November 16, 2018

Bene Israel Trust goes to court in Karachi

Yesterday was the most Jewish day I've had in a long time in Karachi. I'm laughing because of this brilliant piece of news that landed on our desk at The Express Tribune. Our court reporter, Naeem Sahoutara, came with this story of how the Bene Israel Trust has gone to court to try and protect the land where Karachi's Magen Shalom synagogue once stood. I nearly wept with excitement. Who are these people, I asked him. Where is the trust? What's going on? Are we going to get a synagogue finally? 

With great trepidation and excitment I started editing the story with him. We decided to keep the Muslim lawyer's name out and the date of the next hearing. Here is the edited text that was published in my newspaper today.

Naeem Sahoutara


A Jewish welfare body has gone to court to try to preserve the land of the Magen Shalom Synagogue where a shopping mall was built after the place of worship was demolished in the 1980s, The Express Tribune has learnt.

The Bene Israel Trust has submitted an application to the Sindh High Court with the request that it take control of the property so it can maintain the land of the place of worship. (The Bene Israeli community was made of the Jews who were traditionally found in Konkan, roughly the coastal region from Goa to Karachi).

The trust’s attorney has informed the court that there used to be a synagogue on survey No. RC-3, measuring 1,190 square yards, located in the Ranchore Line Quarters. It was built in 1893, according to independent sources. The trust’s application says it was built for the sole purpose and object of performing worship, which is a right of the members of a minority community. It has been replaced by a Khurrum Shopping Mall.

At one point, the Court of the Judicial Commissioner of Sindh officially recognised the estate and declared that one of the Jewish community’s last known surviving members, Ephraim Joseph, would manage the property of the trust and operate its account in Grindlays Bank.

Joseph was appointed administrator but died on May 12, 1987. After his death, his sister, R. Rachel Joseph, became the last known survivor of the community in the country. She went to the court of an additional district and sessions judge, asking it to declare her the new administrator as she wanted to manage and run the affairs of the property of the synagogue.

According to the trust, in its application to the SHC, the sessions court had ruled in Ms Rachel’s favour and she was allowed to manage the synagogue’s property. However, the trust’s lawyer argued, she subsequently allowed for construction to take place there and this, says the trust, is in alleged violation of the law.

That law is the Protection of Communal Properties of Minorities Ordinance, 2001. Ms Rachel would have had to, under Section 3(b), acquire a no-objection certificate from the federal government if she wanted to sell or transfer the property belonging to the minority. Now the trust is relying on Section 2(b), which as its attorney argued, says that the synagogue’s property must be protected and preserved. “On the synagogue property now has been built a commercial shopping mall, which is a violation of the provisions of the ordinance that provides for protecting and preserving the places of worship of minority communities,” the attorney argued. The trust has requested the court to appoint its officer (Nazir) to take over the property so that it can be protected and preserved. The court has also been requested to instruct the Nazir to obtain the record of the tenancy to ensure that the money generated from it is used for the benefit of the community.

When the high court took up the matter, however, the lawyers for the provincial and local governments were not present. The bench has issued notices to the parties concerned to appear with their comments on the current status of the property and its tenancy among other details.

Published in The Express Tribune, March 18th, 2014.