The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) tweeted out a video on Nov. 13 detailing Islamic Jihad’s terror ambitions as a background for the recent rocket attack against Israel from the Gaza Strip.
The video explains that Islamic Jihad is an Iranian proxy in Gaza that has the same Islamic extremist ideology as al-Qaeda and Hezbollah. “The ideology of this organization sees terror as the primary tool for the destruction of the State of Israel,” the video states, later adding that Islamic Jihad “is solely a military organization, not a governmental movement, and has no intention of leading the Palestinians. Its only purpose is to inflict terror by any means in order to harm Israelis.”
The video proceeded to highlight Islamic Jihad’s involvement during the Second Intifada and how in May, the terror group’s snipers wounded two Israeli soldiers and launched hundreds of rockets toward Israel that killed four Israelis. The latest flare-up of Islamic Jihad came in response to the IDF killing Senior Islamic Jihad Commander Baha Abu Al Ata on Nov. 12; the move was done to “thwart additional terror attacks,” the video stated.
The IDF won’t allow terrorists to threaten the safety of Israelis, the video concluded.
Since Nov. 12, Islamic Jihad has launched around 300 rockets toward Israel; the Iron Dome intercepted 90% of them, according to Haaretz. The Times of Israel reports that the Israeli government and Islamic Jihad are close to reaching a ceasefire agreement, but the rockets from Gaza are ongoing.
A blindfolded American hostage outside the U.S. embassy in Tehran. Photo by Kaveh Kazemi/Getty Images
On June 11, 1980, Walter Cronkite ended the “CBS Evening News” with a painfully powerful message: “And that’s the way it is, Wednesday, June 11, 1980, the 221st day of captivity for the American hostages in Iran.”
Cronkite first added a count to his famous signoff to recognize Day 50 of the Iran hostage crisis, and finally ended it with Day 444, on Jan. 20, 1981, when the hostages were released.
In a 1980 editorial in The Washington Post, Ellen Goodman called the nightly count “the most powerful subliminal editorial in America,” which “has become a flag at half-mast … the closing hymn passes through our minds quickly like a flashcard — do something! do something!” For Goodman and many Americans, Cronkite’s words were a reminder of America’s impotence.
The Iran hostage crisis dominated the news. Time magazine’s 1979 “Man of the Year” was none other than the fanatical Ayatollah Khomeini, supreme leader of the newly formed Islamic Republic of Iran.
For the millions of Americans who were born after the Iranian Revolution, including myself, ignorance about such a critical event in American history is a dangerous liability. We need a refresher course on what happened 40 years ago.
On Nov. 4, 1979, radicalized students, with Khomeini’s “blessing,” stormed the American embassy in Tehran and took everyone hostage, eventually releasing a few, including some of the women, as a symbol of “the special place of women in Islam,” and African Americans, in a show of solidarity with “oppressed minorities.” In total, 52 people were held hostage for nearly a year and a half, and several were tortured.
The Iran hostage crisis was the first world event to play out daily in millions of Americans’ living rooms, so there was even more at stake for everyone involved, including Khomeini and President Jimmy Carter. In April 1980, a U.S. Armed Forces mission tried to rescue the hostages but failed when one of the helicopters crashed, killing eight servicemen. Americans had been mesmerized by Israel’s daring 1976 hostage rescue in Entebbe, and were demoralized that the U.S. couldn’t even save its own people. For Carter, it was an unparalleled public humiliation. For Khomeini, a propaganda master, it was an act of divine intervention from “the angels of Allah” to protect the new theocratic regime.
While censoring the press at home, Khomeini understood with calculated brilliance the power of the American media. Outside the embassy, was a carefully staged media circus, which explains why Goodman asked in 1980 whether the media had “reported” on the Iran hostage crisis or helped “create it.”
The Iran hostage crisis was America’s first real experience with fanatic, politicized Islam.
After ABC and CBS refused Iranian offers to interview hostages, NBC aired a controversial interview with one hostage — Marine Cpl. William Gallegos — in the presence of his captors. Many Americans were repulsed. House Speaker Tip O’Neill said he couldn’t believe that the network had allowed Gallegos to be “trotted out” in front of the cameras. Today, the media actually seem to fight over who wins the big “get” with murderous tyrants, and Iranian leaders seem to have their pick of national dailies to publish their propagandistic op-eds.
The hostage crisis was also America’s first real experience with fanatic, politicized Islam. Before 1979, American officials were predominantly concerned with the Cold War. Weeks before the hostage crisis, when American diplomats in Iran warned of a potential attack against the embassy, officials in Washington, D.C., dismissed their concerns.
The Brookings Institution noted that the hostage crisis “set the emotional and psychological context among Americans for nearly everything that was to come between the United States and Iran.” This included two major facts that came to light 40 years ago and which still reverberate today:Iran’s revolutionary leaders are rational, pragmatic survivalists, and American-led sanctions work.
The crisis also forced tens of thousands of Iranian Jews to realize they had no future in post-revolutionary Iran, although it’s one of the greatest tragedies of my generation that many young Iranian American Jews still don’t ask questions about the tidal wave of events that forced their families out after 2,700 years.
Finally, the Iran hostage crisis taught American leaders that in the Middle East, symbolism is everything.
Ever wonder what happened to the American Embassy in Tehran? It’s still there, but Iran changed its name to the “U.S. Den of Espionage,” and it’s now an Islamic museum, open to tourists. Every Nov. 4, fanatics gather there to scream “Death to America!” This year, the delightful protesters were a group of brainwashed schoolgirls who yelled curses against America, coincidentally within perfect range of the media.
And how’s this for symbolism: President Carter worked right until his last hours in office to release the hostages, and though I don’t respect him for many reasons, it was Carter who negotiated the hostages’ freedom. In a stunning act of symbolism, the Iranians, who grew tired of the crisis but still hated Carter bitterly, didn’t release the hostages on Jan. 20, 1981 — Inauguration Day — until they were sure that Ronald Reagan had been sworn in as president, so as to deny Carter even one grain of victory before his presidency ended. Because the events coincided, the press naturally included the joyous news as part of its coverage of the inauguration, ensuring that millions of Americans mistakenly credited Reagan, not Carter, with the hostages’ release. Some people still think it was Reagan. In a January 2016 interview on “Meet the Press,” then-presidential candidate Marco Rubio credited Reagan with the hostages’ release.
In the end, it doesn’t matter who emerged victorious from the Iran hostage crisis. The U.S. hasn’t been able to stop the mullahs’ violent hegemony for four decades, and if the Islamic Republic lasts up to five decades (or more), the West will have to deal with Iran’s violent hegemony … plus a nuclear weapon with a message for Israel written on it in Persian. At that point, I’ll be holding my head under a pillow and frantically humming “Everything Is Awesome” (from “The Lego Movie”) over and over.
I’m kidding. I’ll enlist in the Israel Defense Forces faster than a presidential nominee running to greet babies at a rally.
As for Carter, he’s always said that he lost his re-election bid because of Iran. Ronald Reagan had it easier, at least in one way: In 1980, he succeeded the Ayatollah Khomeini in becoming Time magazine’s “Man of the Year.”
Tabby Refael is a Los Angeles-based writer and speaker.
TOKYO, JAPAN - AUGUST 28: Saeid Mollaei (white) of Iran reacts after his victory over Antoine Valois-Fortier of Canada in the Men's -81kg quarterfinal match on day four of the World Judo Championships at the Nippon Budokan on August 28, 2019 in Tokyo, Japan. (Photo by Kiyoshi Ota/Getty Images)
Iran has been banned from entering the world judo competition after the Iranian regime barred its athletes from facing off against Israeli athletes.
The International Judo Federation (IJF) announced in an Oct. 22 statement that the Iran Judo Federation will be suspended “from all competitions, administrative and social activities organized or authorized by the IJF and its Unions” until Iran allows its athletes to compete against Israelis. The IJF’s statement added that the “situation is a violation of the Olympic charter and the [International Olympic Committee] Code of Ethics.”
The IJF’s ruling comes in response to Iranian judoka Saeid Mollaei claiming that in August, Iran forced him to withdraw from his match against Israeli judoka Sagi Muki. Mollaei, who fled to Berlin after withdrawing from the match, told Iran International on Sept. 1, “I love Iran very much, but winning a medal is the most important thing for me.”
The Iran Judo Federation denied the allegation, but the IJF found evidence corroborating Mollaei’s claim. Iran will have 21 days to appeal the decision.
American Jewish Committee Los Angeles Assistant Director Siamak Kordestani noted in a tweet that “Iran threatens its own athletes *and their families* when they even consider facing Israeli competitors.”
When you base your regime's existence on hating Israel so much that you punish your own people in obscene ways:
-Iran threatens its own athletes *and their families* when they even consider facing Israeli competitors
Additionally, Egyptian judoka Mohamed Abdelaal refused to shake Muki’s hand after the latter defeated him in the August semifinals. In 2016, an Egyptian judoka similarly refused to shake the hand of an Israeli judoka after a loss.
I met Amir Kashfi recently at Stephen Wise Temple for Shabbat. He gave me permission to share his article here which was first published on Times of Israel. Thank you to Amir Kashfi for sharing your story about being an IsraAID intern in Berlin. He reflects on the Jewish High Holy Days while volunteering with asylum-seekers in refugee camps. This article was first published on Times of Israel.
Abed nearly died several times while making the perilous journey from Iran to Berlin. Like many asylum seekers fleeing discrimination or violence in the Middle East, Abed (who’s been given an alias for this piece) abandoned his home and family in pursuit of a safer life in Europe.
Abed’s family fled from Afghanistan to Iran before he was born to escape the repressive rule of the Taliban. In Iran, state-sponsored discrimination and harassment of the Afghan minority made life increasingly difficult. Worsening economic conditions and a lack of hope finally compelled him to leave in 2016. A smuggler led Abed to the mountainous pass between Iran and Turkey, falsely presenting a multi-day journey as a three hour walk.
“If I had known that was the path, I would not have tried it. When I looked back on those mountains, I was surprised I survived.”
After crossing the border, and almost getting shot by Iranian border guards who patrol the mountains, Abed crossed through Turkey and arrived at the Mediterranean Sea, where smugglers again make a hefty profit organizing boats of refugees to Greece.
“They put 75 of us in a raft made for 20 people. Our engine failed halfway through the journey and we thought we would drown. One of the other three boats flipped over and 75 people died in front of us.”
After landing at the nearest Greek island, non-governmental organizations and European Union officials placed Abed in an emergency camp with hundreds of other refugees who survived similar journeys. From there, they were shipped around Europe until Abed was assigned a refugee camp in Berlin. 2 years later, he is still awaiting final asylum approval. He has learned German, goes to school, and has worked a few jobs. He still lives in his camp but hopes to find an apartment soon. At 27 years old, he has high hopes to overcome both the psychosocial trauma he carries and the social barriers to integration in German life.
I asked him if he misses his family.
“I haven’t talked to them in eight months. The Iranian government can track our communications and they are listening.”
A Unique Humanitarian Crisis
In 2015, more than one million asylum seekers fled the worn torn Middle East seeking safety in Germany, which has been the most generous European country in accepting refugees and granting them citizenship or asylum. Today there are approximately 1.5 million refugees living in Germany. Most of them are from Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan, with smaller numbers from Iran, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. They speak a cacophony of different languages and carry the various traumas and scars of the trials they faced back home.
This humanitarian crisis is unlike many others. There is no natural disaster, search and rescue, or serious physical trauma for the refugees in the camps. Instead, these refugees carry profound psychological, emotional, social trauma that hinders their assimilation into German society and must be addressed. They must also learn a new language and adopt a new culture that contradicts their own in many ways. Integrating them into German society has been an epic challenge for the German government.
This is where IsraAID comes in. IsraAID, an Israeli humanitarian relief organization that responds to crises around the globe, has been responding to the migration crisis in Germany since 2015. While many non-governmental organizations supplemented the German government’s work early in the migration crisis, fewer have remained to see the work through.
IsraAID’s psychosocial support and therapy programs, community building initiatives, and social integration efforts have filled key gaps in the process of integrating refugees into German society. A new leadership initiative called “Kompass” (German for compass) cultivates leaders in the refugee community and empowers them to build their own relief projects for their peers. Abed, who participated in the first cohort of Kompass, expressed tremendous personal growth from the program and now volunteers with IsraAID to lead recruitment efforts for the second cohort. 10 other Kompass alumni also work with IsraAID and play a unique, meaningful role in social work as refugees committed to the betterment of their communities. In 2019, IsraAID aims to train enough refugees through Kompass to establish the first fully self-sustaining and self-governing refugee camp in Germany. It’s a daunting goal that both speaks to the quality of IsraAID’s training, and the true potential of refugees to proactively improve their situation.
IsraAID is also particularly concerned with addressing trauma and integration in refugee youth. 80% of refugees in Germany are under 35 years old, and 20% of refugees are children. It is estimated that over 60,000 refugees came to Germany as unaccompanied minors. To help address the needs of young people as a key demographic, IsraAID has developed a “Kompass Youth” track to promote leadership development in young people.
The People in the Camps
IsraAID’s programming often takes place in refugee camps, which vary in size and shape. The camp I worked in most was an organized community of metal bungalows. Each bungalow fits a few roommates or a small family, and the government provides basic services like security or a post office to the camp community. Larger camps housing a few hundred refugees may have a health clinic or other facilities, but these services are generally being externalized as refugees move out of their camps and integrate more fully into normal society.
While walking back to their bungalow following a Kompass session, I asked a couple of the Iranian refugees if they regret trading their lives in Iran for their lives in Germany.
“We were hopeless in Iran”, one of them responds.
I didn’t see much hope going around in the camp either though.
“What’s better about living in this camp for the last three years than living in Iran?” I pushed back.
“Freedom” says one.
“Democracy”, adds the other.
I can’t argue with that. They have both been granted German citizenship and proudly show me their new passports. One of them fled Iran to avoid being drafted into the army, and the other fled after being sentenced to 88 lashes on the back for being caught in his home with his girlfriend. They are more educated than most refugees in the camp. One studied biology in Iran and now works in a nearby hospital. The other studied engineering and is looking for work. Like many refugees, they are young, middle-class, educated people with little choice but to flee their homelands. They don’t fit the stereotype of the poor, destitute refugee we often conjure up. Their cartoonish tattoos, coupled with their full beards, present a living mishmash of Iranian and western culture. They have plenty of questions about life in America, which we discuss in Farsi. Both speak Farsi, German, and English well. They are also close with the IsraAID staff, who have been supporting them since their arrival in 2015. Hard times create deep friendships, and the refugees are grateful to those who helped them in their most vulnerable moments.
After that encounter, I asked Abed if refugees are ever reluctant to work with, or to take help from, IsraAID. Afterall, many of them are from societies where Israel is presented in a negative light.
“There has never been a problem. IsraAID is doing important work and everyone is grateful.”
I also didn’t notice any problems, but not all refugees are as open-minded as the ones IsraAID works with, and anti-Semitic stereotypes do exist in some refugee communities. While IsraAID doesn’t do its work to promote Israel or to shape refugees’ perceptions of Israel, IsraAID’s professional humanitarian work does create the opportunity to build bridges with non-typical friends. In this refugee camp, there’s no room for political charades, just good humanitarians doing important work.
I also have more in common with these refugees than I realize at first. My family fled from Iran to Los Angeles during the 1979 Islamic revolution and, like these refugees, they too adopted a new language and a new culture. I am proud to be an American, and I am also grateful that I can level with refugees who share the same language and culture that my parents taught me in our home on the other side of the globe. During a time of greater introspection and self-awareness in the Jewish calendar, I could not have found better teachers to bring me closer to my roots.
Days of Awe
During one of our many conversations, Abed and I turned to the subject of religion. He tells me he has some questions he would ask a Jewish person if he could.
“Man Yahoodi hastam. Har soali dari, bepors. Khejalat nakesh. [I’m Jewish. Ask me any question you have. Don’t be embarrassed.]”
Abed was surprised and happy. I don’t know how many other Jews he’s met, but it’s probably not many. Abed and I talked about faith, prophets, and the High Holy Days that were upon us.
I spent most of Yom Kippur volunteering in a camp and went to synagogue in the evening. Volunteering throughout the High Holy Days, and then praying with the Jewish community in a city where all the Jews were murdered not long ago for observing the same millennia-old traditions, was a deeply moving and spiritual experience.
I’ve always appreciated that Jewish culture and texts place a strong emphasis on the merits of our deeds, and not just our beliefs. Pirkei Avot teaches us, “It is not your responsibility to finish the work [of perfecting the world], but you are not free to desist from it either” (2:16). It is in this spirit that I came to Berlin during the Days of Awe, to work with refugees who recently made their exodus into a strange new land, and to spend the new year doing some meaningful Tikun Olam.
Article by Amir Kashfi, a student leader at UCLA and a Beverly Hills native. A descendant of Iranian-Jewish refugees who immigrated to the U.S. in 1979, he is passionate about engaging other young people in pro-Israel activism.
U.S. President Donald Trump speaks at the AMVETS (American Veterans) National Convention in Louisville, Kentucky. U.S., August 21, 2019. REUTERS/Bryan Woolston
President Donald Trump condemned the Iranian regime’s anti-Semitism and urged Arab nations to seek peace with Israel during his Sept. 24 speech before the United Nations General Assembly.
Trump said that Iran is “one of the greatest security threats” to the West. “Not only is Iran one of the world’s largest state sponsors of terrorism, but Iran’s leaders are fueling the tragic wars in both Syria and Yemen,” Trump said. “At the same time, the regime is squandering the nation’s wealth and future in a fanatical quest for nuclear weapons and the means to deliver them. We must never allow this to happen.”
He then touted the fact that the United States exited from the 2015 Iran nuclear deal in May 2018 and has since implemented multiple sanctions against Tehran.
“No responsible government should subsidize Iran’s bloodlust,” Trump said. “As long as Iran’s menacing behavior continues, sanctions will not be lifted. They will be tightened. Iran’s leaders will have turned a proud nation into just another cautionary tale of what happens when a ruling class abandons its people and embarks on a personal crusade for power and riches.”
Trump added that the Iranian regime promulgates “monstrous anti-Semitism,” pointing out that Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei called Israel “a malignant cancerous tumor” that needs to be destroyed.
“America will never tolerate such anti-Semitic hate,” Trump said. “Fanatics have long used hatred of Israel to distract from their own failures.”
Trump proceeded to urge Arab nations to establish “full normalized relations” with Israel in order to achieve peace and economic prosperity in the regime.
“It is time for Iran’s leaders to step forward and to stop threatening other countries and focus on building up their own country,” Trump said. “It is time for Iran’s leaders to finally put the Iranian people first. America is ready to embrace friendship with all who genuinely seek peace and respect.”
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Iranian President Hassan Rouhani departs after speaking at the Nelson Mandela Peace Summit during the 73rd United Nations General Assembly in New York, U.S., September 24, 2018. REUTERS/Carlo Allegri TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
A Sept. 13 Fox News report states that the Trump administration’s sanctions against the Iranian regime have put the country’s pension funds on the “brink of collapse.”
The report states that, according to National Security Council documents, 17 out of the 18 retirement funds in Iran are “in the red,” including “pension funds for all of Iran’s armed forces.” The report also notes that 80 percent of the pensions’ funding comes from the Iranian government.
The sanctions appear to have crippled Iran’s economy, as the country’s GDP growth went from being more than 12 percent in 2016 and more than 3 percent in 2017 to a negative growth rate of more than 3 percent in 2018 and a forecasted negative growth rate of 6 percent in 2019, according to the BBC.
The Trump administration exited from the Iran nuclear deal and began reinstating sanctions on Iran in 2018.
The Sept. 13 report comes as President Donald Trump reportedly considering lifting sanctions on Iran in order to get a meeting with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani; the Daily Beast reported on Sept. 11 that Trump might agree the French government’s proposal to provide a $15 billion bailout to Tehran as incentive for them to comply with the Iran deal.
A possibility of a Trump-Rouhani meeting has the Israeli government reportedly concerned, as their policy toward Tehran is to target the regime through isolation and economic warfare, according to Bloomberg. Such concerns have been amplified with National Security Adviser John Bolton’s departure from the administration on Sept. 9.
A lengthy Sept. 9 report in Tablet details the ongoing “shadow war” between Israel and North Korea that receives little media coverage.
The report notes that both the United States and Israel intelligence discovered in 2007 that North Korea was involved in the construction of Syria’s Al Kibar nuclear reactor; the reactor even resembled North Korea’s Yongbyon reactor. Intelligence also uncovered the head of Syria’s Atomic Energy Organization photographed with North Korean scientist Chon Chibu at the Yongbyon reactor.
Israel destroyed the Al Kibar reactor that year, a move that North Korea condemned. The episode was illustrative of the proxy war between Israel-North Korea that has occurred since the 1960s. The Tablet report goes on to note various instances in which North Korea has provided aid to Israel’s enemies, including to Egypt and Syria during the Six Day War in 1967 and Egypt again in the 1973 Yom Kippur War. During the latter, “Israeli military personnel described clashes with North Korean fighters over the Sinai,” according to the report. North Korea has also helped keep Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s grip on power amidst the civil war that has engulfed Syria since 2011.
Additionally, North Korea first allied with Iran during the Iran-Iraq War in the 1980s, providing Tehran with military assistance during the war. The two have since engaged in “close cooperation in developing strategic missile systems,” as both U.S. and Israeli intelligence officials have noted striking similarities in Iran and North Korea’s missile programs. Whether or not the two countries are also working together on developing nuclear weapons remains “an open question,” according to the report.
The report notes that North Korea is moving closer toward its goal of reaching “hydrogen bomb capability” with its nuclear program, sparking Israeli concerns that Pyongyang could funnel its weaponry “to Israel’s Mideast enemies, particularly for the right price.”
A 2017 report from the Tokyo-based Diplomat Magazine seemingly buttresses Tablet’s report, noting that North Korea provided weaponry to the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) in the late 1980s and has sided with Hamas over Israel in the myriad conflicts between the two.
North Korea’s antagonism toward Israel stems from Pyongyang’s belief that Israel is hypocritical to be stridently against nations like Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons despite having such weaponry of their own; Pyongyang also views Israel as an “imperial satellite” of the U.S., according to The Diplomat.
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Lebanon's Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah speaks via a screen during a protest in Beirut's southern suburbs, Lebanon December 11, 2017. REUTERS/Aziz Taher
The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) revealed in a Sept. 3 tweet a Hezbollah factory in southern Lebanon that is manufacturing precision-guided missiles.
According to the IDF, the facility is located just north of Nabi Chit, housing “is Iranian-supplied machinery used to manufacture precision-guided missiles with an accuracy of less than 10 meters.” The IDF added in a follow-up tweet that “Iran is trying to turn its proxy Hezbollah into the first terror group in the world with precision-guided missiles.”
Here’s a picture worth a thousand missiles:
We can now reveal that inside this Hezbollah facility is Iranian-supplied machinery used to manufacture precision guided missiles with an accuracy of less than 10 meters.
The IDF first announced Iran’s efforts to arm Hezbollah with precision-guided missiles in an Aug. 29 video naming three Iranian commanders in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps’ Quds Force – Brig. Gen. Muhammad Hussein-Zada Hejazi, Col. Majid Nuab and Brig. Gen. Ali Asrar Nuruzi – who are working with Hezbollah on the matter. The IDF stated that the factories are located in civilian areas, accusing Hezbollah of using Lebanon’s civilians as “human shields” and warning that the Iranian terror proxy is “dangerously close” to being able to manufacture precision-guided missiles that would allow Hezbollah to “attack any target of their choice.”
“We will not stand to the side and allow our enemies to acquire deadly weapons to use against us,” Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on Aug. 29. “This week, I already told our enemies to be careful with their actions. Now I am telling them: Dir balak [watch out].”
Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah has denied that the terror group is developing such weaponry, saying on Aug. 31, “This is a lie and a pretext that Netanyahu is adopting to carry out aggression.”
According to the Times of Israel, the IDF is concerned that Hezbollah could eventually use precision-guided missiles “to attack sensitive facilities and overwhelm [Israel’s] air defense array.” Israeli Foreign Minister Israel Katz warned the Lebanese government on Sept. 3 that if they “don’t thwart Hezbollah’s activity against Israel, the whole of Lebanon will be struck, and it will be severely hurt.”
On Sept. 2, the IDF launched several retaliatory strikes in Lebanon in response to Hezbollah firing at an IDF medical vehicle containing five soldiers but stopped just short of obliterating Hezbollah’s missile operations.
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People watch Lebanon's Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah as he appears on a screen during a live broadcast on May 25. Photo by Hassan Abdallah/Reuters
The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) tweeted out a video on Aug. 29 highlighting the Iranian commanders behind arming Hezbollah with missiles in Lebanon.
The video names the commanders as Brig. Gen. Muhammad Hussein-Zada Hejazi, Col. Majid Nuab and Brig. Gen. Ali Asrar Nuruzi, all of whom serve in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps’ Quds Force.
“Hezbollah is coming dangerously close to possessing precision-guided missiles and becoming the first terror group in the world armed with these lethal capabilities,” the video states, adding that the Iranian generals are heading the operation so Hezbollah can “attack Israel. Iran and Israel don’t share a border so Iran came to a country that does.”
The video adds that Iran and Hezbollah have established sites to build the missiles throughout civilian areas in Lebanon so they can use the civilians “as human shields while preparing to attack the people of Israel.”
The IDF warns that Hezbollah will be able to “attack any target of their choice” if they obtain precision-guided missiles and pledged that they will not let the Shia terror group acquire such weaponry.
DECLASSIFIED: These are the senior Iranian commanders running Hezbollah's precision missile project in Lebanon. pic.twitter.com/4bw24MBoco
The Times of Israel reports that Iran had initially been transporting precision-guided missiles to Hezbollah from 2013-14, only to have Israeli airstrikes largely thwart their efforts. Iran and Hezbollah changed their strategy in 2016 to instead focus on providing Hezbollah with the capability to convert regular missiles into precision-guided missiles.
“We will not stand to the side and allow our enemies to acquire deadly weapons to use against us,” Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said. “This week, I already told our enemies to be careful with their actions. Now I am telling them: Dir balak [watch out].”
The IDF’s video comes amidst high tensions between Israel and Hezbollah; over the weekend, Israel targeted Hezbollah in strikes toward Lebanon and Syria, where Hezbollah members were residing at an Iranian base. Hezbollah struck down an Israeli drone on Aug. 28 that they claim entered their airspace; Israel’s concern over a retaliatory strike from Hezbollah has prompted the IDF to reportedly replace soldiers along the Israel-Lebanon border with mannequins.
Hezbollah currently has more than 130,000 rockets and missiles at its disposal, according to the Jerusalem Post.
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Israeli soldiers with their artillery unit on high alert seen near the Israeli-Syrian border, in the Golan Heights, on Aug. 25, 2019. (Basel Awidat/Flash90)
This is a guide to Israel’s Coming Elections. This will be a usual feature on Rosner’s Domain until next Election Day, September 17. We hope to make it short, factual, devoid of election hype, and of he-said-she-said inside baseball gossip.
Real challenges (defense, security) capture the headlines.
Main Political News
Iran, Syria, Lebanon and Gaza dominate the news. Netanyahu is criticized for being weak on Gaza, and for taking credit for Syria (that is, for talking about it publicly). Impact on the electorate: unknown. But a deteriorating security situation could make a unity government more likely.
The leader of the united Arab list declared that he might be willing to join a coalition, if his conditions are met. Among them: negotiations toward a two-state solution, a cancelation of Basic Law: The Nation, and economic development in Arab areas.
The court decided that two radical rightwing activists could not run for the Knesset, due to racism allegations.
A political and possibly legal fight over whether video cameras would be allowed in polling stations. The cameras are meant to prevent election fraud when the votes are counted. Likud leaders would like to have them in Arab areas (it is known that in these areas there are more cases of election fraud). The head of the election committee forbade cameras, insisting that without a specific low that addresses the issue there is no guaranteed right to place cameras where people vote.
Small right-wing parties, who aren’t likely to cross the electoral threshold, are pressured to quit the race. One already did, others expected to follow.
Developments to Watch
Security: Rockets and bombs change trajectories of elections. Not always in the expected direction. In 1992, stabbing attacks helped Yitzhak Rabin and the Labor Party. For years earlier, an attack on a bus to Jerusalem helped Likud.
Trump: The US President said 1. That he might publicize his peace plan before election day, and 2. That he could see a meeting with Iran’s president as a realistic goal. Both such developments could have great impact on Israel’s voters.
Right: Its numbers are inching up, but very slowly. This could be a sign that a 61-62 member coalition of the right is still possible.
The Blocs and Their Meaning
This week we offer two graphs.
The blocs. As you can see, the pro-Netanyahu bloc is slowly growing. The more recent the polls (the last three compared to last 5, 10 and 20), the slightly higher the number of expected seats.
The parties. As you can see, larger parties (Likud, Blue and White) have a momentum, while some smaller ones tend to lose seats.
A Party to Watch
The left-leaning Democratic Camp was launched with great fanfare, when Meretz, Labor’s Stav Shaffir, and former PM Ehud Barak joined forces. Barak placed himself as number 10 on the list, as if this is proof that the party will gain at least as many seats. But the polls do not predict such outcome. In fact, the Democratic Camp is losing traction. Here is a graph showing the numbers and the moving average for the Democratic Camp since it was announced in late July. Currently, the Camp is expected to get just a little more seats than Meretz without the merger.
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Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (L) speaks with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi (not pictured) at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing, China August 26, 2019. How Hwee Young/Pool via REUTERS
The Iranian Foreign Ministry announced on Aug. 24 that they are sanctioning the Washington, D.C.-based think-tank Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD) over their criticisms of the regime.
According to the state-run Mehr News Agency, the ministry is accusing the FDD of promulgating “economic terrorism” through their critiques of the Iranian regime and singled out the think-tank’s CEO, Mark Dubowitz.
“Taking any actions by the judicial and security apparatuses against the FDD and their Iranian and non-Iranian accomplices will be considered legitimate as their actions are against Iran’s national security and the interests of Iranian people and government,” the Mehr News report states.
The FDD responded in a statement that they consider Iran’s sanctions “a badge of honor” and will continue their work against the Iranian regime.
“The Islamic Republic, which has occupied the great nation of Iran for four decades, continues to brutally repress the peoples of Iran, stealing their wealth and creating destruction and chaos in the Middle East,” the think-tank’s statement read. “FDD considers its inclusion on any list put out by the regime as a badge of honor and looks forward to the day when Americans and others can visit a free and democratic Iran.”
(1/3) “FDD conducts independent research and analysis on national security issues. The Islamic Republic prohibits such freedoms at home, and would like to do so abroad as well.
(2/3) “The Islamic Republic, which has occupied the great nation of Iran for four decades, continues to brutally repress the peoples of Iran, stealing their wealth and creating destruction and chaos in the Middle East.
Dubowitz tweeted, “Remember: it’s not ‘Iran’ or the ‘Iranian regime’ because there’s nothing Iranian about this odious regime. It’s the Islamic Republic & its regime that illegally occupies & brutalizes the great nation of Iran.”
This weekend, the regime in Iran threatened FDD and me. Remember: it’s not “Iran” or the “Iranian regime” because there’s nothing Iranian about this odious regime. It’s the Islamic Republic & its regime that illegally occupies & brutalizes the great nation of Iran.
State Department spokeswoman Morgan Ortagus tweeted, “The outlaw regime in Iran issued a threat today against @FDD, an American think tank, and its CEO. The U.S. takes the regime’s threats seriously. We intend to hold Iran responsible for directly or indirectly compromising the safety of any American.”
The outlaw regime in Iran issued a threat today against @FDD, an American think tank, and its CEO. The U.S. takes the regime’s threats seriously. We intend to hold Iran responsible for directly or indirectly compromising the safety of any American.
Whether you agree or disagree with @FDD on Iran (I do both) or anything else, this kind of thuggish threat of violence against an American institution and those who work with it is unacceptable. Anyone who has access to Iranian officials needs to communicate that. https://t.co/pbNgUPFIkq
For those surprised that Iran’s regime is now directly threatening @FDD, don’t be. It follows a pattern for these terrorists. From assassinations in Europe to the Fatwa against Salman Rushdie, it fits a pattern. Iran’s leaders are rogues and criminals. Treat them as such.
The outlaws who rule Iran have sunk to issuing threats against Washington think tanks and private American citizens. @FDD, its leaders, and its scholars have our country’s full support. https://t.co/P9JeFBKylV
The FDD was founded in 2001 in the aftermath of the 9/11 terror attacks and focuses on research and policy proscriptions toward “strengthening U.S. national security and reducing or eliminating threats posed by adversaries and enemies of the United States and other free nations,” according to the think-tank’s website.
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American Jewish Committee CEO David Harris tweeted that Paraguay’s move is “important” because it “ups pressure on Hezbollah” in the area and “highlights weakness of [the European Union] only listing Hezbollah’s ‘military’ wing.”
Foundation for the Defense of Democracies Senior Fellow Emanuele Ottolenghi noted that Hezbollah “built extensive infrastructure in the Tri-Border Area (TBA) of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay” because all three have “weak border controls and well-established smuggling routes have contributed to a thriving illicit economy.”
He also pointed out that Argentina designated Hezbollah’s military wing a terror group in July, citing “Hezbollah’s responsibility for terror attacks against an Israeli embassy and a Jewish community center on Argentinian soil in 1992 and 1994, respectively.” Ottolenghi argued that Brazil should follow suit “because Hezbollah’s TBA operations rely heavily on Brazil’s financial system to move money in and out of the area.”
However, the Jerusalem Post notes that in order for Brazil to designate Hezbollah as a terror organization, they will have come up with a broader definition of terrorism and risk their trade relations with Iran, which funds both Hezbollah and Hamas.
For more on Hezbollah, read the Journal’s coverage on the terror group here.
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President Donald Trump arrives to speak at a campaign rally, Sunday, Nov. 4, 2018, in Macon, Ga. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
A Switzerland intelligence report revealed that the Iranian regime is hoping President Donald Trump will lose in 2020, citing the Trump administration’s sanctions posed on the regime.
According to the Jerusalem Post, the Switzerland Intelligence Service of the Federation report stated that Iran will stay in the 2015 Iran nuclear deal that Trump exited from in May 2018 “and wait for a new administration in Washington.” The report noted that the United States sanctions against Iran have been “strong” because “international companies have virtually no choice but to withdraw from doing business with Iran.”
The report also said that “Iran will continue its efforts to improve the precision of its longer range missiles” and “continue to support anti-Israeli forces in the region, albeit with much less financial commitment.”
Tensions between the U.S. and Iran have escalated recently, as in June, Iran seized a couple of oil British oil tankers and shot down a U.S. drone.
Foundation for the Defense of Democracies Senior Fellow John Hannah argued in a May 31 Foreign Policy piece that the downward spiral of Iran’s economy due to U.S. sanctions suggests that the regime might not be able to wait out Trump.
“The Iranian economy was already forecast to shrink by up to 6 percent in 2019, with inflation raging and the currency having lost almost two-thirds of its value,” Hannah wrote. “The U.S. push to end all oil sales now threatens to tip the economy into a death spiral unlike any the regime has experienced before—and all at a time when by many accounts its legitimacy in the eyes of the Iranian people has eroded substantially.”
Hannah added that Iran’s recent aggression is due to the regime attempting the U.S. cease its “maximum pressure campaign” against Iran. If Iran fails in this regard then “Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei will face an excruciating choice: either revert to a policy of trying to ride out the ever-intensifying U.S. economic tsunami that threatens to damage his regime, perhaps even fatally, or swallow hard, lose some face, and figure out a way to take Trump up on his repeated offers to open negotiations,” Hannah argued.
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FILE PHOTO: Turkey President Recep Tayip Erdogan attends the South East European Cooperation Process (SEECP) summit in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, July 9, 2019. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/File Photo
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced on television on July 28 that he and his ruling party AKP (Justice and Development Party) oppose anyone that sides with Israel.
In his address to senior AKP officials, Erdogan said, “Whoever is on the side of Israel, let everyone know that we are against them. We do not approve of silence on the state terror that Israel blatantly carries out in Palestine.”
The American Jewish Committee tweeted in response to Erdogan on July 30, “President Erdogan, we now understand your opposition to democracy, minority rights, and free expression.”
President Erdogan, we now understand your opposition to democracy, minority rights, and free expression.https://t.co/K1r5hVX6pO.
Erdogan and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu have exchanged barbs in the past. In December, Erdogan said in a speech at the Turkey Youth Foundation, “The Jews in Israel kick people laying on the ground. In fact, Jews don’t kick men but also women and children when they fall on the ground.” A day later, Netanyahu called Erdogan “an anti-Semitic dictator” who “has an obsession with Israel.”
In March, Netanyahu’s son, Yair, tweeted he’ll “remind” Erdogan “that Istanbul is actually a city called Constantinople! The capital of the Byzantine empire and center of orthodox Christianity for more then [sic] a thousand years before Turkish occupation!” Erdogan said a few days later that Netanyahu should twist his son’s ears for that comment, and that Turkey has “other ways to educate Israel” if Netanyahu and Yair continued their name-calling.
Erdogan also has frequently compared Israel to Nazi Germany, which included him saying in December that “the Palestinians are subjected to pressures, violence and intimidation policies no less grave than the oppression done to the Jews during WWII.”
Turkey has developed warmer relations with Iran since 2016 and supports Hamas, allowing it to operate in Istanbul.
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FILE PHOTO: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu climbs out after a visit inside the Rahav, the fifth submarine in the Israeli Navy's fleet, after it arrived in Haifa port, Israel January 12, 2016. REUTERS/Baz Ratner/File Photo
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu indirectly commented on reports that Israel launched a strike against Syria on August 1, saying that Israel is “defending ourselves at all times,” the Times of Israel reports.
The Syrian Arab News Agency, a Syrian state-run outlet, and the Saudi Arabian-based Al-Arabiya network reported that Israel fired at a missile at the Quneitra region in the Golan Heights on August 1. The reports stated that there were no deaths, but the missile caused material damage; the reports didn’t indicate the extent of the damage.
Speaking at an August 1 memorial ceremony for Zionist leader Ze’ev Jabotinsky, Netanyahu said, “On the northern front, we’re acting against Iran and Hezbollah, and you’re hearing about that now as well.”
The Times of Israel reports that Israel frequently launches strikes in Syria targeting Iran’s weapon shipments to Hezbollah, its terror proxy, in Lebanon.
Earlier on August 1, a Palestinian gunman wearing a Hamas uniform shot and wounded three Israeli soldiers at the Israel-Gaza border, all of whom are expected to survive. The Jerusalem Post ’s Anna Ahronheim suggested that Israel’s reported Syria strike and the Palestinian gunman’s attack on the Gaza border could lead to a war on three fronts.
“According to a recent report in Haaretz, Iran and Hamas have agreed to open a second front in the south from the Gaza Strip should a war break out in Israel’s north,” Ahronheim wrote. “Israeli officials have warned that any war that breaks out in the north will not be confined to one border-Lebanon, or Syria-but both. That would mean a war fought on three fronts.”
She added that while Israel was able to fight a two-front war in 2006, Hamas and Hezbollah’s “military capabilities” have since “increased tremendously with massive rocket and missile arsenals aimed at the Jewish State’s homefront.”
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FILE PHOTO: Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif talks to the media during the Ministerial Meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Coordinating Bureau in Caracas, Venezuela July 20, 2019. REUTERS/Manaure Quintero/File Photo
The Trump administration sanctioned Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif on July 31, according to a statement from the Treasury Department.
Treasury Secretary Mnuchin said in the statement, “Javad Zarif implements the reckless agenda of Iran’s Supreme Leader, and is the regime’s primary spokesperson around the world. The United States is sending a clear message to the Iranian regime that its recent behavior is completely unacceptable.”
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo issued a similar statement:
Axios reports that a senior official for the administration told reporters that Zarif “has been indulged as the reasonable and credible face of Iran and today President [Donald] Trump decided enough is enough.”
In June, when the Trump administration was considering sanctioning Zarif, Foundation for Defense of Democracies Chief Executive Mark Dubowitz tweeted, “If administration does sanction Zarif, they should make it clear that he’s responsible & accountable for decisions made by regime to conduct malign & destructive activities. No more mendaciously denying responsibility. He is part of regime in Iran & core regime decision-making.”
If administration does sanction Zarif, they should make it clear that he’s responsible & accountable for decisions made by regime to conduct malign & destructive activities. No more mendaciously denying responsibility. He is part of regime in Iran & core regime decision-making.
Zarif sits on Iran’s Supreme National Security Council & is therefore “acting on or behalf of” the supreme leader and the office of the supreme leader per the new executive order. He is a party to the key foreign policy & national security decisions of the regime.
He should be sanctioned for his role in the regime’s malign conflict. He’s part of the system. He is loyal. He didn’t go to Mugniyah’s funeral because he wanted to see the Cedars. He whitewashes murder and terrorism all the time. He is Khamenei’s man.
According to Bloomberg, Zarif told The New York Times in July that any U.S. sanctions would have little effect since he doesn’t “have a bank account outside Iran.”
Earlier in July, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu tweeted a thank-you to Trump “for his intention to increase sanctions against Iran.” Netanyahu and Zarif exchanged barbs in June, as Netanyahu called Zarif a liar for saying that Israel was aiming to destroy Iran.
“Iran is the one openly threatening destruction,” Netanyahu said at the time. “The regime’s officials threaten the destruction of Israel on a daily basis.”
Zarif was Iran’s lead negotiator in forging the 2015 Iran nuclear deal. He was also educated in the United States, graduating from San Francisco State University (SFSU) in 1981 and earning his master’s and doctorate at the University of Denver in 1984 and 1988, respectively. During his time in SFSU, Zarif was among the students who overtook the Iranian consulate in San Francisco during the 1979 Iranian revolution.
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FILE PHOTO: Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei speaks live on television after casting his ballot in the Iranian presidential election in Tehran June 12, 2009. REUTERS/Caren Firouz//File Photo
Iran test-fired a medium-range ballistic missile on July 24 that likely has the capability to carry a nuclear warhead.
The Shabab-3 missile was fired from southeast Iran along the Gulf of Oman and flew a little more than 680 miles before landing east of Tehran. According to The New York Times, the missile test is likely “a political statement” from Iran that their ballistic missile program is non-negotiable.
The Trump administration has said that Iran must end their missile program; President Donald Trump exited from the 2015 Iran nuclear deal in part because it didn’t address the missile program.
The missile test is the latest escalation from Iran, as over the past couple of months it has seized two British oil tankers, downed a U.S. drone and attacked to oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman. The U.S. has tightened sanctions on the Iranian regime in response.
Brookings Institute Foreign Policy Deputy Director Suzanne Maloney wrote on July 26 that Iran’s belligerence is part of Iran’s strategy of “deploying diplomacy and force in tandem in hopes of extricating the regime from an increasingly perilous quagmire.”
She added, “At the very least, flexing its muscles in the world’s most important energy corridor can inflate oil prices, improving Tehran’s beleaguered bottom line and complicating Trump’s appeal to his domestic base as he begins his reelection campaign. Mounting tensions may galvanize diplomatic energy from Europe and the other stakeholders to the nuclear deal, and the images of burning tankers offer a powerful warning to Iran’s neighbors of the potential consequences of further escalation. The increasing frictions amplify the gravity of the crisis for the rest of the world, while Iran’s incremental breaches of the nuclear deal provide Tehran with something to trade should an opportunity for bargaining avail itself.”
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The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) condemned Israel in two separate resolutions on July 23, one of which was a resolution about Palestinian women’s rights.
The “situation of and assistance to Palestinian women” resolution states that ECOSOC has “grave concern about the continuing systematic violation of the human rights of the Palestinian people by Israel, the occupying Power, and its impact on women and girls” and “that the Israeli occupation remains a major obstacle for Palestinian women and girls with regard to the fulfillment of their rights, and their advancement, self-reliance and integration in the development of their society.”
The resolution goes onto urge Israel “to immediately cease all measures contrary to international law, as well as discriminatory legislation, policies and actions in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem.”
ECOSOC passed the aforementioned resolution by a vote 40 in favor, 2 against and 9 abstentions.
The second resolution, titled “Economic and social repercussions of the Israeli occupation on the living conditions of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan,” blamed “Israel’s occupation of Palestinian and Syrian lands” for the economic hardship of the Palestinian and Syrian people, according to a U.N. press release. That resolution passed with a vote of 45 in favor, 2 against and 4 abstentions.
U.N. Watch Executive Director Hillel Neuer denounced the U.N.’s July 23 actions in a press release, calling them hypocritical for solely condemning Israel on women’s rights but failing to denounce Iran, Saudi Arabia or Yemen, all of whom sit on ECOSOC.
“When you have Iran, Saudi Arabia and Yemen among the UN council members accusing Israel of violating women’s rights, you are in the theater of the absurd,” Neuer said.
According to Human Rights Watch, Iran has arrested women’s rights activists for refusing to wear hijabs in public, both Iran and Saudi Arabia require consent from male spouses in order for women to travel abroad, and in Yemen women are “exposed to domestic and sexual violence” because of “a lack of legal protection.”
U.N. Watch’s press release also argued that the women’s rights resolution ignored the Palestinian governments’ treatment of women. Hamas forces women to wear headscarves in the Gaza Strip as well as bans them from smoking and participating in public marathons with men, according to the Huffington Post. Amnesty International has also noted that women and girls are “inadequately protected against sexual and other gender-based violence, including so-called ‘honor’ killings in the West Bank and Gaza.
In March, the United Nations gave Iran a seat on the U.N. Women’s Rights Committee.
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Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif arrives for a meeting at United Nations Headquarters in the Manhattan borough of New York, U.S., July 18, 2019. REUTERS/Lucas Jackson
Iran announced on July 19 that they have captured a British oil tanker that was heading through the Strait of Hormuz toward Saudi Arabia.
The owners of the Stena Impero ship said that the ship suddenly veered toward Qeshm, an Iranian island, after “unidentified small crafts and a helicopter” approached it. The owners have said they have been unable to contact the ship.
The Iranian Revolutionary Guard has “a substantial base” on Qeshm, according to the UK Guardian.
Two United States defense officials confirmed that Iran seized the tanker to CNN.
CNN: The British-flagged tanker ‘Stena Impero’ has been seized, according two US defense officials. One of the officials said the tanker was taken by Iran.
The British government is currently undergoing emergency meetings to address the matter.
On July 4, the British apprehended an Iranian oil tanker nearby Gibraltar that they said was headed toward Syria. A Gibraltar extended Britain’s detention of the tanker for another 30 days on July 10. Iran was infuriated at the tanker’s apprehension, denouncing it as “piracy.”
The U.S. shot down an Iranian drone on July 18, saying that it was too close to the U.S.S. Boxer. Iran denied that the drone was theirs.
UPDATE: Iran has reportedly seized a second British tanker:
BREAKING: Reuters reported that a *second* British-operated tanker had taken a sharp northerly turn and was heading toward Iran after passing through the Strait of Hormuz into the Gulf. https://t.co/ml7J54RH6x
U.S. President Donald Trump speaks to reporters while hosting Team USA for the 2019 Special Olympics World Games in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, U.S., July 18, 2019. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque
A United States Navy ship shot down an Iranian drone over the Strait of Hormuz on July 18, President Donald Trump announced.
Trump told reporters that the drone was as close as around 1,000 yards away from the U.S.S. Boxer, an amphibious assault ship. The drone kept coming closer to the ship despite Boxer personnel warning the drone to stand down, prompting the ship to down the drone.
“This is the latest of many provocative and hostile actions against vessels operating in international waters,” Trump said. “The United States reserves the right to defend our personnel, facilities, and interests.”
The Pentagon confirmed Trump’s remarks in a statement.
“At approximately 10 a.m. local time, the amphibious ship USS Boxer was in international waters conducting a planned inbound transit of the Strait of Hormuz,” the statement read. “A fixed wing unmanned aerial system (UAS) approached Boxer and closed within a threatening range. The ship took defensive action against the UAS to ensure the safety of the ship and its crew.”
The downing of the Iranian drone is the latest in a series of escalatory incidents between the U.S. and Iran. In June, Iran attacked a couple of oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman and shot down an unmanned U.S. drone. Trump imposed further sanctions on Iran in response.
According to The U.K. Guardian, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said he is offering the Trump administration a deal in which Iran would allow its nuclear program to be subjected to “enhanced inspections” if the U.S. eases sanctions. The Guardian notes that the Trump administration is likely to reject such a proposal, as they want a deal in which Iran ceases “uranium enrichment and support for proxies and allies in the [Middle East] region.”
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U.S. President Donald Trump speaks during a meeting with Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau as U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stands by in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, U.S., June 20, 2019. REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst
The House of Representatives passed a bill on July 12 requiring President Donald Trump to obtain congressional approval before launching a strike against Iran.
The 2020 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) that was passed included an amendment on the matter, stating that the 2001 Authorization for Use Military Force (AUMF) that’s been used to strike Islamic terrorists in the Middle East could not be used to strike Iran. The amendment passed with 251 votes in favor, including more than a dozen Republicans, and 170 against and the NDAA passed with 220 votes in favor and 197 against.
However, NBC News notes that the Senate’s version of the NDAA is different than the House version and that the aforementioned Iran amendment likely won’t make the final version of the bill.
The House bill’s passage comes after Trump nixed a strike against Iran in June after learning that 150 people would die. Iran had shot down a United States drone earlier that week.
The Trump administration has been ramping up sanctions against the Iranian regime as tensions escalate between the two countries, although the administration is reportedly backing off plans to sanction Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif.
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U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo speaks at a news conference on human rights at the State Department in Washington, U.S., July 8, 2019. REUTERS/Yuri Gripas
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo focused on religious liberty during his July 8 speech at the Christians United for Israel Summit in Washington, D.C., contrasting Israel’s religious freedom to Iran’s intolerance.
Pompeo began the speech by arguing that “Christians in America are among Israel’s greatest friends,” saying that Christian support for a Jewish state “runs back to the early Puritan settlers.” He cited evangelist William Blackstone pushed then-President Woodrow Wilson to support the 1916 Balfour Declaration as a later example of Christian support for a Jewish homeland.
The secretary of state went on to praise Israel as “the only truly free nation throughout the entire Middle East,” citing the Jewish State’s respect for religious liberty.
“Israel is a majority Jewish nation, but the government doesn’t force Jewish beliefs on others,” Pompeo said. “Indeed, to the contrary, its Declaration of Independence guarantees the ‘full freedom of conscience, worship, education, and culture.’ Israel permits the conversion of its citizens away from Judaism, the majority religion. Indeed, last year, the Knesset – their parliament there in Israel ‒ passed a law prohibiting hiring discrimination against workers who refuse to work on their day of rest.”
Pompeo contrasted Israel’s record on religious liberty to Iran’s “militant” theocracy, which abuses Christian converts from Islam.
“Last year, an Iranian court upheld a 10-year prison sentences on four Iranian Christians who were ‘acting against national security’ by, quote, ‘promoting Zionist Christianity,’ end of quote, and running house churches. This is something we know in America,” Pompeo said. “Instead of following the normal summons procedure, authorities raided their homes, beat them, and used electroshock weapons on them. They then threw them into Evin Prison – a regime dungeon inside of Tehran.”
The regime’s “intolerance” toward other religions is what underlies Tehran’s cries to destroy Israel, Pompeo said, proceeding to praise the Trump administration’s actions against Iran.
“We’ve implemented the strongest pressure campaign in history against the Iranian regime, and we are not done,” Pompeo said. “We’ve cut off billions in funds that the Islamic Republic of Iran’s leadership would have used for various nefarious purposes, not the least of which would have been their efforts to destroy the state of Israel. It is also the case that under President Trump, the Israel haters such as Hamas and Hezbollah and Islamic Jihad receive far less blood money from Iran to pursue their terrorism than ever in recent history.”
Pompeo also touted the Trump administration’s efforts to combat anti-Semitism.
“We live in a very real world, and for that reason I was able last March to declare a simple truth, that anti-Zionism is indeed anti-Semitism,” Pompeo said. “Period. Full stop.”
The full speech can be seen below:
Full speech transcript can be read at the State Department’s website.
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Spanish Foreign Minister Josep Borrell Fontelles, the nominee to be the European Union’s next foreign policy czar, said in February that the world has “to live with” Iran’s ambitions to destroy Israel.
Politico asked Borrell if the Trump administration “had a point” regarding its decision in May 2018 to leave the Iran nuclear deal given Iran’s frequent threats to destroy Israel. Borrell replied, “We have our own prospects, interests and strategy and we will continue working with Iran. It would be very bad for us if it goes on to develop a nuclear weapon … Iran wants to wipe out Israel; nothing new about that. You have to live with it.”
The European Council nominated Borrell to the foreign policy position on July 2; he is expected to be confirmed.
According to The Jerusalem Post and Times of Israel, Borrell has also made myriad past statements that are critical of Israel, including criticizing Israel’s response to the Hamas-led May 2018 riots at the Israel-Gaza Strip border as reflecting “the dehumanization of the Palestinians by a large part of the Israeli political class and society.” He also lamented Israel’s “terrible bombings” targeting Hamas.
Additionally, Borrell tweeted in February, “Today marks 40 years of the Islamic revolution of #Iran. This regional power has changed a lot during this time. In 1976, the literacy rate was 35 percent. Now it’s 84 percent. In 1980, 5 percent of the women employed were university students. Now they are 47 percent, but only 16 percent of the workforce is female, and the unemployment rate of women is double that of men.” He also tweeted that the United States “has an obsession with Iran,” adding that “Iran can survive the sanctions if Trump is not re-elected. Otherwise, the regime could reactivate the nuclear program for military purposes and multiply its interventions in the region.”
However, in 2005 Borrell proclaimed Israel’s right to exist “as a Jewish state.”
The Anti-Defamation League tweeted, “Especially at a time of increasingly heightened tensions with Iran, EU foreign policy nominee Josep Borrell should clarify and retract his earlier statement” on having “to live with” Iran wanting to destroy Israel.
Especially at a time of increasingly heightened tensions with Iran, EU foreign policy nominee Josep Borrell should clarify and retract his earlier statement, saying: “Iran wants to wipe out Israel; nothing new about that. You have to live with it.” https://t.co/onctURmaPR
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu attends a joint news conference with Chilean President Sebastian Pinera (unseen) at his office in Jerusalem, June 26, 2019. Debbie Hill/Pool via REUTERS
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said in a July 2 speech that Iran’s belligerent behavior of late is nothing more than an attempt to strong-arm Western countries into giving the regime more money.
Speaking at a Jerusalem reception, Netanyahu said that “Iran openly violated the  nuclear deal by increasing the stockpile of enriched uranium (to beyond that) allowed under the deal” because they’re aiming “to blackmail the world into making concessions and reducing the economic pressure on it.” The Israeli prime minister urged the world not to fall for Iran’s gambit and reiterated his July 1 for European countries to ramp up sanctions on Iran.
“Now is the time to increase the pressure,” Netanyahu said. “Now is the time to stand firm.”
Iran announced on June 1 that they had exceeded the 300-kilogram uranium enrichment limit under the deal. President Donald Trump told Fox News later in the day that Iran was “playing with fire.” White House National Security Adviser John Bolton tweeted that Iran’s move was likely “part of an effort to reduce the breakout time to produce nuclear weapons.”
Britain, France and Germany said in a joint statement to the European Union’s High Representative on Iran, “We regret this decision by Iran, which calls into question an essential instrument of nuclear non-proliferation. We urge Iran to reverse this step and to refrain from further measures that undermine the nuclear deal.”
Israeli Foreign Minister Yisrael Katz told Army Radio on July 2 that Israel will do whatever it takes to prevent Iran from obtaining “nuclear weapons, even if we have to act alone on that.”
Iran’s economy has been reeling ever since the Trump administration exited from the Iran deal in May 2018 and ramped up sanctions.
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FILE PHOTO: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu attends the weekly cabinet meeting in Jerusalem, June 30, 2019. Oded Balilty/Pool via REUTERS/File Photo
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on July 1 that the Israeli government would produce more evidence that the Iranian regime has been lying about their intentions to develop nuclear weapons, Bloomberg reports.
Speaking at an event honoring Israeli reservists, Netanyahu highlighted Iran’s July 1 announcement that they have exceeded the 300-kilogram uranium limit set under the 2015 Iran nuclear deal. Netanyahu said, “When we exposed Iran’s secret nuclear arsenal, we proved that the entire nuclear agreement with Iran is based on one big lie. Now even Iran admits it. More proof will be revealed soon that Iran has lied all the time.”
Netanyahu was referencing his April 2018 press conference where he revealed various documentation showing that Iran has consistently sought to obtain nuclear weapons despite their statements to the contrary. This included the Fordow Uranium Enrichment Facility that was buried beneath mountains so Iran could continue developing uranium in secret.
The Israeli prime called on European countries to “stand by your commitments” to impose sanctions on Iran should they violate the nuclear deal.
“Do it,” Netanyahu said. “Just do it.”
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) confirmed on July 1 that Iran has in fact exceeded the 300-kilogram limit set under the nuclear deal. Former IAEA Deputy Olli Heinonen told Israeli Army Radio on June 5 that he estimated that Iran could develop nuclear weapons in six to eight months. Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said on July 1 that the regime will unwind its nuclear development if the European countries forge a new deal with Iran.
White House Press Secretary Stephanie Grisham told reporters on July 1, “The Iranian regime took action today to increase its uranium enrichment. It was a mistake under the Iran nuclear deal to allow Iran to enrich uranium at any level. There is little doubt that even before the deal’s existence, Iran was violating its terms. We must restore the longstanding nonproliferation standard of no enrichment for Iran. The United States and its allies will never allow Iran to develop nuclear weapons.”
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Bahrain Foreign Minister Sheikh Khalid bin Ahmed Al-Khalifa told Israel’s Channel 13 journalist Barak Ravid during the United States’ conference on Palestinian economic development that he acknowledged Israel’s history in the Middle East and that the Jewish people deserve a spot in the region.
Ravid asked Al-Khalifa in Manama on June 26 what particular message he has for the Israeli public. Al Khalifa replied that Israel deserves to have peace with more Arab countries than Jordan and Egypt.
“Israel is a country in the Middle East. It is part of the heritage of this region, historically,” Al-Khalifa said. “The Jewish people have a place amongst us.”
Al-Khalifa also said the Palestinians erred in refusing to partake in the conference because they are missing “an opportunity” to help “alleviate the lives and the troubles of people.” He added that Bahrain trusts the U.S. in being an “honest broker” in negotiating peace between the Israelis and Palestinians.
On Iran, Al-Khalifa said that the regime in Tehran is “a major threat to the security and stability of the region,” adding that Iran has worsened prospects for peace in the region through their “money and weapons and with soldiers of militias.” If war breaks out in the region, it will be Iran’s fault, Al-Khalifa argued.
“They have been calling for war,” Al-Khalifa said. “They have been attacking ships. They have been targeting tankers. Drone attacks from Yemen. They have been calling for war in the region… this regime only survives with aggression.” He also defended Israel’s “right to defend itself” from Iranian aggression in Syria.
Times of Israel reporter Raphael Ahren wrote on June 26 that even though Israel and Bahrain have yet to officially establish diplomatic relations, Bahrainian officials have been providing “exceedingly warm” treatment to Israeli journalists, including accommodating those that keep kosher.
“In Bahrain, this week at least, I was happy to discover, officialdom does not appear to shy away from using the word ‘Israel’; it features twice on my official conference badge, and no one has batted an eye,” Ahren wrote. “In fact, in a certain way we Israelis journalists have been treated slightly better than our colleagues. While reporters from other countries received press passes, we were given credentials of delegates, which has guaranteed us better access to some of the conference’s events.”
The two-day conference, which started on June 25, featured the U.S., Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the Gulf Arab states. White House Senior Adviser Jared Kushner, who is also President Donald Trump’s son-in-law, proposed $50 billion in investment toward the Palestinian territories and neighboring Arab countries.
The full transcript of Al-Khalifa’s interview can be read here.
U.S. President Donald Trump speaks prior to signing an executive order establishing a White House Council on "Eliminating Regulatory Barriers to Affordable Housing" in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, U.S., June 25, 2019. REUTERS/Carlos Barria
Tensions between the United States and Iran continue to escalate as President Donald Trump threatened the regime with “obliteration” after Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said Trump was “mentally retarded.”
The Trump administration announced new sanctions on June 24 targeting Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and his office and that sanctions later in the week would be placed on Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif. Rouhani said in a June 25 speech that the sanctions against Khamenei wouldn’t be effective because the Iranian supreme leader doesn’t have any global assets, although there is evidence to the contrary. He also argued that the Trump administration is undermining efforts to negotiate through their pending sanctions on Zarif.
“The White House actions mean it is mentally retarded,” Rouhani said.
Trump tweeted in response, “Iran’s very ignorant and insulting statement, put out today, only shows that they do not understand reality. Any attack by Iran on anything American will be met with great and overwhelming force. In some areas, overwhelming will mean obliteration. No more John Kerry & [Barack] Obama!”
Iran leadership doesn’t understand the words “nice” or “compassion,” they never have. Sadly, the thing they do understand is Strength and Power, and the USA is by far the most powerful Military Force in the world, with 1.5 Trillion Dollars invested over the last two years alone..
….The wonderful Iranian people are suffering, and for no reason at all. Their leadership spends all of its money on Terror, and little on anything else. The U.S. has not forgotten Iran’s use of IED’s & EFP’s (bombs), which killed 2000 Americans, and wounded many more…
….Iran’s very ignorant and insulting statement, put out today, only shows that they do not understand reality. Any attack by Iran on anything American will be met with great and overwhelming force. In some areas, overwhelming will mean obliteration. No more John Kerry & Obama!
Trump told reporters later in the day that he will not allow Iran to obtain nuclear weapons, but he said he’d still be willing to enter negotiations with the Iranian regime.
“When they’re ready, they have to let us know,” Trump said. “Whatever they want to do, I’m ready.”
Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Abbas Mousavi tweeted that the latest round of sanctions ended any chance of negotiations.
“The useless sanctioning of Islamic Revolution Supreme Leader and the commander of Iranian diplomacy means closing the doors of diplomacy by the U.S.′ desperate administration,” Mousavi wrote. “Trump’s government is annihilating all the established international mechanisms for keeping peace and security in the world.”
Also on June 25, the national security advisers for the U.S., Israel and Russia all met in Jerusalem to discuss Iran. U.S. National Security Adviser John Bolton called out Iran’s support for terrorism and accused the regime of continuing to develop nuclear weapons; however, he said that the door is still open for negotiations. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu praised the summit as “unprecedented” and reiterated his declaration that Israel will ensure that Iran never obtains nuclear weapons.
Russian National Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev, on the other hand, said that while Russia takes note of Israel’s security concerns, Iran fights terrorists in Syria. He also defended Iran’s claim that the downed U.S. drone on June 20 was flying over Iranian airspace; the U.S. has argued that the drone was flying in international airspace.
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A British newspaper is reporting that French authorities thwarted an Iran terror attack, according to the Jerusalem Post.
The Independent in Arabic newspaper reported that an Iranian intelligence official transferred a half ton of triacetone triperoxide (TATP) explosives on a civilian airplane that flew from Tehran to Austria in June 2018. The explosives were then transferred to an Iranian Belgian couple to take to Paris in their car; French authorities arrested the couple on their way to Paris.
The report states that “Iran frequently uses civilian aircraft and civilian airlines to transport explosives, weapons and ballistic missiles, as well as funds to Hezbollah in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world,” per the Post, constituting a violation of international aviation treaties.
President Donald Trump announced new sanctions on Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and his office on June 24, highlighting the Iranian regime’s increasing belligerence in the region and against the United States.
“The supreme leader of Iran is one who ultimately is responsible of the hostile conduct of the regime,” Trump told reporters. “He’s respected within his country. His office oversees the regime’s most brutal instruments including the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.”
Iran funds myriad Islamic terror organizations, including Hamas, Hezbollah and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. Iran has also had reported dealings with al-Qaeda in the past. Hezbollah, Iran’s Shia proxy, reportedly plotted a terror attack in Britain in 2015 that was ultimately thwarted.
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U.S. President Donald Trump speaks before signing an executive order aimed at requiring hospitals to be more transparent about prices before charging patients for healthcare services, at the White House in Washington, U.S. June 24, 2019. REUTERS/Erin Scott
President Donald Trump announced new sanctions on Iran on June 24 targeting Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and Khamenei’s office.
According to a White House statement, the sanctions will also single out anyone Khamenei appointed to the Iranian as well as anyone who does business with Khamenei or his office.
“We call on the regime to abandon its nuclear ambitions, change its destructive behavior, respect the rights of its people, and return in good faith to the negotiating table,” Trump said in a statement.
Trump told reporters on June 24 that the sanctions were in response to “a series of aggressive behaviors by the Iranian regime in recent weeks, including shooting down of U.S. drones. The supreme leader of Iran is one who ultimately is responsible of the hostile conduct of the regime. He’s respected within his country. His office oversees the regime’s most brutal instruments including the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.”
Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin said that later in the week the Trump administration will impose sanctions on Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif.
Additionally, the Treasure Department announced eight Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps commanders would be sanctioned:
BREAKING: US Treasury Sanctions 8 #Iran IRGC Commanders after Trump order targeting Supreme Leader Khamenei + circle. Statement: pic.twitter.com/MOLZSoJT82
Zarif responded to the new round of sanctions in a tweet accusing the Trump administration of having a “thirst for war.”
Foundation for Defense of Democracies Chief Executive Mark Dubowitz praised Trump for “targeting the massive corruption of [Khamenei].”
Good to see administration today targeting the massive corruption of the supreme leader. Iranians know that he and his minions are kleptocrats who have stolen billions from the Iranian people. Time for the rest of the world to learn that. Now, time to get specific.
If administration does sanction Zarif, they should make it clear that he’s responsible & accountable for decisions made by regime to conduct malign & destructive activities. No more mendaciously denying responsibility. He is part of regime in Iran & core regime decision-making.
U.S. President Donald Trump speaks during a meeting with Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau as U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stands by in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, U.S., June 20, 2019. REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst
President Donald Trump announced in a series of tweets on June 21 that he called off strikes against Iran at the last second because he wanted to avoid collateral damage.
Trump explained in the tweets that the Pentagon was “cocked and loaded” to strike Iran, but he decided to back off when he was told that the strikes would result in 150 dead. Trump added that he was “in no hurry” to take military action against Iran since his administration’s sanctions against Iran are crippling the regime.
President Obama made a desperate and terrible deal with Iran – Gave them 150 Billion Dollars plus I.8 Billion Dollars in CASH! Iran was in big trouble and he bailed them out. Gave them a free path to Nuclear Weapons, and SOON. Instead of saying thank you, Iran yelled…..
….Death to America. I terminated deal, which was not even ratified by Congress, and imposed strong sanctions. They are a much weakened nation today than at the beginning of my Presidency, when they were causing major problems throughout the Middle East. Now they are Bust!….
….On Monday they shot down an unmanned drone flying in International Waters. We were cocked & loaded to retaliate last night on 3 different sights when I asked, how many will die. 150 people, sir, was the answer from a General. 10 minutes before the strike I stopped it, not….
….proportionate to shooting down an unmanned drone. I am in no hurry, our Military is rebuilt, new, and ready to go, by far the best in the world. Sanctions are biting & more added last night. Iran can NEVER have Nuclear Weapons, not against the USA, and not against the WORLD!
Trump told NBC’s Chuck Todd that his generals didn’t immediately have the details on collateral damage from the strikes available when he asked for it.
Per POTUS version of events, the Pentagon was coming to him for a strike clearance without providing a collateral damage assessment upfront. When he asked they didn't even have the information immediately on hand. https://t.co/fAr1LOrqfI
A Trump administration official told Reuters that the strikes would have targeted Iranian radars and missile batteries, among others. The official also said that the administration urged the Iranians in a message through Oman to come to the negotiating table or else face strikes.
Tensions have been escalating between the United States and Iran, as highlighted by the recent attacks against oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman and Iran shooting down an unmanned U.S. drone on Thursday. A senior Republican source on Capitol Hill told CNN, “Historically we have seen what happens when the US issues red lines and then fails to enforce them. Failing to take action could be far more dangerous in the long run.”
Bloomberg national security columnist Eli Lake noted in a June 20 Op-ed that among the U.S.’s options include authorizing strikes against Iranian commanders throughout the Middle East or against Iran’s naval facilities; the U.S. could also engage in cyberwarfare against Iran as a method of deterrence.
American Enterprise Institute scholar Michael Rubin argued that the Iranian regime could be on its last legs given the country’s languishing economy under the sanctions and the regime leaders getting older. The regime is unpopular inside Iran, but Rubin warned that the country’s civilians are “fiercely nationalistic,” which the Trump administration should keep in mind going forward.
“It is essential to maintain the pressure on Iran without playing into the hands of a regime that may want conflict,” Rubin wrote. “Let’s hope President Donald Trump is wise enough to allow his ‘maximum pressure campaign’ to work without giving authorities in Tehran either a diplomatic out or resorting to military force that will backfire in the long-term.”
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