The Return of Farrakhan

Los Angeles Jewish spokesmen are generally taking a wait-and-see attitude in advance of the upcoming worldwide convention of the Nation of Islam, led by the frequently unpredictable and incendiary Louis Farrakhan.

The convention, scheduled for Feb. 13-17, is expected to draw between 12,000 to 20,000 delegates to Los Angeles, some coming from as far as Switzerland and Ghana.

Farrakhan’s speeches have been laced for decades with often-vicious anti-Semitic rhetoric. In a recent statement, the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) declared that “Minister Farrakhan and his Nation of Islam have spread the message of Black separation and anti-gay, anti-Catholic, racist and anti-Semitic bigotry through the United States and the world.”

On some occasions, Farrakhan has indulged in conciliatory gestures during meetings with Jewish leaders and journalists.

An announced theme of the convention will be world peace, and 3,000 to 6,000 “peace ambassadors” are to walk the streets of high-crime areas to resolve differences between “black and brown” gang members, Tony Muhammad, the organization’s western regional minister, told the Los Angeles Business Journal.

“We have been informed by city officials that the convention’s focus will be on ‘forgiveness,'” said Rabbi Abraham Cooper, associate dean of the Simon Wiesenthal Center. “If they live up to their billing, then there’s no problem.

“In the past, the problem has been that when Farrakhan steps up to the mike, no one knows what he’ll say. If he wants to turn over a new leaf [in his attitude toward the Jewish community], everyone will welcome that. But we are aware that his past record is marked by so many false starts and U-turns,” Cooper added.

David Lehrer, outgoing regional ADL director, said that while everyone has the right to rent public facilities, his organization will check closely whether the Nation of Islam meets its concomitant legal obligations.

“We will watch whether the L.A. Convention Center will be open to the public without discrimination during the meeting and whether there is intimidation of those who ask questions,” Lehrer said.

Michael Hirschfeld, director of The Jewish Federation’s Jewish Community Relations Committee, said he would issue no advance warnings or alerts before the convention, “but we will follow what is said and respond appropriately.”

The high point of the convention will be the closing address by the 68-year-old Farrakhan on Feb. 17 at the Great Western Forum in Inglewood.

The official designation of the gathering is the Saviours’ Day conference, commemorating the death of Nation of Islam founder Elijah Muhammad.

Security will be exceptionally tight at the convention venues and at the eight hotels where delegates will stay, in light of the organization’s controversial nature and the anti-Muslim sentiment following the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, law enforcement agencies said.

In the past, the annual Saviours’ Day conference has always been held in Chicago, where the Nation of Islam is headquartered, and the decision to hold the meeting in Los Angeles caught local officials by surprise.

One apparent reason of the switch in venue is that the followers of Farrakhan adjust their meeting site to their leader’s schedule. Farrakhan, an accomplished violinist, as well as a one-time professional calypso singer and dancer, will perform in concert on Feb. 13 at the Cerritos Performing Arts Center.

Also weighing in the choice of venue is that “Los Angeles is one of the most culturally diverse cities in the country,” spokesman Muhammad told the Business Journal. “There is a lot of fighting among young people called gang members. The minister [Farrakhan] wanted to speak to that pain and hurt between the black and brown gang members to resolve the conflicts.”

Unabashedly delighted by the upcoming convention is the Los Angeles hotel and tourist industry, which has been suffering since the Sept. 11 attacks. It is estimated that the delegates will pump at least $2.8 million into the local economy.

Dung and Sympathy

Art has a wonderful way of bringing us back to our roots. Take that controversial modern-art exhibit now showing at the Brooklyn Museum of Art. It’s making monkeys out of everyone concerned.

The exhibit, alert readers recall, has ignited a holy war between New York’s second-largest museum and its hyperactive Republican mayor, Rudolph Giuliani. The mayor says parts of the show are pornographic and “sick.” As a cure, he’s cut off the museum’s city funding. He’s also suing to evict the 175-year-old museum from its landmark city-owned building. The museum has countersued, claiming that the mayor’s acts threaten freedom of artistic expression in the nation’s art capital.

The disputed exhibit, “Sensation: Young British Artists From the Saatchi Collection,” includes a dissected cow, live maggots and statues of children sprouting genitalia from their faces. What really upsets the mayor, though, is a portrait of the Virgin Mary festooned with elephant dung and porno magazine clippings. He considers it anti-Catholic.

You couldn’t make this stuff up. It’s one of those classic New York shouting matches that periodically rivets the nation, a perfect combination of big-issue morality tale and Big Apple freak show.

The mayor insists that this isn’t about free speech but about misuse of government funding. His critics say he’s just grandstanding in advance of next year’s Senate race. The museum claims that elephant dung is a spiritual medium in Nigeria, the artist’s ancestral home. If so, it’s not catching on in Brooklyn.

Allied with the mayor is the Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights, which calls the Virgin Mary painting “Catholic-bashing garbage.” Supporting the museum is the American Civil Liberties Union, which calls the mayor’s tactics an assault on the First Amendment.

On one thing both sides agree: This isn’t about Catholics and Jews. Some folks, unfortunately, seem to think it is — perhaps because of who the players are. On one side, Mayor Giuliani, Cardinal John O’Connor and Catholic League President William Donohue. On the other side, Brooklyn Museum Director Arnold Lehman, board Chairman Robert S. Rubin, famed free-speech lawyer Floyd Abrams and New York ACLU Director Norman Siegel. Not to mention the collection’s owner, Charles Saatchi, British ad mogul and leading Jewish philanthropist. It looks pretty ethnic.

But that would be the wrong conclusion, say all involved. In fact, the Catholic League’s Donohue and the ACLU’s Siegel held a joint press conference this week just to denounce such ethnic innuendo.

Siegel says he proposed the press conference to Donohue after receiving a batch of letters and phone messages that blamed “the Jews at the ACLU” for the museum mess. “Donohue and I disagree 100 percent on this thing,” Siegel said, “but we wanted to make sure New Yorkers discuss the issue in a respectful manner.”

This, of course, is a dead giveaway. When they start insisting it’s not about Catholics and Jews, you know it’s at least partly about Catholics and Jews.

But the lines aren’t clear-cut. Supporters of the museum — or, rather, opponents of the mayor’s threats — include most of the city, even most Catholics. Jews play lead roles, but that’s not unusual in New York.

Nor is the other side only Catholic. The Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America takes the mayor’s side, opposing government funding of “cultural pollution.” Others stop just short of that. Rabbi Eric Yoffie, head of the Reform movement, condemns the painting as anti-religious, but he doesn’t back the mayor’s sanctions. Neither does the cardinal, he notes.

Most divided are the traditional Jewish defense agencies, the Anti-Defamation League, the American Jewish Committee and the American Jewish Congress. Sources said members and donors in the three agencies were pressing last week for a public defense of the First Amendment, but staffers were balking. The ADL’s Abraham Foxman wrote a letter of sympathy to the cardinal that didn’t endorse any action.

The donors’ view seemed to reflect widespread Jewish belief that protecting free expression is the best defense of Jewish rights. Agency staffers, by contrast, were wary of creating a Catholic-Jewish blowup. They were also reluctant to condemn a tactic — silencing bigots — that they themselves had perfected. Hypersensitivity to insult has been a staple of Jewish self-defense for decades.

And it works. Just last month, the Dallas Cowboys were made to apologize for an in-house publication that compared a rival team owner to Hitler. Some local Holocaust survivors had complained that Jewish suffering was demeaned. Mainstream Jews privately dismissed the survivors’ complaint, but nobody spoke up, leaving the Cowboys to assume they faced the combined wrath of American Jewry.

Some battles are deadly serious. In 1994, the San Francisco Jewish community rose up to protest an anti-Semitic mural on the student union building at publicly funded San Francisco State University. Unlike the Brooklyn Museum, San Francisco State backed down.

The Jewish success record makes others envious, none more than the Catholic League. The league regularly complains of public apathy toward Catholic-bashing, often contrasting it with the sympathy Jews get. “The artistic community would never dream of offending gays, Jews and blacks,” read one 1998 league ad.

Language like that makes Jews cringe. What’s worse, the league has an uncomfortable penchant for picking on targets that happen to be Jewish. One of its hottest recent battles was against “Priest,” a film produced by the Weinstein brothers of the Disney-owned Miramax films. This week, the league opened a new campaign against yet another Weinstein-produced film, “Dogma.” It’s also busy defending Pope Pius XII against “unfair accusations” that he didn’t save Jews during World War II.

It all leaves Jews wondering why Catholics are so willing to pick on Jews these days. But then, Catholics wonder why Jews are so willing to pick on Catholicism.

Mostly, Catholics don’t understand why their complaints aren’t taken seriously. When Jews feel maligned — or blacks, or gays — they get joint resolutions of Congress. When Catholics feel maligned, it turns into a three-ring circus. Look at the lines outside the Brooklyn Museum.

It’s not hard to explain. Jews and blacks evoke images of victimhood and vulnerability. Catholics don’t. Most folks have a hard time thinking of a billion-member church as an embattled minority. Maybe it’s unfair, but civil rights movements require an underdog.

Jews should pay attention because they’re headed that way soon. Holocaust memories are fading, Israel is winning acceptance and most Jews have left Russia. We’re entering a new era.

You’ll know we’ve reached it when somebody festoons the Temple Mount with elephant dung. Stay tuned.

J.J. Goldberg writes a weekly column for The Jewish Journal.