Abraham’s ‘Children’ Connect at Seder

Rare is the Passover seder that includes an Islamic call to prayer. But in the middle of this interfaith celebration, Muslim guests excused themselves momentarily from the third-floor banquet hall of Wilshire Boulevard Temple to pray in the hallway outside.

Jews in attendance watched curiously, but respectfully. The Muslims then returned to the seder, where they participated curiously, and just as respectfully.

The symbolism was not lost on temple member Eric Ritter.

“I see all these smiling faces trying to bridge the divide,” said Ritter, a city planner accompanied by his wife, Nancy, and their 19-year-old son, Zack. “I just like the idea that my temple is trying to reach out to the Islamic community, and they in turn are reciprocating.”

Last week, Ritter was among some 80 people, about evenly split between Muslims and Jews, at “A Seder for Our Time: The Children of Abraham Celebrate Passover.”

Jointly sponsored by the temple and the Islamic Center of Southern California, the April 29 event grew out of an 11-day interfaith trip to Israel and the West Bank in February. That trip brought together 14 Christians, 15 Muslims and 15 Jews.

Less than three months later, the seder, organized by Rabbi Stephen Julius Stein, gathered some of the same group again. The 28-page, customized haggadah incorporated interfaith candle-lighting Jewish rituals as well as a Muslim perspective. One passage stated, “In ancient days, Pharaoh was evil to all his subjects, whether Israelite or not.”

The script also broadened the interpretation of the parsley on the seder plate.

“When I look at parsley,” said a Muslim speaker, “I’m reminded of the beauty of the earth. Allah has created a world in which plants nourish our bodies and delight our eyes.”

The haggadah, in its discussion of narrow spaces, also spoke to the experience of Muslims in post-Sept. 11 America, where innocent Muslims have frequently been treated as outsiders or even as the enemy.

Grape juice was substituted for wine out of deference to the Muslim guests, and the ritual hand-washing was compared to Muslims’ preprayer cleansing with water.

Years of Israeli-Arab conflicts and tension between Islam and Judaism cannot be erased with shared visions and the power of parsley, but these participants were doing what they could.

“Maybe the little connections made here will have a rippling effect all the way to the Middle East, Israel and Palestine,” Ritter said.

Dana Ostroff, one of the 15 Jews on the interfaith trip to Israel, said the entire traveling group “has really just stayed united. We didn’t just co-exist, but we became a family.”

Another guest was Victoria Blum, a Jew-by-choice. This seder was the first for Blum’s 18-month-old daughter, Gia, whom Blum adopted in China.

“There’s so much hope right now with what’s going on in Israel,” Blum said. “It’s the first time you feel that peace could be reached.”

Sudanese American Tony Budri, a Muslim, attended with his sister and their father.

“There is no disparity between us,” said Budri, a 22-year-old student at UC Irvine. “We are all under one God. Maybe it’s a different denomination, but the same basic rules. You can’t really judge a religion by its followers, you judge it by its scripture.”

Cairo physician Abd El Fattah Shawki came to the seder while visiting his daughter in Southern California.

Interfaith relations are very important, said the 78-year-old doctor. He pointed out that most people of faith in the Middle East “live in peace together, as believers.”

Birthright Continues Despite Setbacks

For much of his life, Lawrence Mudgett didn’t need Judaism.
He had football. But when the 6-foot-6, 250-pound sophomore was declared
ineligible for the NCAA at the beginning of the school year, he began searching
for another niche.

As a participant on Birthright Israel’s 2002-2003 winter
programs, Mudgett found what he was looking for.

“Going to Israel changed me. It’s opened up so many doors,”
said the UCSB sophomore. “Just being part of the Jewish community and being
involved in Hillel helps fill the void of not being on a team and not having
that camaraderie.”

Mudgett is one of many previously unaffiliated Jewish
students who have connected with their Judaism through Birthright Israel, a
partnership between the Israeli government, local Jewish communities, and
leading Jewish philanthropists, that provides a free gift of first-time peer
group educational trips to Israel for Jewish young adults between the ages of
18-26. Based on Birthright’s registration material from January 2002, 21
percent of participants identified themselves as “Just Jewish,” a figure that
increased dramatically this year according to Gidi Mark, international director
of marketing & development for Birthright Israel.

“These are people who don’t want to identify with Jewish
institutional life when they come. But most of them change their attitudes over
the ten days of the program,” Mark said.

Established in 1999 in an effort to reduce the rate of
assimilation among Jews in the Diaspora, and to forge a personal connection to
Israel, Birthright has sent approximately 40,000 students to Israel free of
charge to date. While participants on the Birthright programs run the gambit of
denominations, the unaffiliated contingency is perhaps the greatest testimony
to the success of the program. But while Birthright leaders are confident in
the program’s power has in developing a connection to Israel, the greatest
challenge these days is merely getting students there.

As violence rises in the Middle East and Israel trips are
constantly canceled, Birthright leaders have been going to great lengths to
instill confidence in prospective participants. Security measures have been
heightened to include security guards to accompany every group, a GPS satellite
surveillance system to track the course of every Birthright bus and the
elimination of public transportation. But while such measures appear to be
comforting to participants from around the world, North Americans remain timid.
While North Americans had made up 85 percent of the total number of participants
on the program in its first year, their representation dropped to 43 percent
last year. And while the program experienced a 14 percent increase in
participation this winter from last winter, North American participants only
made up 39 percent of the total.

Birthright leaders primarily attribute the disparity to the
fact that visiting Israel is far less daunting for citizens of countries with
unstable socio-political environments than it is for citizens of North America.
As a result, recruitment from such countries as Uruguay and Argentina is much
easier than recruitment from the United States — a task that has become
increasingly challenging since Sept. 11.

But while reluctance to travel is perhaps the most obvious
explanation for the dramatic drop in North American participation, Birthright
leaders do not believe it is the only reason. “In the U.S., we’re a melting
pot. The idea that ‘I want to be part of everything’ still exists today,” said
Marlene Post, North American chair for Birthright Israel. “Their connection to
Israel is much smaller than is their connection to being a proud American.”

Post noted that while the majority of Jewish students in
other countries go to Jewish day schools, the majority of Jewish students in
the United States are absorbed into the secular school system. “Day schools
breed appreciation for Israel, but with Americans, you have to educate them
first,” she said.Â

As Birthright enters its fourth year of a five-year contract
and makes plans for another five years, Birthright leaders recognize the
challenges that lie ahead of them — challenges that have become even more
complex this week after the Israeli government announced a cut in its share of
the budget over the next two years of the program. According to the Jewish Telegraphic
Agency, the cut is part of an emergency economic plan to pull Israel out of its
deepest recession in more than 50 years, calling for a $2.34 billion midyear
slash in the country’s budget. As a result, the $14 million that the Israeli
government previously pledged to provide each year for the next five years will
be cut by $2 million this year and $4 million next year.

Despite such obstacles, however, Birthright leaders remain

“Birthright Israel is continuing its routine operations as planned,”
said Dr. Shimshon Shoshani, Birthright Israel CEO. “Thousands [approximately
2,500] of North American young adults have already signed up for our
spring-summer 2003 trips and they will go on as usual. I trust that our success
for spring-summer 2003 will not fall short of our success until now.”

In order to help Birthright make the transition into the
next five years, Shoshani recently appointed Simon Klarfeld to the newly
created position of interim leader of the North American Birthright office. Klarfeld,
who had previously been performing the duties of Birthright Israel’s executive
vice president, will be responsible for overseeing North American recruitment
in the coming years.

Klarfeld plans to maintain open lines of communication
between Birthright and prospective participants.

“If the current situation continues, we need to have
extremely honest, but detailed conversations with each applicant regarding the
incredible priority that Birthright places on security,” said Klarfeld, adding
that the program’s partnership with the Israeli government has provided it with
the highest of security measures.

Currently, Birthright is developing a security presentation
that will be downloadable from the Birthright Israel Web site
(www.birthrightisrael.com) and which will be available to the program’s 20+
trip organizers.

To further recruitment efforts Klarfeld plans to tap into
Birthright’s most valuable resource: alumni. With nearly 40,000 past
participants from around the world, and 25,000 from North America, alumni is
the program’s participant generator.

“We have incredibly charged young adults who return to North
America in dozens of communities who are eager to be pied pipers … we’re
exploring all possibilities of how we can harness that energy to assist in
recruitment,” Klarfeld said.

Plans include one-on-one recruitment, bringing in alumni
guest speakers and setting up speaker’s bureaus at local Hillels, JCCs and
youth groups.

“We hope to encourage more alumni to participate and provide
them with the tools to be effective,” Klarfeld said.

David Tiktin, a graduate student in screenwriting at CSUN,
had some initial concerns about traveling to Israel. But after making the
decision to participate in the Birthright program this winter, he plans to
spread the word to others that Birthright Israel is an opportunity that is not
to be missed.

“Ultimately, it will definitely encourage me to return to
Israel in the future and to tell others to do the same,” Tiktin said. “As an
American Jew I think it’s imperative that we show our support. I have found the
Israelis to be so thankful. It never occurred to me how much it appears to them
the lack of support they’re getting from the American Jewish community … it
saddened me.”

Recognizing the diversity of the North American Jewish
population, Klarfeld and other Birthright leaders are currently considering the
possibility of “niche” trips. Such a trip would be tailored to a specific group
of individuals who share a common academic interest or hobby. For example, a
law-based trip where participants would visit the Supreme Court, study halacha
and interact with Israeli lawyers and legal students.

“It would have a serious impact on how we could recruit,”
Klarfeld said. “We could go to law firms and to law schools and recruit

This May, Birthright is planning to send its first niche
trip: a program for camp counselors sponsored in part by the Foundation for
Jewish Camping and the Jewish Agency for Israel. Some considerations for
programming include exposure to experts in Israeli camping and interaction with
Israelis who will subsequently come to the United States as camp counselors.

“By the end of this summer there will have been no serious
teen Israel experience trips for three years,” Klarfeld said. “The real
inspirers of Jewish life are the camp counselors. If for three years there
hasn’t been a teen Israel experience, then there is a crisis in the camping

While Klarfeld is optimistic about Birthright’s future
efforts in North America, he also realizes that there is much that remains out
of his control. “We have to be very clear that we’re not trying to coerce. The
decision is totally in the hands of the participant and the families,” Klarfeld

But the families often pose the greatest challenge in
recruitment. While the program may experience a successful registration period,
it is often difficult to retain those registrants as they go home for various
breaks throughout the school year.

“No matter how independent these students are when they’re
on campus, it’s different from going home and saying ‘hey mom, I’m thinking
about going to Israel,” Klarfeld said.

Klarfeld is looking to local Jewish communities to assist
Birthright in its mission.

“At the moment, we [American Jewish leaders] are giving
mixed messages,” Klarfeld said. “So much of the messaging from the American
Jewish community talks about Israel, not as much as this opportunity and gift
and partnership, but as a response to tragedy and war and threat. That’s a real
challenge on this generation of American Jews.”

Klarfeld hopes that local community leaders, educators,
rabbis and Jewish professionals will work together with Birthright to more
successfully bridge the two messages and offer their complete support to
prospective participants and alumni on the program.

“Israel is a major part of the Jewish experience and is not
just a place where you put your money or just a place that you rally around
when it’s in danger,” Klarfeld said. “It’s a place where the Jewish future is
being played out.” Â