Hungary’s Jobbik drops some hardline policies in push for power

Hungary's Jobbik party will leave behind its far-right origins, keep the country in the European Union and come to terms with foreign investors as it sets its sights on government, its leader said on Tuesday.

Jobbik, condemned throughout Europe as anti-Semitic and racist, is now the strongest opposition party in opinion polls and on Sunday won its first parliamentary seat in a first-past-the-post contest, an important electoral milestone.

Unveiling what would amount to major policy shifts for the first time, Jobbik leader Gabor Vona drew parallels between his approach and a drive by Marine Le Pen, leader of France's National Front, to ditch her party's hardline image and appeal to people fed up with the traditionally dominant parties.

“Politics will change; how exactly nobody knows,” Vona, who is 36, told Reuters in his spartan office in the Hungarian parliament building, overlooking the Danube river.

“Like Syriza in Greece, Podemos in Spain or National Front in France, Jobbik in Hungary is knocking on the door of government. These parties are new in ways we are only beginning to grasp,” he said in the interview.

Hungary's next parliamentary election is in 2018. The last time a far-right party was in government in an EU state was in 2000, when Austria's Freedom Party joined a coalition government. The rest of the bloc isolated Vienna in response.

Jobbik's critics say its attempt to recast itself as a mainstream party is a sham, designed only to win votes. They point to people within the party who have made anti-Semitic statements, but have not been thrown out.

A Jobbik member of parliament who in 2011 spat on a Holocaust memorial and called the Nazi genocide a lie but kept his job after issuing an apology.

In a speech in the Hungarian capital at the weekend, World Jewish Congress leader Ronald S. Lauder said Jobbik's rise was hurting Hungary's image abroad.


Jobbik denies it is anti-Semitic or racist. In the interview, Vona said Jobbik would break with its extremist past even in the face of resistance within his party. “I am much more consistent now about the wild offshoots that I used to allow, look away from, or sweep under the carpet,” he said.

“The responsibility that flows our way from Hungary's voters demands we do that. … With time the (extremist) elements of Jobbik you may see as prevalent will fade out because they no longer find their calling here.”

On the EU, Vona said that a Jobbik government would not try to leave the bloc, though it would try to reform Hungary's relationship with Brussels. Previously the party has said it would seek to reopen Hungary's accession treaty and even hold a referendum on an exit from the EU.

“There is no gut rejection of the EU in us…. Easing the resentment toward European integration would be Jobbik's success. People don't hate the EU because of me but because of the experience they have had,” said Vona.

He said he would challenge EU rules so that Hungary can protect some sectors of its economy from competition, especially food producers.

A 2012 incident when Jobbik's deputy chairman Elod Novak burned an EU flag at a protest was “an emotional reaction… justifiable in that situation,” Vona said. But he said the incident would not be repeated.

On tax policy, Vona softened Jobbik's previous stance blaming foreign multinationals for many of Hungary's problems. He said he would keep windfall taxes imposed under the centre-right government in power now, which have hurt many multinationals.

But he said: “We need to find the middle ground where multinationals and banks share in our burdens without hurting their prosperity or their mission … Clearly we do not want to expel multinational capital from Hungary.”

Vona said Hungary's foreign debt under a Jobbik government would not be restructured unilaterally. Instead Jobbik would see whether creditors would be open to the idea, and would seek new lenders, including in places like Russia or the Middle East.

Jobbik has cordial ties with ruling circles in Iran, Russia, and Turkey, prompting allegations the party is receiving financial support from them.

Vona denied that. He said it was in Hungary's interest to be friendly with Moscow while Iran was “a very important nation of the world.”

Far-right surge expected in European elections

Armed with ropes and long sticks, a group of teens in Germany’s capital headed out under the cover of night. Their goal: to tear down from lampposts the campaign posters of the neo-Nazi National Democratic Party (NDP).

The young people are one small posse among those who fear gains for far-right parties in the upcoming elections for European Parliament.

While the NDP seems unlikely to get more than a single seat, far-right parties in other European countries are looking forward to major advances.

Ronald Lauder, president of the World Jewish Congress, said in an interview that he is worried about “a surge in the number of extremist, racist and anti-Semitic lawmakers in Strasbourg and Brussels.”

The parliament, he said, should establish a “no platform policy toward those parties to ensure that they are completely marginalized in the decision-making process.”

Taking place May 22-25 amid economic hard times, the elections are expected to yield a strong showing for far-right, far-left and anti-establishment parties.

Polls suggest that Euroskeptic parties are likely to take a quarter or more of the parliament’s maximum 751 seats. Despite their antipathy toward the European Union (EU), such parties — some unable to win significant representation in the national parliaments of their own countries — are eager for the platform provided by the European Parliament.

The president of the European Jewish Congress, Moshe Kantor, warned that anti-establishment and anti-European parties on the far left and far right are a danger to “all Europeans, including Jews.”

While some Euroskeptic parties have built alliances with like-minded factions from other countries, they are a fractious lot.

There is a divide between left and right, as well as fissures within the right. Far-right parties aiming for broader appeal have been reluctant to cooperate with overtly fascist parties.

“Even if those Euroskeptic extreme-right parties will be more powerful in the next parliament — and they will be — their power will not be enough to block legislation. I don’t believe this will happen,” said Jean-Yves Camus, a French researcher on anti-Semitism and far-right parties, citing such divisions.

But their growing power reveals profound discontent with how the EU is being run. More and more people are saying, “The kind of Europe that is being offered is not our cup of tea,” he added.

Extremist parties have become “more polished, more professional in communication and have changed their way of saying things so they don’t appear as extremist as they are,” said Viviane Teitelbaum, a member of the Belgian Federal Parliament who serves on the steering committee of the International Council of Jewish Parliamentarians.

For example, she said, the leader of France’s National Front, Marine Le Pen, “doesn’t use the same language against democracy in general as her father [party founder Jean-Marie Le Pen] was using. … She does not deny the Holocaust like her father did. But it is a matter of time.”

Teitelbaum went on to say, “You cannot be just a little bit democratic or a little bit fascist. When you are a fascist, you are a total fascist.”

In France, the National Front is expected to garner nearly a quarter of the vote for European Parliament and potentially will be first among all French parties. It has agreed to form a parliamentary alliance with Holland’s Party for Freedom, led by Geert Wilders, which polls suggest could take some 17 percent of the Dutch vote.

The UK Independence Party, an ardently anti-EU group, is predicted to finish first in Britain’s European Parliament election, even though it holds no seats in the country’s House of Commons. Its leader, Nigel Farage, has said he will not form an alliance with the National Front, citing the French party’s record of “anti-Semitism and general prejudice.”

The alliance being formed by Wilders and Le Pen also would not include more extreme parties such as Golden Dawn in Greece or Jobbik in Hungary.

Golden Dawn, with its swastika-like symbol and anti-immigrant platform, could finish third or fourth in the Greek vote for European Parliament. Golden Dawn’s leader, Nikolaos Michaloliakos, a Holocaust denier, is currently in prison with other party activists facing charges filed in the wake of the murder of an anti-fascist Greek musician.

Earlier this month, a Greek court ruled that the party would be allowed to participate in the European Parliament elections.

“We are worried, yes, but not afraid,” said Victor Eliezer, secretary general of the Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece. “We are sure that European democratic forces generally — and especially in Greece — will safeguard the principles of democracy.”

Jobbik, Hungary’s third-largest party, won 20 percent of the vote in national elections and is expected to post a similarly strong showing in the European Parliament contest. It is fervently anti-Roma, and its leaders have often used anti-Semitic rhetoric.

By contrast, the NDP has never managed to pass the 5 percent threshold necessary to gain a seat in Germany’s national parliament, though it currently has seats in two state legislatures.

But the NDP has a chance of breaking into the European Parliament for the first time. A German Supreme Court ruling in March eliminated the threshold to gain a seat in the European Parliament, so a party needs only about 1 percent of the vote to claim one of Germany’s 99 seats on the EU body, the largest representation of any country.

Simon Wiesenthal Center’s top 10 anti-Semitic, anti-Israel slurs of 2013

1. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei Supreme Leader of Iran

“Rabid dog … its leaders … cannot be called human”

Even as the world’s top diplomats celebrated a tentative nuclear/sanctions deal that many believe will not stop Iran’s capacity to go nuclear, few leaders condemned Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei for his unabated public slurs and genocidal threats against the Jewish State.
Referring to Israel as the, “rabid dog in the region,” he added, “Its leaders look like beasts and cannot be called human.”
Throughout 2013, as the US conducted secret talks with Tehran, the Ayatollah’s anti-Semitic and anti-Israel hate flowed unabated. On the eve of Iranian elections, Khamenei declared, “Zionists” were the real power in the United States, updating the old canard of a global Jewish conspiracy. 

2. Recip Tayyip Erdogan Prime Minister of Turkey

The “Interest rate lobby” is to blame

Recip Erdogan’s tenure as Turkish Prime Minister has been marked by extreme animus toward Israel, historically Ankara’s strategic friend and trading partner. His mindset was on full display during two pivotal political crises in 2013. First, in response to anti-government demonstrations earlier in the year in Istanbul’s Gezi Park, PM Erdogan, blamed the public’s expressions of dissent on the so-called “interest rate lobby” — a term defined by his deputy as “The Jewish Diaspora.” Later, Erdogan also intimated that the Egyptian military’s ouster of Mohammed Morsi was instigated by Israel. Then in December, Erdogan and his media allies who blamed a conspiracy by “foreign powers” for a burgeoning corruption scandal, again deployed charges that the “interest rate lobby” had instigated the latest crisis as well. The New York Times reported that the alleged culprits named in the media were, the US and Israel …

3. Richard Falk UN Special Rapporteur

Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird rebuked Richard Falk, UN Special Rapporteur for the Palestinian Territories, for his recent statement accusing Israel of “genocidal” intentions. Falk told Russian RT television, “When you target a group, an ethnic group and inflict this kind of punishment upon them, you are in effect nurturing a kind of criminal intention that is genocidal.” Falk has a long and sordid history of Israel-bashing and anti-Semitism. He alleged Israel may be planning a Nazi-like Holocaust. He justified Palestinian terrorism in terms of “the right of resistance”, adding that suicide bombings were the only way to inflict sufficient harm on Israel so that “the struggle could go on.”
Falk denies that Hamas is a terrorist organization, alleging Israel’s blockade of the Gaza Strip brought Gaza to “the brink of collective starvation, imposing a “sub-human existence on a people,” and that Israeli policies were “indeed genocidal.”
In 2011, Falk posted a cartoon on his blog regarding the International Criminal Court’s indictment of Muammar Gaddafi, with an image of a dog with yarmulke and a USA sweater, urinating on Lady Justice while devouring bloody human bones. Falk later acknowledged the cartoon was anti-Semitic and “apologized” saying, “…we must also make peace with nature, and treat animals with as much respect as possible.”
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has also condemned Falk for suggesting there had been a cover-up of the 9/11 attacks.

4. BDS Boycott The tipping point of global demonization of Israel

ASA American Studies Association

The whole Arab world is going up in flames and the American Studies Association (ASA) has voted to malign the only true, free society left on the map of the Middle East. This is an act of infamy; not only attacking Israeli academic institutions – but Jews everywhere. 
Asked why the Jewish state (not Cuba, north Korea or China), was singled out for a boycott, ASA President, Professor Curtis Marez, responded, “We have to start somewhere.” 
In fact, the ASA vote reeks of bigotry and a dangerous double standard. It exposes a willful refusal to condemn the real architects of the wall of separation– the terrorists and their supporters who cannot accept the existence of a small Jewish State among the 23 Arab states.

Roger Waters Co-founder of the band Pink Floyd

Among Israel's harshet critics and a leading BDS activist, Waters serially slanders Israel as an apartheid state, compares it to Nazi Germany and denies that the Iranian regime poses any threat to the Jewish State. At a time of resurgent anti-Semitic hate crimes in Europe, Waters used his status as a musician to denigrate Judaism when he affixed a Jewish star on a floating pig during his summer concert tour across the continent. Depicting Jews as pigs dates back to deeply-rooted medieval anti-Semitic canards. The Vatican's official newspaper, L'Osservatore Romano, denounces Waters for his display of, “…unrestrained anti-Semitism.”
The United Church of Canada Poisoning interfaith relations
As Christians suffer in Syria, ethnic cleansed in Iraq, and threatened in Egypt, The United Church of Canada endorsed the boycott of Israel – the only Middle East state that guarantees full religious freedom and protection to all faiths. Such blatantly unfair moves hinder hopes for peace and reconciliation in the Holy Land and have the potential to poison interfaith relations in Canada.

5. Jobbik Hungarian Anti-Semitic exteme right party

The extreme far-right Jobbik party continues to promote its hatred of Jews. Marton Gyongyosi, the deputy leader of the group, called for a registry of all Jews in Hungary as a security measure last year. Now he has added Holocaust revisionism to his political agenda. “It has become fantastic business to jiggle around with the numbers,” Gyongyosi charged. He also alleges that Israel, “…runs a Nazi system based on race,” and that “Jews are trying to build outside Israel. There’s a kind of expansionism in their behavior.” Turning to the Middle East, Gyongyosi announced a series of upcoming lectures on the “Zionist threat to Peace.”

Jewish groups ask Kerry to fight anti-Semitism in Hungary

A dozen Jewish organizations sent a letter to U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry expressing their concern over the rise of anti-Semitism in Hungary.

The May 14 letter commended Kerry for his offices’ recent human rights report that detailed the rise of the xenophobic and anti-Semitic Jobbik party and encouraged Kerry “to keep the issue of intolerance and discrimination squarely on the U.S.-Hungarian bilateral agenda.”

The Jobbik party has called for the creation of a list of Jewish public officials and labeled Jews a national security risk, according to the letter, which also asked Kerry to raise this issue personally in any dealings he has with Hungarian officials.

There have been attempts toward “rehabilitation and glorification of World War II-era figures, who were openly anti-Semitic and pro-fascist,” the Jewish leaders wrote.

“We view U.S. leadership as indispensable to the advancement of human rights,” the letter continued.

Signers of the letter included representatives from Agudath Israel of America, American Jewish Committee, the Anti-Defamation League, B’nai B’rith International, Hadassah, HIAS, the Jewish Council for Public Affairs, Jewish Federations of North America, NCSJ, the Rabbinical Assembly, Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism, Simon Wiesenthal Center, World Jewish Congress and World Jewish Restitution Organization.

There are more than 100,000 Jews living in Hungary today.

‘Jews live in fear in Europe,’ European Parliament president says

The president of the European Parliament acknowledged the continent's Jews are living in fear.

“Yes, Jewish People are living in fear in Europe but this is not 1929, this is 2012,” Martin Schultz said Jan. 22 at a ceremony commemorating Holocaust victims held at the European Parliament.

He added that the European Union was established “on the lessons of Auschwitz” as a framework for “mutual control to avoid one member passing uncontrollably in a dangerous direction.”

Schultz, who spoke at the European Parliament’s first official ceremony in commemoration of International Holocaust Remembrance Day, was responding to an earlier address by European Jewish Congress President Moshe Kantor, who said: “This is not 1943, but it could well be 1929, with extremists marching in the street and into parliament.”

“I am warning Europe again, wake up immediately and limit your tolerance to racism and anti-Semitism,” Kantor added, citing a 2012 European study in which 63 percent of Hungarian respondents and 17 percent of British ones affirmed anti-Semitic views. Kantor also cited a 50 percent rise in anti-Semitic incidents in France in 2012 and political gains by two virulently anti-Semitic parties: Golden Dawn in Greece and Jobbik in Hungary.

These developments, as well as “Iran’s determined advance toward obtaining and delivering nuclear weapons,” made 2012 “a time of gathering storm clouds” for Jews, Kantor said.

Over the past seven years, the European Parliament has hosted annual ceremonies organized by Jewish groups to commemorate the Jan. 27 Holocaust Memorial Day, the day in 1945 that Russian troops liberated Auschwitz. The Jan. 22 ceremony was the first since the memorial day was incorporated this month into the European Union’s official calendar.

Schultz said the move represented “a binding agreement” to commemorate the event together with the European Jewish Congress and other Jewish groups.

Hungarian Jewish body to sue lawmaker for ‘Nazi’ speech

A Hungarian Jewish organization said it will file a complaint against a lawmaker who proposed drawing up a list of “dangerous” Jews in government.

“There is no alternative to legal recourse now,” the Unified Hungarian Jewish Congregation said  Tuesday in a statement about the parliamentary address the previous day by Marton Gyongyosi of the ultranationalist Jobbik party.

During a Parliament session on Israel’s latest clash with Hamas, Gyongyosi said that Jews in the government posed a national risk and should be monitored. He also said a census should be held of all Hungarian Jews.

Rabbi Slomo Koves, a Chabad emissary and director of the Budapest-based Unified Hungarian Jewish Congregation, said his organization is initiating a “criminal procedure” against Gyongyosi's “open Nazism inside Parliament.” The statement did not specify the procedure.

Koves also called on Hungarian democratic parties to “take action” on Jobbik, a party that the Anti-Defamation League calls “openly anti-Semitic.”

Several lawmakers in Hungary wore yellow Stars of David on Tuesday as hundreds of protesters rallied to condemn Gyongyosi for his speech, according to The Associated Press.

Israeli flag burned in front of Budapest synagogue

An Israeli flag was burned in front of a Budapest synagogue reportedly by members of Jobbik, an ultrarightist Hungarian political party.

Tuesday's incident took place at the Dohany Street Synagogue, in the downtown central part of the Hungarian capital. Jobbik members reportedly were taking part in the day's events recalling the Hungarian anti-communist revolution in 1956.

Israel's ambassador to Hungary, Ilan Mor, appearing Tuesday on the liberal opposition’s Hungarian television program on the ATV channel, demanded that “Hungarian democratic forces should refuse this unacceptable anti-Israeli act and criticism.”

Jobbik leader Gabor Vona as part of the revolt's commemoration criticized any cooperation between Hungary and Israel, saying the “agreement between Hungary and Israel should be canceled.”

Jobbik official files police complaint against Zuroff

The vice president of Hungary’s ultranationalist Jobbik Party filed a complaint with police against Nazi hunter Efraim Zuroff for making “false statements.”

Novak Elod said he filed the complaint in connection with allegations that Zuroff made against war criminal Lazslo Csatary that were dismissed recently by Budapest prosecutors.

Knowingly making false accusations can lead to a five-year prison sentence in Hungary.

Jobbik filed the complaint to help prevent the “recurrence of such accusations” by “Efraim Zuroff of the Holocaust industry,” according to a statement by Elod.

Zuroff, director of the Simon Wiesenthal Center’s Israel office, presented Hungarian authorities with reseach implicating Csatary, a Hungarian former police officer, in the deportations of Jews from Kosice in present-day Slovakia in 1941 and in 1944.

Csatary, who has resided in Hungary for the past 15 years, was arrested last month.

The prosecution team in Csatary’s case last week announced it had dropped the allegations pertaining to Csatary’s actions in 1941 because they had been “unsubstantiated.” The main witness in the case, Marika Weinberger, told JTA that the Hungarian prosecution had never interviewed her.

Earlier this week, Hungarian attorney Futo Barnabas urged authorities to prosecute Zuroff for deliberately making false accusations.

A Czechoslovakian court sentenced Csatary to death in absentia for war crimes in 1948, but he escaped to Canada before returning to his native Hungary. He was arrested last month in Budapest.

Peter Feldmajer, the president of Hungary’s Federation of Jewish Communities, said that indicting Zuroff for accusing Csatary “would be an act of insanity.”

Last year, a Hungarian court summoned Zuroff to answer libel accusations leveled at him by Sandor Kepiro, a suspected war criminal whom Zuroff had exposed. Zuroff was found not guilty.

Leader of anti-Semitic party in Hungary plans Auschwitz trip after learning he’s Jewish

Following recent revelations that he has Jewish ancestors, a far-right Hungarian politician reportedly will visit Auschwitz.

Rabbi Shlomo Koves told JTA that he had met with Csanad Szegedi, in Budapest on Aug. 3, and that the Jobbik Party member had said he would take the trip.

Szegedi apologized for any comments he had made against the Jewish community, according to the Hungarian daily Nepszabadsag. The paper also reported Szegedi is planning to set up his own political party.

Szegedi could not be reached for comment.

The Anti-Defamation League and other groups consider Jobbik an anti-Semitic party.

Szegedi wanted to go to Auschwitz—where he has said his grandmother had been imprisoned—to “pay his respects to the Holocaust martyrs,” Koves added.

Szegedi resigned most of his positions within Jobbik on July 28, although he remains a party representative at the European Parliament.

Jobbik officials said they asked for Szegedi’s resignation because in 2010 he allegedly had tried to bribe a person not to reveal his Jewish identity. Szegedi denies this.

Koves, executive rabbi of the Chabad-affiliated Unified Hungarian Jewish Congregation, said he was “stunned” when Szegedi asked to meet him. “As a rabbi, it is my duty to receive anybody requesting spiritual advice or seeking information about Judaism,” he added.

After the meeting, Koves said that both of Szegedi’s maternal grandparents were Holocaust survivors who had an Orthodox Jewish wedding after the war.

“Afterwards they decided to keep it all a secret from their children and grandchildren. Their attempt was successful for over six decades and their descendants have just recently discovered their Jewish roots,” Koves told JTA.

Jobbik chief out to prove that Hungarian party isn’t anti-Semitic

Days after one of his colleagues admitted to having Jewish roots, a far-right Hungarian politician challenged the country’s Jewish communal leader to a debate.

Gabor Vona, the leader of the Hungarian nationalist party Jobbik, said he wants to show Slomo Koves, who heads the Unified Hungarian Jewish Congregation, that Jobbik is not anti-Semitic.

“Jobbik has never had and will never have any program point, proposal or idea which discriminates between Hungary’s inhabitants on the grounds of ethnicity and religion,” Vona told the website

Jobbik members have used anti-Semitic rhetoric repeatedly in the past. reported that Koves wants to organize Jews and other Hungarians to combat anti-Semitism.

Last week, a regional leader of Jobbik, Csanad Szegedi, revealed that he is of Jewish descent.

Company probed for certifying Hungarian politician’s racial purity

Hungary’s Medical Research Council requested an investigation of a company that tested a politician of the extremist right-wing Jobbik party for Jewish or Roma heritage, according to science journal Nature.

The unnamed lawmaker requested the Nagy Gen Diagnostic and Research Company give him a certificate indicating his Hungarian racial “purity.”

In May, when the certificate appeared online on a right-wing website, the Hungarian media widely publicized the story, though without the name of its subject, which was blacked out.

Nagy has experienced some repercussions, with one of its financial partners, Jewish three-time Olympic water-polo gold medalist Tibor Benedek, ending his involvement with the company.

Jozsef Mandl, secretary of the Medical Research Council, was quoted as saying that the certificate is “professionally wrong, ethically unacceptable—and illegal” following a June 7 discussion that concluded that it broke the stipulation in the 2008 Law on Genetics because testing is purely for health reasons. The Hungarian Society of Human Genetics also protested the tests.

Istvan Rasko, director of the Institute of Genetics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, said the test could not possibly have determined ethnic origins the way it was carried out.

“This test is complete nonsense and the affair is very harmful to the profession of clinical genetics,” Rasko said.

Hitler’s birthday marked by Hungarian, Lithuanian extremists

Right-wing elements in Hungary and Lithuania marked Adolf Hitler’s birthday.

A Hungarian online news channel backed by the extreme-right party Jobbik aired a segment on Hitler on April 20, the 122nd anniversary of his birth, the French news agency AFP reported. The 30-second piece praised Hitler for his “economic and moral contribution” to Germany.

AFP also reported pro-Hitler vandalism in Lithuania, including three flags with Nazi swastikas raised on a hill near the center of the capital city, Vilnius, and anti-Semitic, pro-Nazi slogans left on banners near a synagogue in Kaunas. The perpetrators have not yet been caught.

Lithuanian authorities strongly condemned the latter incidents.

“They are an attack on the Lithuanian state and civil society,” the country’s foreign ministry said in a statement. “They incite hatred toward the Lithuanian Jewish community and should be treated as a provocation against Lithuania.”

In Hungary, the pro-Hitler piece that aired on online channel N1 praised the Nazi leader, who “rapidly re-launched the destroyed, impoverished Germany,” and blasted the “political witch-hunt of the victorious powers,” notably “the Anglo-Saxon and Bolshevik allies,” for attacking his legacy.

N1’s launch in December was announced by Jobbik leader Gabor Vona, whose party entered parliament last year with 12 percent of the votes.

The station’s mission is to present news that is “not available or shown only in a distorted way in the mainstream media,” according to the AFP report.

In contrast to Lithuania, there was no mainstream or governmental response to the Hungarian broadcast.