity that results when love prevails. The Kohanim, who serve in the Temple, bring God’s blessings to the people but only when love exists among the Jewish people. It is as if love fuels and directs the power of the Shekhinah, divine presence, which resides on the Kohen’s fingers during the Priestly Blessing toward each Jew, thus blessing Am Yisrael with so much good. 

We are told that the Second Beit HaMikdash, Holy Temple, was destroyed because of sinat chinam, baseless hatred, and that unconditional love will rebuild the final Holy Temple. May we learn to love one another if only because we are part of God’s chosen nation and see the rebuilding of the Beit HaMikdash immediately, bringing peace, prosperity and wisdom to the world.

Rabbi Mendel Schwartz
The Chai Center

I was fortunate to receive a scholarship so I could study for my master’s degree in rabbinics in Melbourne, Australia. One evening, we played hooky and went downtown to watch “Fiddler on the Roof.” As a rabbinic student, I was amazed to hear the actors sing verses from this week’s Torah portion in two separate songs. “May the Lord protect and defend you …”

And the 3,000 gentiles in the exquisite theater cheered wildly. That made me proud. More than 50 years after its original opening, the show is stronger than ever, playing recently at the Pantages on Hollywood Boulevard. This makes me even more proud.

But why the craze? Why the fascination?

Now we have a new show taking the world by storm: “Shtisel,” a series available on Netflix. And everyone who sees it looks at Charedim, the very Orthodox, in a more empathetic and positive light.

When you learn about a group by having dialogue with one person at a time rather than hearing stats or generalizations, you come to fathom them at a much deeper level. You learn the character of individuals by breaking bread in their house, speaking with their siblings and having tea with their parents, which is what “Shtisel” did for us.

The more we thus encounter Jews we haven’t previously met, the more our Jewish community as a whole will flourish. And to that, let us all say, “Amen!”

Rabbi Yosef Kanefsky
B’nai David-Judea

The second sentence of the blessing, here translated as “May the Lord deal kindly with you,” is rendered more literally, “May the Lord shine His face toward you.” While the image is arresting, the precise meaning is enigmatic. 

Rabbi Jacob Sforno suggested that the blessing here is that God illuminate our eyes so that we can see the wonder that God created in the world, and the beauty that God placed in the Torah. God’s “shining His face toward us” is God helping us to behold things that are in plain view, but which in the bustle of daily life, we fail to perceive. The beauty of the people around us, the affection of the people who love us, the magnificence of the hills and birds and trees. The profundity of a mitzvah to always judge others favorably, the thrilling craziness of loving others as we love ourselves, the revolutionary and life-altering command to take every seventh day for God, for family, for community. 

There are gifts hidden in plain sight. Until God blesses us with the light that shines from His face. 

While the biblical command to convey this blessing is directed at the Kohanim alone, it has been the tradition since at least talmudic times that — without the formal Temple trappings — all of us routinely share this blessing with others, in particular with our children on Friday night. When we do so, we should stop and ask ourselves, “How can I help realize this blessing? How can I help others see the beauty and the wonder?” 

Rabbi Ilana Grinblat
Vice president of community engagement, Board of Rabbis of Southern California

May God bless you with all the good things in life and keep you from the bad.

May God smile on you and give you beyond what you deserve. 

May God face you and grant you peace.

Rabbi Elliot Dorff recited this blessing before an open ark, ordaining the new Ziegler School rabbis. 

Since receiving that blessing 18 years ago, I’ve attended many inspiring Ziegler School ordinations. This year’s ceremony was more euphoric than ever. With 700 people gathered in a tent, the evening began with upbeat music, and during the ceremony, two ordinees, Rabbis Joshua Warshawsky and Ariel Wolpe, performed on guitar a song they composed for ordination. Rabbi Bradley Shavit Artson called them “rabbis and rock stars.” 

At the ceremony, Rabbi Jonathan Hodson taught a talmudic passage wherein two rabbis discussed the fear that “the Torah would be forgotten from the Jewish People.” (Ketubot 103b). This age-old worry is one we share today. How do we keep the Torah alive and relevant for the next generation? 

The ceremony itself offered an antidote to that angst. If our Judaism is only serious and somber, the next generation might run for the hills. Yet, if our Judaism is passionate, joyful, musical and moving, there’s no reason to worry. 

Since Jewish history has included manifold tragedies, there are times when we need to mourn. Yet, whenever possible, the default setting of our faith should overflow with joy and gratitude for the miracle of life. 

May God bless us all with jubilance.

Rabbi Gail Labovitz
American Jewish University

Often, when the rabbis sought to understand a word or passage in the Torah, they turned to other instances of those words or ones like them in Scripture for clues to their meaning and implications. Thus, in Sifre Bamidbar, the earliest midrashic work on the Book of Numbers, this short blessing is linguistically and conceptually connected to other places in the Bible where mentions of blessing, protection, grace, divine light, peace, etc., appear. 

As just one example, to be “protected” can mean divine protection from malevolent or dangerous outside forces, both human and of the natural world: “See, the guardian of Israel neither slumbers nor sleeps. … By day the sun will not strike you, nor the moon by night. The Lord will guard you from all harm …” (Psalm 121:5-7). We also need protection from our own base impulses, our sinful appetites: “For the Lord will be your trust, and will guard your foot from the snare” (Proverbs 3:26). Additionally, we pray that both parties to the covenant between the Jewish people and God will maintain — protect — that fundamental relationship, “If you heed these rules and maintain and do them, the Lord your God will maintain faithfully for you the covenant …” (Deuteronomy 7:12). And so too for each key word in the blessing. 

When the priests bless the people or we bless our children with the words of this blessing, all of these associations are invoked. In rabbinic exegesis and in our hearts, may this already rich blessing continue to grow and overflow in meaning!

How Graduates Should Fight Anti-Semitism

The following is the speech given at the graduation ceremony of American Jewish University by AJU President Jeffrey Herbst on May 19.

As this is my first graduation address as president of American Jewish University, I feel compelled to address a dark problem: the resurgence of anti-Semitism and how you, as citizens, rabbis, nonprofit leaders and educators, should respond.

The academic year was more or less bookended by the Tree of Life massacre in Pittsburgh in October — the most violent attack on the Jewish community in American history — and the Poway shootings in late April. In between, there was substantial documentation that this age-old prejudice is on the rise. The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) reported that, “The U.S. Jewish community experienced near-historic levels of anti-Semitism in 2018, including a doubling of anti-Semitic assaults.”

The reasons for this upsurge in hatred are complex and I cannot deal with them adequately here. I will say that the hatred for the Jews comes from the left and the right, from long-established American institutions and from emergent platforms. Certainly, no one should be sanguine that their side is without blame.

The question now is how to respond to anti-Semitism in the particular digital environment in which we live. In the past, the anti-Semitism that we saw in this country, while always abhorrent, was limited in time and space: the vandalism of tombstones, the Nazi graffiti, the assault on a person were acts that may have received attention locally but could not spread for long before the damage was repaired, the wall whitewashed, the victim healed.

Now, in large part due to the internet, every action is magnified, and the bigots have an instant world stage that they continually exploit. It seems almost quaint, those days when those who hated Jews distributed or quoted from the notorious “Protocols of the Elders of Zion.” Now killers, whether they be of Jews or others like the perpetrator of the massacre in Christchurch, New Zealand, leave behind elaborate manifestos filled with memes and in-jokes on platforms like 8chan to celebrate themselves, justify their actions and encourage others worldwide. 

“Now, in large part due to the internet, every action is magnified, and the bigots have an instant world stage that they continually exploit.”

But it is not only the killers who seek to dominate the conversation. In a world with a 24-hour news cycle, Twitter feeds and instant communication, there is a serious danger that anti-Semites who use only smartphones will position themselves to reap enormous amounts of free publicity. Thus, when someone makes an apparently anti-Semitic tweet, we are now well accustomed to what follows: a whole range of Jewish institutions and personalities respond, rightfully, to what they see as a new manifestation of hatred; there is then a counterattack about what the original statement really meant; and then further receding waves of indignation for days or weeks until the next outrage. All the while, attention is showered on the hater.

I fully support the work of the ADL, the Simon Wiesenthal Center and other institutions and people who respond to each and every one of the these outrageous statements. At the same time, I wonder if we are playing an old game in a new land. It used to be that responding directly to prejudice alone was the right response: Quite often, shame worked in what was also quaintly known as polite society to deter further utterances and the conversation could be contained. 

Today, there is no, or very little, shame because people become famous by becoming more outrageous, and they take the rightful attacks against their prejudice as evidence that they are on to something.

What then, as future leaders, can you do? Surely the answer is not to ignore the anti-Semitism that is found in tweets, posts and manifestos. Such nonchalance would reflect poorly on us as a society and, more directly, be perceived as a sign of weakness by our enemies.

I would therefore suggest the following:

Give no free publicity. New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern was undoubtedly correct in vowing to never say the name of the mosque shooter. We should be similarly circumspect about giving any additional publicity beyond direct refutation to anti-Semites. They should not get their picture printed, their vile arguments should not be endlessly repeated, and their manifestos should not be linked to for days or weeks after they speak. 

We must also gain control of the conversation. Saying that the anti-Semites are wrong is not enough and may be what they want. For instance, the dual loyalty canard is one of the most common messages of the anti-Semites. I no longer feel that it is enough to state defensively that support of Israel is not in tension with being a patriotic American. Rather, I am happy to say at all times, and not just when the anti-Semites attack us, that I am a proud supporter of both the United States and Israel, not least because that relationship has been of enormous strategic value to the United States. 

I also am not going to cringe when the bigots shout “Jews will not replace us.” Rather, I am happy to say unprompted that the Jews are better educated and wealthier because we have taken advantage of all this great country has to offer. If you do not like that, get rid of your tiki torches and go to school.

Finally, we have to be very careful about whether we should try to silence the haters. Many in our community celebrated when Facebook recently banned some of the bigots. That was certainly their right as a private company. And the social media platforms do have to be careful about their technologies being exploited to threaten specific individuals or used to promote criminal activities like human trafficking.

However, in this digital age, the bigots will always find another platform. Rather, a far more devastating rebuke of the digital racists and anti-Semites would have been to ignore them so that they died on the vine. Banning them gives them the very attention and the new set of grievances that they so desire. I would like to get to a point where we all agree that they are no longer worth our attention.

Ten years ago, I would not have given this speech. It pains me somewhat to think about the world our graduates are about to enter. However, I remain, in the end, relentlessly optimistic because I believe that you have been given the tools to fight the anti-Semites, the racists and the other bigots in this new order. Not by simple refutation but by painting the outlines of a new world of spirituality, service and education, where we can all live together and where those who speak of peace and hope are given the most attention.

Rabbi Sherre Hirsch Becomes American Jewish University’s Chief Innovation Officer

American Jewish University (AJU) announced on June 4 that former Sinai Temple Rabbi Sherre Hirsch will become its new chief innovation officer.

Hirsch is tasked with reimagining Jewish education, outreach and engagement for AJU’s two campuses, rabbinical school, and community and public educational programs. She will also provide leadership for AJU’s Whizin Center for Continuing Education, which offers classes, lectures, author events and concerts.

“We are thrilled to bring Rabbi Hirsch onto our senior leadership team to help drive AJU’s development of a new paradigm for education that meets the needs of our rapidly evolving community in Los Angeles and beyond,” Dr. Jeffrey Herbst, president of American Jewish University, said in a statement. “At a time when people are increasingly searching for spirituality and educational options beyond traditional institutions, AJU is uniquely positioned to deliver a new model for programming that engages and enlightens communities locally, nationally, and globally – both inside and outside of the Jewish world. Rabbi Hirsch’s extraordinary experience, wisdom, and insight will be invaluable in developing this new model.”

Rabbi Sherre Hirsch; Photo courtesy of AJU

Hirsch brings an assortment of experience to AJU as a pulpit rabbi, a senior executive at national Jewish institutions, a published author, and a leading public intellectual who has provided commentary on spirituality and religion on national media platforms. As senior rabbinic scholar at Hillel International, Hirsch created and developed Hillelwell, an initiative for Hillels worldwide to educate and normalize mental health in and around the Jewish community.

“I am honored to return to my alma mater, American Jewish University, as it charts an exciting new course to tackle the greatest challenges facing the Jewish community and the world,” Hirsch said in a statement. “My career has been focused around cultivating disruptive innovation that can advance the great project of Jewish peoplehood. I look forward to continuing this work at AJU, where there is a unique opportunity to leverage Jewish innovation and values to empower Jews and non-Jews alike.”

Jewish, Christian and Muslim Panelists Discuss the Role of Religion in American Politics

From left: Reinhard Krauss, Rabbi Adam Greenwald, Rev. Jonathan Chute and Aziza Hasan discussed religion and politics at American Jewish University. Photo by Laura-Beth Sholkoff, American Jewish University's Whizin Center for Continuing Education

“We are here to learn something about the distinctive insights and perhaps the helpful wisdom that Judaism, Christianity and Islam can bring to this crucial conversation of religion and politics based on the long history of each of these religious traditions.”

This is how Reinhard Krauss, executive director of the Academy for Judaic, Christian and Islamic Studies, introduced a panel discussion on March 27 held at the American Jewish University campus.

The event was part of the speaker series, “Let’s Talk About Religion,” which features interreligious conversations that highlight the similarities and differences between Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

Krauss served as the moderator on a panel titled “God in the Voting Booth? The Role of Religion in American Politics.” The event drew around 40 people and the panel featured Rabbi Adam Greenwald, director of AJU’s Miller Introduction to Judaism Program; Jonathan Chute, senior pastor at Rolling Hills United Methodist Church and Aziza Hasan, executive director of NewGround: A Muslim-Jewish Partnership for Change. 

 Hasan said religion and politics have always intermingled, noting how America’s first president, George Washington, addressed a synagogue about religious freedom and how former Rep. Keith Ellison (D-Minn.) was sworn in to the U.S. House on Thomas Jefferson’s Koran.

Greenwald said the sacred texts of the three monotheistic faiths do not prescribe policy positions. “So I believe one can be motivated by good religion and be a Democrat and one can be motivated by good religion and be a Republican,” he said. “The question is, are they both responding to the call of religion to be aware of the social ills?”

While religion has been used as a tool to oppress, Chute said the most sustainable religions are those that ask people to look inward. 

“I believe one can be motivated by good religion and be a Democrat and one can be motivated by good religion and be a Republican. The question is, are they both responding to the call of religion to be aware of the social ills?” — Rabbi Adam Greenwald

“I tend to feel that a healthy religious impulse is one that is more critical and actually more specifically self-critical and one of the differences between what I think of as a healthy religious expression and something that is more reflective of a cult is its capacity for self-criticism,” Chute said. 

Each speaker spoke about the importance of people of various political beliefs listening to one another. Hassan said she was struck by a recent article in USA Today that said an increasing amount of people feel like their way of life is being threatened by America becoming more diverse.

“If people are feeling like their values, their way of life is going to be threatened because minorities are taking over, we better start listening really quickly,” she said. 

She added she was heartened that following the 2018 shooting at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh, people of diverse political beliefs came together for a vigil at the Federal Building in Westwood.“We all got to grieve that night,” she said.

Similarly, Greenwald said that the same groups that turned out to support each other after the Tree of Life shooting came out to express solidarity following the recent shootings at the mosques in New Zealand.

Greenwald connected ideas about religion and civic life to the Passover story, including how Egypt is a place of constriction. The journey to the Promised Land is a “tough one and the only way to make it is together,” he said.

Chute spoke about the Johnson Amendment, a provision in the U.S. tax code that prohibits nonprofit organizations from endorsing or opposing political candidates. 

“I’m comfortable working not to violate that,” he said.

While Greenwald said it is inappropriate for a rabbi to advise others on how to vote, he is comfortable sharing his opinions on the issues of the day. He added it is natural for elected officials to share how their religious beliefs inform their political positions, noting religion is how they bring their “full selves” to their work.

While the speakers said religion is a force for good in political and civil life, Krauss said religion was not always aligned with causes including the Civil Rights movement and figures such as Martin Luther King, Jr.

During the Q-and-A, an audience member asked about Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.), who has made anti-Israel statements on Twitter. Hasan, who was raised in Jordan by a Christian-American mother and a Muslim-Palestinian father, denounced the rise of “anti-Jewish sentiment.” She said the controversy surrounding Omar’s anti-Israel statements has furthered her education about the many forms of anti-Semitism.

“I can see tropes I was blind to before and it’s been a journey,” Hasan Said.

When an audience member said that clergy who use their pulpits to express political positions bothered him, Chute agreed. “I try to preach in a way that invites people to ask their own questions and to wrestle with things that I think are substantive and important,” Chute said, “but I really seek to avoid proscription and partisan pronouncement.”

Philanthropist Jake Farber Dies at 94

Jake Farber

Jake Joseph Farber, whose unstinting support and dedication to a wide range of Jewish and Israeli causes earned him — along with his wife, Janet — the sobriquet “Tzedaka Heroes,” died March 24. He was 94.

Jake Farber was born Dec. 19, 1924, in Los Angeles, into a poor Orthodox family and raised in Boyle Heights. His father died when the boy was 8, and his mother worked as a seamstress to support Jake and his younger sister.

Later, as a successful businessman, Farber would recall “I know what it means not to have anything. So I was hoping for the day that I would be able to help someone else.”

During World War II, he was drafted into the U.S. Army a few days after his graduation from Roosevelt High School. Upon his discharge, he enrolled at USC under the GI Bill and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in accounting.

He married Janet Alpert in 1950 and soon started working in her father’s scrap metal business, Alpert & Alpert Iron and Metal.

Together with his brother-in-law, Raymond Alpert, Farber grew the company to become one of the premier metal and recycling businesses in the nation.

As his wealth and position in the community grew, Farber dedicated himself to a large number of Jewish causes, always in partnership with Janet.

The couple was an active and generous supporter of The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles, Camp Ramah, American Jewish University, Adat Ari El Synagogue, Jewish Home for the Aging, Builders of Jewish Education, de Toledo High School, AIPAC and the Pico-Union Project, among others.

In addition to its concern for domestic organizations, the Farbers were ardent supporters of Israel and Israeli causes and traveled to the Jewish state more than 50 times.

In 1948, as the birth of the Jewish state was nearing reality, the couple went from door to door in their neighborhood to raise funds for the emerging nation’s support. “If I saw a mezuzah on the front door, we knocked on it,” Janet Farber recalled.

Among the Israeli projects that benefited from the Farbers’ involvement was the Yemin Orde Youth Village for at-risk young people, and at its 2017 banquet, the Farbers were lauded for their nearly 70 years of sharing a passion for Israel.

“Their generosity, leadership and dedication have helped to build a strong and cohesive community in Los Angeles and a secure State of Israel for today and generations to come,” the scroll read.

On another occasion, at the 2013 gala of the Los Angeles Bureau of Jewish Education, the Farbers were the honorees and were praised for embodying the Jewish concept of “le-dor-va-dor” — for all generations — through their deep ties to the Jewish community and Israel.”

The Farbers passed on their values to their three children. Son Howard is a member of the de Toledo High School community; daughter Rochelle Cohen currently serves on the board of the Federation; and daughter Nadine Lavender is active in Koreh L.A., a children’s literacy program.

In addition to his wife and children, he is survived by eight grandchildren and one great-grandchild. Grandson Max Farber, observed, “My grandparents exemplify what it is to take an active role in one’s education, that is, to seek out education, rather than let it find me.”

Services for Jake Joseph Farber were held at the Mount Sinai Memorial Park Cemetery.

In lieu of flowers, the family suggests a donation to any of the causes and organizations which he supported.

AJU Alum David Singer Becomes Limmud North America’s First National Director

David Singer, Limmud North America's First National Director. Photo courtesy of Limmud.

The Limmud North America (NA) Board appointed David Singer as its first National Director April 1. Singer is a rabbi, educator and innovative Jewish professional who will help Limmud across the United States and Canada.

“We are very excited to move Limmud NA forward with the addition of David as National Director,” Limmud NA Co-Chair Sivya Twersky said in a statement. “As Executive Director at UC San Diego Hillel, he dramatically increased student participation through innovative programming and robust leadership development. He also inspired wide-ranging community partnership, including successful fundraising. Working hand-in-hand with our Board and volunteers, these strengths will help propel Limmud NA to greater heights.”

Founded in the UK in 1980, Limmud enables Jewish learning as an international charity and has been serving communities in 42 countries, including the United States and Canada.  

Singer was ordained at the Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies at American Jewish University. During his time at Congregation Shearith Israel in Dallas, he co-founded and directed Makom, a way for young adults to get involved in reimagining Jewish community, cultivated volunteer leadership, and piloted groundbreaking educational initiatives teaching Jewish thought and practice.

He was also a Dvar Tzedek Writing Fellow at the American Jewish World Service and is involved in Rabbis Without Borders.

“Now more than ever, Jews crave opportunities to build communities that cross traditional boundaries,” Singer said in a statement. “Limmud has perfected a uniquely successful model for celebrating Jewish diversity while manifesting lifelong Jewish learning as a paramount value. I am ecstatic to join this effort, working with our Board, volunteers, partners and talented professionals around the globe as we grow and strengthen the Limmud movement across North America.”

Singer’s appointment coincides with the addition of four new Limmud NA Board members: Shoshana Bloom, global chair of Limmud; Caroline Kelly, who will work with Los Angeles Police Department of Mental Health; Sandra Lilienthal, founding co-chair of Limmud Boca in Florida; and Tony Ramsey, treasurer of Limmud NA.

Interfaith Solidarity in Wake of New Zealand Terror Attacks

Rabbi Sharon Brous and Edina Lekovic hug in a show of love and support between a rabbi and Muslim-American leader. Photo by Ryan Torok

After the deadly attacks at the Masjid Al Noor mosque and the Linwood Islamic Centre in Christchurch, New Zealand, last week, Los Angeles interfaith leaders and elected officials quickly convened a press conference at the Islamic Center of Southern California (ICSC) in Koreatown on March 15.

Close to 100 people attended the gathering, including Jewish LGBTQ leaders; members of modern Orthodox congregation B’nai David-Judea and egalitarian community IKAR; clergy from Wilshire Boulevard Temple and Beth Shir Shalom, and American Jewish University faculty and students.

“We are a city that is called ‘the City of Angels’ and today I feel those wings stretched out and joining together,” Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti told attendees. “Our angels weep today as well for our brothers and sisters in New Zealand, for an attack on the most basic human impulse that we have — to talk to ourselves and to our God.”

IKAR Senior Rabbi Sharon Brous denounced the role Islamaphobia, anti-Semitism and other forms of bigotry play in mass violence.

“Today we lift up all the survivors of violent hatred, from the Tree of Life to Sutherland Springs, to Mother Emanuel, to Oak Creek,” Brous said. “Today we lift up all the survivors and all of those who have lost loved ones to gun violence in this country and around the world, including some in our own family, who stand here today.”

ICSC Civic Liaison Hedab Tarifi said the way to prevent further acts of violence was for people of different faiths to unite. “We have no choice but to come together and work together in protecting the human family,” she said, “and working against and exposing that there is no one race that takes over and is supreme to the others. God created us all as one human family. It is our responsibility to protect that human family and keep the world safe for new generations.”

Tarifi added that she was annoyed after hearing that following the attacks, the mosques in New Zealand had been closed. “They need to come to L.A. to learn from example we have,” she said.

Tarifi made her comment after Los Angeles Police Department encouraged everyone to visit their various places of worship over the weekend to send a message that they will not let acts of hatred deter them from freely practicing their religions.

“The way we show the world our humanity, the way we show that this will not stand and the cowardliness of it, is by leaning into our faith, by leaning into our ability to demonstrate that the good of this world far outweighs the evil,” Moore said.

Salam Al-Marayati, president of the Muslim Public Affairs Council, said pluralism has the power to combat hate. “We are calling on our congregants to stand tall against hate, stand together as one country and one people,” he said.

Beth Shir Shalom Rabbi Neil Comess-Daniels chose to share his message via song, calling on everyone to fight hate with love. “Love, only love with all your heart; love, only love with all your soul,” he sang, finger picking the guitar strapped across his body.

“We needed that,” American Muslim leader Edina Lekovic said, thanking Comess-Daniels.

Rachel Simmons, a third-year rabbinic student at American Jewish University and a rabbinic intern at Shomrei Torah Synagogue, told the Journal that when she learned about the attack she cried. She then reached out to her teacher, Rabbi Aryeh Cohen, asking what to do.

Cohen, a professor of rabbinic literature at American Jewish University, told her about the gathering and they attended together. “The only way we to get through this is if we have each other’s backs,” Cohen told the Journal.

Simmons agreed. “For me, one of the holiest things you can do is accompany someone in their grief,” she said. “My duty is to show Muslims their pain is my pain.”

“See,” Cohen said. “She is my student.”

For many Jews, the gathering was also an opportunity to repay the favor after last year’s shooting at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh, when Muslim community members raised funds for the families of the 11 victims and even offered to stand guard outside synagogues on Shabbat.  

“For me, one of the holiest things you can do is accompany someone in their grief. My duty is to show Muslims their pain is my pain.” — Rachel Simmons 

“I saw the amount of support the Jewish community was shown with Pittsburgh,” Wilshire Boulevard Temple (WBT) Cantor Lisa Peicott told the Journal, “and I just knew I had to be here to show the Muslim community we are in full support and we stand together against all kinds of hate and intolerance.”

“As Jewish people, we are standing up for those who are dealing with such horrible acts of violence, showing that we not only are thinking of them, but we are here standing and reaching out, as they have done with us,” WBT Rabbi Susan Goldberg said. 

And as Jewish communities come together to support their Muslim brothers and sisters, the Tree of Life congregation in Pittsburgh currently is raising funds for families of the New Zealand victims. As of press time, it had raised nearly $16,000 of its $100,000 goal.

“We stand with our Muslim brothers and sisters and mourn alongside the families and friends who have lost loved ones in this unconscionable act of violence,” Tree of Life said in a statement. “We will continue to work toward a day when all people on this planet can live together in peace and mutual respect.”

Los Angeles-based NewGround: A Muslim-Jewish Partnership for Change also issued a statement, saying, “As we begin another week here at NewGround, our team is thinking of the families mourning in New Zealand. We are also thinking about how our emphasis on understanding and plurality becomes more relevant by the day.”

Michael Jeser, president and CEO of the Jewish Federation of San Diego County, also issued a statement saying, “Today, our Jewish community should say, unambiguously, that these acts of murder cannot be tolerated. Today, we reaffirm our core belief that the hate and bigotry that fuel such acts must be challenged, confronted and condemned in every corner of our society.”

AJU Appoints Catherine Schneider Chief Development Officer

Catherine Schneider,. Photo courtesy of AJU

American Jewish University appointed Catherine Schneider as the university’s next Vice President for Advancement and Chief Development Officer.

Schneider has spent more than 20 years working as a seasoned fundraising and nonprofit professional. She was selected after a national search and will join AJU officially Feb. 28.

“We are delighted that Catherine will be joining American Jewish University,” AJU President Jeffrey Herbst said in a statement. “She is a highly respected and distinguished professional, and extremely well-known throughout the Los Angeles Jewish community.”

Schneider, herself an AJU graduate with an MBA from the Graduate School of Nonprofit Management, is currently the executive vice president, Donor Experience at The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles. “Catherine will be critical to helping develop American Jewish University into a national center for teaching and research based on Jewish principles and ethics,” Herbst said.

“I am thrilled to be coming home to the AJU,” Catherine Schneider said in a statement. “I look forward to working with the president, board, faculty and entire AJU community to support and expand upon the University’s legacy and vision for a vibrant and inclusive community of learning.”

Galician Jewish History on Display at the Burton Sperber Library

Earlier this month, the Burton Sperber Library on American Jewish University’s campus was abuzz with chatter about Galicia, the historic Central European kingdom that straddled the border of modern-day Poland and Ukraine for centuries until World War I. 

Around 30 assembled guests perused a peninsula-shaped arrangement of tables featuring books on the subject. Some picked up copies of a quarterly research journal —“The Galitzianer,” published since 1993 — featuring old maps, and then Andrew Zalewski, a bespectacled Philadelphia-based cardiologist, arrived at the podium. 

“Show of hands. Who here has Galician roots?” Zalewski asked. The vast majority of hands shot into the air. “And who here is a Gesher Galicia member?” This was met with far less enthusiasm.  

“So I’ve got work to do,” he retorted before firing up a PowerPoint presentation. 

Zalewski is a board member of Gesher Galicia, a nonprofit carrying out Jewish genealogical and historical research on Galicia. He’s also the editor of the organization’s research journal, the aforementioned “Galitzianer.” 

An expert on the subject who frequently lectures, Zalewski also has written two books on the topic, focusing on the Jewish community that lived in the region from the late 18th century until the early 20th century. 

“The Jews of Galicia are often viewed in black-and-white terms, as a monochromatic entity, only Chassidic,” he said. “But I’ll show you tonight that this was a vibrant, colorful, paradoxical community.”

Zalewski told the Journal he relishes each opportunity to educate on the topic of Galician Jewry and hopes his efforts continue to help shed light on the past for others.

“My father, who survived the Holocaust, never spoke about the family and I was too young to ask probing questions,” he said. “And yet when I became interested in learning more about my Jewish roots, I was surprised to find so many details. The richness of Jewish history of Galicia has to be retold today in many venues and formats to help others to better understand their ancestry.”

“The Jews of Galicia are often viewed in black-and-white terms, as a monochromatic entity, only Chassidic. But I’ll show you tonight that this was a vibrant, colorful, paradoxical community.” ­ — Andrew Zalewski

The Jewish Genealogical Society of Los Angeles (JGSLA) hosted Zalewski on Oct. 8 for the event dubbed “Jewish Galicia: Vibrant Past Rediscovered.” Founded in 1979, JGSLA is a nonprofit with more than 500 members dedicated to sharing information, techniques and research practices with those interested in Jewish genealogy and family history. 

During the presentation, Zalewski, a product of Galician lineage, outlined the “roller coaster” of Galician Jewry: times of peace and unrest for Jews in the region, tolerant and intolerant monarchs, gender roles, anti-Semitic legislation, the effect of nearby Russian pogroms and the roots of progressive Judaism. He also showed a variety of old maps, census documents detailing Jewish demographics (which hovered around 10 percent) and renderings of city life throughout the region, including traditional garb, ornate synagogues and Jewish town centers. 

“As we traversed in an hour from 1772 to 1918, it’s impossible not to be in awe of the road traveled by our ancestors, which is not often a straight line, but rather with many detours and zigzags,” he said in closing. 

JSGLA member Rebecca Stanley, 29, a genealogy student and museum educator, came to learn more about her paternal Galician roots.  

“As someone whose family is from Tarnopol, I got a bigger understanding of what their life was like in the late 1800s, which is when my great-grandparents were around,” she said. “I was part of the Gesher Galicia mailing list before, but I changed my email. Now I want to get back on it.”

Henny Smoller, 64, attended to find out more about her maternal Galician heritage. A Sherman Oaks resident and member of Adat Ari El, Smoller’s mother’s side of the family hails from a world away — the town of Gwoździec (modern-day Poland). 

“The images of the synagogues [Zalewski] showed evoked memories of the synagogue in my mother’s town,” Smoller said, speaking of the Gwoździec synagogue featured in “Raising the Roof,” a 2015 PBS documentary detailing the reconstruction of the 18th-century structure eventually destroyed by the Nazis. “I found the talk very interesting, and it only makes me want to learn more and piece together the bits I don’t know about from before the Holocaust.” 

She then turned to her 25-year-old son, Evan Smoller, her “chauffeur” she joked. “I told him this is your family history so it’s important to learn about.” 

Evan told the Journal he was glad he caved and joined his mother for the evening. “I’ve heard some stories about my grandmother’s shtetl and stories specific to life there, but this gave a broader picture going further back and detailing the different laws, the push-and-pull between traditional and secular Judaism, and how Jewish life looked across Poland and the Austro-Hungarian Empire,” he said. “I’m really glad I came along for this.”

After Zalewski’s talk, audience members peppered him with questions. Others talked to one another, exchanging family stories concerning shared Galician roots. 

“It was hard to get people to leave,” JGSLA President Sandy Malek said after finally managing to do just that. But that’s fine by her. “We don’t want people to just listen and leave,” she said, “but rather find some common ground, to discuss and question. And every single question leads to 15 or 30 more in genealogy. It’s practically never ending.”

AJU ‘Sunsets’ Its Undergraduate Programs

Hours before Shabbat last Friday, the American Jewish University (AJU) sent out a two-page press release, stating that it would be “pausing” all undergraduate admissions effective immediately and would “sunset the current undergraduate curriculum.” 

While the release was long, details were short, and consisted mainly of stating that the approximately 70 current students enrolled in the program would be able to complete their studies, that all of AJU’s additional programs would continue unaffected, and that the university would be looking at ways to create a new undergraduate program. 

In the release, AJU President Jeffrey Herbst, stated, “Our students come first. Over the next few days we will be holding open forums to address the questions they have and have appointed an academic affairs liaison to provide ongoing support for these students.” 

The Journal received an embargoed copy of the release the day before the announcement, and spoke with Herbst before the news became public. 

However, over the weekend, several alumni voiced their concerns on Facebook.

Jeremy Broekman, an alumni of AJU’s Lee College/College of Arts & Sciences, sent a letter directly to Herbst stating, in part, “Needless to say, this news is extremely disappointing. As one who is HEAVILY invested in the AJU community since 1994, I am wondering if dismantling the undergraduate program instead of restructuring was explored. Invalidating 1000s (sic) of alumni degrees with closure of the school is quite painful.”

Another alumni wrote, “The one thing they never bothered to do is invest heavily in it. It is a failure of development, a failure of creative educational vision, a major and tragic failure of leadership.”

Other comments posted on an alumni’s personal Facebook page included, “Good memories, but I understand the need to close a school that is not financially viable,” and “OMG! How come alumni weren’t consulted about this strategic paradigm shift? I feel blind sighted (sic). Alumni should have been engaged to help grow the program. I am disappointed in leadership of AJU.”

In speaking with the Journal, Herbst did say there was a definite financial concern, noting, “AJU has never been able to grow the undergraduate program to a size where it can provide a deep and broad educational experience, and it’s also been
financially difficult given the relatively small number of students that have been enrolled in the program – this year about 70 – that makes it very hard to run housing and dining facilities and student affairs, as well as the curriculum that we’d like to offer.”

The move is a bold one from a president just three months into his tenure. However, he was quick to point out that the decision was made after “consulting broadly on campus and with many of the people who observed [what was going on] off campus, and with senior administrators and the board.” 

Below is an excerpt of the questions posed to Herbst ahead of the university’s public announcement. 

“This is an opportunity for AJU to think deeply about the core of our mission.”
— Jeffrey Herbst

Jewish Journal: In the press release you state, “As an educator, the chance to devise a new undergraduate program from a blank page is a once-in-a-career opportunity.” Does this mean there will be a new undergraduate program and if so will it be ready for the 2019-2020 school year?

Jeffrey Herbst: First, it’s important to say we’re committed to the students enrolled now. Second, we’re going to begin an intensive process – with a clean sheet of paper to design a new undergraduate program. The work, we anticipate will certainly take all of this year, which means that we won’t be admitting anyone in the fall of 2019.

JJ: 2020 then?

JH: Since we haven’t designed it yet I don’t want to make that commitment, but [2020] would be the earliest it would be available. 

JJ: You said enrollment has declined in the undergraduate program, particularly in recent years. Why do you think that is the case?

JH: At the most general level I think we’re just not offering something that’s attractive to the market and what we’re going to be doing is thinking hard about what program makes sense given our values and principles, but also given what the market is demanding. 

JJ: Do you feel that comes down to the Jewish component of each of the nine undergraduate courses and that there just aren’t enough people who are interested in that aspect of the curriculum? 

JH: Looking forward, we’re going to be testing exactly that and we’ll be doing a lot of market research to understand what people in the community want to see in a set of undergraduate offerings.

JJ: What has been the undergraduate faculty’s response to this decision?

JH: I informed the core undergraduate faculty. We had a good discussion. I think everyone at AJU understood the challenges that the undergraduate program has faced and I think this is the important part. People were very excited about starting with a clean piece of paper and developing a new program, and as the press release says, this is really an extraordinary opportunity because in most universities you’re making incremental changes to existing programs and that’s understandable, and that’s often a very good thing. But you don’t get a chance to really say, ‘What are we about and what is the best possible program we can offer?’ You’re too constrained by history and inertia. And so that’s the opportunity that presents itself and I think my colleagues and I are certainly very excited about it.

JJ: How do you feel that AJU has been constrained by ‘history and inertia’?

JH: I was talking about higher education in general. This is an opportunity [for AJU] to think deeply about the core of our mission. 

JJ: What is the core of AJU’s mission?

JH: I really want to defer on that because what we’re going to be doing now is a process of intensive consultation on campus with our friends and supporters as well as probably hiring outside consultants. I really do want to stress I’m coming to this with a clean page, without preconceptions. That’s the exciting part of it, that we can all think together: what would make the most sense and what would be a service to our community and the region and I hope the country.

JJ: Will you have to release some of the undergraduate faculty?

JH: We don’t anticipate any faculty layoffs.

JJ: Where will the funding come for creating this new program?

JH: I believe that in the short to medium term the budget implications will largely be positive because it’s been very inefficient to run such a small program. We believe we do have and can garner the resources necessary to hire the appropriate outside help.

JJ: Is there anything further you’d like the community to know about this decision?

JH: I think it’s first very important to say we are going to be working with our existing students and we’ll be working closely with them. I think second, I want to say to the existing community this is a very important decision by AJU to reiterate how strongly we believe in the role that we can play: that we’re taking this important step that relatively few schools take over this important time – to really pause
and think hard about our mission, about what education means in the 21st century and what is the best possible program
to offer. 

That’s going to involve a lot of hard work but I think the overall message to the community is we’re tremendously excited about the prospect of doing this and we’re doing this work so we can be of real service to the community.

AJU Halts Incoming Undergraduate Admissions

American Jewish University (AJU) announced Friday afternoon its decision to pause undergraduate admissions as they are changing how they look at the current undergraduate curriculum.

AJU will also establish a working group to explore and design upcoming academic initiatives that will fit the diversity of the Los Angeles location and the university’s ethical and moral foundations.

The decision means the university will no longer recruit for the upcoming school year and is not accepting applications at this time. There is no timeline set for when enrollment will start back up.

“Our students come first, and we have notified them of these plans,” Jeffrey Herbst, president of AJU since summer 2018, said. “Over the next few days we will be holding open forums to address the questions they have and have appointed an academic affairs liaison to provide ongoing support for these students.”

The university, which opened in 1947, also plans to cease recruiting for its undergraduate program effective immediately, but assures the current undergraduate enrolled classes, roughly 70 students, that will continue to be able to complete their education.

AJU’s board of trustees met earlier this week to review and approve the plan. There will be no faculty layoffs associated with this action.

The university also wants the community to know that no other divisions within the school will be affected by this change. Those departments include the Ziegler School for Rabbinic Studies, Graduate Center for Jewish Education and the Graduate School of Nonprofit Management.

“A vibrant 21st-century university is an entity that provides educational and cultural resources to a wide range of individuals in the communities it serves on a year-round basis,” Herbst said. “While undergraduate education is a core element for most universities, it is not the only element.”

Herbst said he hopes the new changes provide “unique academic and cultural” experiences to its young-adult demographic.

“As an educator, the chance to devise a new undergraduate program from a blank page is a once-in-a-career opportunity,” Herbst said. “My colleagues and I are excited about the prospect of developing a cutting-edge program … and we view this opportunity as a unique chance for a university to fully engage in fresh thinking regarding undergraduate education.”

The Jewish Journal will provide updates as we get them.

American Jewish University Names Dr. Jeffrey Herbst As President

Dr. Jeffrey Herbst has been named the new president of American Jewish University (AJU).

In a statement released Jun 6, AJU said that Herbst’s appointment was unanimous. The decision came 10 months after Robert Wexler stepped down from the position last September.

“It is a great honor to be named the new president of American Jewish University,” Herbst, who will become the university’s fourth president, said in a statement. “To lead a thriving Jewish institution that educates across the lifecycle – engaging children in summer camp, teaching students in undergraduate and graduate programs, preparing the next generation of rabbis and Jewish educators, and educating the wider community is tremendously exciting.”

Herbst previously held positions as  president of Colgate University in New York, the Newseum in Washington D.C. and vice president of academic affairs at Miami University. His work has been published in numerous publications, including The New York Times and the Wall Street Journal.

“Jeffrey Herbst is a visionary leader with outstanding experience in higher education and management,” Virginia Maas, chair of the AJU Board of Directors, said in a statement. “He brings to AJU a passion for education, an innovative and entrepreneurial spirit, and a strong commitment to Jewish life and culture.”

Maas added, “AJU will continue to grow and thrive among the vibrant landscape of American Jewry, and the entire Board looks forward to partnering with Dr. Herbst as he guides American Jewish University into the future.”

Herbst will begin his presidency on July 1.

This article has been modified to correct Virginia Maas’ name.

The People vs. Aaron

You know the old story about parents leaving the house and then their kids going crazy by throwing wild parties and misbehaving? It also happened in biblical times, when Moses left for his 40-day trip to Mount Sinai to receive the Ten Commandments. Shortly thereafter, the Israelites went a little crazy. Turns out, patience was not one of their greatest virtues. They insisted that Moses’ brother and high priest Aaron make them a god to worship. Aaron built a golden calf that became their new god. When Moses returned to find them worshiping the calf, he got angry. And God was none too pleased, either.

But who do we blame here? The Israelites or Aaron? Was Aaron such an inept leader that he became a puppet of the people, which led to this religious insurrection? Or was he so skilled at the art of persuasion that he convinced the Israelites to indulge in the sin of idol worship? Or should no one be blamed because at the time, they had no idea what God’s commandments would be because they hadn’t yet received them?

These were the issues addressed at the American Jewish University’s Whizin Center on March 11 during its 15th Annual Biblical Trial: The People v. Aaron for Inciting Rebellion, presented by Hillside Memorial Park and Mortuary.

Defending Aaron was Dean of UC Berkeley Law School Erwin Chemerinsky. Representing the people was Laurie Levenson, professor of law and David W. Burcham Chair in Ethical Advocacy at Loyola University Law School. Rabbi Gary Ezra Oren, vice president of the American Jewish University (AJU) and dean of the Whizin Center, kicked off things by engaging the “jury” (the audience in attendance) in an exploration of the biblical text. Judge Burt Pines read the jury instructions: “We don’t worry about the statute of limitations; all the witnesses are dead.”

Levenson made her case for prosecuting Aaron by alleging he was guilty of insurrection — “rising up against authority or government” —  and of conspiracy, corruption and collusion, as the leader of the rebellion. She even called a calf to the witness stand (a woman in a calf costume) who pronounced Aaron guilty. Levenson also quoted Exodus 32:25: “Moses saw that the people were out of control since Aaron had let them get out of control.”

“We don’t worry about the statute of limitations; all the witnesses are dead.” — Judge Burt Pines

Aaron had just one job, Levenson argued, to keep things in place until Moses got back, and he didn’t do it. He was a smooth talker. He betrayed Moses and God, and consequently 3,000 Israelites were put to death. This, she said, also almost cost the Jewish people’s relationship with God. Levenson ended by saying, “The choice is simple: If you believe in Aaron, the defendant is not guilty. But if you believe in God, [he is] guilty.”

In defending Aaron, Chemerinsky said, “Levenson is giving you fake news. The calf ‘witness’ was not actually present during the event. You have to separate the calf stuff from the bull. She’s giving you a bum steer!”

Chemerinsky then got serious, offering three reasons why Aaron should be found not guilty:

1. There was no crime against the government because there’s no proof that Moses was the government. In fact, Moses started as a basket case, and was the first person to use the Tablet to communicate with the Cloud. Plus, he was a lawbreaker; he broke all the commandments at once.

2. Aaron was not leading a rebellion; he was, according to Rashi, simply stalling for time until Moses returned. Plus, the golden calf was a pedestal to the Lord, not to a different god. Moses was to blame for killing the 3,000 Israelites. He should have used his words. You can try Aaron for theft of the jewelry, but not rebellion.

3. Aaron’s actions are protected by the First Amendment of the Constitution and freedom of religion. Finally, Aaron couldn’t be inciting illegal activity because Moses hadn’t yet returned with the Ten Commandments. In Levenson’s rebuttal, she put forth that Aaron had a moral and legal duty not to help the people build that calf. She addressed three bubbameisters (old wives’ tales):

1. She countered the defense’s argument that there was no government before the golden calf incident with the Exodus 19:8: “All that the Lord has spoken, we will do.”

2. She countered the defense’s “Aaron was just trying to calm the people down” with God’s “You shall have no other gods before me,” which was said 40 days before the building of the golden calf.

3. She countered the defense’s “This would violate Aaron’s First Amendment rights” with the fact that there was no First Amendment during Aaron’s times.

Rebutting Levenson, Chemerinsky argued, “There is no government in the record and no rebellion against God.” He said that although Moses may have been the governing authority, that didn’t make him the government. Finally, he said, the First Amendment specifies separation of church and state and the premise of the trial was to bring charges against Aaron according the current laws of the United States. “If you buy nothing else I’ve said,” Chemerinsky declared, “at the most, what Aaron was doing was creating an idol.”

Levenson and Chemerinsky were well prepared and argued their cases thoroughly, passionately and humorously. In the end, the voting audience found Aaron not guilty.


Mark Miller is a humorist, journalist and author of the humor essay collection “500 Dates: Dispatches From the Front Lines of the Online Dating Wars.”

Robert Wexler to step down as AJU president

Robert Wexler. Photo courtesy of AJU.

After 25 years as president of American Jewish University (AJU) and its predecessor, the University of Judaism, Robert Wexler will step down at the end of the academic year.

“Leading such a remarkable institution for so long has been a great honor,” Wexler wrote in a Sept. 12 email to the Journal. “I truly appreciate the dedication of the men and women on the AJU staff and faculty, all of whom mean so much to me. It is they who have made AJU a major force in American Jewish life.”

Wexler’s involvement with the university began when he was 17 and an undergraduate student at the Bel Air campus, which was known as the University of Judaism until 2007, when it merged with the Brandeis-Bardin Institute. After his ordination at the Jewish Theological Seminary in 1978, he returned as the assistant dean of students, ascending to the presidency in 1992.

Under his stewardship, the university opened the Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies in 1996 and merged with Brandeis-Bardin. He is credited with overseeing numerous campus construction projects and growing the university’s endowment from $5 million to more than $100 million.

Announcing Wexler’s departure on Sept. 12, AJU said in a press release it would soon begin to seek his replacement.

“American Jewish University has achieved a position of significant influence in the Jewish community and beyond,” Virginia Maas, chair of the AJU’s board of directors, said in the statement. “We hope to continue this record of achievement by conducting a nationwide search to identify a successor who will build on Dr. Wexler’s legacy of expansion and institutional growth.”

 

 

In L.A., Reb Mimi found herself, her soul family and a way home

Reb Mimi Feigelson. Screenshot from JDOV

In July of 2001, Reb Mimi Feigelson boarded a plane at Ben Gurion Airport bound for Los Angeles, where a full-time job at a university awaited her.

Rather than bless her good fortune — after all, she had no doctorate and hadn’t been searching for an academic position when the Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies at what is now known as the American Jewish University (AJU) offered her a job — she cried out to God, wondering why God had chosen to banish her from Israel, which she called home since moving there with her family when she was 8 years old.

When we sat down to talk in August, days before she would move back home, she wondered no more.

“Sixteen years ago there was no possibility that was clear to the eye that I could live my life in Yerushslayim as an Orthodox rav,” she said. “I found that the Divine Mother picked me up out of Yerushalayim and transferred me to Los Angeles. L.A. was an incubator that gave me the ability to grow into the rabbi that I am today. The students that chose to walk with me, to challenge me, to trust me, to pray and cry and laugh and learn with me, they are those who helped me grow into being who I am, and prepared me for going home. Being in Los Angeles has given me the strength to live as who I am without apology.”

Reb Mimi (as she is universally known) was ordained by the Chasidic Reb Shlomo Carlebach in the early 1990s, a fact she kept hidden for many years because the Orthodox world was not ready to consider a woman rabbi, let alone a deeply spiritual Chasidic rebbe. She was “outed” as a rabbi in 2001, and found that Jerusalem’s rigid religious and social structure had no place for her.

So Reb Mimi signed a two-year contract to become the mashpiah ruchanit, the spiritual guide, at the Conservative movement’s Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies, which ordained its first class of rabbis just a few years before she got there.

But she always knew her stay in Los Angeles was temporary — she kept her watch on Israel time for 16 years — and in July she signed a contract with the Schechter Rabbinical Seminary in Jerusalem, which educates Israeli Masorti (Conservative) rabbis. She is now the mashpiah ruchanit at Schechter, the same position she held at Ziegler.

At Schecther, she has everything she needs: A beit midrash (study hall) to call home, a steady flow of students, inspiring colleagues and a Jerusalem address. Still, leaving Los Angeles was harder than she imagined it would be when she arrived.

During her sojourn in Los Angeles, Reb Mimi ushered more than 150 souls into the rabbinate, and inspired hundreds of other students and friends (myself included) whom she met at AJU, the Happy Minyan, B’nai David-Judea Congregation, on the streets and in the shops of Pico-Robertson, and in her many stints teaching around the city and throughout the country.

In addition to her classes and formal and informal counseling for Ziegler students and alumni, Reb Mimi held study sessions in her beit midrash in her Beverly Hills apartment, where tchotchkes and books and her joyous collection of jewelry and scarves exploded from every surface. Her Shabbat tisches filled Friday nights or the waning hours of Shabbat with nigunim (melodies), Chasidic tales and novel interpretations of Torah.

Reb Mimi brought something that Los Angeles didn’t even know it craved: Spirituality that is as substantial as it is ethereal, as academically and intellectually sound as it is soul-touching, embodied by a woman who defied every definition and convention we had all thought we needed — about what words we use to refer to God, about the logic of denominational divides, about what constitutes a family, about how many rings can fit on one person’s hands. (Each ring is connected to a person or event in her life, so why should she leave any off?)

Intellectuals, even skeptics, were drawn to Reb Mimi’s uncompromising intellect and her insightful interpretations of the texts, and found themselves drawn into the aura of meta-meaning she created; those who already had a soulful bent grew to understand that spirituality not based on wisdom and understanding can be vacuous.

With her kaleidoscopic couture and her ability to instantly cut beneath the surface, Reb Mimi drew people in and created deep connections. She now considers Los Angeles a true home, and she has people here she considers family in as literal a sense as possible.

A small cadre of Reb Mimi’s students became her soul children: They use her name as part of their own when called to the Torah; she has been present at the birth of their children; and the Shabbat blessings she offers them each Friday — in person or via Skype — is the most sacred moment of her week. Inspired by a Chasidic tale, she even started a savings account for her soul children, so tangible and real is the connection.

She has a soul brother she buried here, and she sat shivah for him, and now she is eternally connected to the land of Southern California.

Reb Mimi is grateful that God opened up a way for her to influence such a large segment of world Jewry. The fact that it is in North America and not Israel, and that it came through the Conservative movement and not her birth denomination of Orthodoxy, is both painful and irrelevant.

“It is painful that my denomination of origin cannot embrace the Torah I have to offer,” she said. “And at the same time, I answer to God. And I live well with myself answering to God. God’s world is so much greater than these denominations.”

Being in America, she said, challenged her and changed her.

She cried out to God, wondering why God had chosen to banish her from Israel, which she called home since moving there with her family when she was 8 years old.

“It has changed my Torah and my personal life. It has challenged my world of axioms, sometimes demanded of me to question my beliefs,” she said.

In many ways, she became a different person while she was here.

She shed 130 pounds, had long-needed double knee replacement surgery, and went from having long hair to a buzz cut (with one long, thin braid she never cuts).

She spent six years on a doctoral dissertation at Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion that explores Jewish funeral rituals and how people can reclaim their own funerals as the last chapter in a life, and not the first chapter of death.

In her formal bio, she now goes by Rabbi Dr. Reb Mimi Feigelson — able to proudly embrace and advertise all the disparate parts of herself.

“I have learned to honor the gifts that God has given me and honor that path I have been asked to take. And that means I am learning in my life to create harmony of all my pieces,” she said.

Being in Los Angeles gave her a chance to re-examine the model of her brokenness: She shifted from thinking that the scattered shards of her soul needed to be collected, and instead realized they needed to be planted, like seeds.

And she can do that because, in Los Angeles, she found partners for her journey.

“Being here gave me a sense of being less alone. I used to say that I knew God loved me by virtue of the teachers I have. My life changed when I said I knew God loved me by virtue of the students I have. And that happened here, in Los Angeles,” she said.

The Orthodox world, and Jerusalem, have changed along with her. In the past decade, Orthodox women trained to answer halachic questions have gained acceptance, and women ordained as clergy are just getting a foothold in the Orthodox world.

Still, Reb Mimi remains a breed of her own: Her interest is in nourishing souls and saving lives, within a framework of traditional texts and halachic observance, but she is not one to offer verdicts on legal minutiae. So she knows her path will still be her own, and she is OK with that.
She is, finally, done apologizing for who she is.

“Jerusalem is still a hard city,” she said. “There is a way in which Jerusalem is still a city without compassion. But my dream to come home as I am is actually going to be fulfilled.”


Julie Gruenbaum Fax is a Los Angeles-based journalist who ghostwrites memoirs and autobiographies.

Events in Los Angeles – Sept. 8-14: Jewish Cuba exhibit, “Another Promised Land: Anita Brenner’s Mexico”

Sun., Sept. 10: Jewish Cuba Photography Exhibition

FRI | SEPT 8

“SHEBREW SHABBAT!”

JQ International welcomes back “Shebrew Shabbat!” Celebrate Shabbat in style with women and queers from the local LGBT community and enjoy a kosher meal, drinks, friends and the chance to meet new people. The event is geared toward those who identify with the concept of “womanhood,” but JQ International welcomes all people regardless of gender identity and/or expression. 7:30 p.m. Suggested donation $15 or $10 and a bottle of wine. JQ International, 801 Larrabee St., Suite 10, West Hollywood. (323) 417-2627. jqinternational.org/shebrewshabbat.

SUN | SEPT 10

JEWISH CUBA PHOTOGRAPHY EXHIBITION

Learn about the rebirth of the Jewish community in Cuba through the photography of Martin Cohen, Andrew Dunbar and Liza Asner. The event is part of an effort to enhance the visibility of the Jewish community in Cuba, consisting of three primary projects: a coffee table art book, a traveling international photography exhibition and an educational program. There will be wine, appetizers and music. 6 p.m. Free. RSVP to quinceproductions@gmail.com. San Fernando Valley Arts & Cultural Center, 18312 Oxnard St., Tarzana. cubajudaism.org.

FEDERATION FUNDRAISING

Join The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles in the San Fernando Valley or in central L.A. for a morning of philanthropy and phone calls in support of Federation’s 2017 annual campaign. For security reasons, all volunteers — who must be 18 or older to participate — are required to pre-register and sign up separately. Volunteers who have not yet made a donation to the campaign will be asked to do so at the event. 10 a.m. 19710 Ventura Blvd., Suite 105, Woodland Hills, or 6505 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles. jewishla.org/pages/super-sunday-too.

IMMIGRATION LAWS AND ANCESTRY PROGRAM

A lecture by a member of the Jewish Genealogical Society of the Conejo Valley and Ventura County will provide a short history of immigration and naturalization laws and provide general guidance in finding an ancestor’s documentation. 1:30 p.m. Free. Temple Adat Elohim, 2420 E. Hillcrest Drive, Thousand Oaks. (805) 497-7101. adatelohim.org/Jewish-Geneaological-Society-s/5694.htm.

ADVOCACY TRAINING PROJECT

The “Presenting Your Advocacy Message” workshop will assist you in crafting a message to help you communicate effectively about your cause. You will gain skills and tools useful in speaking, writing, social media and all forms of communication. The event is the first of six workshops co-sponsored by the National Council of Jewish Women Los Angeles, the City of West Hollywood Women’s Advisory Board, Planned Parenthood Los Angeles and the American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California. 2 p.m. $20; $110 for six workshops. Attendees of all six workshops receive a certificate of program completion from the city of West Hollywood. National Council of Jewish Women Los Angeles, 543 N. Fairfax Ave., Los Angeles. (323) 852-8536. ncjwla.org.

MON | SEPT 11

HARVARD PROFESSOR LAURENCE H. TRIBE

The USC Casden Institute for the Study of the Jewish Role in American Life presents the Carmen and Louis Warschaw Distinguished Lecture featuring Laurence H. Tribe, a professor of constitutional law at Harvard Law School. 4:45 p.m. reception; 5:30 p.m. lecture. Free. University of Southern California, 665 Exposition Blvd., Los Angeles. (213) 740-4996. dornsife.usc.edu/warschawlecture.

TUES | SEPT 12

UNIVERSITY WOMEN OF AJU

University Women of American Jewish University’s opening event is a morning gathering featuring Robbie Rowe Tollin and Diane Miller Levin, producers of the film “The Zookeeper’s Wife.” A light breakfast is included. 10 a.m. $36; free for University Women members. American Jewish University, 15600 Mulholland Drive, Los Angeles. (310) 440-1211. uw.aju.edu.

SEPHARDIC HIGH HOLY DAYS “PREGAME” FESTIVITIES

Experience unique Sephardic High Holy Days customs and practices, featuring a musical Selichot jam led by Liran Kohn. Includes Sephardic Rosh Hashanah seder cuisine and specialty cocktails. Hosted by Jews Indigenous to the Middle East and North Africa (JIMENA) and STTI Young Professionals. This event is for young Jewish professionals, ages 21-39. 7 p.m. $18; $30 at the door. Sephardic Temple Tifereth Israel, 10500 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles. Tickets and details at bit.ly/sephardicpregame2017.

WED | SEPT 13

“NEVER AGAIN IS NOW”

The American Freedom Alliance presents the powerful and timely film “Never Again Is Now.” The documentary investigates the current rise of anti-Semitism in Europe, told through the eyes of Evelyn Markus, a woman who escaped anti-Semitism by coming to the United States in 2006. As a daughter of Holocaust survivors, Markus saw signs of the same disturbing trends returning to the Netherlands. She is confronting the hatred that drove her out of her homeland and is embracing her life’s mission of preventing the repeat of one of history’s darkest chapters. Q-and-A with Markus to follow. 6 p.m. buffet reception; 7 p.m. screening. $35; tickets available at eventbrite.com. Luxe Sunset Boulevard Hotel, 11461 Sunset Blvd., Los Angeles. americanfreedomalliance.org.

ANNUAL YALA REAL ESTATE COCKTAIL PARTY

Unwind and have a drink while mingling with other real estate professionals at Young Adults of Los Angeles’ annual young real estate cocktail party. Ticket includes food and one drink; a cash bar will be available. Tickets must be purchased by 5 p.m. Sept. 11. 7 p.m. $18; $25 for two tickets. Palihouse, 8465 Holloway Drive, West Hollywood. yala.org.

THURS | SEPT 14

ONE LAST TOAST: ATID HAPPY HOUR

The High Holy Days are almost here, so let loose one more time before you start the new year. Atid events are for Jewish young professionals, ages 21-39. 7:30 p.m. Free. The Wellesbourne, 10929 W. Pico Blvd., Los Angeles. (310) 474-1518. atidla.com.

Brenner

“ANOTHER PROMISED LAND: ANITA BRENNER’S MEXICO”

The Skirball Cultural Center opens its new exhibition, “Another Promised Land: Anita Brenner’s Mexico,” which offers a new perspective on the art and visual culture of Mexico and its relationship to the United States, focusing on the important role in that relationship played by Brenner (1905–1974), a Mexican-born American-Jewish writer. Skirball Cultural Center, 2701 N. Sepulveda Blvd., Los Angeles. (310) 440-4500. skirball.org.

MEGA HAFRASHAT CHALLAH

Join in this mega challah bake before Rosh Hashanah, and set the tone for the new year with a special prayer inviting parnasa and health into your home. 8 p.m. wine reception; 8:30 p.m. challah bake. $25; $36 at the door. IAC Shepher Community Center, 6530 Winnetka Ave., Woodland Hills. (818) 451-1197. israeliamerican.org/hafrashat-challah.

Hackathon challenges teens to think, act like a pro

Teens work on their projects at the the Israeli American Council Eitanim Summer Hackathon at the American Jewish University. Photo by Avi Vogel

The room is a flurry of activity. At each table is a group of 10 teens working on their projects. One group has a white board filled with a to-do list, ranging from pricing its product to establishing a user base. Another group stands around a laptop, as one member works on a virtual grocery store and the others take turns offering advice and criticism.

Welcome to the Israeli American Council Eitanim Summer Hackathon, held Aug. 3 at the American Jewish University. It’s a national program that strives each year to teach students professional skills to prepare them for college while providing a connection to Israel.

This year, more than 150 teens worked in groups to create innovative ideas with the help of professional mentors, leading to Demo Day, when the final projects went before the judges: Ilana Golan of Speaking Golan Ventures, Kfir Gavrieli of Tieks and Metuka Benjamin of Milken Community Schools.

The winning group designed an app to assist in Hebrew learning in school and at home. Second place went to a group that created a virtual reality experience for learning Israeli history.

“What we do here, and what we do throughout the year is give students the opportunity to engage in project-based learning with other American Jews and Israeli-American Jews,” said Orit Mitzner, National Director of Programs for IAC Eitanim. She added, “We want to give them real experience and we want them to learn about Israel not like they usually do, but through projects and innovation. We want them to lead, and we want them to innovate. And as you’ll see tonight, they already are.”

Each of the groups around the room was structured like a real company, with one student acting as CEO and the others serving in such roles as chief financial officer or programmer. The groups work on a business idea, then flesh it out. One group worked on an education game that could help students practice Hebrew language skills.

Mentors from various fields offer advice and critique the teens as if they were operating a real business. “It’s the kind of experience that you won’t get anywhere else” said Kobi Laredo, Cloud Technical Account Manager for Amazon Web Services. Like the other 14 mentors at the Hackathon, he moved from group to group, giving advice and feedback.

“It’s amazing seeing the ideas they come up with. I’ve helped one group with a virtual reality project, another with a social media application — it’s interesting.” Laredo said. “We [the mentors] bring in experience and background. But it’s [the kids] that get to shine and show their leadership and problem-solving skills.”

Although the teens’ projects won’t be developed, Mitzner said the skills learned along the way are just as important as a finished product. “We seek to engage these kids on four levels: through the self, technology, interpersonal level and mentorship,” she said.

“It’s really hard.” said Julian Wiese, the student in charge of software development for the educational game project. “We want to make a virtual space for kids to practice their Hebrew so they’re not just doing it through a book all day. It’ll be interactive.”

“It’s been a great but tough time,” said Cassidy Dalva, a student working as the chief operating officer of that same group. “The whole project has taught me a lot about working in business. And honestly, even though it’s a lot of work, we get some time to just hang out and make friends.”

As serious a program as the Hackathon is, it also enables teens to mingle with others who have similar interests. They socialize, listen to talks from other mentors, and dance.

One L.A. school: two German rabbis

Nitzan Stein Kokin (left) and Esther Jonas-Maertin. Photos courtesy of Nitzan Stein Kokin and Esther Jonas-Maertin.

Since its inception in 1996, the Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies of American Jewish University in Bel Air has had students from various countries, but until recently, never from Germany.

This year, however, the school has two German graduates, both women. Esther Jonas-Maertin completed her final year of the five-year program and was ordained, along with five others, on May 22. Nitzan Stein Kokin, a visiting student from Ziegler’s sister school in Berlin, Zacharias Frankel College, is completing her last year of studies and will be ordained in Berlin on June 18. Hers will be the first ordination of a Conservative rabbi in Germany since before World War II.

Though the women’s journeys to this point were different, they have one thing in common — besides their 42 years of age: neither was raised Jewish. Jonas-Maertin grew up in Leipzig when the Berlin Wall was still standing  and practicing any religion in communist East Germany was strongly discouraged. Her father is Jewish, her mother nonreligious. Stein Kokin grew up in a Protestant household in a small town in southwest Germany.

Despite East Germany’s aversion to religion, Jonas-Maertin became interested in Judaism at a young age, reading every book about it she could find. She recalled writing a paper as a teenager on the Jewish history of Leipzig. But her deep spiritual connection with Judaism came later. Specifically, she points to an exchange she had at 22 with her grandmother, a concentration camp survivor, at her grandfather’s grave on his yahrzeit. Although her grandfather also was a survivor, he died before she was born.

Jonas-Maertin took a stone from her pocket and placed it on the grave. She said this small act surprised her grandmother, who was unaware she was familiar with Jewish traditions.

“I had the feeling she recognized me for the first time,“ she said. “My gesture opened a door to a world I didn’t even know. Then [her grandmother] started to recite the Kaddish. I had no idea that my family was religious.”

That same month, an elderly Jewish man visiting his native Leipzig suggested she become a rabbi, given the depth of her feelings for the Jewish people. At the time, the idea seemed farfetched. After all, not only was Jonas-Maertin not a member of a congregation, she had never seen a rabbi, let alone a female rabbi.

Still, something had been kindled. She began lecturing on Jewish history to school groups and Christian congregations. She also switched universities to pursue a master’s degree in Jewish studies and comparative religion. Ten  years ago, she converted to Judaism. “I just confirmed something that was already there,” she said.

She began her rabbinical studies at Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Jerusalem. “I found that some of the liturgical things weren’t resonating with me,” she said. She was so impressed by the accessibility and intelligence of the students she met from Ziegler — nearly all rabbinical programs require their students to do a year in Israel, so Jonas-Maertin was in a good position to meet students from various programs — she decided to continue her studies in Los Angeles at AJU.

Stein Kokin’s introduction to Judaism came from a high school religion teacher, a Protestant minister who, she said, was “very active in Jewish-Christian dialogue.”

In lieu of a traditional high school graduation gift, she asked her parents for a trip to Israel. She traveled with a youth group and was so intrigued that she decided to spend a gap year there, volunteering at an assisted living facility for disabled young adults. It was a good opportunity, she figured, to see if social work was a suitable fit for her. The other career she had seriously considered was ministry. She decided to study theology and determined that if she wanted to really understand Christianity, she needed to learn everything she could about Judaism as well.

During her year in Israel, she befriended a group of “deeply religious women.” She studied the Talmud and attended beth midrash. “Judaism became so much more personal,” she said. She converted in 1999 and made aliyah. Shortly thereafter, she met the man who would become her husband, an L.A. native who was a graduate student spending a year at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

In lieu of a traditional high school graduation gift, Stein Kokin asked her parents for a trip to Israel.

In 2010, her husband got a teaching job in Germany. It was around this same time that the Zacharias Frankel College opened at Potsdam University. There was already a Reform rabbinical school at the university, but this new program would be Europe’s first and only Conservative rabbinical school.

Rabbi Bradley Shavit Artson, the dean of both Ziegler and Zacharias Frankel, will preside at Stein Kokin’s ordination. “I am going to wrap a prayer shawl around Nitzan’s shoulders,” he said.

While every ordination is an occasion for celebration, Artson said this one is particularly meaningful. “In returning liberal Judaism to Germany, I am restoring a lost object to its original location,” he said, referring to Conservative and Reform Judaism. “If I can ordain a German rabbi in Berlin, then I am showing that Hitler lost and we survived and thrive.”

Even though their personal situations are different — Jonas-Maertin is single; Stein Kokin and her husband have two children — both women said that having a fellow German in the program this past year has been a huge positive.

“It’s very tough to come in here and realize you are Jewish, so there is a certain amount of similarities [between German and American Jews],” Jonas-Maertin said. “But the culture is very different. That has become my struggle. We talk a lot about this.”

It’s also clear the two have immense respect for each other. “I think [Jonas-Maertin] is in many ways a real pioneer coming here all by herself and going through the program,” Stein Kokin said.

As for their future plans, Jonas-Maertin and Stein Kokin are applying for a variety of jobs. Jonas-Maertin would love to work in Germany some day, but with only two Conservative synagogues in the country, job opportunities are extremely limited. Stein Kokin is focusing her efforts in Los Angeles.

Of course, Stein Kokin still has her ordination next month. She said she doesn’t feel added pressure, given the historic significance of the occasion.  She feels lucky.

“I wrote my final thesis for rabbinic school on the first woman rabbi ever ordained, Regina Jonas, who was ordained in 1935 in Berlin,” Stein Kokin said. “She fought for being able to be ordained. She was very observant, very religious, halachah, kept Shabbat. She also believed in the full equality of men and women.

“That’s what I also believe. She is one of my role models. She was 42 when she perished in Auschwitz. I will be 42 when I enter the rabbinate. To pick up at her footsteps and receive my ordination in Germany … it’s not a weight. It’s a present I was presented with by life or circumstances or God or father, whatever you’re going to call it.”

Calendar: March 3-9, 2017

Maya Avraham. Photo courtesy of YouTube.

SAT | MARCH 4

UNPLUG L.A.

Join Reboot and Open Temple for an “Unplugged Party” in celebration of Reboot’s National Day of Unplugging. Your phone will be checked at the door. Step off the grid to listen to live music, play board games, visit the analog photo booth, and more. Event dedicated to the late Levi Felix, founder of Digital Detox and Camp Grounded; $3 of each ticket will be donated to Camp Grounded in his memory. 21 and older. 7 p.m. $18; tickets available at eventbrite.com. Electric Lodge, 1416 Electric Ave., Venice. nationaldayofunplugging.com.

A TOAST TO HEROES

Honor a group of 10 young Israel Defense Forces (IDF) soldiers visiting Los Angeles who have been wounded in combat. Food, drinks and an open-bar after-party with a DJ spinning until midnight. All proceeds go to Lev Chayal’s program for wounded IDF soldiers. Black-tie attire. 8 p.m. VIP reception; 9 p.m. cocktails and buffet. $180 for individual reservations; $100 for young professionals ages 21 to 35. Tickets available at eventbrite.com. Venue TBA. levchayal.com.

SUN | MARCH 5

ALONG THE GOLDENEH LINE: JEWISH LIFE AND HERITAGE OF NORTHEAST L.A. AND THE SAN GABRIEL VALLEY

A chartered bus will take riders alongside the Metro Gold Line into the San Gabriel Valley on a tour that will focus on the area’s unique Jewish heritage and its contemporary community life. Wear comfortable walking shoes — the tour includes two miles on foot. Instructors include Stephen Sass, president of the Jewish Historical Society of Southern California since 1989, and Jeremy Sunderland, who is on the board of directors for the Jewish Historical Society of Southern California. Space is limited. Lunch on your own. 9 a.m. $58. American Jewish University, 15600 Mulholland Drive, Los Angeles. (310) 476-9777. wcce.aju.edu.

NEFESH B’NEFESH ISRAEL ALIYAH FAIR

The ninth annual Nefesh B’Nefesh Israel Aliyah Fair offers the opportunity to gather aliyah information under one roof. Professionals will discuss financial planning and budgeting, choosing a community, building a strategic job search plan, navigating the health care system, buying or renting a home in Israel, and more. 10 a.m. for retirees and empty nesters; noon for students and young professionals. Free. Shalhevet High School, 910 S. Fairfax Ave., Los Angeles. nbn.org.

“HIGH NOON: THE HOLLYWOOD BLACKLIST AND THE MAKING OF AN AMERICAN CLASSIC”

cal-hign-noon“High Noon” is more than a Western; it is also a story about the Hollywood blacklist. Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Glenn Frankel will discuss his book about  screenwriter Carl Foreman, producer Stanley Kramer, director Fred Zinnemann and actor Gary Cooper, and how their creative partnership was influenced — and crushed — by political repression and agendas. Book signing to follow presentation. 2 p.m. $14; $10 for students and seniors; $6 for children; free for members. Autry Museum of the American West, 4700 Western Heritage Way, Los Angeles.

THE LOS ANGELES BALALAIKA ORCHESTRA

The Los Angeles Balalaika Orchestra presents its 22nd annual concert, featuring the voice of Mark Goldenberg, cantor at Young Israel of Century City. 3 p.m. $35-$45. Herbert Zipper Hall, 200 S. Grand Ave., Los Angeles. (626) 483-2731. balalaikala.com.

“VISIONS FOR A SHARED SOCIETY: THE ‘TRIBES’ OF ISRAEL”

Elana Stein Hain, director of leadership education at the Shalom Hartman Institute of North America, will discuss the core values of some of the “tribes” that compose Israel today, and how a divided people build a shared society. Part of the Synagogue Collaborative Lecture Series. 4 p.m. $20. (Post-lecture dinner and discussion extra; RSVP only.) Temple Beth Am, 1039 S. La Cienega Blvd., Los Angeles. shalomhartman.org/LAcollaborative.

“LABSCAPES: VIEWS THROUGH THE MICROSCOPE”

“Labscapes” presents vivid images from the mysterious and usually unseen wonders that exist under the powerful lenses of the microscopes of some of the world’s most renowned researchers at Technion — Israel Institute of Technology. A special presentation by students will be followed by the grand opening. RSVP requested: jose@ats.org or (310) 254-9899. 5 p.m. presentation; 6 p.m. reception and exhibit. Through March 27. Museum of Tolerance, 9786 W. Pico Blvd., Los Angeles. ats.org/labscapes.

MAYA AVRAHAM

Before joining The Idan Raichel Project, Maya Avraham was a widely sought-after backup singer for Israeli superstars such as Eyal Golan, Sarit Hadad and Shlomi Shabat. She will sing some of The Idan Raichel Project’s greatest hits as well as her own songs. 7 p.m. Tickets start at $35. Gindi Auditorium at American Jewish University, 15600 Mulholland Drive, Los Angeles. (310) 476-9777. wcce.aju.edu.

“FROM SHTETL TO STARDOM: JEWS AND HOLLYWOOD”

This panel discussion features Vince Brook of the UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television; David Isaacs, TV scriptwriter, producer and Emmy winner; Shaina Hammerman, Jewish film, literature, religion and cultural historian; Josh Moss, visiting assistant professor of film and media studies at UC Santa Barbara; and Ross Melnick, associate professor of film and media studies at UCSB. 6:15 p.m. dessert reception; 7 p.m. panel. Free. RSVP by March 3 at wbtla.org/shtetl or (424) 208-8932. Wilshire Boulevard Temple, Irmas Campus, 11661 W. Olympic Blvd., Los Angeles. (213) 388-2401.

TUES | MARCH 7

GOOGLE FOR GENEALOGISTS

Learn how to use Google Earth and Google Maps to gather information about where your ancestors lived, and how to educate yourself and meet other like-minded individuals (and perhaps relatives) using Google’s social media. Mary Kathryn Kozy, who has been researching her family history for more than 35 years, will speak at this meeting of the Jewish Genealogy Society of the Conejo Valley and Ventura County. 7 p.m. Free. Temple Adat Elohim, 2420 E. Hillcrest, Thousand Oaks. (818) 889-6616. jgscv.org.

THURS | MARCH 9

ELON GOLD

cal-elon-goldComedian, writer and actor Elon Gold kicks off the Purim weekend with a night of comedy, drinks and a DJ. Also featuring Alex Edelman. 8 p.m. $40. Saban Theatre, 8440 Wilshire Blvd., Beverly Hills. (888) 645-5006. sabanconcerts.com.

“THE AUSCHWITZ VOLUNTEER”

Explore the ethical and religious implications of the Holocaust at this event. Wine and cheese reception will be followed by a multimedia program and discussion about the Polish underground’s mission that sent officer Witold Polecki into Auschwitz to gain intelligence and build resistance among the prisoners. 7:30 p.m. $8. Burton Sperber Jewish Community Library at American Jewish University, 15600 Mulholland Drive, Los Angeles. (310) 440-1572. wcce.aju.edu.

Singer-composer Matti Caspi kicks off Israel pop series in L.A.

Israel has a vibrant music scene with artists representing a wide variety of ethnic and cultural traditions, but much of that music never makes it to the United States. An upcoming series of Israeli music concerts aims to introduce American audiences to some legendary Israeli pop musicians, as well as fresh faces on the nation’s music scene.

“Celebration of Israeli Arts” is a co-production of American Jewish University (AJU) and the Israeli cultural promotion agency Teev Events, and the bands were selected to give local audiences a taste of the variety of Israeli rock, pop and world-inspired music.

“It’s part of an ongoing vision to bring Israelis and Americans together in a concert venue and make it accessible to Americans,” said Genie Benson, executive producer of Teev.

The five concerts at AJU’s Familian Campus in Bel Air include famed composer and singer Matti Caspi; Alon Oleartchik, co-founder and singer of the influential band Kaveret (also known as Poogy); the young singer-songwriter Idan Rafael Haviv; Maya Avraham, known as a member of the Idan Raichel Project and now pursuing a solo career; and Sephardic brothers Guy and Roy Zu-Aretz.

The series kicks off on Nov. 19 with Caspi, a singer and songwriter who is regarded as one of Israel’s most beloved musicians. Active since the late 1960s, Caspi’s music ranges from jazz to rock to Brazilian-inspired songs. He is the recipient of the prestigious “Kinor David” (David’s Harp) among many other awards, and has inspired a generation of Israeli musicians.

With a honey-soaked voice and gifted piano-playing ability, Caspi has been a staple on Israeli radio for decades. He got his start in the Israeli military, forming a trio with two friends, Gadi Oron and Ya’akov Noy, called the Three Fat Men. They released Caspi’s first big hit, “Ani Met” (I’m Dying). During the Yom Kippur War, Caspi toured army bases with the late Leonard Cohen, who arranged his song “Lover, Lover, Lover” with Caspi.

During the 1970s, Caspi began a long collaboration with Israeli songwriter Ehud Manor. Caspi wrote the melodies and Manor penned the lyrics for some of his most popular songs, including “Hine Hine” (There It Goes Again). The pair also recorded the collaboration “Tov Li Ba’kibbutz” (It’s Good on the Kibbutz), which draws from Caspi’s upbringing on Kibbutz Hanita, where he was born in 1949.

 “My childhood was in a kibbutz in the north of Israel and I spent most of the time in the nature,” Caspi told the Journal in an email. “I used to listen to the radio once a week, which broadcast a special program about authentic music from all over the world. Those two things affected and influenced my ability to compose in a lot of styles.”

 Caspi has been incredibly prolific in recent decades, releasing dozens of records and collaborating with Israel’s most iconic artists. His most recent album, “Nefesh Teoma” (Soulmate), was released in 2010.

 Alon Oleartchik headlines the second concert in the series on Dec. 10. He was the co-founder, writer and singer for Kaveret (Poogy), perhaps Israel’s most famous and popular rock group of all time. Oleartchik will perform his greatest hits, including “Ba La Schuna Bahur Hadash” (A New Boy Came to the Neighborhood) and “Hi Holechet Badrachim” (She Travels the Roads).

 Oleartchik was born in Warsaw, Poland, in 1950 and immigrated to Israel at the age of 6. His father, Edward Olearczyk, was a well-known songwriter in Poland who gave young Alon an early training in classical piano. Oleartchik eventually developed a mastery of a variety of instruments, including bass, piano and guitar.

 He first made his name as the bass player for Platina, an Israeli jazz band, and he was a co-founder, writer and singer in Kaveret. The members met during their Israeli army service and represented Israel in the 1974 Eurovision Song Contest. Kaveret has had several successful reunion tours in the last three decades.

 The veteran performer says Israeli artists can serve as ambassadors for their country and offer a different perspective from what’s seen on television news or in newspapers.

 “We express our views through the songs, whether directly or indirectly,” Oleartchik said in an email. “When abroad, we find ourselves becoming spokespeople for our governments, and this is not easy. So most of us just sing and play and talk about other things and avoid politics. I think in the end, a more positive picture of Israel emerges as the world is exposed to different Israeli artists.” 

 The third concert features Israeli singer-songwriter Idan Rafael Haviv on Jan. 21. Haviv’s first two albums, 2011’s “A Little Bit Each Time” and 2013’s “To Lose Interest in Time,” both reached gold status. Some of his songs have become Israeli radio staples, including “Mechaka” (Waiting) and “Achshav o Leolam” (Now or Never).

Haviv also collaborated on the Idan Raichel Project’s songs “Ima, Aba Vekol Hashar” (Mom, Dad and All the Rest) and “Ba’Layla” (At Night), which was named song of the year in 2013 by Israeli entertainment magazine Pnai Plus.

 A self-taught multidisciplinary artist, Haviv has released music while also being highly involved in painting, visual arts, poetry, photography and more. His concerts are accompanied by original video content he shot and edited.

The fourth concert at AJU features Maya Avraham. Her March 5 show will include greatest hits from the Idan Raichel Project, with whom she recorded and toured regularly, and some of her solo songs and covers.

Avraham released her first album, “Rak Ratzit Ahava,” in 2008 and “La Yom Haze Chikiti” in 2015. She combines elements of world, Middle Eastern and pop music. Before joining the Idan Raichel Project, Avraham was a backup singer for some of Israel’s biggest music stars.

The final concert in the series, on April 2, is a Sephardic music production featuring brothers Guy and Roy Zu-Aretz. Guy, an actor and television host, and Roy, a musician and record producer, were raised in Jerusalem listening to the Ladino melodies and poems in their grandparents’ homes and synagogue. They trace their lineage from the Jews’ expulsion from Spain up to their parents’ aliyah to Israel. Their mother’s family comes from Bulgaria, Turkey and Greece, and their father’s from Libya, by way of Portugal and the Netherlands.

 “I knew how to play all the Sephardic romance songs when I was 6 years old,” Roy told the Journal in a phone interview. “I went to Juilliard in New York to study composition. When I was away from my land, I started to dig into myself. I saw music that I never noticed and I realized I was built up from this material.”

 He lived in Los Angeles for several years and opened a recording studio in Hollywood, where he wrote soundtracks for motion pictures. He has produced albums for some of Israel’s best-known artists, such as Hayehudim, Rita and Dudu Fisher.

 When the two brothers began producing Sephardic music concerts, Roy said, he was surprised by the high level of interest. At first, audiences were mostly older people and Orthodox Jews wanting to hear piyyutim (Jewish liturgical poems). Then the concerts started to draw Ashkenazi Jews and younger fans.

 “People come crying, saying, ‘You’re showing something good in Sephardic culture.’ People felt like they’re not equal. It’s so rooted in them that they believe in it,” he said.

Roy credits the internet with the resurgence of interest in Mizrahi music, with young listeners able to discover music that previously had only been available to collectors.

“The melodies are so charming,” he said. “Music touches wherever words cannot.”

The “Celebration of Israeli Arts” concert series will be held at the AJU Familian Campus’s Gindi Auditorium in Bel Air. For tickets and information, visit 

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Check it out: A new Jewish library for L.A.

The Burton Sperber Jewish Community Library at American Jewish University (AJU) in Bel Air opened its doors Sept. 25, printing out library cards at its circulation desk for the public for the very first time and welcoming dozens of children, parents and grandparents for an open house.

The nearly 2,000-square-foot space on the university’s Familian campus — complete with a charming kids reading corner, plush seating and ample table workspace — shares a structure already occupied by the Bel and Jack M. Ostrow Academic Library. An open-air courtyard separates the libraries, which share a catalog of over 110,000 print volumes, DVDs and audiobooks, from the administration building for the Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies. 

Four years ago, a parking lot was there — zero libraries. Now there are two. 

“We are now an official library,” Lisa Silverman, the Sperber Library’s director, said at the open house, grinning, seasonal shofar pendants dangling from her ears. 

Silverman previously was director at the Sinai Temple Blumenthal Library, serving for 19 years. She has been with the Sperber Library for over a year now, preparing for its launch. The opportunity to be a part of this new venture was too enticing to pass up, she said. 

“The unique opportunity to be able to open a Jewish library in the 21st century when the general direction of Jewish libraries hasn’t been positive and many have closed is very exciting to me. It’s the reason I left Sinai,” Silverman said. “It really gives me a chance to make my mark offering modern Jewish programming, leading book clubs and hosting authors. I came here because I want to start something.” 

The Sperber Library aims to fill a void in Los Angeles’ Jewish community. When the Jewish Community Library, located in The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles’ building, closed in 2009, the second largest Jewish city in the United States was left without a major Jewish community library. The Slavin Children’s Library, located in the same building, suffered the same fate in 2013, making way for the expansion of the Zimmer Children’s Museum.

Several thousand books from the old Jewish Community Library are now in the Ostrow Library. Most of the Slavin Children’s Library collection now resides in the children’s section of the Sperber Library, making up about 80 percent of its children’s books, Silverman said.

Prior to Sept. 25, members of the public not enrolled at AJU could check out works at the Ostrow Library. Despite the fact that it was an academic library, Silverman estimates that there were nearly 1,500 non-enrolled community members in the system, cementing her view that there is a demand for a Jewish community library with modern Jewish works. 

“Now those people will be switching loyalties and coming to my side,” she said. “The numbers showed that people wanted to use the library, but they couldn’t always find the newer, more popular stuff. [The Ostrow Library] also didn’t have a children’s collection.”

Now the Sperber Library — funded by a gift from Charlene Sperber, widow of Burton Sperber, who founded ValleyCrest Landscape Cos., the Calabasas-based landscape services company behind projects such as the gardens at the Getty Center and the rooftop community garden at Walt Disney Concert Hall — has an extensive children’s collection. Silverman will also attempt to maintain a collection of Jewish-themed or penned volumes with works published no earlier than 2000. Exceptions will include classics by the likes of literary heavyweights such as Philip Roth or Isaac Bashevis Singer. 

Most of the contemporary adult books in the Sperber Library are from the Sinai Temple Blumenthal Library, which two years ago shifted its focus to serving the temple’s day school and reduced its adult collection. Silverman, who was still at Sinai during that restructuring, helped facilitate the transferring and purchasing of many books from Sinai to AJU. 

Varied programming in the space will be the driving force behind Silverman’s attempt to shape the library into a cultural and social hub. Film screenings, lectures, book clubs, game room days, children’s book readings, Jewish origami workshops and readings with local authors highlight event programming already scheduled. 

The recent open house featured free entertainment that included live music, magicians, arts and crafts, BARK (Beach Animals Reading with Kids) therapy dogs and a documentary film screening.  

Robert Wexler, president of AJU, who was at the event, said he is convinced that the new library’s location, straddling the divide between Los Angeles’ Westside and Valley Jewish communities, makes it a convenient destination for two of the city’s most Jewish neighborhoods. He’s looking forward to witnessing the library’s impending impact on those surrounding areas.

“The mission of the institution is to engage Jewish life at all different phases of life. The Sperber Library helps us fulfill our commitment to serving the overall Jewish community and provide Jewish programming and learning,” Wexler said. 

Educational programming like “Grandparents Circle,” an ongoing discussion forum that the new library will host for grandparents to speak on raising their grandchildren with Jewish values, already has attracted the notice of open house attendees like Barbara Sampson, 80, a member of nearby Stephen Wise Temple. 

“My granddaughter has a Jewish father and a Catholic mother. I want to make sure as her grandmother I can do whatever I can to expose her to all I know about Judaism,” she said. “Everything I know, like traditions and values, I want her to know. I think this new library, with the children’s programming and all, will be great for helping me connect more with my granddaughter on Jewish values.” 

Rabbi Gary Oren, AJU vice president and dean of the Whizin Center for Continuing Education, also feels that a built-in advantage the new library has is its affiliation with a university as opposed to a synagogue. 

“A university setting is familiar to most Jews as a place to come in, explore and work. The barrier a synagogue might put up for some people is definitely not up here,” Oren said. 

Since it began to take shape over the summer, Oren has also witnessed the new library’s benefits to students and staff alike at AJU.  

“There are exciting opportunities for crossover between community, faculty and students there,” Oren said. “We had a screening of a Holocaust documentary in the space and were able to bring in a graduate student to lecture to the public after the screening, which was certainly an exciting opportunity for the student. Also, I’ve seen staff take lunch breaks there to just sit comfortably and read. It’s just a nice place to be in.” 

Though Oren acknowledged that difficulties might lie ahead to maintain the public’s interest, he affirmed his belief that the Sperber Library is here to stay. 

“We know the challenges we face, competing with the internet and how accessible information is today. However, we’re committed to having the space open and available to the public. We will keep it up to date. We feel that it’s necessary and provides a service to the community and we’ll make sure that happens,” he said. “Books and Jews go together.”

Moving and shaking: Commencement ceremonies, Jews for Hillary and more

Three seminaries — American Jewish University (AJU), Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion (HUC-JIR) and the Academy for Jewish Religion, California (AJR-CA) were among the local schools holding commencement ceremonies last month.

At AJU, which held its 66th commencement on May 15 at its Bel Air campus, nine students received Master of Arts degrees in rabbinic studies. They were ordained in a ceremony the next day. Four students were conferred Master of Arts in Nonprofit Management degrees and 13 were awarded a Master of Business Administration through the Graduate School of Nonprofit Management, while seven students earned a Master of Arts in Education. Eighteen students received bachelor’s degrees.

Among those getting honorary doctorates were Valley Beth Shalom Rabbi Ed Feinstein, philanthropist Joyce Eisenberg-Keefer and Jeffrey L. Glassman, CEO of Covington Capital Management and chairman emeritus of AJU. John Magoulas, the associate chief development officer of The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles who received an MBA from AJU in 2001, received the Mickey Weiss Award for Outstanding Alumni. 

HUC-JIR ordained eight students in a May 15 ceremony at Temple Emanuel of Beverly Hills. Rabbi Aaron D. Panken, the president of HUC-JIR, was the ordination speaker. Giving remarks were Cary Davidson, a member of the university’s board of governors and chair of the Western region overseers; Congregation Kol Ami’s Rabbi Denise Eger, president of the board of trustees of the Central Conference of American Rabbis; Daryl Messinger, chairman of the Union for Reform Judaism’s board of trustees; and Congregation Or Ami’s Rabbi Paul Kipnes

Graduation exercises took place the following day at Temple Emanuel, with dean Joshua Holo offering opening remarks. A certificate of recognition was presented to Michael Zeldin, retiring senior national director of HUC-JIR’s schools of education, who also gave the graduation address. 

Seven students received the Master of Arts in Jewish Nonprofit Management, seven others were awarded Master of Arts in Jewish Education and eight students earned Master of Arts in Hebrew Letters. One student received a Doctor of Hebrew Letters. 

An honorary doctorate was presented to Rabbi Marc Lee Raphael, the Nathan and Sophia Gumenick Professor of Judaic Studies and Director of the Program in Judaic Studies at the College of William and Mary. The Sherut La’Am award was presented to activist, philanthropist and author Buff Brazy Given

AJR-CA held its graduation and ordination on May 30 at Stephen Wise Temple. Seven rabbis and one cantor were ordained after they had received their master’s degrees a day earlier in an event at the school’s Koreatown campus. At the May 30 event, one student graduated with a certification in chaplaincy and another received a master’s degree in Jewish studies. Rabbi Laura Owens, the school’s interim president, gave the opening address. 

— Avi Sholkoff, Contributing Writer


Anti-Defamation League (ADL) Regional Director Amanda Susskind moderated a May 25 panel discussion titled “Challenges and Opportunities Facing Jewish and Asian-American College Students,” hosted by ADL’s Asian Jewish Initiative in Los Angeles. Panelists were Jerry Kang, vice chancellor for equity, diversity and inclusion at UCLA; Heather Rosen, a graduating senior and student body president at UCLA; Riki Robinson, a student and program coordinator at the Center for Asian Pacific American Students at Pitzer College; and Varun Soni, dean of the Office of Religious Life at USC. 

From left: ADL Asian Jewish Initiative co-chair Vince Gonzalez, UCLA Vice Chancellor Jerry Kang, USC Dean of Religious Life Varun Soni, ADL Asian Jewish Initiative founder Faith Cookler, ADL Regional Director Amanda Susskind, UCLA senior and outgoing president Heather Rosen and Pitzer College student Riki Robinson.  Photo courtesy of Anti-Defamation League

Approximately 30 people were present as the panelists drew attention to the clash of identities — how students self-identify and how they are perceived — and what was described as a “wealth of diversity” within both communities.

Jewish students Rosen and Robinson said that some of the challenges Jewish students face come from within the Jewish community, while other challenges are external. On UCLA’s campus, Rosen said, “There’s a huge issue with politicization of identity, especially the Jewish identity.”

“A lot of times, because we are considered to be part of the white population, we are excluded from [progressive] conversations,” she said. “I’ve been told I’m an oppressor because I’m Jewish, because Israel is considered the oppressor and Palestine is considered the oppressed.”

Susskind stressed that there is no competition over who is more victimized. From her knowledge of individual instances, “The only allies Jews have had on campuses … have been oftentimes Asian, oftentimes South Asian.” 

“I want to [end] on an overarching positive,” Susskind added. “We have a lot in common among the Asian and Jewish cultures: the ancient cultures, the strong moms, the great food. And we want to see these alliances improved.”

— Lakshna Mehta, Contributing Writer


The Zelikow School of Jewish Nonprofit Management at Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion (HUC-JIR) recently announced a $1 million donation from Jay H. Geller and his husband, Lowell Gallagher, to establish the Geller-Gallagher Leadership Institute (GGLI). 

From left: Zelikow School of Jewish Nonprofit Management at HUC-JIR Director Erik Ludwig, Jay Geller, Lowell Gallagher and HUC-JIR President Rabbi Aaron Panken. Photo courtesy of HUC-JIR 

The announcement was made at the Zelikow School’s honors reception on May 15, which celebrated eight individuals who received honorary doctorate degrees from the school. Geller is a Los Angeles attorney and member of the HUC-JIR Board of Governors, and Gallagher is an English professor at UCLA. 

The institute is being established “to engage in an open dialogue with professional leaders in the Jewish community to address challenges in the leadership pipeline,” said Erik Ludwig, the director of the Zelikow School. Although the institute will operate under the umbrella of the Zelikow School, it will be open to the general public. 

“Mentorship is really, really important to me,” said Geller, who is the chairman of the Zelikow School Advisory Council. “The reason why we started the institute was to create relationships and foster mentorships. The institute will work with professionals, lay leaders and students to develop those relationships.” 

The inaugural event of GGLI will be on Aug. 8. The speakers at the event will be Gali Cooks, executive director of Leading Edge: Alliance for Jewish Leadership; David Cygielman, founder and CEO of Moishe House; Jordan Fruchtman, chief programming officer of Moishe House; and Allan Finkelstein, former president of Jewish Community Centers Association of North America.

Of the eight honorees at the recent reception, two were from the Los Angeles area: Lori Klein, senior vice president of Caring for Jews in Need at The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles; and Lesley Plachta, development director of the Los Angeles Jewish Home Foundation. Lori Goodman, the chief development officer of CALM (Child Abuse Listening Mediation) in Santa Barbara, also was an honoree.

— Lakshna Mehta, Contributing Writer


American Jewish Committee Los Angeles (AJC-LA) elected Scott Edelman as its regional president during its 71st annual meeting and luncheon, held on May 23 at the Intercontinental hotel. He succeeds outgoing AJC-LA President Dean Schramm, who continues on as chairman of AJC-LA.

New American Jewish Committee Los Angeles regional president Scott Edelman. Photo courtesy of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher

“What attracts me most to AJC is its outreach to the non-Jewish world,” Edelman, a Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher partner and 2015 AJC-LA Judge Learned Hand Award recipient, said during his acceptance speech, as quoted in a press release. “We cannot take our freedom for granted; we live in perilous times. We must fight against anti-Semitism, all forms of bigotry, and the spread of radicalism and extremism.”

The meeting also marked appointments of new AJC-LA board members, including Glenn Sonnenberg, the current president of the board of directors at Stephen Wise Temple. Additionally, Reeve E. Chudd, Julie Bram and Cathy Unger were named AJC-LA vice presidents; Dan Schnur was named treasurer; and Eva Dworsky was named secretary. 

Additional new board members include Jonathan Anschell, Brian Cohen, James Dasteel and Marc Graboff.

Attendees at the event included L.A. City Councilmen Paul Koretz and Bob Blumenfield, and L.A. City Controller Ron Galperin, among others.

Faithful Central Bible Church Bishop Kenneth Ulmer delivered the invocation and spoke about the importance of Black-Jewish relations.

AJC-LA Director Janna Weinstein Smith said she is looking forward to working with Edelman in his new role. “AJC is thrilled to have Scott, an accomplished Jewish community leader, serve as president of our region,” she said in a statement.


Samara Hutman, the executive director of the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust (LAMOTH), traveled to Washington, D.C., on  May 6 to see photographs of Los Angeles-based Holocaust survivors on display in the Russell Senate Office Building rotunda. The exhibit, which initially debuted at LAMOTH, is titled “Portraits in Black and White: Survivors and What They Carry” and features 20 black-and-white photos taken by photographer Barbara Mack.

Photographer Barbara Mack and LAMOTH Executive Director Samara Hutman visit Washington, D.C.  Photo by Bryan McLamara 

Two members of the Argus Quartet, violinist Clara Kim and violist Diana Wade, accompanied Hutman. Kim and Wade performed two pieces, “Found Missing” and “Tracks,” which students created as part of the Righteous Conversations Project at Milken Community Schools in Los Angeles. Milken student Noah Daniel composed “Tracks” after learning from survivor Armin Goldstein

“The piece begins with an academic-sounding, exercise-like scale in order to portray the rigorous 14 hours a day Armin spent in school (apart from homework and studying), but also has a youthful joy as the waltz-like pizzicato comes in,” Daniel said, as quoted by LAMOTH. “It then moves into the period Armin spent in forced labor, as a lumberjack in freezing wind and snow. The augmented chord played by the violins as the piece accelerates creates the illusion of a train, as Armin is forced into a cattle car and taken to Bergen-Belsen, a concentration camp in today’s northern Germany.”

Hutman praised the event and stressed the importance of students learning about the Holocaust. “This generation of students is the last one that will be able to connect in person with Holocaust survivors in our community,” Hutman said. “LAMOTH’s Righteous Conversations Project Music Composition Program gives students the opportunity to carry on the legacy of memory to future generations through music.”

— Avi Sholkoff, Contributing Writer


If you want to celebrate an organization that works to help churches, synagogues and mosques create sustainable gardens on their properties, what better place to do it than in the middle of a … sustainable garden?  Netiya’s “Not Just a Garden Party” on May 26 at the home of founder Devorah Brous and Laurence Weber brought together 90 supporters of the organization amid the home’s raised beds, fruit trees, aquaponic pond and chicken coop.

An interfaith gardening event organized by agriculture group Netiya.   

“Almost everything grows here in this part of the world,” Brous said in impassioned remarks to guests. “Yet 600,000 kids are food insecure in Los Angeles County.”

Netiya helps by converting congregations’ water-intensive crabgrass lawns into sites for fresh food production. So far, it has installed 16 food gardens at faith-based institutions and given 10 microgrants to L.A. congregations to grow food.

“These congregations are essentially the greatest source of ready-to-repurpose lands in the entire city,” Brous said. “Faith communities are literally the fertile ground to seed institutional scale change around the city.”

As night came and lights twinkled in the garden, performance artists entertained a crowd including Rabbi Sharon Brous and David Light, Melissa Balaban and Adam Wergeles, Jack Weiss and Leslie Kautz, Brian Pass, Yuval Ron, Carolyne Aycaguer, Shep and Shari Rosenman, Rabbi Noah Farkas, Rabbi Ahud Sela and Jessica Ritz.  

— Staff report


Former Congressman Howard Berman discussed the Democratic Party platform on Israel at the Beverly Hills home of Ada and Jim Horwich during a “Jews for Hillary” event on May 31. 

A “Jews for Hillary” event was held at the Beverly Hills home of Ada and Jim Horwich on May 31.

“My sense from conversations with people who are very involved in Hillary Clinton’s campaign, more so than I am, is … a firm resolve to stand with American support for Israel,” Berman told the standing-room-only crowd that filled the Horwich courtyard.

Co-organized with activist Donna Bojarsky, the event brought out Democratic pols and community leaders en masse. 

“We really need a strong united Jewish community,” said Sarah Bard, Clinton’s Jewish outreach coordinator. “Hillary Clinton is going to fight hard to make sure the platform reflects her long record of support for Israel.”

“I think we got our marching orders,” Bojarsky called out to the crowd.

Spotted at the event were Los Angeles City Attorney Mike Feuer, L.A. City Controller Ron Galperin, L.A. City Councilman Bob Blumenfield, Wendy Greuel, Zev and Barbara Yaroslavsky, Rabbi Naomi Levy, Sharon and Leon Janks, Rabbi Ken ChasenSam Yebri, Jesse Gabriel, and Rabbi Sharon Brous and David Light.

— Staff report

Moving and Shaking highlights events, honors and simchas. Got a tip? Email ryant@jewishjournal.com

News reports revive AJU environmental debate

Nuclear expert Dan Hirsch made a promise in 1979 that would drag him into a three-decade fight he didn’t ask for, a fight that has since drawn in Boeing, an alphabet soup of regulators and, most recently, American Jewish University (AJU).

Hirsch’s students at UCLA had dug up some files detailing a partial nuclear meltdown in the Simi Hills in 1959 at a site bordering the 3,000-acre Jewish retreat known as the Brandeis-Bardin Campus. Hirsch immediately took the files to KNBC. 

When the story ran in 1979, a Thousand Oaks woman called Hirsch asking him to help, saying she believed the accident had caused her child’s leukemia. He promised he would.

“One tries to live up to promises,” Hirsch told the Jewish Journal in an interview. “But who ever could have conceived that it would have been a third of a century?”

Hirsch unwittingly lobbed an environmental hot potato that has been passed around ever since. In recent weeks, a new, yearlong investigation by KNBC4 has brought to the surface some once-confidential details, raising new hackles and painting AJU into an uncomfortable corner. (Four segments have aired thus far, all of which remain available on the station’s website, nbclosangeles.com.)

In response to the investigation, AJU announced to community members on Nov. 18 a new round of environmental tests it hopes will “reconfirm the safety of the property.”

AJU merged with the Brandeis-Bardin Campus northwest of Los Angeles in 2007, and with it inherited the site’s environmental baggage: The campus is adjacent to the Santa Susana Field Lab, an out-of-commission nuclear and rocket-testing site now owned by Boeing. On the north flank, closest to the Brandeis-Bardin Campus, is a tract called “Area IV,” where an experimental sodium reactor partially melted down in 1959.

That environmental disaster was just the beginning of the site’s woes.

Every time KNBC airs a segment, the reporter, Joel Grover, reveals disquieting details that raise alarm among the scores of Jewish Angelenos who have spent time at the retreat, which includes Camp Alonim. The report has included descriptions of the Santa Susana Field Lab’s nuclear burn pits, poisoned groundwater and radioactive gas released into the breeze.

The latest KNBC segment, which ran Nov. 19, revealed that the institute’s founder, Shlomo Bardin, called the sheriff in 1957 about sludge from the field lab that had ended up in a stream that bisects the educational campus. 

AJU has responded to the recent reports by saying the NBC4 I-Team is spinning tall tales, “relying on innuendo, partial information and speculation rather than evidence and facts.”

In a Nov. 21 statement to the Jewish Journal, AJU wrote, “Testing has consistently found the property to be safe — and nothing presented in recent news reports leads to a contrary conclusion.” (For the full text, click here.)

NBC4’s Joel Grover points to the site of the Santa Susana Field Lab from Sage Ranch Park in Simi Valley.

The statement adds that AJU is committed to transparency, and that “our entire staff takes our stewardship responsibilities very seriously.”

Previously, the TV station’s report charged the university with withholding information from its stakeholders — one segment in the KNBC series was titled “Camp Cover-Up.”

Now, documents uncovered by reporters Grover and Matthew Glasser are pushing AJU to reckon quite publicly with the land’s past, most prominently, its settlement agreement in a 1996 lawsuit BBI filed in federal court against Boeing. The results of that settlement remained confidential until KNBC obtained a copy.

In a related complaint uncovered by KNBC, BBI’s lawyers wrote that hazardous material produced at the field lab had “seeped into, and come to be located in the soil and groundwater of the real property.”

The settlement agreement BBI signed shortly after filing the lawsuit, published by KNBC, includes a sweepingly restrictive release of liability that curtails AJU’s current legal options. 

Jennifer Shaw, who witnessed the Santa Susana rocket tests from the balcony of her Simi Valley home in the 1980s, said that she tried to access the case files, but was told by the court they were sealed.

“Whoever Joel Grover got his stuff from has broken open a whole new area for this story,” she said.

For the parents and grandparents whose children are alumni of the camp or retreats on the property, the deluge of new documents is confusing at best, and, for some, a cause for concern.

KNBC reported that the Jewish youth program Diller Teen Fellows has cancelled a planned retreat at BBI following the reports. A representative of the program declined to comment.

When the first segment of the story aired in September, stakeholders at Milken Community Schools wondered if they should relocate retreats that traditionally have taken place at BBI. The school recently announced it ultimately decided to stick with the site, and a Dec. 4-5 Shabbaton is slated to take place there. 

The question was never about whether the site is safe, Milken Head of School Gary Weisserman said. He takes AJU at its word. But administrators admitted some parents might react negatively.

“We undoubtedly will have a couple of families who will decide not to send their child [to the Shabbaton], but that’s a choice that they’re making,” Weisserman said.

Parents can find some scientific justification on either side.

Hal Morgenstern, a University of Michigan epidemiologist who has studied cancer rates in the area around the field lab site, said his conclusions have been used by both sides: those seeking to prove the field lab was harmless, and those who doubt it.

The elevated cancer rates he found are provocative but circumstantial, he said.

Those who claim the land is safe read scientific studies on the topic as inconclusive, at worst. 

“All the evidence says, ‘Hey, you can relax about this,’ ” said Abraham Weitzberg, a nuclear engineer and former Santa Susana Field Lab official.

Weitzberg heads an organization called the Santa Susana Field Lab Community Advisory Group that generally vouches for the site’s safety. He also has papered the local press, including the Jewish Journal, with letters to that effect.

The debate has also rekindled the passions and rancor of both sides.

Weitzberg also maintains that Hirsch, the nuclear activist, is a puppeteer who has run a three-decade environmental witch-hunt. Hirsch, for his part, says Weitzberg is a Boeing mouthpiece, a claim Weitzberg finds ridiculous. 

Meanwhile, KNBC's Grover said on air that they will “stay with this story a long time.”

NBC investigation reopens contamination question at SoCal Jewish camp

For years, Victoria Tashman didn’t think much of the sonic booms coming from the Santa Susana Field Lab, just uphill from a storied Jewish retreat and campus not far from her Woodland Hills home.

“It was just part of growing up,” she said.

But in 2004, when she was diagnosed with breast cancer, her father mentioned it might be related to the site in Simi Valley. And when she caught wind of a yearlong KNBC investigation into the potential contamination, which aired this week, she forwarded it to her whole family.

Now, she’s wondering if her mother’s and mother-in-law’s cancers were also related to the site.

[ESHMAN: Brandeis Bardin needs to be transparent about contamination]

The three-part investigation unearthed a trove of documents indicating that Brandeis-Bardin Institute (BBI), which includes Camp Alonim, was scarred by nuclear and other contamination from the neighboring facility, now owned by Boeing.

“People were exposed; there’s no doubt about that,” Yoram Cohen, a UCLA researcher who studied the site, said during the Nov. 9 broadcast.

The investigation found that rocket tests and “burn pits” for nuclear waste, among other potential contaminants, may have resulted in toxic exposure for the camp. American Jewish University (AJU), which since 2007 has owned and operated the campus, has denied to both KNBC and the Jewish Journal that the thousands of children who attended the camp have been in danger from contamination.

A Nov. 10 email message from AJU president Robert Wexler sent to families affiliated with the campus called the KNBC story “deeply flawed and entirely misleading.”

But an internal report initiated by Brandeis in 1997, obtained by KNBC, indicated that the “property is contaminated, at both the surface and subsurface, with radiological and chemical contaminants.”

“I was reassured over and over the land was safe and that there was no need for me to see any of the materials,” Rabbi Lee Bycel, who directed the Institute from 2000 to 2003, told the Journal. Bycel said in the KNBC report that he would not have taken the job at BBI if he had known the extent of the contamination.

Located just south of the 118 Freeway, the Brandeis-Bardin Campus encompasses nearly 3,000 acres of mess halls, bunks, prayer centers and recreation facilities, including horse stables, a swimming pool and tennis courts. Its website states that it is the “largest parcel of land owned by a Jewish institution outside the State of Israel.”

The site’s perils came to the fore in 1959 when a nuclear reactor experienced a partial meltdown. Workers told the network they were instructed to open the exhaust stacks, allowing radioactive gas to waft toward surrounding areas.

For years afterward, Rocketdyne, the company that operated the site at the time, conducted rocket tests that emitted known contaminants.

In 1997, Brandeis reached a confidential $3.2 million settlement with Boeing, obtained by KNBC, with the aerospace company agreeing to buy a portion of the adjacent land in exchange for Brandeis waiving its right to all future lawsuits over the contamination. AJU did not confirm whether the details of the settlement, as reported by KNBC, are accurate.  

The Jewish Journal attempted an investigation into the contamination three years ago, but according to Journal editor-in-chief  and publisher Rob Eshman, was unable to find enough evidence to produce a satisfactory story (see Eshman’s column, p. 6).  

“We simply lacked the resources and expertise to pursue the story,” Eshman said. “KNBC fielded a team of Emmy-winning reporters and scientific consultants over a period of one year, and Joel Grover and his team are to be commended.” 

AJU continues to assert that the facility is safe and that it has done regular testing of the property.  

Throughout the Journal’s 2012 investigation, AJU refused to release results of tests it said prove that fact. After repeated requests by KNBC, AJU released a number of test results, but not all. 

Both AJU and KNBC are posting numerous documents related to the Brandeis-Bardin property on their websites.

“Based on an exhaustive records review and the conclusion of scientific experts, we found no cause for concern about the health and safety of the campers, staff or other visitors — past or present,” the AJU wrote in a Nov. 5 letter to KNBC. “Current testing confirms the safety of our property.”

But some members of the Brandeis-Bardin community aren’t so sure.

“Everyone is just guessing at this point,” said Robert Cohen, who spent several summers on the campus in the late 1960s and sent his three sons to Camp Alonim. “The only way to know for sure is to do an epidemiological study of the health of all the campers.”

At the age of 21, Cohen’s son Daniel was diagnosed with thyroid cancer. Robert Cohen believes the cancer was a result of his son’s romps around the Alonim campus, where the boys’ bunks are just downhill from the field lab.

“Whenever there were heavy rains, the creek became a river, and mud from the hillside would be washed down,” the elder Cohen told the Jewish Journal. “I’m not a scientist, but that always bothered me.”

Bycel, BBI’s former director, stressed that he has the campus’ best interests at heart when he asks for a full accounting of the contamination.

“That’s what Brandeis taught us to do; that’s being loyal to the Jewish community,” he said. “You only question when you care.”

——-

For the Record (11/10/2015): Victoria Tashman's childhood home was corrected to reflect that she lived in Woodland Hills, not Simi Valley.  And her mother-in-law had cancer, not her brother-in-law.

Soraya Nazarian, AJU and the fine art of philanthropy

Soraya Nazarian has been taking sculpting classes at American Jewish University (AJU) for more than 20 years. She started sculpting at AJU in the late 1980s, and since then has become one of the most renowned Jewish artists in the world. 

Thanks in part to the resources of AJU, she has ascended to the top of her profession. Earlier this month, she decided to repay the institution.

On July 13, AJU announced that the Y&S Nazarian Family Foundation had presented it with a gift of $1 million to AJU to create the Soraya Sarah Nazarian Program in Fine Arts, which will operate under the umbrella of AJU’s Whizin Center for Continuing Education. The funds also will go toward constructing the Soraya Sarah Nazarian Fine Arts Pavilion on AJU’s Bel Air campus. 

“I have sincerely enjoyed the opportunity to take fine-arts classes, such as sculpture, at American Jewish University,” Nazarian said in a statement. “I am pleased to be able to give back to the community that has provided me with so much opportunity to learn and grow.”

Joanna Gerber, vice president for marketing and communication at AJU, said Nazarian’s endowment will create substantial improvements to the school’s fine-arts curriculum. 

“The fine-arts program has always been a really popular and well-intentioned program,” Gerber said. “So to receive this gift is a huge honor because it allows us to continue the work in a meaningful way. We’ll be able to expand our programs and continue with existing programs.”

The Nazarian family has helped advance Jewish culture and fine-arts programs at other universities in the past. In 2005, UCLA used a $5 million donation from the Nazarian Family Foundation to create the Younes and Soraya Nazarian Center for Israel Studies. In 2004, the family gave $1 million to USC to establish the Nazarian Pavilion in the Edward L. Doheny Jr. Memorial Library. 

Officials said AJU will use the gift primarily to address two distinct needs. An estimated 25 percent of the funds will be dedicated to refurbishing and redesigning the campus, including creating an archway in front of the Nazarian Pavilion. A timeline for these construction projects has not yet been established. The other 75 percent of the gift will go toward funding coursework, maintaining resources and facilities, and expanding the program into new disciplines. 

Nazarian’s sculptures are primarily made out of marble and are displayed in Los Angeles and Israel, including at the Jerusalem Academy of Music and Dance, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the University of Haifa. She also displays her work at regular student shows at AJU. Her sensibility ranges from abstract to impressionistic, and her most prominent themes include her heritage, her identity and the natural world. 

Rabbi Gary Oren, vice president and dean of the Whizin Center for Continuing Education, said Nazarian’s sculptures are the result of intense commitment to her vision.

“Soraya is very dedicated to her craft, and the pieces that I have seen are magnificent,” Oren said. “They come out of her soul, they are powerful and extremely well done.”

Robert Wexler, AJU president, said the donation will help carry on a rich tradition of fine-arts education at the institution. When it was founded in 1947 as the University of Judaism, the curriculum was guided by scholar Mordecai Kaplan’s belief that there should be several different entry points into Jewish scholarship, instead of only traditional rabbinical study. 

“He understood that Jews are going to connect to Jewish life in many ways, including the arts, and when the university was founded, its fine-arts program was one-of-a-kind,” Wexler said. “This new emphasis is to try and re-create that connection with the arts, which we consider to be so important.”

Bringing music to AJU

“Once upon a time there was a legacy of producing original pieces in all the different arts, and for whatever reason, we’d strayed from that,” said Rabbi Gary Oren, dean of the Whizin Center for Continuing Education at American Jewish University (AJU), on a recent afternoon.  

The hilltop university’s Gindi Auditorium has been filled in recent years with famous speakers and thoughtful debate, but less frequently with high art. Officials hope the creation of a choir and collaboration with the Los Angeles Jewish Symphony (LAJS) will offer a breath of renewed artistic life. 

For Noreen Green, LAJS director and conductor, the decision to approach AJU last year with the idea of linking up and starting a choir was an easy one. She had just finished a 20-year run working at Valley Beth Shalom in Encino, where the symphony had performed frequently over the years, and wanted a new place for LAJS to stage a yearly concert.  

“We experimented last year with the ‘Classics to Klezmer’ concert, and it was really successful,” Green said. “The musicians love [it], and I love conducting on the stage — acoustically, it’s the best.”

The appeal of the Gindi was partly based on its sound, but history had a role, too. 

“There were so many people doing music out here — of course, [composer] Max Helfman. Part of my mission has been to kind of re-establish that excitement that was here as far as performing classical Jewish music,” Green said. 

Josh Feldman, AJU’s new director of the Institute for Jewish Creativity, is excited about the possibility of realizing the Gindi’s full artistic potential. 

“We’re in a process of rebuilding, and the choir and the symphony are both great examples of that. It’s a gradual process,” he said. “We’re looking to bring high-quality examples of both explicitly Jewish arts and culture, and culture [in general] to that space. More broadly, we’re hoping over the next 15 years to become one of the leading destinations for Jewish arts and culture in the country, and the Gindi is central to that vision.

“Arts and culture is for everyone, and I can’t think of better institutions than choirs or symphonies under great leadership that meet that sort of utility, where everyone can be a part of this, either by singing or playing, or to be listeners,” he continued.

For Green, her work at AJU requires her to wear two hats: one as the director of the independent LAJS, and another as the director of the university’s choir, an official program of the Whizin Institute. 

“Being the choir director is like being a mom. You’ve got to nurture them, and you’ve got to get them to do what you want them to do,” Green said, laughing. “It’s a different relationship with the choir and with the orchestra. I love both.”

The choir performed as recently as March 29, and the LAJS’ big spring concert will take place April 12 at 7 p.m. The concert will consist of three pieces, feature local composers Russell Steinberg and Sharon Farber, and run approximately 90 minutes.  The evening will be rounded out with a performance of Leonard Bernstein’s “Halil.”

Steinberg’s work, “Canopy of Peace,” was commissioned by the Schulweis Institute and weaves in text written by the late Rabbi Harold Schulweis, who died this past December. It’s a particularly personal piece for Green. 

“Rabbi Schulweis was one of my dear, dear mentors … There’s a real big hole in my heart since he passed away,” she said. “The performance is a couple of days before what would have been his 90th birthday.”

Farber’s piece is based on a poem called “Only a Book.” According to Green, “It basically describes the journey of the Jewish people and how they survived throughout the ages with only ‘The Book,’ the Bible.”

As for Bernstein’s “Halil,” she called it the most modern-sounding of the bunch. She’s particularly excited to have Israeli flutist Itay Lantner with the symphony to play in the flute-heavy piece.

For Green, the works are linked by some essential questions about art: What is the inspiration to write music? Is it text? Is it something that happens? Where does it come from?  

In her mind, all three pieces feature unique viewpoints on the subject. “It’s not just entertainment, you also learn something,” she said. “And you feel like you’ve come away with some knowledge about music, about Judaism.”

Or, as Feldman suggested, about life and the human experience. 

“For many of us, in our hardest or most joyous moments, it is a piece of music or a piece of art that explains for us … what that experience is in its vastness in a way that words can’t even begin to do,” he said. “Every time we put on the radio, we are a listener, and that makes us more than just a participant — we’re an active part of a community and dialogue.” 

If Feldman has his way, this will be the start of a long and fruitful relationship between LAJS and AJU. 

“AJU has a long legacy of arts and culture from its very beginning. There’s a strong belief that culture is a continued investment,” he said. “I heard a great rabbi say — Rabbi Sharon Brous — that if you can’t pray, you should sing. I think that there is a holiness to arts and culture.”

A day in the life of the (model) Knesset

American Jewish University’s (AJU) dining hall was abuzz with chatter on Jan. 18, when about 100 local high school students debated Israel’s proposed, controversial nation-state bill as part of The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles’ Model Knesset Day.

Upon arrival, students were assigned the identity of a current member of the Knesset and, by association, that member’s party affiliation. After introductions and a few activities, students were divided according to their appointed parties to eat dinner and discuss the law that would have formally defined Israel as the nation-state of the Jewish people. Introduced last November, it was shelved before the Knesset could vote on the legislation. 

“I’m personally against this bill because I don’t think that any country based on a religion will be a success,” one student said. 

Another responded, to a round of applause (and a few hearty whoops): “The idea that no democracy could be based on religion isn’t sound because democracies — including the United States, England, France, Russia and Germany  — are all based on sects of Christianity, and they’re pretty successful so far.”

The event sponsored by Federation’s Community Engagement Strategic Initiative was part debate, part workshop and part dinner buffet. It was the perfect complement to current events, according to Dan Gold, Federation’s vice president of Israel advocacy and education. 

“We got really lucky that Israel decided to have an actual election this year, so it’s timing up very perfectly,” he said.

It was meant to be engaging, too.

“All of you guys are proving that elections can be fun. Whoo!” an enthusiastic Dana Erlich, Israel consul for culture, media and public diplomacy, said to a Knesset’s worth of high-schoolers as the event started. 

Participating students came from the Diller Teen Fellows program, Israel Scouts (Tzofim), Shalhevet High School in Los Angeles, New Community Jewish High School in West Hills and Village Christian School in Sun Valley.

Barbara Charash, an AP government high school teacher at Village Christian School, attended the conference with 44 of her students — and would have brought more if space hadn’t been limited. Raised in a conservative Evangelical Christian home, she said her parents instilled a fervent support for Israel in her as a child that she continues to uphold today. In June 2013, Charash visited Israel for the first time with Federation’s Holy Land Democracy Project, which brings Southern and Central California educators to Israel for a first-person experience. 

“I think it’s really important for Christian kids to be exposed to other teenagers that they normally wouldn’t interact with,” she said. “Speaking as a mom, we need to broaden our perspective in our worlds.”

One of Charash’s students, Nathan Magalit, 17, said, “I don’t know many other classes who have field trips like this or have connections like she does.”

He continued: “So far, it’s been very educational. When I entered here, I had a little bit of an understanding of the Knesset — basic facts, like it has 120 members and it’s unicameral.” But he said that he didn’t understand the cultural significance until the Federation event.

Magalit was assigned to the Likud Party, which, he said, “means we’re centrist-right … and we’re fighting for strong family values, strong military — almost like a Republican ideology.”

Hamilton High School sophomore and Federation Teen Advisory board member Sasha
Reiss was assigned to the centrist party Yesh Atid. Reiss, 15, said he was excited by the diversity represented at the event.

“I think it’s really cool that so many people are here who aren’t Jewish but still came here to learn with an open mind about Israel,” he said. 

After dinner, students were asked to return to the Knesset for a panel discussion. In this particular mock scenario, four student representatives were asked to debate Israel’s nation-state bill on behalf of their adopted parties. Moderated by Sinai Temple Millennial Director Matt Baram, students responded to a series of questions they had talked about previously in their discussion groups.

At the end of the discussion, all participants were asked to vote twice on the nation-state bill: first according to their party and a second time as themselves. The bill passed during the first vote by a very narrow margin; the second vote failed by a landslide.

“I think it’s important for teens to deepen their understanding of Israel and their empathy with the democratic process,” said Rabbi Hal Greenwald, assistant director of Federation’s Holy Land Democracy Project. 

“This is a Sunday on a holiday weekend [Martin Luther King Jr. Day], and they came out to learn about political science. I’m not sure I would’ve done that!” he said, laughing.

L.A. rabbi says mikveh at AJU is secure, calls Freundel scandal a ‘unique case’

In the wake of a scandal in which a Washington, D.C. Orthodox rabbi was arrested on Tuesday, Oct. 14, for allegedly spying on women undressing at a mikveh connected to his synagogue, Rabbi Richard A. Flom, a Los Angeles authority on the mikveh [ritual bathhouse] and a member of the Rabbinical Assembly executive committee, said the mikveh at American Jewish University [AJU], a community resource of the Rabbinical Assembly, is secure enough that people who use it for conversion, taharat hamishpacha [family purity] and other reasons, need not worry about someone illicitly watching them while they undress and immerse themselves in the mikveh pool.

[Related: Rabbi Barry Freundel arrested, charged with voyeurism]

Flom spoke to the Journal after the arrest of Rabbi Barry Freundel, 62, who has denied allegations filed Wednesday, Oct. 15, that he recorded at least six women showering at the mikveh at his synagogue. Freundel pleaded not guilty to a charge of voyeurism, a misdemeanor and was released without bond. Freundel “allegedly placed a hidden camera and recorder … inside…the changing-preparation area,” the website Failed Messiah reported, saying that he reportedly hid the recording device inside a digital clock.

During a phone interview on Oct. 15, L.A.’s Rabbi Flom addressed Freundel’s actions. “We don’t see how anything like that would be possible, or why anyone would want to do it.”

“We don’t want anyone to be turned off from utilizing this [the AJU mikveh] or any other mikveh because of these allegations. It’s probably a unique case that this story is about. At least I hope so,” Flom said.

“We don’t think anything like that could happen here, because we have multiple supervisors here, checking everything,” he added.

Freundel’s actions occurred at the Georgetown-based modern Orthodox community, Kesher Israel Congregation, where Freundel is the spiritual leader. The synagogue has posted a statement on its website that strongly denounces Freundel’s behavior.

“This is a painful moment for Kesher Israel Congregation and the entire Jewish community,” the statement from the synagogue’s board of directors reads.

Flom, a leader in the Conservative movement – the Rabbinical Assembly is the denomination’s rabbinical arm – said mikvaot are a place where women and men willingly undress fully under the assumption that no one is watching, and he therefore described Freundel’s alleged actions as “unfortunate.”

Flom did not want to speak further about Freundel out of respect for Lashon harah [gossip] laws.

“I have to tell you in all honesty I suspect there have been questions about this kind of thing for decades in regards to mikvaot,” Flom said.The utilization of it is a private and personal experience and people are vulnerable when they do it. Anybody who takes their clothes off and goes into a pool is vulnerable to the extent that they have taken their clothes off and are in a pool and not in their home – they are someplace else.”

The mikveh at AJU is one of several in Los Angeles. Others include the Mikvah Society of Los Angeles on Pico Boulevard and Chabad of Brentwood’s Brentwood Mikvah for women.