Five arrested in Rome for plotting against Jewish community


Police in Rome have arrested five neo-fascists on charges of plotting violence against the Rome Jewish community.

The accused also plotted to attack Rome’s Jewish community president, Riccardo Pacifici, as well as the city’s mayor, Gianni Alemanno; the president of the Chamber of Deputies, Gianfranco Fini; and the president of the Senate.

Police said 11 others were under investigation.

The charges include criminal association to spread racial hatred, incitement to violence, and discrimination for racial, ethnic and religious reasons.

Those arrested Wednesday included five members of the neo-fascist Militia group, including its longtime leader, Maurizio Boccaci, who is in his 50s. Police raids were carried out in several cities across the country.

According to Italian state television, the accused wanted to foment a “revolutionary war” against the official Italian institutions. Alemanno and Fini both are mainstream right-wing politicians who had their political roots in the neo-fascist movement but now demonstrate strong support for Israel.

Alemanno has been the target of neo-Nazi Militia banners and graffiti. Alemanno and Pacifici made a two-day visit to Israel this week to meet with freed Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit.

The plot to kill Hitler becomes a Tom Cruise thriller


“Valkyrie” is a historical thriller of considerable merit that mines the seemingly inexhaustible supply of movie plots rooted in Hitler’s reign and World War II.

Directed by Bryan Singer and loaded with Tom Cruise’s star power, as well as exploding ammunition, the film reconstructs the July 20, 1944, assassination attempt on the Fuhrer’s life, which, had it succeeded, would have spared the lives of untold thousands of soldiers and death-camp inmates.

The carefully planned assassination and coup involved some 200 high-ranking German army officers and civilians and was energized by a dashing young aristocrat, Col. Claus von Stauffenberg.

He and a number of generals, descended mostly from the conservative landed gentry, concluded that only Hitler’s elimination could save the honor of the German army and prevent the complete destruction of their country. They were also appalled by Nazi crimes against Jews and the people of the occupied countries, and blueprints for a post-Hitler Germany called for the closing of all concentration camps.

Despite the conspirators’ meticulous planning, the assassination attempt miscarried because of a fluke. Von Stauffenberg carried a briefcase containing high-powered explosives into a staff meeting with Hitler at his East Prussian Wolf’s Lair and exited shortly before the carefully timed explosion. At the last moment, however, an orderly casually pushed the briefcase away from where Hitler was standing and the Fuhrer survived the explosion — shaken but alive and functioning.


The trailer

So much is widely known, but what happened afterward gives the film its historical freshness, ratchets up the tension and allows the mixed American-British cast to display its emotional range.

The key player is Cruise as von Stauffenberg, and his fellow plotters among the German generals are portrayed by Kenneth Branagh, Bill Nighy, Terence Stamp, Eddie Izzard, Tom Wilkinson and Jamie Parker. There is little room for women — and none for sex — but Dutch actress Carice van Houten is allowed some chaste marital scenes as von Stauffenberg’s loyal wife.

After barely exiting the war room, von Stauffenberg watches the powerful explosion rip the building apart and is convinced that Hitler has been killed. He puts into effect Operation Valkyrie, originally conceived by Hitler to keep his government and Nazi Party functioning in case he is incapacitated.

Turning the plan to their own ends, the conspirators are ready to install a civilian government, sideline the SS and start peace negotiations with the Allies.

However, valuable time is lost in hesitation and miscommunication, and when Hitler goes on the radio to announce that destiny had foiled his enemies, the plot falls apart and its planners are hunted down. All are killed, the lucky ones by firing squads, others by being hung from meat hooks by piano wires.

Singer, 43, has polished his bold visual style and preoccupation with man’s capacity for evil in persecuting the outsider in such films as “Apt Pupil,” “The Usual Suspects,” “X-Men” and “Superman Returns.”

Growing up as an only child in a Jewish family in Princeton Junction, N.J., Singer became fascinated with stories of the Holocaust and World War II from his high school studies and ranging even to watching television’s “Hogan’s Heroes.”

“I grew up in a predominantly Catholic neighborhood but didn’t really experience any anti-Semitism,” he said in a phone interview. “That made me wonder even more why Hitler hated the Jews so much.”

A longtime history buff, Singer spent eight months in Berlin prior to shooting the film there, meeting with the families of von Stauffenberg and the other conspirators, as well as with Hitler’s last bodyguard and secretaries who worked at the Berlin communications center during the attempted 1944 coup.

“It was an odd feeling being Jewish and walking along the streets where the Nazis had marched,” Singer recalled. “But I think it’s very important for us and for history to know that not all Germans were Nazis and that some paid with their lives for opposing Hitler.

“Valkyrie,” similar to “Schindler’s List,” has led some critics to ask why some films on the Nazi era extol “good Germans,” rather than “good Jews.”

“Good question,” Singer said. “When I figure it out, I’ll let you know.”

Except in a very tangential way, “Valkyrie” is not a Holocaust film, but there is a growing tendency to wedge all movies set in the Nazi era into the Holocaust genre. This, in turn, has given fodder to critics, who are becoming more numerous and acidic in their complaints about the alleged surfeit of Holocaust-themed movies and in their demands for a moratorium on making such pictures.

Singer weighed in on this controversy.

“There are never enough books or movies to help us understand, even remotely, man’s inhumanity to man,” he said. “Furthermore, studying this era brings you to other atrocities, from Stalin to Rwanda and Darfur.”

“Valkyrie” opens at theaters Dec. 25. For additional background, visit www.foxinternational.com/valkyrie.

Briefs: ADL helped Feds in skinhead Obama plot, FBI report says hate crimes down


ADL Helped Track Alleged Plotters

The Anti-Defamation League assisted in the investigation into white supremacists arrested in an alleged plot to assassinate Barack Obama.

The ADL, which tracks white supremacist groups, provided the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives with information on Daniel Cowart, 21, of Jackson, Tenn., and Paul Schlesselman, 18, of West Helena, Ark.

A joint ATF and Crocket County, Tenn., Sheriff’s Office investigation culminated Oct. 22 in the arrests of the two men, who were charged with “possessing an unregistered firearm, conspiring to steal firearms from a federally licensed gun dealer, and threats against a major candidate for the office of president,” according to an ADL release.

News reports said the men planned to murder 88 blacks, possibly at a local high school, and also discussed assassinating Obama, the Democratic presidential candidate.

ADL had information on the pair partly because of Cowart’s involvement in Supreme White Alliance, a racist skinhead group monitored by the Jewish civil rights body.

“The arrests of these dangerous white supremacists prevented what could have been the most serious act of domestic terrorism in recent years,” said Abraham Foxman, ADL’s national director. “This case shows how extreme ideologies easily lead to extreme actions.”

Hate Crimes Down Slightly in ’07

Hate crimes in the United States declined slightly last year, according to the FBI.

The Federal Bureau of Investigations’ annual report on hate crime data documented 7,624 hate crimes in 2007, compared to 7,722 in 2006. Crimes directed against Hispanics, gay men and lesbians increased, however; with the rise in acts due to sexual orientation at nearly 6 percent.

Religion-based crimes fell to 1,400 in 2007 from 1,462 in 2006. The number of anti-Jewish crimes was about the same — 969 in ’07 and 967 the previous year.

“While we welcome the fact that reported hate crimes declined slightly in 2007, violent bigotry is still disturbingly prevalent in America, with nearly one hate crime occurring every hour of every day of the year,” said Anti-Defamation League National Director Abraham Foxman.

Foxman said the ADL is looking forward to working with the new president and Congress in January on ways to combat the problem, including the passage of legislation that would expand the federal government’s ability to assist local authorities in investigating and prosecuting such crimes.

— Jewish Telegraphic Agency

The Hollywood candidate is not Obama


If John McCain wins this election, it will be because of Hollywood.

It’s not that Hollywood is giving him big money (it isn’t); or that big celebrities are attracting attention to him (they’re not); or that star writers and directors are helping him with stagecraft and wordsmithery (again no).

It’s that the gradual appropriation by Hollywood of politics, journalism and practically ever other domain of modern life is reaching its apotheosis in McCain’s campaign.  His persona, and the story he is telling, and the media narrative that frames and delivers it to us, all come straight from the movies. 

Unfortunately, this movie may end really, really badly.

If you want to see how entertainment conquered reality (as the subtitle of Neal Gabler’s “Life the Movie” puts it), don’t look at Arnold Schwarzenegger or Ronald Reagan, or at Oprah or Jane Fonda.  Look instead at the inauguration day of the era we now inhabit: September 11, 2001.

“It was like something from a movie.”  It’s stunning how universal that reaction was, whether from eye witnesses or television viewers.  It is entirely plausible that the terrorists themselves intended us to experience it as a movie—a disaster film, a horror picture, an epic of spectacular destruction and mass helplessness.

From 9/11 until now, we have lived in a state of suspense, wanting to know how it will all turn out.  Are we living through apocalyptic times, heading toward nuclear terrorism and an “On the Beach” ending?  Will the anarchy of “Mad Max” be our fate?  Will the human monsters who hate us ravage us as mercilessly as the monster of “Cloverfield” or the aliens of “War of the Worlds”?  Or will we be rescued by a latter-day cavalry, like the improbable heroes of “Independence Day”? 

George W. Bush told us we were in a Western (“Wanted, dead or alive”), and in a World War II movie (“Bring ‘em on!”).  But the quagmire of Iraq, the persistence of al-Qaeda and the Taliban, and the return of Cold War Russia have prevented us from reaching – except in the President’s own mind, perhaps – the ultimate victory of the white hats and the good guys that those genres promise.

At the moment when things look most bleak, in rides John McCain.  Like Rambo, he has returned to rescue us, to make this war on terror end differently than that war in Vietnam.  Like Shane, he is a maverick, a loner, a reluctant gunslinger who arrives out of nowhere, back from political death.  Like Yoda, or the Wise Man of countless other science fiction films, he offers us wisdom and judgment accumulated over lifetimes.

Only that message didn’t work.  The hero of the Hanoi Hilton has used his POW history a dozen times too many to explain everything from not recalling how many houses he owns to charges that he cheated his way out of the Saddleback “cone of silence.”  The maverick who bucked George Bush turned out to vote with him 90 per cent of the time; the loner who denounced the “agents of intolerance” in his own party returned to Liberty University to pay honor to Rev. Falwell; the opponent of torture ended up supporting it; the sage turned out to be a hothead with a hair-trigger temper whose gut instincts are the problem, not the solution.

And then there was his opponent—the true outsider who made him look like Mr. Establishment, the young guy who made him look too much like Yoda, the leader of millions who made his own claims to leadership ring hollow.  Barack Obama, to be sure, has also been the beneficiary of Americans’ inclination to experience life via movie genres.  In Obama’s case, it’s the rags-to-riches saga, the only-in-America tale, plus the crusader quests of Gene McCarthy and Martin Luther King, Jr., of Bobby and Jack Kennedy – stories so burnished by Camelot mythology and an Age of Giants romanticism that the line between legend and life hardly matters.

McCain’s Rovian campaign fought genre with genre, trying everything to recast Obama into a different story.  They depicted him as a false prophet with literally Mosaic pretensions; a traitorous “Manchurian Candidate”; a demagogue, like Lonesome Roads in “A Face in the Crowd”; a rock star egomaniac, a celebrity airhead, a diva, like the characters in the serial melodramas that we call People, Extra! and TMZ.  But for all that, the race remained a dead heat.

In panic, McCain threw a Hail Mary pass—familiar to fans of sports comeback movies—and chose Sarah Palin as his running mate.  What he gets from this self-described hockey mom is a genre lift, the Hollywood fable of the un-politician who comes to Washington to straighten things out. 

She comes from a long line of movie outsiders.  Jimmy Stewart’s Mr. Smith starts out as the head of the Boy Rangers. “The Candidate” played by Robert Redford is a lawyer for hopeless causes. Kevin Kline, who impersonates the president (for the better) in “Dave,” runs a temp agency.  In “Man of the Year,” Robin Williams is a comedian who runs for the White House.  Reese Witherspoon’s Elle Woods, in “Legally Blonde 2,” is the underestimated Delta Nu chick who turns Congress around.

So why not Sarah Palin as Vice President?  To be sure, the notion that women, particularly Hillary Clinton supporters, would vote for her just because she has two X chromosomes, and despite her being on the opposite side from Sen. Clinton on every policy issue facing the country: that cynical tokenism is precisely the kind of affirmative-action-at-its-worst that the right never tires of accusing the left of committing.

But McCain isn’t betting everything on the hope that self-spiting Clinton partisans and undecided younger suburban women will identify with Sarah Palin’s gender.  He’s doing it to tap into the beloved American movie myth of the salt-of-the-earth outsider who ends up in power.  He’s gambling that we just can’t help loving plots like that.

The Labor Day news that Sarah Palin’s 17-year-old daughter is five months’ pregnant adds yet one more genre to the GOP movie arsenal: within minutes of the revelation, one media wag dubbed Bristol Palin “the Juno of Juneau.”

And what about the heartbeat-away issue? As critic Katha Pollitt wrote, “If life were a Lifetime movie, Palin would do just fine running the country should McCain keel over. Girls can do anything! And look great doing it!”

John McCain is 72, and he’s been operated on for malignant melanomas—the most dangerous kind of skin cancer—four times.

At this point in the campaign, it looks as though McCain has a 50/50 chance of becoming President.  And while I wish him 120 birthdays, it is no great stretch to imagine Sarah Palin ending up in the Oval Office.  This is the entirely possible outcome that the Republicans are putting on the table this week. 

Maybe Americans won’t want to take that risk.  But McCain could well win.  More Americans may vote for the real life movie about the moose-hunting Alaskan beauty queen who goes to Washington, than for the one about the charismatic half-black Hawaiian who ends up at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue.

If John McCain wins, it is entirely conceivable that whatever scares you most in the world, and whatever you care most about doing at home, Sarah Palin will be in charge of it.  But by the time we realize how dystopic such a movie might turn out, it will be too late for any of us to leave the theater. 

Marty Kaplan wrote and executive produced “The Distinguished Gentleman,” in which Eddie Murphy plays a con man who gets elected to Congress.  He now directs the USC Annenberg School’s Norman Lear Center, which studies the impact of entertainment on society, and blogs @

Yeladim


 

We read the story of Queen Esther, Megillat Esther, twice – on Thursday evening and Friday morning. Let’s see if you know the story.

Put the parts in the right order.

__Mordechai tells Esther Haman’s plan.

__Mordechai will not bow to Haman. Haman decides to kill all the Jews on Adar.

__4. Mordechai saves the kings life by overhearing and exposing a plot to kill him.

__Haman is hanged along with his 10 sons.

__Vashti is canned. Esther becomes the new queen.

__Queen Vashti refuses to show up at the party.

__On the 13th day of Adar, the Jews outside the city of Shushan defend themselves. They win! They celebrate their victory on the 14th of Adar. That day becomes the holiday of Purim.

__The king can’t sleep. He reads his diary and remembers that Mordechai saved his life.

__Esther risks her life by going to Ahasuerus uninvited. She invites him and Haman to a banquet.

__At the banquet, Esther reveals that she is a Jew and that Haman wants to kill her people.

__King Ahasuerus throws a party.

__9. Haman visits the king. Ahasuerus calls Haman to take Mordechai around town in royal robes, riding a white horse.)

Now that you have put the story in order, find the hidden word by locating the letter in each sentence that matches the number below. (Hint: In the fourth sentence, the 11th letter is A.)

–  –  –  – –  –  –  – –  –  – –

6 7 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 4 1 2

 

Terrorists or Fall Guys?


The Bust

Tuesday, Dec. 11, 9:45 p.m.

Jewish Defense League (JDL) Chairman Irv Rubin had just finished dinner at Jerry’s Famous Deli in Encino and was en route to his Monrovia home, when law enforcement officers pulled him over and placed him under arrest.

Shortly before, his dinner partner, JDL West Coast Coordinator Earl Krugel, was arrested in his Reseda home. Both are accused of plotting to bomb a mosque and a congressman’s office.

The alleged proof: The third dinner participant was wired by the FBI and taped conversations concerning the plots. In addition, explosives were unloaded at Krugel’s home, just moments before the bust, according to law enforcement officials.

The Questions

As Rubin and Krugel await trial in the Metropolitan Detention Center in downtown Los Angeles, questions swirl around the terrorism allegations. Did Rubin and Krugel really plot to bomb the King Fahd Mosque in Culver City and Rep. Darrell Issa’s San Clemente office, as the FBI alleges? Or were they set up by an overzealous informant of the bureau, eager to find a non-Muslim terrorist to demonstrate even-handedness in the post-Sept. 11 terror investigations?

The conspiracy evolved over a series of 11 meetings between Oct. 19 and Dec. 11, according to an FBI affidavit signed by Special Agent Mary P. Hogan. The meetings were secretly recorded by a participant-turned-informant, “a member of the JDL who has previously committed criminal acts on behalf of the JDL,” according to the affidavit — which, together with the taped meetings, form the basis of a grand jury investigation expected to return an indictment by Thursday, Dec. 27.

The ‘Plot’ (According to the Affidavit)

On Oct. 18, Hogan received a call from a confidential source (CS), who had been a JDL member since the CS was a teenager. The informant said he had been instructed by Rubin and Krugel to bomb a mosque and a tattoo parlor in Reseda.

The next day, according to the affidavit, the source visited Krugel in his Reseda home, discussed “bombing Arab-related institutions in the Los Angeles area” with Krugel and Rubin and tape recorded the meeting. On the tape, Rubin says Arabs need a “wake-up call” and that the JDL must show that it is alive in “a militant way.”

The CS told authorities that Rubin had a list of mosques and other potential targets. He referred to the offices of the Muslim Public Affairs Council (MPAC).

Before the next meeting, Hogan met with the CS in person, providing a concealed recording device.

Most of the 10 meetings that followed over the next two months do not include Rubin.

On Nov. 4, Krugel and the CS drove to a Ventura Boulevard bagel shop, where they agreed to manufacture a bomb at Krugel’s home, according to the affidavit. On Nov. 8, they met at The Stovepiper, a Northridge bar.

In four more meetings at Krugel’s home, Krugel and the informant developed and progressed in their bomb-making scheme, authorities said. The alleged plan was to bomb the Los Angeles headquarters of the Muslim Public Affairs Council (MPAC).

On Dec. 8, according to the FBI, Rubin and the CS met at a Starbucks. The informant told Rubin that he had bought the explosive powder for the bomb. Rubin reportedly said he changed his mind, and he wanted to bomb a mosque instead of the MPAC offices. They allegedly agreed to meet again.

On Dec. 10, Krugel and the CS went shopping together in Woodland Hills, the affidavit says. At Home Depot, Krugel pointed out the type of pipes he wanted for the bomb and told the CS to buy end-caps for the pipes at another time to avoid suspicion, according to the papers.

The informant reportedly bought the pipes and went to Krugel’s house to store them in the garage. They agreed to meet the next day to “finalize the plans for the bombing,” according to the affidavit.

After a series of phone calls on Dec. 11, all three met at Jerry’s Famous Deli in Encino. Again, Rubin announced a change of plans, authorities reported. The targets were allegedly changed to include both the King Fahd Mosque in Culver City and the San Clemente office of Issa, a Republican of Lebanese descent. Issa sits on the Middle East subcommittee of the House International Relations Committee and dined with Yasser Arafat during a November Middle East trip.

While a number of mosques had been discussed as possible targets in previous meetings, the Jerry’s Famous Deli dinner was the first time a politician was mentioned as a target, according to the affidavit. Leaving Jerry’s, Krugel and the informant reportedly went to Krugel’s house to unload the explosive powder from the informant’s vehicle.

The Shakedown

Hogan listened to the deliberations. After the explosive powder was allegedly unloaded, FBI agents served a search warrant at Krugel’s house.

They found all the bomb-making materials that the informant had delivered, as well as five handguns, six rifles and a shotgun. Some of the weapons were loaded. Hogan conferred with an FBI bomb technician, who informed her that “the materials found in Krugel’s home could easily be assembled to make an explosive device.”

Meanwhile, on his way home to Monrovia, Rubin was pulled over and arrested. His house was searched.

The next day, Rubin and Krugel were charged on two counts: conspiracy to destroy a building by means of explosives, and possession of a destructive device during and in relation to a crime of violence.

The penalty: five years on the first count, and a no less that 30 years in prison for the second count.

The Holes

Rubin’s and Krugel’s lawyers question the government’s evidence and motives. They believe their clients were setup by an agency desperate to display even-handedness against all ethnic groups in the wake of Sept. 11.

Among the questions they want answered:

Who is the confidential source? A formerly violent JDL member who had a change of heart? An FBI plant? Neither the FBI nor the U.S. attorney’s office would comment on how or why the confidential source turned on the JDL.

(Krugel’s twin brother, Barry, also a member of the JDL, gave The Journal the name of a man whom he said was the informant, but the information could not be independently confirmed. After a call was made to a phone number registered to the name supplied by Krugel, an anonymous caller phoned The Jewish Journal, advising “the best thing for you to do is forget that name,” and insisting that “no member of the … family has ever belonged to the JDL.”)

The attorneys say the CS was the dangerous one, not their clients. Chuck Kreindler, defending Krugel, said Rubin and his client “were afraid this guy [the CS] would do something stupid.” As for suggestions of violence, “Irv Rubin says this kind of stuff to the cameras, never mind in what he thinks is a private conversation.”

Rubin’s attorney, Peter Morris, pointed out that Rubin was only present at two meetings.

The Defense

The defense pointed fingers at the CS as the source for all criminal plans. “From the very beginning, when he met Irv and Earl, and especially since Sept. 11, he has heavily pushed violent action,” Morris told The Journal. “He also suggested selling Ecstasy to support JDL activities.”

Kreindler, Krugel’s lawyer, claimed his client was “set up by a government agent.” He said the plot “never would have even been discussed if not for the government agent.” Kreindler believes the informant is “either paid by the FBI or got caught doing something and he’s working it off.”

The timing of the arrests may also raise some questions in the case. The government has suffered widespread criticism of its policies after Sept. 11 over detaining and questioning Arab nationals, Arab Americans and non-Arab Muslims.

Even before she had seen her husband on the afternoon after his arrest, Rubin’s wife, Shelley, told The Journal, “They’re looking to use him as a scapegoat to appease the Arabs, even if they have to make up the story.” Barry Krugel told Reuters, “My brother owns a miniature cannon. It uses powder, so what?”

Shelley Rubin said that “Earl is [a] rockhound,” perhaps alluding to the explosives found in Krugel’s house. Rubin’s 20-year-old son, Ari, said, “They’re obviously trying to frame Dad.”

It quickly became the JDL’s party line. By Sunday, Dec. 16, visitors to JDL’s Web site were greeted with a popup describing the arrests as “this obvious act of governmental appeasement of the Muslim community.”

The Future: Days in Court

The day after the arrests, less than 12 hours after federal agents finished searching Rubin’s home, the JDL suspects made their initial appearance before a judge to request bail. Rubin, in a gray sweater and khaki cargo pants, sat in front of U.S. Magistrate Victor Kenton as Morris argued that Rubin’s ties to the community made him no flight risk or a danger to the community.

Morris characterized Rubin’s work with the JDL as “work[ing] every day to fight terrorism.” He asked for $100,000 bail.

Lead prosecutor in the case, Assistant U.S. Atty. Gregory Jessner, noting that Rubin had traveled to Israel in 1973 to help in Yom Kippur War, described flight to Israel, in face of a long sentence, as the “easy and logical thing for him to do.” Charges listed in the government’s criminal complaint included possession of an explosive device in relation to a crime of violence, which carries a mandatory minimum 30-year sentence. Jessner called the possible sentence for Rubin “akin to life for a man his age.”

Kenton denied bail for both defendants. “I have rarely seen a case which, based on the evidence before me, evidences such a clear danger to the community,” Kenton said.

Denied bail, Rubin and Krugel will remain in jail until and throughout their trial. If the federal grand jury does not return an indictment by Dec. 27, both will have a preliminary hearings on the merits of the cases against them. However, most observers expect an indictment by Dec. 27, which would allow the government to avoid a preliminary hearing at which the defense could cross-examine federal witnesses.

The Community Reacts

After the arrests, local Jewish leaders were quick to condemn the JDL and distance themselves from the organization. A statement released by the Anti-Defamation League on Dec. 12 “commends the FBI for its diligence.”

Barry Krugel claims to be most upset about the lack of support for his brother from mainstream Jewish organizations: “I’m highly incensed by these Jewish flunkies denouncing Irv and Earl before they’ve even had a trial.”

He describes ADL and other Jews who do not support JDL as “Encino-mentality Jews, frightened, weak, nebbish Jews who allowed the Holocaust.”

Most mainstream Jewish organizations consider the JDL a fringe group, one that has caused frequent disturbances at community events.

“For more than a quarter of a century, ADL has been monitoring the contemptible activities of the JDL and its leadership,” the ADL press release stated.