Hospitals and universities try to stay above the fray


This article first appeared on The Media Line.

Coexistence quietly continues in Jerusalem.

Ahmed Eid, an Arab, and Elchanan Fried, a Jew, admit that there are sometimes tensions between them. Fried is the Director of the Surgical ICU unit at Hadassah hospital on Mount Scopus, and Eid is the director of surgery. But the tensions have nothing to do with politics.

“We both have big egos,” Fried told The Media Line. “We often work on the same patients and we have to figure out how to do that.”

That is what happened recently when a 13-year-old Israeli arrived at Hadassah hospital on Mount Scopus, after he was stabbed by a 13-year-old Palestinian. The young Israeli was clinically dead and had no pulse. Both Fried and Eid saw the young patient.

“He had a small stab wound near his shoulder but that didn’t explain why he was in such bad condition,” Dr. Ahmed Eid, the head of the Department of Surgery told The Media Line. “I asked to turn him over to see if there was a wound there. Then blood started coming from this wound, and I understood that a major blood vessel was cut or injured.”

It was touch and go for a few days, but now the patient is out of danger and “spinning us around on his little finger,” as Fried said.

Eid and Fried (pronounced “eed” and “freed” — their names even rhyme) have an obvious affection for each other.

“I spend more time with him than I do with my wife,” Fried said laughing. “We’re good friends. He is a good man and an excellent physician. It’s a great honor to work with him.”

Both men have five children, and they occasionally socialize. Eid calls Fried “Elhi”, a nickname for Elchanan, and admits they have different political ideas.

“Maybe I and Elhi have contrary opinions about general policy – what we should do with the settlements and whether Israel should withdraw,” Eid told The Media Line. “I think we will have a big difference. But we don’t discuss this in our daily work, and we work very closely. We both work on the same patient.”

It is impossible to ignore politics in Israel. In 2002, a relative of Fried’s and a father of seven young children, Rabbi Elimelech Shapira, was killed in a West Bank shooting. The perpetrators have not been found.

Fried, who wears a skullcap showing he is religiously observant, says he checks his politics at the door. As the hospital is close to several large Palestinian villages, more than half of the patients are Arab. About a quarter of the medical staff is also Palestinian.

“There’s no difference whatsoever who the patient is,” Fried says emphatically. “A patient is a patient is a patient. What’s going on outside doesn’t cross the fence here in the hospital.”

Recently, some Israelis have called for doctors to withhold medical treatment from attackers. They argue that Israel should not expend precious resources on trying to save terrorists. Both doctors say they vehemently oppose adopting this idea.

In Hadassah Ein Karem several of the attackers are receiving treatment, although they are sometimes shackled to their beds and have armed guards posted at their door. Their families are not allowed to visit them.

Next to Hadassah Mount Scopus, Arab and Jewish students attend classes together at Hebrew University. While there have been some pro-Palestinian demonstrations at other universities, it has been quiet here. Yet some students say they feel the tension.

“Here on campus there haven’t been many problems but you can feel the tension,” Basel Sader, a Palestinian student from the east Jerusalem neighborhood of Beit Hanina told The Media Line. “When the Arab students come to university they have to cross through a lot of checkpoints.”

He said there has been a dramatic increase in security at the university.

“Since we’re Arabs for most of the people here we’re terrorists or potential terrorists,” he said. “That’s completely wrong. We’re here to study and go home.”

Jewish students say that while they feel safe on campus, they worry about the environment outside.

“We are surrounded by Arab villages and it is frightening,” Aviran Cohen told The Media Line. “We’ve had a lot of stabbings nearby. Inside there is a lot of security but outside, going to the bus, it is scary.”

Can Universal Care Cure State’s Ills?


Retired cardiologist Dr. Robert Peck remembers the 40-year-old uninsured patient who was admitted to the emergency room of a local hospital with severe chest pains. The patient was stabilized, but required further treatment. Since he had no insurance, he was to be transferred to one of the county hospitals that serve the uninsured. But the patient died while awaiting transfer.

Another patient, who did have insurance, was awaiting tests after being stabilized for chest pains.

"The gatekeeper for that HMO … not a cardiologist … decided that this man didn’t need an angiogram or even to be in a hospital," Peck recounted. "And so he sent him home."

Three months later, the patient returned to hospital with chest pains and died in the ER.

Peck’s examples and a litany of statistics clearly demonstrate the failure of California’s health care system: Of the nation’s 43 million uninsured Americans, 6.5 million are Californians. That equates to roughly one of every five state residents. Within the last decade, 15 percent of the state’s emergency rooms have closed due to skyrocketing costs. Nationally, Health insurance premiums rose almost 14 percent last year alone.

State Sen. Sheila Kuehl (D-Los Angeles) believes she has a cure for the health system’s ills. Kuehl authored SB 921, a bill that would establish a single health plan for every resident in California. Under the proposed single-payer universal health care system, individuals would choose their own health care provider and everyone would be entitled to the same benefits. But instead of being paid by insurance companies or individuals, providers would be reimbursed by the state. The state fund would be financed by a tax on employers and individuals, who would no longer pay insurance company premiums, co-payments or deductibles. Medicare, Medi-Cal and other public monies spent on health care would be rolled into the fund.

"Our health care system in California is very fragmented and grossly ineffective. There is more than enough money to provide every Californian with benefit-rich health coverage without spending any more money," said Kuehl, speaking March 18 at an event hosted by Zay Gezunt, The Jewish Coalition for Healthcare for All, sponsored by the Workmen’s Circle/Arbeter Ring, Progressive Jewish Alliance, The Sholem Community, Health Care for All, Jewish Labor Committee, The National Council of Jewish Women — Los Angeles, The Kalsman Institute on Judaism and Health HUC-JIR, Kehillat Israel, Society for Humanistic Judaism — Los Angeles, Jewish Reconstructionist Federation and Leo Baeck Temple.

"We spend about $150 billion per year on health care in California…. No new spending would be required to cover everyone if we get administrative costs down," Kuehl said.

Kuehl’s office estimates that there are more than 10,000 health benefit plans in California. And a study by Harvard researchers, reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, found that administrative costs acounted for 31 percent of health care expenditures in the United States.

Proponents of SB 921 say consolidation of administrative costs alone would save an estimated $14 billion in the plan’s first year. They also project a savings of $4 billion in prescription drug and durable medical equipment costs, which would be generated by the state’s bulk purchasing power. Further savings are anticipated from a decrease in emergency room visits, which would be curtailed once uninsured individuals had access to preventive care.

Kuehl points out that other countries with universal health care systems have better health outcomes. For example, the United States is ranked 37th in health outcomes and consumer satisfaction by the World Health Organization, despite spending more than $4,000 per person — more than any other nation — on health care annually. No. 1 ranked France spends about half that amount.

"This approach has some real legs," said presenter E. Richard Brown, director of the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, speaking at the health care forum. He believes the bill represents "the opportunity to make some real change in this state and set a model for the United States."

Not everyone agrees.

"To someone who hasn’t been in health care or administered health care programs, it sounds attractive, but I’ve never yet seen a case where the government can run any health care service successfully," said Dr. Joel Strom, a dentist and the president of the Los Angeles chapter of the Republican Jewish Coalition. "After years of participating in the paper-filled and heavily regulated state-run Denti-Cal program, I elected to deliver free care to some patients rather than continue in the heavily regulated program. When you have a program that’s paid for by the government, they’ll go back to taxpayers all the time.

"The promise of unlimited health care for everyone just cannot be kept," added Strom, who sees insurance reform as a preferable option.

In the meantime, the Legislature has passed SB 2, a bill phasing in requirements for employers with more than 50 employees to provide health insurance or pay into a fund to finance it. However, a November ballot initiative seeks to repeal the new law before it has a chance to go into effect.

Kuehl’s bill faces a formidable set of obstacles, including the requirement of a two-thirds vote for passage. It has a natural opponent in the health insurance industry, which is well-financed to fight the bill. In addition, Anthony Wright, executive director of advocacy group Health Access, notes that the notion of a tax could prove problematic. "Even though people will save money … opponents of health reform will demonize it as a tax increase," he said.

While experts on both sides agree it is unlikely that the bill will pass this year, supporters remain optimistic.

As Kuehl staffer Emily Gold told The Journal, "It will pass. It’s just a matter of when…. Its time is coming."

Community Briefs


Financial Institutions Waive Fees forSurvivors

More than 100 of California’s largest financial institutions have agreed to waive wire-transfer fees charged Holocaust survivors and their families for reparation and restitution payments from abroad.

These payments, mainly from Germany, average $350 per month, and with banks up to now charging a $10-$40 handling fee per transfer, such fees can subtract up to 10 percent of the modest monthly checks.

The announcement that 108 California banks, credit unions, savings and loans and broker-dealers had pledged to eliminate the fees was made by State Treasurer Phil Angelides, who earlier had sent letters to 170 leading financial institutions requesting the voluntary waiver.

Some 140 of these institutions engaged in more than $70 billion worth of transactions with the state treasurer’s office during the last fiscal year.

Much of the impetus for the waiver campaign came from Bet Tzedek Legal Services in Los Angeles. The free legal service organization has represented close to 2,000 indigent Holocaust survivors, said Mitchell Kamin, its executive director.

An estimated 15,000 to 20,000 survivors live in California, the second largest such concentration in the United States, of whom some 6,000 to 8,000 receive restitution payments. Among the latter, about 40 percent live in poverty, said Kamin.

Angelides and Kamin spoke at a press conference on Thursday, Sept. 4, in San Francisco, held at the offices of the Jewish Family and Children’s Services, which assists more than 1,000 survivors each year.

A list of cooperating banks and other financial institutions can be found on the Web at www.treasurer.ca.gov/holocaust. — Tom Tugend, Contributing Editor

Sharsheret Head Honored for Fight Against BreastCancer

Rochelle Shoretz, founder and executive director of Sharsheret, an organization linking young Jewish women fighting breast cancer, was recently named a Yoplait Champion in the Fight Against Breast Cancer.

Yoplait will donate $1,000 to Sharsheret, and Shoretz will be recognized in the October issue of Self Magazine and at a two-day awards ceremony in New York City in September.

Since she founded Sharsheret two years ago while in chemotherapy at the age of 28, Shoretz, a former clerk to Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, has received national recognition for her efforts to forge one-on-one supportive relationships between young Jewish women who have survived breast cancer and those fighting it.

The transcripts from two medical symposiums Sharsheret hosted, “How Do We Care For Our Children? Issues for Women and Men Facing Breast Cancer,” and “Breast Cancer and Fertility” are available at www.sharsheret.org.

For information on setting up a link or supporting Sharsheret, or for organizations wishing to partner with Sharsheret to raise awareness about the issues affecting young Jewish women fighting breast cancer, call (866) 474-2774. — Julie Gruenbaum Fax, Religion Editor

Israel Consul General Rotem BecomesAmbassador

Israel’s consul general in Los Angeles is no longer The Honorable Yuval Rotem. His character is as upright as ever, but from now on diplomatic protocol calls for addressing him as “Your Excellency.”

The new title goes with Rotem’s new personal rank of ambassador, an unusual distinction for an Israeli career diplomat. At any one time, no more than 20 professionals in Israel’s foreign service can carry the permanent title and, at age 43, Rotem is the youngest Israeli career ambassador in the world.

Rotem’s promotion was recommended last February by then-Foreign Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and went into effect on Sept. 1.

No citation or encomiums accompanied the upgrade. After considerable urging, Rotem allowed that “they must have reviewed my accomplishments and decided to make me an ambassador” and reluctantly acknowledged that the new rank “was a source of satisfaction.”

Among his new perks are a raise in pay and pension benefits, but Rotem sees the most immediate benefit in elevating the status and clout in Israel of the local consulate, whose territory includes Southern California, Hawaii, Arizona, Nevada, Colorado, Utah and Wyoming.

Rotem vetoed any celebration of the promotion by his staff but noted that “my mom and dad in Israel sent me some nice flowers.”

Since assuming his present post three years ago this month, Rotem had greatly expanded the involvement and outreach of his office, not only within the Jewish community, but also among the Southwest’s diverse ethnic and religious groups. He is scheduled to leave next summer, but his next assignment is unknown.

So far, Rotem wears his new distinction lightly. When a reporter closed an interview by congratulating “your excellency,” Rotem pleaded, “Come on, get off it.” — TT

Survivor Descendant Convention to be Held in LosAngeles

“Living The Legacy: Los Angeles,” a convention gathering descendants of Shoah survivors and their families, will take place locally for the first time on Sept. 14.

The daylong event will offer symposiums and workshops dealing with survivor offspring issues, such as marrying into a descendant/survivor family, intermarriage and interfamily dialogue.

This year marks the second annual “Living the Legacy: A Gathering of Descendants of Survivors of the Shoah and their Families” convention dedicated to outreach to the Holocaust offspring community. The event is cosponsored by Jewish Family Service (JFS), The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles, Bet Tzedek Legal Services, Metro Western Region of The Jewish Federation, and The Morgan Aging with Dignity Fund of The Jewish Federation. The first “Living the Legacy” took place in Chicago in July 2002.

According to organizer Darlene Basch, “Living the Legacy 2003” will expand on the first gathering’s breadth, offering more panels, two art workshops, a returning memoir writing course, a glatt kosher lunch, and the event’s first awards ceremony.

This year’s “Legacy” will also honor Dr. Florabel Kinsler and Dr. Sarah Moskovitz, two Holocaust survivors who each worked extensively in Los Angeles with survivors and their descendants for more than 30 years.

Kinsler, a social worker and psychotherapist, founded and spearheaded the JFS Holocaust Family Project from 1981 to 1993. Kinsler pioneered the founding of the JFS group outreach to children of Holocaust survivors, forming intergenerational dialogues and survivor groups from 1976 to 1993. In 1987, Kinsler began Cafe Europa, a child Holocaust survivors support group.

Moskovitz, professor emeritus of human development and counseling in the department of educational psychology at CSUN, is the author of “Love Despite Hate: Child Survivors of the Holocaust And Their Adult Lives” and writes poetry in English and Yiddish. Earlier this year, she was awarded a grant from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., to translate Yiddish poetry in the Ringelblum Archives.

Kinsler and Moskovitz have led more than 25 groups for child survivors under the aegis of JFS, and they believe that such conventions as “Living the Legacy” provide survivors and their offspring with a necessary outlet.

“It’s the value of community,” Moskovitz said. “Any meeting where they can get together and talk, support, eat together and even fight with each other, is like extended family.”

“Living the Legacy: Los Angeles,” takes place on Sept.14, 9 a.m.-4:30 p.m. at The Jewish Federation, 6505 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles.For more information, contact Darlene Basch at (323) 937-4974 or via e-mail atdbasch@aol.com . — Michael Aushenker, Staff Writer

Federation Gives $100,000 to Bus BombingVictims

The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles transmitted $100,000 in grants to two Jerusalem hospitals treating victims of the Aug. 19 suicide bombing of a Jerusalem bus, which killed 21 people.

The funds are earmarked for the pediatric unit of Hadassah Hospital, and for emergency aid and specialized equipment for Sha’arei Tzedek hospital.

“We have immediately contacted our representatives in Israel to help in any way that we can,” said Jake Farber, chairman of the Jewish Federation, “and we will do our best here in Los Angeles to support the victims devastated by this horrendous incident.”

The Federation adamantly condemned the Sept. 9 double bombings in Israel. “The continued slaughter of innocent Israelis by Palestinian terrorists must end,” Farber said. Speaking on behalf of Los Angeles Jewish community, Farber continued: “As every political, academic and right-minded individual knows, the continuing attacks on Israelis by Palestinian terrorists only makes getting back to the negotiating table that much more difficult. It is only at the negotiating table that this decades-long conflict will be resolved.”–TT

JAKKS Jumps for Children


In the movie "Little Nicky," Adam Sandler played the son of the devil, but for many Israeli children today Sandler is an angel.

When the Jewish actor-comedian wanted to do something to help brighten the lives of Israeli children wounded in suicide bombings, he contacted his friend Stephen Berman, president and COO of JAKKS Pacific toy company.

The collaborative effort resulted in a donation and shipment of more than 500 toys to hospitals in Tel Aviv, each with a personal note from Sandler included. However, while the celebrity’s name was probably the most recognizable to the children, it was the lesser-acclaimed Berman whose massive donation made the whole thing possible.

"I sincerely hope the toys helped to put smiles on the faces of children in Tel Aviv who have endured much heartache," Berman said.

Children in Tel Aviv are not the only ones who are smiling as a result of Berman’s efforts. Ever since Berman and CEO Jack Friedman co-founded JAKKS Pacific seven years ago, philanthropy has been one of the company’s main objectives. Now, as the third largest toy company in the nation, JAKKS’s mission to help children in need has only intensified.

Every holiday season, JAKKS donates truckloads of toys to needy children and families throughout Los Angeles and across the nation. The company is financially and actively involved in furthering the efforts of numerous children’s organizations, including Hollygrove Children and Family Services, Special Olympics, The Boys and Girls Clubs, the Starlight Children’s Foundation and Toys for Tots, in addition to several Jewish organizations, such as the Museum of Tolerance and The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles. Last holiday season, JAKKS donated toys and art supplies to children affected by the tragedy of Sept. 11.

In December of 2001, JAKKS Pacific received the City of Los Angeles proclamation from Mayor James Hahn, honoring its commitment to public service. "Giving toys and art supplies to children who need them most, in good times, and especially during challenging times, is the best way we know of to show but a fraction of our gratitude for our good fortune," Berman said. — RB

Israel Security Experts Advise L.A.


The topic was terrorism. “How underprepared are we in the U.S.?”

“Very.”

That exchange, between an emergency care physician at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and Dr. Jonathan Halevy, director of Shaare Zedek Medical Center in Jerusalem, was part of an ongoing effort in Los Angeles to change the answer.

Almost immediately after Sept. 11, El Al’s legendary security became a model for improving procedures at American airports. Now the scope has broadened, and Los Angeles hopes to learn from Israel’s hard-won knowledge of terrorism, prevention and response. Local officials for law enforcement, private security and medical care are reaching out to their Israeli counterparts for answers: What do we do if, or when, it happens here?

“[Suicide bombing] is likely to start happening here,” says Los Angeles County Deputy Sheriff Mark Seibel. For 10 days in late April, Seibel traveled throughout Israel with deputies and LAPD bomb-squad members, visiting sites of previous attacks and going through the paces of prevention and response with Israeli national police.

“There’s things they do there that we can do here,” Seibel says. Though he could not share details of law enforcement tactics or plans, Seibel did offer one area where local agencies are taking cues from Israel. “Patrolmen get briefings from the bomb squad twice a year on the procedures of the bad guy,” in order to know what to look out for, and civilian versions of those briefings are presented to high school students. Seibel believes the average Israeli high school student has a level of awareness of danger signs equal to any patrol officer in America. “They share information fantastically, distribute every piece of information immediately,” said Seibel.

Since returning from Israel, the deputy sheriff has worked with the L.A. County Terrorism Early Warning Group, a six-year-old task force, presenting what he learned in Israel to police and fire departments and representatives of all agencies responsible for safety throughout the county. “The bad guys are a network team,” he says, “In order to respond well, we need to respond in kind.”

That sentiment is echoed by Amotz Brandes of Chameleon Consulting, Israeli American security experts based in Canoga Park who co-sponsored a security forum in March, with the Israel Economic Mission, called, “Collaboration of Knowledge in the Age of the Terrorist Threat.” That conference attracted 170 attendees from law enforcement, public institutions and corporate security groups. Brandes calls the techniques and technology of security “the most important product Israel has to offer.”

In addition to more effectively sharing information with other agencies, Brandes recommended that local security officials overhaul the way they look at security. “The basic thing police and the public sector have to learn is to look at security in a more targeted fashion,” he said. “American law enforcement has a lot of procedures, but no goal. In Israel, there is a goal, but few procedures.”

Even the Israelis, of course, cannot prevent every attack. Los Angeles has much to learn from Israel’s similarly hard-won expertise in responding once the deed is done. That is where Halevy hopes to be of service. He took to the road in June, visiting hospitals across the United States with a lecture on “The Impact of Urban Terror on Hospitals: The Jerusalem Experience.” In his presentation, the doctor walked his L.A. colleagues through every step, from the first call to the post-cleanup arrival of the politicians, that his hospital has developed and repeatedly put into action after a “mass casualty event (MCE).” An MCE may be natural, unintentional or intentional; intentional may be conventional or unconventional. Hospitals must prepare for every scenario, and Halevy added this chilling addendum: “We have an official alert that hospitals are targets.”

At Cedars-Sinai, 100 doctors listened carefully and took notes. Halevy described a cabinet in his emergency room, holding an extensive, color-coded list of toxicological agents with protocols for treatment in the event of a mass exposure. In the audience, above the sound of quick, careful note-taking, a doctor’s voice could be heard, whispering to a colleague: “That’s a good idea.”

Cedars-Sinai Among America’s Best


Angelenos can sleep a little easier at night, knowing that the best non-university hospital in Southern California stands in their own backyard.

For the second year in a row, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center topped the list of non-university Southern California hospitals, according to a U.S. News & World survey. The 10th annual guide to “America’s Best Hospitals,” featured in U.S. News & World’s July 19 issue, also ranked the Beverly Hills-adjacent facility 12th in the nation for cardiology and heart surgery.

Cedars-Sinai was among 188 of the country’s top hospitals to make the guide, selected from 1,881 of the nation’s 6,299 hospitals that met U.S. News & Report’s initial criteria.

Naturally, Cedar-Sinai’s administrators were delighted with the attention given by the magazine. Said Thomas M. Priselac, Cedars-Sinai’s president and CEO: “We are honored and pleased by this recognition. Clearly, Cedars-Sinai’s dedication to an educational mission and to highly sophisticated pre-clinical and clinical research …played a key role in our being so well placed in the best-hospital rankings.” — Michael Aushenker, Staff Writer


Overall, Cedars-Sinai ranked highly in nine of 16 categories in the guide:

Cardiology and

&’009;Heart Surgery (12th)

Gynecology (19th),

Digestive Tract (26th),

Respiratory Disorders (27th),

Rheumatology (28th),

Geriatrics (28th),

Neurology and

&’009;Neurosurgery (31st),

Ear, Nose and Throat (38th).



Cedars-Sinai Merges with Two Westside Hospitals


When Cedars-Sinai Medical Center announced last Monday that itplans to take over management of two smaller West Los Angeleshospitals, the headlines could easily have read, “Man Bites Dog.”

In these days of brutal health-care competition, it is largefor-profit health-care conglomerates that are gobbling up the smallernonprofits. But Cedars-Sinai, a child of the Los Angeles Jewishcommunity, has always been, and will remain, a nonprofit concern.

For this reason, the news did indeed make headlines. Under theterms of the proposed merger, Cedars-Sinai, with 800 beds, will takeover management of 190-bed Century City Hospital and 225-bed MidwayHospital, both owned by the Santa Barbara-based Tenet HealthcareCorp. Cedars paid Tenet an undisclosed sum to lease the hospitals for20 years. The deal has yet to receive final approval.

If it does go through as planned, Cedars-Sinai will become one ofthe three largest hospital concerns on the Westside, with about 20percent of the market. Hospital officials maintain that the mergerwill enable Cedars-Sinai to deliver health services more efficientlyand to negotiate better deals with managed-care insurers and medicalgroups.

The merger will not have a major effect on hospital cost or care,according to Cedars-Sinai spokesperson Charlie Lahaie. “Since thehospital will be expanding its surgical facility, there could be lesswaiting time for surgery,” she said.

How was Cedars-Sinai able to bring off such a deal at a time whenmany hospitals, both for- and nonprofit, are facing massive economicwoes? One reason, say officials, is that Cedars-Sinai has what manyhospitals don’t: abundant support from private donors. The greatmajority of these donors — 80 percent, by one fund-raiser’s estimate– are from the Jewish community.

High-profile names in Jewish philanthropy adorn Cedars-Sinai’stowers and walls: the Max Factor family, Steven Spielberg, GeorgeBurns and Marvin Davis. Los Angeles Jewish business leaders such asBram Goldsmith, Joe Mitchell, and Irving Feintech have beeninstrumental in raising millions for the hospital.

“The Jewish community has always supported Cedars-Sinai and hascontinued to do so,” said Cedars-Sinai Director of Development LarryBaum, “and we’re proud of that.”

Cedars-Sinai began life as the Kaspare Cohn Hospital, a last stopfor destitute consumptives; it was organized by the Jewish BenevolentSociety in 1902 and staffed by three physicians. Located amid theworking-class Jewish families of Boyle Heights, the hospital’s steadygrowth paralleled that of the Jewish community. By 1930, the framehouse had been replaced by a new $1.6 million building, renamedCedars of Lebanon.

Today, Cedars-Sinai’s medical staff includes 1,900 physicians andis one of the largest academic medical centers in the Western UnitedStates. Its endowment is estimated at $200 million.

Over the past five years, the hospital has raised $140 million forits building and research funds. In the second phase of its Fund forthe 21st Century, the hospital is aiming to raise an additional $160over the next five years.

+