New York’s and Israel’s grape expectations

It’s not exactly a case of sour grapes. In fact, it’s too many cases of sweet grapes.

New York Sen. Charles Schumer is pressing Israel to lower its tariff on grape juice so that New York State farmers, who are stuck with a bumper crop of grapes this year, can more effectively compete in the Jewish state’s juice market.

According to numerous press reports, New York State is a hub of Concord grape growing, and the New Jersey-based kosher grape juice producer Kedem, a major exporter to Israel, is America’s second-largest consumer of this grape variety (after Welch’s).

Presumably such a move would make grape juice cheaper in Israel. But even without the lower prices, Israelis apparently are known in the industry for their grape juice consumption — an article in one upstate New York publication described grape juice as “a major diet staple” in Israel.

“Grape juice is a staple at Israeli dinner tables, and opening up the Israeli market, and any other foreign market, to more American grape juice exports would be a tremendous boon to Chautauqua County concord grape farmers,” Schumer said, according to the Times of Israel, which noted that most Kedem juice in Israel is “drunk by religious Jews, especially immigrants from the US who know the product, at their Friday night Shabbat tables.”

Whether or not Israel agrees to cut the tariff (apparently the United States eliminated its own in 2013), you have to admit there is something ironic about the Jewish state importing the fruit of the vine all the way from the New World. After all, grapes are one of the seven species, those agricultural products listed in the Bible as special products of the Land of Israel.

Wine has become one of Israel’s major exports, and grapes and grapevines are mentioned frequently in the Bible — “Song of Songs” alone has 24 references to grapes, wine or vineyard, some of them downright erotic.

Schumer is a longtime advocate for Israel, and it’s unlikely the grape tariff will ever rival West Bank settlements as a source of U.S.-Israel tensions. But perhaps it’s time for some entrepreneur — either in Israel or New York State — to develop a popular new use for the fruit. Let us know if you hear of anything through the grapevine.


Meet that little old winemaker, Ben-Zaken

A narrow, winding road through the verdant Judean valley leads up to the Domaine du Castel winery. Just a few kilometers away from Jerusalem and nestled atop a small peak in the residential Ramat Raziel Moshav, the vineyard overlooks a natural landscape of gentle, rolling hills. In the distance, the deep azure waters of the Mediterranean Sea line the horizon.

Yet, although today there are over 15 hectares of vineyards planted at Domaine du Castel, owner Eli Ben-Zaken originally bought this plot of land in 1971 for the view, not for growing grapes. He had no intention of ever planting a vineyard and says he didn’t even like kosher wine when he was younger because it used to, as he puts it, “burn all the way down.”

Wearing a forest-green sweater and a pair of dark sunglasses, Ben-Zaken puffs the remnants of a morning cigar and strokes his beard as he emerges from his office in the new, peach-colored building where the Castel cellar is housed. He looks like a man who takes chances, and as we walk to the edge of the Cabernet grapevines, he explains why it was a gamble to plant here.

“When I planted grapes on this land in 1988, I was the first one to do it in this area,” he says, pitching the end of his cigar among the narrow rows of vines. “No one thought the land was right for it.” Of course, it was also a gamble to plant high-density vines — three times more than other Israeli winemakers. But when the wines he produced started to attract international attention (the renowned wine critic Robert Parker recently awarded the Blanc du Castel Chardonnay a score of 91 and the Grand Vin Cabernet blend a 92) Ben-Zaken knew the risks were paying off. “It makes sense that this would be good land for wine-making. This is where the Jews made wine in Biblical times.”

The reputation for kosher wines made in Israel was traditionally poor quality and sickeningly sweet. Today, thanks in great part to small wineries like Domaine du Castel, that reputation is rapidly changing. Ben-Zaken credits the Carmel Winery with starting the shift when they produced a fantastic Cabernet in 1976, and he says that the Golan Heights and Barkan wineries are great examples of bigger Israeli winemakers producing good quality wines on a larger scale. For Ben-Zaken, winemaking is as an appropriate agricultural export for Israel, because so little water is required to grow grapes compared to oranges and other foods, but it is also an important way to connect Israel to the rest of the Western world. “Wine-making is something we share. It’s visceral, and it’s a bridge to other Western countries.”

When the Domaine du Castel winery was planted 15 years ago, there were only 12 vineyards in all of Israel and none in the Judean Hills. Today, several other wineries have been planted in the area, and more than 200 now exist in the country.

So far, however, no one else has copied Ben-Zaken’s high-density planting. “From the beginning we believed that this is the answer to high-quality wines, but so far no other wine producers here have copied us, probably because of the expense involved in buying the grapes and the narrow tractors to fit between the rows,” says Ben-Zaken. He scoffs at the label ‘boutique’ and explains that in France the term for wineries that produce less than 3,000 bottles a year is ‘garagiste’; being a small winery in France, however, isn’t necessarily equated with being a new winery. “Many of the garagistes have been making wine for generations,” he points out.

Ben-Zaken doesn’t like to describe his wines or compare them to others, preferring to leave this to the critics, but he will say that they are Old World and have been compared to Medoc or Red Bank wines in the past. A native speaker of French who is a completely self-taught winemaker, he keeps many of the French winemaking traditions, such as aging the wine in solid oak barrels and painting the barrels with red wine. “This is Bordeaux style. You paint them with wine in order to keep the stains from showing,” he says as we walk down a long corridor where neat rows of barrels are lined up in impressive rows. The cool cellar is permeated with the smell of the rich oak, and Ben-Zaken says that they never use air conditioning. The underground cellar keeps the wines at 14 degrees Celsius in the winter and 20 degrees in the summer.

“There are good reds all over the world, so it was not unusual that our grapes yielded such a high-quality wine,” he says. What did come as a complete surprise, however, was the excellent white wine — especially in a country as hot as Israel.

“I cater to my own tastes,” he says, opening a bottle of chilled Blanc du Castel and putting out a plate of fresh, savory cheeses from local farmers. “I’m just lucky that other people like the same thing.”

The Blanc du Castel “C” Chardonnay won first prize as the best white wine served in First Class by international airlines by Business Traveler magazine in cooperation with the international edition of Wine & Spirits magazine. El Al came out ahead of 23 leading carriers, including Singapore Airlines, British Airways and Lufthansa. Who would’ve thought that the best glass of wine you can enjoy in the air is on the Israeli airline?

Locally, you can find Domaine du Castel at Kosher Club, Wally’s Wine & Spirits and Robert Burns Fine Wines and Spirits.

Finally — delicious kosher wine

Wine and vineyards have been part of Israel’s landscape from the beginning of biblical times, with references that include the drunken behavior of several patriarchs of Judaism, including Lot and King David. Despite this storied history, most of the wine was kosher, made in the service of religious rituals, and was not very good. That is being generous. “Insipid” is closer to the mark. (It should be noted that Israel is not responsible for the giddily sweet plonk that American Jews have been choking down for generations. That is a uniquely New World nightmare. Please note: “plonk” is not a Yiddish word, but should be.)

As a result, one would not expect to find much Israeli wine in the hallowed cellars of

Wine, Women, Song

As the daylight hours dwindle down to a precious few, and hurricanes, fires and floods give the distinct feeling that the world is indeed coming to an end, let’s turn our thoughts to two of the things that make so many Jews so happy: wine and Hawaii.

That’s where Judd and Holly Finkelstein come in. The Journal sat with the young couple over coffee at downtown’s Angelique Café, and tried to keep track of their interests and projects.

Judd’s parents, Art and Bunnie, have been making wine in Napa Valley for 25 years, first creating the Whitehall Lane label, then Judd’s Hill. After training as a journalist, that same Judd recognized maybe there’s a reason people dream of retiring to the place he grew up, and he moved back to join the family business.

The family has numerous ties to Los Angeles, and Judd met Holly, a former program officer for the Steven Spielberg Righteous Persons Foundation, on a 2003 visit here.

Now the two form the center of a Jewish-winemaking-experimental-entrepreneurial-Hawaiian music-making community in Napa.

Along with expanding and marketing the critically acclaimed Judd Hill line, the two are marketing Napa Valley Custom MicroCrush. Customers pay to make their own wines, selecting grapes and overseeing the process from picking to labeling.

“Crushing grapes is nasty, grungy work,” Judd said. “It’s barely pleasant.”

MicroCrush customers can have others do this part, but otherwise, for about $20 per bottle, make their oenophiliac dreams come true. The idea sounds prime for a nonprofit group to use as a fundraiser — anyone for a case of ’06 Jewish Family Service Pinot Noir?

When not promoting wine, Holly and Judd perform in a Hawaiian lounge band they created, The Maikai Gents, featuring the Mysterious Miss Mauna Loa. Holly, a trained hula dancer (a.k.a. Miss Mauna Loa), and Judd, an expert on the ukelele, perform at clubs, parties and the rare bar mitzvah in the wine country.

Their new CD, “Wiki Wiki Grog Shop,” will take you back — to somewhere between Kapalua and Trader Vics.

These days, that’s a good place to be.

For more information, visit