Scene from "Settlers" premiering March 17 at the Laemmle Theaters.

Calendar: March 17-23, 2017


FRI | MARCH 17

“THE SETTLERS”

This documentary by Shimon Dotan offers a provocative look at the controversial Israeli settlement movement. Israel captured the Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, Golan Heights and West Bank during the Six-Day War. The hundreds of thousands of Israelis who have moved into the West Bank have made reaching a peace agreement with the Palestinians much more complex. “The Settlers” examines residents ranging from opportunistic families seeking less costly living conditions to Western-style hippies, messianic religious extremists to idealistic farmers, settler “patriarchs” to new converts. Israeli intellectuals, politicians and academicians weigh in on the issues. Laemmle’s Monica Film Center, 1332 Second St., Santa Monica. (310) 394-9744. laemmle.com.

YJP SHABBAT DINNER

The Young Jewish Professionals of Los Angeles presents an opportunity to connect with a diverse group of 100 career-minded peers while enjoying a four-course meal and open bar. Hosted by Mendel and Rachey Simons. 6:30 p.m. $60; tickets available at eventbrite.com; no tickets at the door. Shefa Melrose, 7275 Melrose Ave., Los Angeles. yjplosangeles.com.

SAT | MARCH 18

“CURTAINS”

The JFed Players Community Theater Ensemble presents “Curtains,” the final collaboration between Kander and Ebb, creators of “Cabaret” and “Chicago.” Set in 1959, this clever musical features murder, music, mystery, comedy and romance. 8 p.m.  $25; discounts available. Tickets available at jewishsgpv.org. Through March 26 on select dates. The Clarke Center, 401 Rolyn Place, Arcadia. (626) 445-0810. jewishsgpv.org.

SUN | MARCH 19

“TRUTH IS STRANGER THAN FICTION”

The Conejo Valley Chapter of the Brandeis National Committee presents “Truth Is Stranger Than Fiction.” Deputy District Attorney Beth Silverman will discuss in detail the case of serial killer Lonnie Franklin, known as the Grim Sleeper, who was charged with the murder of 10 women from 1985 to 2007. This well-publicized trial concluded in May 2016. 1 p.m. $20; $22 at the door. RSVP to Jessie: jbrra@aol.com or Frona: kidzathart@aol.com. Temple Etz Chaim, 1080 E. Janss Road, Thousand Oaks. templeetzchaim.org.

KRAV MAGA

Join Young Adults of Los Angeles’ post-undergrads (ages 22-26) for a 90-minute introductory course on the Israeli self-defense techniques of krav maga. 1:30 p.m. $10; ticket sales close at noon March 17; no tickets available at the door. Krav Maga Worldwide, 11400 Olympic Blvd., Los Angeles. yala.org/kravmaga.

IOSSIF VENTURA

Greek poet and Holocaust survivor Iossif Ventura is one of the last members of the Jewish community in Crete. Ventura survived World War II as a child in hiding and has used poetry to transform his trauma into words. He has published six books of poetry and his works have been translated into six languages. 3 p.m. Free. RSVP to Michael@lamoth.org. Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust, 100 S. The Grove Drive, Los Angeles. (323) 651-3704. lamoth.org.

COMEDY AND QUESTIONS WITH ANNIE KORZEN

cal-korzenComedian Annie Korzen returns to the Whizin Center stage. Q-and-A to follow. 5 p.m. $25. American Jewish University, Familian Campus, 15600 Mulholland Drive, Los Angeles. (310) 440-1572. wcce.aju.edu.

CANTORS BENEFIT CONCERT

Leading cantors from across Los Angeles will perform in a concert to benefit the next generation of Southern California cantors. Proceeds from the Cantors Benefit Concert will fund scholarships for cantorial students at the Miller School of the Jewish Theological Seminary and the Academy for Jewish Religion, California. Featured cantors include  Nathan Lam, Marcus Feldman, Lisa Peicott, Don Gurney, Seth Ettinger, Phil Baron, Hillary Chorny, Judy Dubin Aranoff, Ira S. Bigeleisen and Alexander Berkovich. 7 p.m. Tickets start at $25. Adat Ari El, 12020 Burbank Blvd., Valley Village. (818) 766-9426. wp.adatariel.org/cantors-benefit-concert.

TUES | MARCH 21

INTERFAITH WOMEN’S FREEDOM SEDER

Join Temple Menorah and the Islamic Center of the South Bay for a Women’s Freedom Seder. Learn how the Exodus is understood in different faiths and how that message teaches the value of freedom. Come with your focus on unity, tolerance and respect for all faiths and people, and to promote freedom. 7 p.m. $25. Temple Menorah, 1101 Camino Real, Redondo Beach. (310) 316-8444. templemenorah.org.

TIMOTHY SNYDER and JONATHAN KIRSCH

cal-snyderTimothy Snyder, the Bird White Housum Professor of History at Yale, is an expert on 20th-century European history. Snyder warns us that in the 1920s and ’30s, many European democracies didn’t believe their countries ever could succumb to Nazism, facism or communism. He wrote a practical handbook called “On Tyranny,” a guide to knowing the signs of authoritarianism. “On Tyranny” provides 20 tips on preserving our freedom. Snyder will be in conversation with Jonathan Kirsch, author, attorney and the book editor of the Jewish Journal. 7:30 p.m. $20. Temple Emanuel of Beverly Hills, 8844 Burton Way, Beverly Hills. writersblocpresents.com.

WED | MARCH 22

“VOICES OF SURVIVORS”

Enjoy an evening of original student theater based on the life stories of four Holocaust survivors. The performance is the culmination of an eight-week collaborative project between the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust and Santa Monica High School’s theater department. The students in Santa Monica’s acting class participated in the museum’s “Voices of History” theater workshop, learning about the Holocaust, interviewing survivors and working with mentors to write, direct and stage the event. 7 p.m. Suggested donation: $10; $5 for students. Santa Monica High School, 601 Pico Blvd., Santa Monica. (323) 651-3704. lamoth.org.

THURS | MARCH 23

SUSAN SILVERMAN TALKS ABOUT “CASTING LOTS”

Presented by the Whizin Center and University Women: Coffee & Conversation, author Susan Silverman will discuss her book “Casting Lots: Creating a Family in a Beautiful, Broken World.” Silverman, the older sister of irreverent comic Sarah Silverman, grew up with parents who were atheists. She shocked everyone when she became a rabbi and moved to Israel. The author will discuss her funny and moving memoir about her unique family that will resonate with anyone who has struggled to find a place in the world and to understand the significance of that place. Silverman will be joined by Jewish Journal columnist Danielle Berrin. 7:30 p.m. Free. American Jewish University, 15600 Mulholland Drive, Los Angeles. aju.edu.

ASSI AZAR

Israeli television icon Assi Azar will give a motivational presentation in Hebrew. 8 p.m. $25. IAC Shepher Community Center, 6530 Winnetka Ave., Woodland Hills. (818) 451-1179. iacshephercenter.org.

EMET AFTER PARTY

Young professionals in every field are invited to the annual Emet After Party, featuring an appearance by honoree Albert Z. Praw. Emet, which means “truth” in Hebrew, is an active community of Jewish attorneys and other legal professionals in their 20s and 30s. 9 p.m. $30; $40 at the door; free with the purchase of ticket to the Legal Division Dinner. Business attire. The Beverly Wilshire Hotel, 9500 Wilshire Blvd., Beverly Hills. yala.org/emetafterparty

King Ahasuerus & Queen Esther in Apocrypha. Photo from Wikipedia.

Stepping back, stepping forward


Parashat Tetzaveh (Exodus 27:20-30:10)

The Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Chasidism, taught that God’s most powerful influence comes not through acting in the world, but rather through conscious and deliberate refraining from acting. He beautifully illustrates this concept with reference to one of life’s quieter, but no less amazing, miracles: teaching a child to take his first steps.

About the time that a small child begins to stand on his own, a caring parent will lean down and beckon, “Come to me.” The child will take a tentative, wobbly step toward his smiling mother. And then, the mother will do something profoundly frustrating: She will back away, creating more distance for the child to traverse.

At first there is confusion, even anger, on the face of the toddler. But, eventually, the distance coaxes him to take one more step, and then another. As the mother makes space, the child learns to walk. It is by pulling back, not swooping in, the Baal Shem Tov taught, that God and we create new realities.

The confluence of this week’s parsha, Tetzaveh, and the holiday of Purim, which begins at sunset after Shabbat, is a study in stepping back and leaving space for something new to emerge. Tetzaveh is the only parsha of the latter four books of the Torah that doesn’t mention Moses. Purim’s central text, the Book of Esther, is the only volume of the Bible that doesn’t mention God. Both the parsha and the Megillah defy expectations with the conspicuous absence of ubiquitous characters, inviting us to lean in and listen more closely, to step into the seemingly empty space to discover new and exciting possibilities.

Parashat Tetzaveh describes the ordination ritual for Aaron and his sons to the priesthood, the process of bringing human beings into the direct service of God. There can only be one Moses, but, over the course of Jewish history, hundreds of priests would be ordained to carry out their sacred tasks, and after the destruction of the Temple, thousands more rabbis would carry on the chain of ordination.

During this brief moment in which Moses steps aside, we learn that there are other ways to enter into the service of the Holy One aside from being called as a prophet. In Moses’ absence, we are invited to re-imagine our own role in the Jewish story, to envision ourselves as potential leaders and vessels of holiness.

Purim similarly invites us to consider our own power. In previous stories of deliverance from mighty enemies, our triumph always came directly from the hand of God. It was God who split the sea for the escaping Israelite slaves, and stopped the sun in the sky over Joshua’s armies, and protected Daniel in the lion’s den. The story of Esther is the first time we come face to face with the potential of annihilation and don’t have God at hand to save the day.

The Purim story is the most relatable of biblical tales for a world in which God doesn’t appear to sort out all our problems, in which we are called to faith in ourselves and our own abilities to do extraordinary things.

Instead, our salvation comes through human courage, the willingness of Esther to put her life on the line to speak her truth. In that way, the Purim story is the most relatable of biblical tales for a world in which God doesn’t appear to sort out all our problems, in which we are called to faith in ourselves and our own abilities to do extraordinary things.

By taking a step back in the twin stories that define this liturgical week, Moses and God invite us to take a step forward and discover our own capacity to act. A parent who never learns to give their child space will never equip them with the ability to survive and to thrive on their own.

Moses is mortal, and he will not cross over into the Promised Land with us, so we’ll need to be able to appoint a chain of leaders who will guide us into our new chapter. And even God can’t be with us every step of the way either, booming instructions, blessings and warnings.

Today we walk on our own, a path laid out by Moses our teacher, on a path toward God our parent. Like children learning to walk, we still stumble and fall sometimes, but as we come to trust our own legs, what a joy it is to learn to carry ourselves forward, with confidence in ourselves to set forth into the world.

Rabbi Adam Greenwald is director of the Miller Introduction to Judaism Program at American Jewish University (intro.aju.edu) and a lecturer at the Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies.

Maya Avraham. Photo courtesy of YouTube.

Calendar: March 3-9, 2017


SAT | MARCH 4

UNPLUG L.A.

Join Reboot and Open Temple for an “Unplugged Party” in celebration of Reboot’s National Day of Unplugging. Your phone will be checked at the door. Step off the grid to listen to live music, play board games, visit the analog photo booth, and more. Event dedicated to the late Levi Felix, founder of Digital Detox and Camp Grounded; $3 of each ticket will be donated to Camp Grounded in his memory. 21 and older. 7 p.m. $18; tickets available at eventbrite.com. Electric Lodge, 1416 Electric Ave., Venice. nationaldayofunplugging.com.

A TOAST TO HEROES

Honor a group of 10 young Israel Defense Forces (IDF) soldiers visiting Los Angeles who have been wounded in combat. Food, drinks and an open-bar after-party with a DJ spinning until midnight. All proceeds go to Lev Chayal’s program for wounded IDF soldiers. Black-tie attire. 8 p.m. VIP reception; 9 p.m. cocktails and buffet. $180 for individual reservations; $100 for young professionals ages 21 to 35. Tickets available at eventbrite.com. Venue TBA. levchayal.com.

SUN | MARCH 5

ALONG THE GOLDENEH LINE: JEWISH LIFE AND HERITAGE OF NORTHEAST L.A. AND THE SAN GABRIEL VALLEY

A chartered bus will take riders alongside the Metro Gold Line into the San Gabriel Valley on a tour that will focus on the area’s unique Jewish heritage and its contemporary community life. Wear comfortable walking shoes — the tour includes two miles on foot. Instructors include Stephen Sass, president of the Jewish Historical Society of Southern California since 1989, and Jeremy Sunderland, who is on the board of directors for the Jewish Historical Society of Southern California. Space is limited. Lunch on your own. 9 a.m. $58. American Jewish University, 15600 Mulholland Drive, Los Angeles. (310) 476-9777. wcce.aju.edu.

NEFESH B’NEFESH ISRAEL ALIYAH FAIR

The ninth annual Nefesh B’Nefesh Israel Aliyah Fair offers the opportunity to gather aliyah information under one roof. Professionals will discuss financial planning and budgeting, choosing a community, building a strategic job search plan, navigating the health care system, buying or renting a home in Israel, and more. 10 a.m. for retirees and empty nesters; noon for students and young professionals. Free. Shalhevet High School, 910 S. Fairfax Ave., Los Angeles. nbn.org.

“HIGH NOON: THE HOLLYWOOD BLACKLIST AND THE MAKING OF AN AMERICAN CLASSIC”

cal-hign-noon“High Noon” is more than a Western; it is also a story about the Hollywood blacklist. Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Glenn Frankel will discuss his book about  screenwriter Carl Foreman, producer Stanley Kramer, director Fred Zinnemann and actor Gary Cooper, and how their creative partnership was influenced — and crushed — by political repression and agendas. Book signing to follow presentation. 2 p.m. $14; $10 for students and seniors; $6 for children; free for members. Autry Museum of the American West, 4700 Western Heritage Way, Los Angeles.

THE LOS ANGELES BALALAIKA ORCHESTRA

The Los Angeles Balalaika Orchestra presents its 22nd annual concert, featuring the voice of Mark Goldenberg, cantor at Young Israel of Century City. 3 p.m. $35-$45. Herbert Zipper Hall, 200 S. Grand Ave., Los Angeles. (626) 483-2731. balalaikala.com.

“VISIONS FOR A SHARED SOCIETY: THE ‘TRIBES’ OF ISRAEL”

Elana Stein Hain, director of leadership education at the Shalom Hartman Institute of North America, will discuss the core values of some of the “tribes” that compose Israel today, and how a divided people build a shared society. Part of the Synagogue Collaborative Lecture Series. 4 p.m. $20. (Post-lecture dinner and discussion extra; RSVP only.) Temple Beth Am, 1039 S. La Cienega Blvd., Los Angeles. shalomhartman.org/LAcollaborative.

“LABSCAPES: VIEWS THROUGH THE MICROSCOPE”

“Labscapes” presents vivid images from the mysterious and usually unseen wonders that exist under the powerful lenses of the microscopes of some of the world’s most renowned researchers at Technion — Israel Institute of Technology. A special presentation by students will be followed by the grand opening. RSVP requested: jose@ats.org or (310) 254-9899. 5 p.m. presentation; 6 p.m. reception and exhibit. Through March 27. Museum of Tolerance, 9786 W. Pico Blvd., Los Angeles. ats.org/labscapes.

MAYA AVRAHAM

Before joining The Idan Raichel Project, Maya Avraham was a widely sought-after backup singer for Israeli superstars such as Eyal Golan, Sarit Hadad and Shlomi Shabat. She will sing some of The Idan Raichel Project’s greatest hits as well as her own songs. 7 p.m. Tickets start at $35. Gindi Auditorium at American Jewish University, 15600 Mulholland Drive, Los Angeles. (310) 476-9777. wcce.aju.edu.

“FROM SHTETL TO STARDOM: JEWS AND HOLLYWOOD”

This panel discussion features Vince Brook of the UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television; David Isaacs, TV scriptwriter, producer and Emmy winner; Shaina Hammerman, Jewish film, literature, religion and cultural historian; Josh Moss, visiting assistant professor of film and media studies at UC Santa Barbara; and Ross Melnick, associate professor of film and media studies at UCSB. 6:15 p.m. dessert reception; 7 p.m. panel. Free. RSVP by March 3 at wbtla.org/shtetl or (424) 208-8932. Wilshire Boulevard Temple, Irmas Campus, 11661 W. Olympic Blvd., Los Angeles. (213) 388-2401.

TUES | MARCH 7

GOOGLE FOR GENEALOGISTS

Learn how to use Google Earth and Google Maps to gather information about where your ancestors lived, and how to educate yourself and meet other like-minded individuals (and perhaps relatives) using Google’s social media. Mary Kathryn Kozy, who has been researching her family history for more than 35 years, will speak at this meeting of the Jewish Genealogy Society of the Conejo Valley and Ventura County. 7 p.m. Free. Temple Adat Elohim, 2420 E. Hillcrest, Thousand Oaks. (818) 889-6616. jgscv.org.

THURS | MARCH 9

ELON GOLD

cal-elon-goldComedian, writer and actor Elon Gold kicks off the Purim weekend with a night of comedy, drinks and a DJ. Also featuring Alex Edelman. 8 p.m. $40. Saban Theatre, 8440 Wilshire Blvd., Beverly Hills. (888) 645-5006. sabanconcerts.com.

“THE AUSCHWITZ VOLUNTEER”

Explore the ethical and religious implications of the Holocaust at this event. Wine and cheese reception will be followed by a multimedia program and discussion about the Polish underground’s mission that sent officer Witold Polecki into Auschwitz to gain intelligence and build resistance among the prisoners. 7:30 p.m. $8. Burton Sperber Jewish Community Library at American Jewish University, 15600 Mulholland Drive, Los Angeles. (310) 440-1572. wcce.aju.edu.

Check it out: A new Jewish library for L.A.


The Burton Sperber Jewish Community Library at American Jewish University (AJU) in Bel Air opened its doors Sept. 25, printing out library cards at its circulation desk for the public for the very first time and welcoming dozens of children, parents and grandparents for an open house.

The nearly 2,000-square-foot space on the university’s Familian campus — complete with a charming kids reading corner, plush seating and ample table workspace — shares a structure already occupied by the Bel and Jack M. Ostrow Academic Library. An open-air courtyard separates the libraries, which share a catalog of over 110,000 print volumes, DVDs and audiobooks, from the administration building for the Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies. 

Four years ago, a parking lot was there — zero libraries. Now there are two. 

“We are now an official library,” Lisa Silverman, the Sperber Library’s director, said at the open house, grinning, seasonal shofar pendants dangling from her ears. 

Silverman previously was director at the Sinai Temple Blumenthal Library, serving for 19 years. She has been with the Sperber Library for over a year now, preparing for its launch. The opportunity to be a part of this new venture was too enticing to pass up, she said. 

“The unique opportunity to be able to open a Jewish library in the 21st century when the general direction of Jewish libraries hasn’t been positive and many have closed is very exciting to me. It’s the reason I left Sinai,” Silverman said. “It really gives me a chance to make my mark offering modern Jewish programming, leading book clubs and hosting authors. I came here because I want to start something.” 

The Sperber Library aims to fill a void in Los Angeles’ Jewish community. When the Jewish Community Library, located in The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles’ building, closed in 2009, the second largest Jewish city in the United States was left without a major Jewish community library. The Slavin Children’s Library, located in the same building, suffered the same fate in 2013, making way for the expansion of the Zimmer Children’s Museum.

Several thousand books from the old Jewish Community Library are now in the Ostrow Library. Most of the Slavin Children’s Library collection now resides in the children’s section of the Sperber Library, making up about 80 percent of its children’s books, Silverman said.

Prior to Sept. 25, members of the public not enrolled at AJU could check out works at the Ostrow Library. Despite the fact that it was an academic library, Silverman estimates that there were nearly 1,500 non-enrolled community members in the system, cementing her view that there is a demand for a Jewish community library with modern Jewish works. 

“Now those people will be switching loyalties and coming to my side,” she said. “The numbers showed that people wanted to use the library, but they couldn’t always find the newer, more popular stuff. [The Ostrow Library] also didn’t have a children’s collection.”

Now the Sperber Library — funded by a gift from Charlene Sperber, widow of Burton Sperber, who founded ValleyCrest Landscape Cos., the Calabasas-based landscape services company behind projects such as the gardens at the Getty Center and the rooftop community garden at Walt Disney Concert Hall — has an extensive children’s collection. Silverman will also attempt to maintain a collection of Jewish-themed or penned volumes with works published no earlier than 2000. Exceptions will include classics by the likes of literary heavyweights such as Philip Roth or Isaac Bashevis Singer. 

Most of the contemporary adult books in the Sperber Library are from the Sinai Temple Blumenthal Library, which two years ago shifted its focus to serving the temple’s day school and reduced its adult collection. Silverman, who was still at Sinai during that restructuring, helped facilitate the transferring and purchasing of many books from Sinai to AJU. 

Varied programming in the space will be the driving force behind Silverman’s attempt to shape the library into a cultural and social hub. Film screenings, lectures, book clubs, game room days, children’s book readings, Jewish origami workshops and readings with local authors highlight event programming already scheduled. 

The recent open house featured free entertainment that included live music, magicians, arts and crafts, BARK (Beach Animals Reading with Kids) therapy dogs and a documentary film screening.  

Robert Wexler, president of AJU, who was at the event, said he is convinced that the new library’s location, straddling the divide between Los Angeles’ Westside and Valley Jewish communities, makes it a convenient destination for two of the city’s most Jewish neighborhoods. He’s looking forward to witnessing the library’s impending impact on those surrounding areas.

“The mission of the institution is to engage Jewish life at all different phases of life. The Sperber Library helps us fulfill our commitment to serving the overall Jewish community and provide Jewish programming and learning,” Wexler said. 

Educational programming like “Grandparents Circle,” an ongoing discussion forum that the new library will host for grandparents to speak on raising their grandchildren with Jewish values, already has attracted the notice of open house attendees like Barbara Sampson, 80, a member of nearby Stephen Wise Temple. 

“My granddaughter has a Jewish father and a Catholic mother. I want to make sure as her grandmother I can do whatever I can to expose her to all I know about Judaism,” she said. “Everything I know, like traditions and values, I want her to know. I think this new library, with the children’s programming and all, will be great for helping me connect more with my granddaughter on Jewish values.” 

Rabbi Gary Oren, AJU vice president and dean of the Whizin Center for Continuing Education, also feels that a built-in advantage the new library has is its affiliation with a university as opposed to a synagogue. 

“A university setting is familiar to most Jews as a place to come in, explore and work. The barrier a synagogue might put up for some people is definitely not up here,” Oren said. 

Since it began to take shape over the summer, Oren has also witnessed the new library’s benefits to students and staff alike at AJU.  

“There are exciting opportunities for crossover between community, faculty and students there,” Oren said. “We had a screening of a Holocaust documentary in the space and were able to bring in a graduate student to lecture to the public after the screening, which was certainly an exciting opportunity for the student. Also, I’ve seen staff take lunch breaks there to just sit comfortably and read. It’s just a nice place to be in.” 

Though Oren acknowledged that difficulties might lie ahead to maintain the public’s interest, he affirmed his belief that the Sperber Library is here to stay. 

“We know the challenges we face, competing with the internet and how accessible information is today. However, we’re committed to having the space open and available to the public. We will keep it up to date. We feel that it’s necessary and provides a service to the community and we’ll make sure that happens,” he said. “Books and Jews go together.”

Making Judaism radiate with color


Hillel Smith believes art has the power to transform Judaism, and he hopes his latest creation — a 25-foot-tall mural in Pico-Robertson featuring text from ha-Motzi — can prove it. 

“I mostly connect to the sense of tradition and heritage,” he said. “I think that comes through in the work I do and utilization of brachot (blessings). I’m updating it. I’m starting with this very firm foundation and building from there.”

The Los Angeles-based artist recently completed a new mural on the back wall facing the parking lot of Bibi’s Bakery and Café, on Pico Boulevard between Crest Drive and Livonia Avenue. The vibrant piece depicts Hebrew text accompanied by some wheat sheafs that also are symbolic representations of challah.

Smith, 31, said he chose to paint the Hebrew letters because he’s always “coming up with a new way to test the boundaries of visual Judaica and contemporary Jewish design. I’m trying to make something that’s bright, bold and engaging, and has, at its core, real Jewish content.” 

American Jewish University’s Institute for Jewish Creativity commissioned Smith’s mural through its WORD: Artist Grant, the Bruce Geller Memorial prize, that grants $500 to $2,000 to L.A. artists producing works inspired by Jewish text. Smith received $1,500.

The Bibi’s piece, finished Sept. 2, isn’t Smith’s first Jewish mural in Southern California. In 2013, he made a spray-painted mural on a handball court at Camp Ramah in California, located in Ojai. In Hebrew, it says, “U-k’ne lecha haver,” which means “acquire for yourself a friend,” and it contains an image of an outstretched hand. 

 At the Orthodox synagogue Westwood Kehilla on Santa Monica Boulevard, he created a mural last year called “Simchat Torah,” which means “the joy of Torah.” It depicts men, women and children dancing around with both a Sephardic and Ashkenazi Torah. 

And last year, Smith worked with Tel Aviv-based artist Itamar Paloge on a mural for the Silverlake Independent Jewish Community Center. It is of a giant orange-and-blue Hebrew letter alef. Asylum Arts and the NextGen Engagement Initiative of The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles funded the project.

Smith grew up in Pico-Robertson, attending Gindi Maimonides Academy and Shalhevet High School, along with B’nai David-Judea Congregation. When he was a child, he said he noticed that there wasn’t much diversity in the Jewish art he saw. 

“One thing that’s always bothered me is that a lot of Jewish art is just of Hassidim on bicycles and really lovely watercolors of Jerusalem,” he said. “That’s kind of it. It blew my mind when I discovered the Jewish artists from earlier in the 20th century. They were at the forefront of their own artistic movements and made work in Hebrew.” 

After graduating from Shalhevet, Smith studied art at the University of Pennsylvania. He became interested in Hebrew typography and creating colorful illustrations, paintings and installations. 

Over the years, his work has taken him to Jerusalem — home to two of his murals — as well as Venice, Italy, where he had the opportunity to make three images for the new, illustrated Venice Haggadah. The book is to be released in 2017. 

Smith also has a blog (hillelsmith.tumblr.com) featuring something called “Parsha Posters,” which visually explores learnings from the weekly Torah portions. They are concert-style posters that feature “the crux of the story and a typographic illustration based off it,” he said. For example, for Parashat Re’eh, he made interpretive illustrations of the beasts Jews are allowed to eat, which include an ox, sheep, goat and antelope. The poster is called, “What’s for dinner.”

In all of Smith’s work, he uses vivid colors that jump off the page — or wall. 

Teens turn CEO for a week to learn about Israel and tech


Ten startups recently took the stage at American Jewish University (AJU) to pitch their ideas for how to implement Israeli water technology in the United States at an event hosted by the Israeli-American Council (IAC).

Within the supercharged, high-tech world of Los Angeles, it would have been a perfectly unremarkable event — except that many of these entrepreneurs were not far removed from their bar and bat mitzvahs.

The June 30 Demo Day showcase, coming on the heels of a five-day boot camp, was the culmination of the first year of a new IAC youth program called Eitanim, a leadership seminar series that took place in seven U.S. cities, including Los Angeles. The youth series grew out of Mishelanu, the IAC’s college outreach wing.

“We got the notion that we need to meet those kids earlier,” said Tali Brauman, IAC’s director of NextGen Engagement.

Starting in February, Eitanim engaged 120 high school students from across the country in monthly, three-hour, project-based learning sessions that cover entrepreneurship topics such as branding and gamification. 

Then, on June 26, just more than 100 youngsters — about half were participants in the monthly seminars, while others were recruited by word of mouth — gathered at AJU’s hilltop campus overlooking the 405 Freeway for a “hackathon,” where they were divided into 10-person teams that acted as “mini-startups,” Brauman said.

Each team designated a CEO and developed a product to pitch at the Thursday evening event to a panel of judges — Israeli tech entrepreneurs who also acted as mentors throughout the hackathon. The teenagers stayed in the AJU dorms for the duration of the five-day program.

The products they came up with included an app to measure water flow from household appliances, a video game where players use Israeli technologies to bring a parched society back from the brink, and a website that shows farmers how much they could save by switching to drip irrigation.

One startup, an e-commerce site for water-saving gizmos, went so far as to offer the audience (mostly parents) a stake in its company: 8 percent at $250,000, valuing their company at just over $3 million.

The four winning teams will present their products at the IAC’s September conference in Washington, D.C., to an audience of about 2,500. They were the doomsday game, the water usage app, a social platform for sharing water-saving tips and a website to connect water innovators with investors.

“Some of the presentations here could really raise a lot of money in Silicon Valley,” said Amir Shevat, one of the mentors and the Israeli-born director of developer relations at the messaging company Slack.

Shoham Nicolet, a co-founder of the IAC and its current CEO, concurred. “Some of the companies here, if you look at real life, are companies that really could make millions,” he said.

Before the pitch event, high school students roamed the campus, nervously preparing for their presentations by delivering pitches to the air in front of them. Others gathered in circles to shake their limbs and spout nonsense words — a technique they learned during the boot camp for dispelling stage fright. 

Once onstage, they were all well-manicured professionalism, standing in neat semicircles around a projector screen.

“The connection of Israeli chutzpah and American proficiency creates a really great combination,” said Shevat, who traveled from the Bay Area and stayed in the AJU dorms to participate in the program.

The IAC’s mission is to unite the Israeli and American Jewish cultures, using Israeli Americans as a “living bridge” between the two communities. The students who took part in the program were selected to be a mix of second-generation Israeli Americans and non-Israeli American Jews.

Eitanim was launched in response to what Nicolet called “a growing gap between young Jewish Americans and the State of Israel,” which he described as a “huge threat” to both.

Nicolet said the program was inspired by a summer youth camp he attended in 1992 in Israel that tasked youngsters with developing water solutions to the drought that plagued the country at the time. He said that experience “changed my life” by helping him to develop “soft skills” such as organizational communication.  

The Eitanim course was designed around a learning-by-doing model: “Instead of teaching them about Israel, give them a task to teach about Israel,” he explained.

It got its name from Nicolet’s commander in the Tzanhanim (paratroopers) division of the Israeli military, Maj. Eitan Belachsan, who was killed during the Israeli invasion of Southern Lebanon in 1999. Nicolet said he hopes the teenagers will carry away Belachsan’s legacy of “ultimate giving.”

Pnina Tofler, a 13-year-old from Los Angeles, said she was nervous upon learning on the first day of the conference that she would be the CEO of her group.

“I found this news extremely daunting,” the ninth-grader told the audience of the prospect of managing a group of kids, some of whom were older than her.

Soon, though, she was put at ease.

“Then the second day came, and I had an epiphany. I realized my group actually knew what they were doing,” she said. After that, she said, “The rest of this conference was a breeze.”

“We formed lasting friendships and bonds and had the experience of a lifetime,” she said. “I hope that the IAC continues this program and I can see you all next year.”

As for their tech careers, Yarden Efraim, a 17-year-old from New Jersey, was confident that the boot camp was just a beginning.

“This isn’t the end,” he said at the Demo Day. “The past few days were just a taste.”

Celebrating Aristides de Sousa Mendes, diplomat and Holocaust hero, who saved 10,000 Jews


Los Angeles Jews will celebrate the life and moral courage of a devout Catholic beginning Jan. 22, with the world premiere of an oratorio, an exhibition, film screenings and a memorial service.

The honoree is the late diplomat Aristides de Sousa Mendes, who in 1940, while serving as Portugal’s consul general in Bordeaux, France, saved the lives of some 10,000 Jewish refugees by issuing entry visas to his country.

He did so in defiance of his government and paid for his humanitarian disobedience by losing his position and standing and dying in poverty.

Descendants of some of these Jews, and of 20,000 non-Jews saved my Sousa Mendes, will be among those in attendance at a series of special events organized by the Sousa Mendes Foundation and coordinated with the observance of International Holocaust Memorial Day.

On Jan.  24 at 3 p.m., American Jewish University will host the world premiere of the oratorio “Circular 14: The Apotheosis of Aristides,” composed by Neely Bruce and produced by Marilyn Ziering.

“Circular 14” refers to an order issued by Portuguese wartime dictator Antonio Salazar to deny visas to all refugees seeking to escape Nazi-occupied Europe by way of Portugal.

The concert will feature artists from Los Angeles Opera, with actor Michael Gill of TV’s “House of Cards” as narrator.

“Aristides de Sousa Mendes was one of the genuine heroes of the Holocaust, a diplomat whose deeds made all the difference between life and death,” noted Michael Berenbaum, director of the AJU’s Sigi Ziering Institute. “A musical presentation of the man provides us with a brilliant tool to understand human decency and to celebrate a man who acted with nobility and moral clarity.”

In parallel, the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust (LAMOTH) in Pacific Park is presenting the exhibition “Visas to Freedom: Aristides de Sousa Mendes and the Refugees of World War II,” opening Jan. 22 and continuing through March 1. Admission is free.

The exhibition emphasizes Sousa Mendes’ time in California. He served as Portugal’s consul general in San Francisco in the 1920s, and some of his children were born or settled in the state.

LAMOTH will also host screenings of two films on Jan. 23, starting with “With God Against Man” at 11 a.m.  The title refers to the diplomat’s statement when punished by his government: “I would rather stand with God against man than with man against God.”

“Disobedience: The Sousa Mendes Story” will screen at the museum at 2 p.m. Tickets for each of the screenings are $5 and are available at the door.

In addition, LAMOTH will host an evening memorial service and reception on Jan. 23. Among the speakers will be Sebastian Mendes, a grandson of the diplomat; Lissy Jarvik, who received a life-saving visa in 1940, and LAMOTH executive director Samara Hutman. The event is by invitation only.

Sousa Mendes died in 1954, and, 12 years later, Yad Vashem in Jerusalem named him as one of the “Righteous Among the Nations,” said Olivia Mattis, president of the foundation bearing the diplomat’s name. Twelve members of her paternal family were saved through Sousa Mendes’ intercession.

In 2013, descendants of the original visa recipients made a pilgrimage to Sousa Mendes’ hometown in Portugal. In an article on the visit, the ” target=”_blank”>www.tiny.cc/smf.

Jerusalem and L.A. join forces for Biennale


When the Jewish Artists Initiative, the Los Angeles-based arts collective chaired by Ruth Weisberg, decided to participate in the 2015 Jerusalem Biennale, Georgia Freedman-Harvey knew she’d be accumulating a lot of frequent-flier miles. Along with co-curator Anne Hromadka, she has created an exhibition titled “7,567mi,” a reference to the distance between Los Angeles and Jerusalem. Although the cities may be far apart geographically, the art in “7,567mi” shows they have a lot more in common than might be first assumed.

Speaking on the phone after returning from an international odyssey during which she was delayed on the East Coast, turning an already-long flight from Europe into a marathon, Freedman-Harvey was nevertheless excited to talk about the Biennale. “We were picked as one of the two North American entries in the Jerusalem Biennale … in part, because we were proposing this sort of unusual exhibition strategy of not just in Jerusalem but also in L.A., and having this East-West connection,” she said.

The exhibition’s East-West partnership exists not only between Jerusalem and Los Angeles, but also within the city of Los Angeles. American Jewish University (AJU), where Freedman-Harvey regularly curates, is one host site, while Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion (HUC-JIR) and USC Hillel, where Hromadka curates, are also host sites. 

“It’s an interesting collaboration because we come together and we bring all of our artists to the table, and we see who’s going to be the best fit,” Freedman-Harvey said. “In this case, Anne and I literally co-curated all four locations.”

Hromadka and Freedman-Harvey made all the decisions about the exhibition together, from which artists to showcase to where their work would be displayed. And they worked together at each site to stage the work. “Anything we had to do, we did entirely as a team,” Freedman-Harvey said.

“7,567mi” features the work of 39 artists from the Los Angeles area. Included among them are familiar names in the L.A. art world such as Weisberg, Bill Aron, Carol Goldmark, Soraya Sarah Nazarian and Carol Es. The works in the exhibition include photography, sculpture and paintings. Some artists chose to depict desert landscapes; others take a more literal look at the land, depicting, for example, a map; and some artists have depicted work so abstract it might be difficult at first glance to find the Israeli connection. 

One of the things that intrigued Freedman-Harvey about the show was the opportunity to reach a wide variety of audiences within the city. “USC Hillel, we know that’s much more of a student audience. … AJU, we have the most outside community that comes in. HUC has really more of the graduate [audience], conferences.” 

Josh Feldman, AJU’s consultant for arts and culture, is happy to have the Biennale work on display in the school. “In a moment of great political turmoil, there is an entirely different narrative happening in Israel,” Feldman said. “Tel Aviv specifically, but Jerusalem as well, has such a vibrancy of artists and creators making contemporary work.

“The gallery is very strategically placed in the university so that students every day are walking by this space,” Feldman said. “The doors are open during all of [the] university hours. We hope professors will take advantage and bring their students in.

“There are many ways we think about sanctuaries and holy spaces in Jewish life,” Feldman said while looking around AJU’s gallery. “This is a holy space as well. It’s a place for ideas and for us to grapple with the dilemmas of our day.”

On Dec. 13, AJU will host a panel discussion with Freedman-Harvey, Hromadka and many of the artists whose works appear in the exhibition. “We really see it as a real gathering to reflect on that East-West connection,” Freedman-Harvey said.

“On the 13th, we’ll show the video of everything in Los Angeles and all the pieces in Israel,” Freedman-Harvey said. She hopes many people will take the time to visit all three sites in L.A. “It’s all about connection, and I think Dec. 13 will really be sort of a culminating thing to bring that connection together and really celebrate that we were able to be a part of the Biennale.”

“7,567mi” is on display at USC Hillel through Dec. 5; at AJU through Dec. 20; and at HUC-JIR through Dec. 31. The curator and artists’ panel will be held at AJU from 3 to 5 p.m. Dec. 13. For more information, click here.

News reports revive AJU environmental debate


Nuclear expert Dan Hirsch made a promise in 1979 that would drag him into a three-decade fight he didn’t ask for, a fight that has since drawn in Boeing, an alphabet soup of regulators and, most recently, American Jewish University (AJU).

Hirsch’s students at UCLA had dug up some files detailing a partial nuclear meltdown in the Simi Hills in 1959 at a site bordering the 3,000-acre Jewish retreat known as the Brandeis-Bardin Campus. Hirsch immediately took the files to KNBC. 

When the story ran in 1979, a Thousand Oaks woman called Hirsch asking him to help, saying she believed the accident had caused her child’s leukemia. He promised he would.

“One tries to live up to promises,” Hirsch told the Jewish Journal in an interview. “But who ever could have conceived that it would have been a third of a century?”

Hirsch unwittingly lobbed an environmental hot potato that has been passed around ever since. In recent weeks, a new, yearlong investigation by KNBC4 has brought to the surface some once-confidential details, raising new hackles and painting AJU into an uncomfortable corner. (Four segments have aired thus far, all of which remain available on the station’s website, nbclosangeles.com.)

In response to the investigation, AJU announced to community members on Nov. 18 a new round of environmental tests it hopes will “reconfirm the safety of the property.”

AJU merged with the Brandeis-Bardin Campus northwest of Los Angeles in 2007, and with it inherited the site’s environmental baggage: The campus is adjacent to the Santa Susana Field Lab, an out-of-commission nuclear and rocket-testing site now owned by Boeing. On the north flank, closest to the Brandeis-Bardin Campus, is a tract called “Area IV,” where an experimental sodium reactor partially melted down in 1959.

That environmental disaster was just the beginning of the site’s woes.

Every time KNBC airs a segment, the reporter, Joel Grover, reveals disquieting details that raise alarm among the scores of Jewish Angelenos who have spent time at the retreat, which includes Camp Alonim. The report has included descriptions of the Santa Susana Field Lab’s nuclear burn pits, poisoned groundwater and radioactive gas released into the breeze.

The latest KNBC segment, which ran Nov. 19, revealed that the institute’s founder, Shlomo Bardin, called the sheriff in 1957 about sludge from the field lab that had ended up in a stream that bisects the educational campus. 

AJU has responded to the recent reports by saying the NBC4 I-Team is spinning tall tales, “relying on innuendo, partial information and speculation rather than evidence and facts.”

In a Nov. 21 statement to the Jewish Journal, AJU wrote, “Testing has consistently found the property to be safe — and nothing presented in recent news reports leads to a contrary conclusion.” (For the full text, click here.)

NBC4’s Joel Grover points to the site of the Santa Susana Field Lab from Sage Ranch Park in Simi Valley.

The statement adds that AJU is committed to transparency, and that “our entire staff takes our stewardship responsibilities very seriously.”

Previously, the TV station’s report charged the university with withholding information from its stakeholders — one segment in the KNBC series was titled “Camp Cover-Up.”

Now, documents uncovered by reporters Grover and Matthew Glasser are pushing AJU to reckon quite publicly with the land’s past, most prominently, its settlement agreement in a 1996 lawsuit BBI filed in federal court against Boeing. The results of that settlement remained confidential until KNBC obtained a copy.

In a related complaint uncovered by KNBC, BBI’s lawyers wrote that hazardous material produced at the field lab had “seeped into, and come to be located in the soil and groundwater of the real property.”

The settlement agreement BBI signed shortly after filing the lawsuit, published by KNBC, includes a sweepingly restrictive release of liability that curtails AJU’s current legal options. 

Jennifer Shaw, who witnessed the Santa Susana rocket tests from the balcony of her Simi Valley home in the 1980s, said that she tried to access the case files, but was told by the court they were sealed.

“Whoever Joel Grover got his stuff from has broken open a whole new area for this story,” she said.

For the parents and grandparents whose children are alumni of the camp or retreats on the property, the deluge of new documents is confusing at best, and, for some, a cause for concern.

KNBC reported that the Jewish youth program Diller Teen Fellows has cancelled a planned retreat at BBI following the reports. A representative of the program declined to comment.

When the first segment of the story aired in September, stakeholders at Milken Community Schools wondered if they should relocate retreats that traditionally have taken place at BBI. The school recently announced it ultimately decided to stick with the site, and a Dec. 4-5 Shabbaton is slated to take place there. 

The question was never about whether the site is safe, Milken Head of School Gary Weisserman said. He takes AJU at its word. But administrators admitted some parents might react negatively.

“We undoubtedly will have a couple of families who will decide not to send their child [to the Shabbaton], but that’s a choice that they’re making,” Weisserman said.

Parents can find some scientific justification on either side.

Hal Morgenstern, a University of Michigan epidemiologist who has studied cancer rates in the area around the field lab site, said his conclusions have been used by both sides: those seeking to prove the field lab was harmless, and those who doubt it.

The elevated cancer rates he found are provocative but circumstantial, he said.

Those who claim the land is safe read scientific studies on the topic as inconclusive, at worst. 

“All the evidence says, ‘Hey, you can relax about this,’ ” said Abraham Weitzberg, a nuclear engineer and former Santa Susana Field Lab official.

Weitzberg heads an organization called the Santa Susana Field Lab Community Advisory Group that generally vouches for the site’s safety. He also has papered the local press, including the Jewish Journal, with letters to that effect.

The debate has also rekindled the passions and rancor of both sides.

Weitzberg also maintains that Hirsch, the nuclear activist, is a puppeteer who has run a three-decade environmental witch-hunt. Hirsch, for his part, says Weitzberg is a Boeing mouthpiece, a claim Weitzberg finds ridiculous. 

Meanwhile, KNBC's Grover said on air that they will “stay with this story a long time.”

NBC investigation reopens contamination question at SoCal Jewish camp


For years, Victoria Tashman didn’t think much of the sonic booms coming from the Santa Susana Field Lab, just uphill from a storied Jewish retreat and campus not far from her Woodland Hills home.

“It was just part of growing up,” she said.

But in 2004, when she was diagnosed with breast cancer, her father mentioned it might be related to the site in Simi Valley. And when she caught wind of a yearlong KNBC investigation into the potential contamination, which aired this week, she forwarded it to her whole family.

Now, she’s wondering if her mother’s and mother-in-law’s cancers were also related to the site.

[ESHMAN: Brandeis Bardin needs to be transparent about contamination]

The three-part investigation unearthed a trove of documents indicating that Brandeis-Bardin Institute (BBI), which includes Camp Alonim, was scarred by nuclear and other contamination from the neighboring facility, now owned by Boeing.

“People were exposed; there’s no doubt about that,” Yoram Cohen, a UCLA researcher who studied the site, said during the Nov. 9 broadcast.

The investigation found that rocket tests and “burn pits” for nuclear waste, among other potential contaminants, may have resulted in toxic exposure for the camp. American Jewish University (AJU), which since 2007 has owned and operated the campus, has denied to both KNBC and the Jewish Journal that the thousands of children who attended the camp have been in danger from contamination.

A Nov. 10 email message from AJU president Robert Wexler sent to families affiliated with the campus called the KNBC story “deeply flawed and entirely misleading.”

But an internal report initiated by Brandeis in 1997, obtained by KNBC, indicated that the “property is contaminated, at both the surface and subsurface, with radiological and chemical contaminants.”

“I was reassured over and over the land was safe and that there was no need for me to see any of the materials,” Rabbi Lee Bycel, who directed the Institute from 2000 to 2003, told the Journal. Bycel said in the KNBC report that he would not have taken the job at BBI if he had known the extent of the contamination.

Located just south of the 118 Freeway, the Brandeis-Bardin Campus encompasses nearly 3,000 acres of mess halls, bunks, prayer centers and recreation facilities, including horse stables, a swimming pool and tennis courts. Its website states that it is the “largest parcel of land owned by a Jewish institution outside the State of Israel.”

The site’s perils came to the fore in 1959 when a nuclear reactor experienced a partial meltdown. Workers told the network they were instructed to open the exhaust stacks, allowing radioactive gas to waft toward surrounding areas.

For years afterward, Rocketdyne, the company that operated the site at the time, conducted rocket tests that emitted known contaminants.

In 1997, Brandeis reached a confidential $3.2 million settlement with Boeing, obtained by KNBC, with the aerospace company agreeing to buy a portion of the adjacent land in exchange for Brandeis waiving its right to all future lawsuits over the contamination. AJU did not confirm whether the details of the settlement, as reported by KNBC, are accurate.  

The Jewish Journal attempted an investigation into the contamination three years ago, but according to Journal editor-in-chief  and publisher Rob Eshman, was unable to find enough evidence to produce a satisfactory story (see Eshman’s column, p. 6).  

“We simply lacked the resources and expertise to pursue the story,” Eshman said. “KNBC fielded a team of Emmy-winning reporters and scientific consultants over a period of one year, and Joel Grover and his team are to be commended.” 

AJU continues to assert that the facility is safe and that it has done regular testing of the property.  

Throughout the Journal’s 2012 investigation, AJU refused to release results of tests it said prove that fact. After repeated requests by KNBC, AJU released a number of test results, but not all. 

Both AJU and KNBC are posting numerous documents related to the Brandeis-Bardin property on their websites.

“Based on an exhaustive records review and the conclusion of scientific experts, we found no cause for concern about the health and safety of the campers, staff or other visitors — past or present,” the AJU wrote in a Nov. 5 letter to KNBC. “Current testing confirms the safety of our property.”

But some members of the Brandeis-Bardin community aren’t so sure.

“Everyone is just guessing at this point,” said Robert Cohen, who spent several summers on the campus in the late 1960s and sent his three sons to Camp Alonim. “The only way to know for sure is to do an epidemiological study of the health of all the campers.”

At the age of 21, Cohen’s son Daniel was diagnosed with thyroid cancer. Robert Cohen believes the cancer was a result of his son’s romps around the Alonim campus, where the boys’ bunks are just downhill from the field lab.

“Whenever there were heavy rains, the creek became a river, and mud from the hillside would be washed down,” the elder Cohen told the Jewish Journal. “I’m not a scientist, but that always bothered me.”

Bycel, BBI’s former director, stressed that he has the campus’ best interests at heart when he asks for a full accounting of the contamination.

“That’s what Brandeis taught us to do; that’s being loyal to the Jewish community,” he said. “You only question when you care.”

——-

For the Record (11/10/2015): Victoria Tashman's childhood home was corrected to reflect that she lived in Woodland Hills, not Simi Valley.  And her mother-in-law had cancer, not her brother-in-law.

The year of the creative in Jewish education


This week, countless young children in Jewish schools of all varieties will bring home familiar handmade crafts for the Jewish New Year: paper towel tube shofarot, “stained glass” honey dishes made of plastic bowls and colored with markers, and decorated “Shanah Tovah” cards. Many busy parents will not lift their gaze to look at these crafts as they respond on autopilot, “Oh, that’s beautiful,” as they do to most art projects their children make in school.

We need a whole new way of thinking about creative learning in Jewish education. These crafts are intended to engage young learners in holiday themes, in making their own symbols that they will hold dear. But without creative engagement with ideas, not just materials, they may be making their own shofar or honey dish, but without achieving deep understanding or a new perspective or interpretation of their own.

Focusing on creativity is a disruptive and uncomfortable notion for many schools. In his groundbreaking new book about the need for school change, “Creative Schools,” Ken Robinson dispels the myth that creativity is simply “about having off-the-wall ideas and letting your imagination run free.” Creativity, Robinson argues, also involves developing a critical, discerning mind and requires drafting, crafting and refining. Creativity is defined as the process of having original ideas that have value. Creativity is not a euphemism for frivolity or meaningless play. Creativity happens through intentional play and the application of imagination. It is a natural part of learning and living.

Another myth about creativity is that it can’t be taught. In my experience, that is only true if the school refuses to teach it.

The question is: Who is prepared to teach creativity? 

Dream Lab is a creativity think tank and pedagogy test kitchen at the Graduate Center for Jewish Education of American Jewish University, which is poised to answer this question. Los Angeles has an untapped mine of natural resources to attend to the task of teaching through creativity: one of the most creative Jewish populations concentrated in one city. There are Jewish creatives and artists who specialize in music, visual art, theater, digital media, cooking, movement and more who are currently freelancing in teaching roles as occasional workshop providers. They have much to offer, and we should take their potential contribution as a serious opportunity to revitalize Jewish life against the landscape of a particularly creative moment in secular culture.

Dream Lab’s theory of change is that if artists and creatives play a more central role in facilitating authentic learning — and by authentic learning I mean accessing, interpreting, applying and making meaning of ideas and concepts — then perhaps Jewish education could achieve radically different outcomes. Learners will turn to Jewish tools for confronting questions and problem solving. By widening the possibilities of Jewish expression beyond basic writing and discussion modes, Jewish learning will become Jewish thriving.  

This fall, seven creatives will begin a yearlong Dream Lab fellowship at American Jewish University to explore how to redefine the form and function of a Jewish educator as a facilitator of creativity, interpretation and personal Jewish expression. They will meet monthly to delve into Jewish ideas and texts about life’s ultimate questions, study pedagogy and human development, and incubate new creative methodologies of facilitating learning through creative processes.

As a result of the fellowship, the creatives will acquire the teaching and planning skills to implement high-quality creative Jewish learning experiences that are more Judaically rich and designed with a deeper understanding of and attention to the needs of learners. They will be co-planning new lessons, courses and curricula to bring to supplementary schools, day schools, youth groups and camps. Within a year, they will be sowing the seeds for a field of creative Jewish education, disseminating their teaching tools, and recruiting and mentoring additional artists who may be curious about Jewish teaching and learning.

Although some traditionalists might worry that introducing creative process into Jewish learning might disrupt the delicate continuity of cultural inheritance from one generation to the next, our history suggests the opposite can be true. As the pre-eminent expert on the American-Jewish experience, Jonathan Sarna, has argued, “Continuity may depend on discontinuity.” The greatest gift Jewish education can give our children is not simply a pre-packaged tradition, but a variety of tools to engage in creative dialogue with the tradition so that they may revitalize Jewish culture, practice and community throughout their lives.

By next Rosh Hashanah, the Dream Lab faculty and fellows hope to provoke a process of real creative interpretation and production among young Jews and partner with educators to rethink how to integrate arts into their curriculum. Often on the margins of Jewish life, Jewish artists are stepping into the core to redefine teaching and learning. Let this be the year of the creative in Jewish life. 

Miriam Heller Stern is dean of the Graduate Center for Jewish Education at American Jewish University.

Q&A with Ron Wolfson


Ron Wolfson, the Fingerhut Professor of Education at American Jewish University, has long been at the forefront of reinventing and sustaining synagogue life. His emphasis on what he calls “Relational Judaism,” stressing personal connections over programing, has influenced congregations throughout the United States. He talks here about what he believes is working and what gives him hope for the future of synagogue congregations.

Jewish Journal: Now that we’re 15 years into the millennium, what practices from Synagogue 2000/3000 — your continuing project to work with a variety of communities to revitalize synagogue life — seem to have the most resonance?

Ron Wolfson: Three things: First, our call to transform the ambience of welcome — you cannot find a synagogue that does not say it is “warm and welcoming.” Second, there is much more variety in the kinds of worship experiences offered; and third, we are beginning to see the paradigm shift from synagogues of programs to synagogues embracing what I called in my book “Relational Judaism,” meaning putting relationships first. 

We also raised the question, “Why doesn’t everyone love synagogues?” I share some honest and humorous answers in my new book, “The Best Boy in the United States of America: A Memoir of Blessings and Kisses” (Jewish Lights, 2015).

JJ: In the past, you’ve emphasized the need for community interaction that’s not just virtual, and yet our world seems to be becoming even more Internet-Twitter-Instagram dependent. Do you have any hope of changing that in the next generation?

RW: There is no doubting the impact of the Internet and social media. I can easily get all the Jewish information I want with a click of the mouse. I can get my kid bar mitzvah prep online. I can even watch any number of streaming synagogue services. So, the value offer of a synagogue has to be much deeper than the usual transaction — I pay you dues, you give me a religious school for the kids, High Holy Days seats and a rabbi. 

Yes, I can find a kind of community on Facebook, but I still believe many crave a face-to-face sacred community of relationships with people who care about you and will be there for you — in person — in good times and bad. A relational congregation offers something else: a place for spiritual discovery. Where I can find meaning: what’s it all about?  Purpose: what am I to do with my skills and talents? Belonging: where everyone knows my story. And blessing: where I celebrate the life-cycle moments of my life. 

JJ: As you travel, speaking to synagogues across the country, what do you think is the biggest challenge to traditional synagogue membership?

RW: Financial sustainability. Some smaller and midsize synagogues have moved to voluntary contributions, sensing that money is a significant obstacle to membership, especially among some Gen-Xers and millennials. The congregations that have succeeded with this are not simply saying, “Pay what you want.” They have had healthy and transparent conversations about the culture of money.

A second challenge is the need to be upfront and unapologetic about the mission of a synagogue — to bring people into a relationship with Judaism and with God, to enhance what my rabbi, Harold M. Schulweis, his memory and teaching is a constant blessing, called the godliness in each of us. Synagogues should be unafraid to say, “We can change your life.” 

JJ: Do you think that in the next decade there will be radical changes in the landscape of synagogues? In the next 50 years?

RW: Since my book “Relational Judaism: Using the Power of Relationships to Transform the Jewish Community” (Jewish Lights) was published in 2013, many synagogue boards and leadership groups have begun to embrace the 12 principles of engagement I identified from six case studies of organizations that understand it’s all about relationships, including Chabad. 

Major congregations have changed the way new members are embraced and current members are engaged in the life of the community. Rabbis and cantors are redoubling their efforts to meet their people, often outside the walls of the synagogue. 

Twenty years ago, synagogues created program director positions; today, some are hiring relationship directors. If this trend continues, we will see synagogues where there are more focused strategies for building relationships between the congregational staff and members; between members and other members in a variety of affinity groups; and between members and Judaism itself. The goal is to enable everyone to find their place in the congregational community, some point of connection that is so rewarding that they wouldn’t think of dropping out after their youngest child’s bar or bat mitzvah. 

In 50 years? Well, synagogues have been a bedrock institution of the Jewish community for a long time, and I certainly hope they will continue to be.

JJ: What gives you hope for the future of the Jewish community?

RW: “Hope” — “Hatikvah” — is the anthem of our people. But, there is a thin line between hope and fear. We have plenty of angst right now, for good reasons. And yet, as the new year dawns, I think it’s important to remember the extraordinary progress of the American-Jewish community in the past 100 years. My Russian immigrant grandfather came to Omaha, Neb., in the early 20th century with nothing but hopes and dreams. He cherished the opportunity he found there to build a family, a business and a community in his adopted country. He called me — and called me to be — the “best boy” I could be in his beloved United States of America. I, along with other Jewish baby boomers, was born into a generation “between” — between the dark shadows of the Holocaust and the bright brilliance of the heroic founding of the Jewish homeland in Israel.  We have been fully shaped by America. 

While some of our ancestors taught us, “Schwer zu sein ein Yid” — “It’s hard to be a Jew” — as it certainly was in the Russia of my grandparents and the Europe of my in-laws — it is not in the United States of America. Here in this blessed country, here in this land of freedom and choice, we have sought to craft a unique American Judaism, reinventing old traditions in new ways, a joyous Judaism of inspiration and spiritual uplift. My hope for the future rests on my ability to say to my children and grandchildren not, “It’s easy to be a Jew”; rather I want to say to them: “It’s wonderful to be a Jew,” for Judaism can lead you to a life of meaning and purpose, belonging and blessing. If they believe and embrace that for themselves and their children and grandchildren, the future of the Jewish community in the United States of America will be very bright, indeed.

Ron Wolfson’s new book is “The Best Boy in the United States of America: A Memoir of Blessings and Kisses” (Jewish Lights). He will be telling his stories at AJU at 7:30 p.m. Oct. 27. Excerpts at

Soraya Nazarian, AJU and the fine art of philanthropy


Soraya Nazarian has been taking sculpting classes at American Jewish University (AJU) for more than 20 years. She started sculpting at AJU in the late 1980s, and since then has become one of the most renowned Jewish artists in the world. 

Thanks in part to the resources of AJU, she has ascended to the top of her profession. Earlier this month, she decided to repay the institution.

On July 13, AJU announced that the Y&S Nazarian Family Foundation had presented it with a gift of $1 million to AJU to create the Soraya Sarah Nazarian Program in Fine Arts, which will operate under the umbrella of AJU’s Whizin Center for Continuing Education. The funds also will go toward constructing the Soraya Sarah Nazarian Fine Arts Pavilion on AJU’s Bel Air campus. 

“I have sincerely enjoyed the opportunity to take fine-arts classes, such as sculpture, at American Jewish University,” Nazarian said in a statement. “I am pleased to be able to give back to the community that has provided me with so much opportunity to learn and grow.”

Joanna Gerber, vice president for marketing and communication at AJU, said Nazarian’s endowment will create substantial improvements to the school’s fine-arts curriculum. 

“The fine-arts program has always been a really popular and well-intentioned program,” Gerber said. “So to receive this gift is a huge honor because it allows us to continue the work in a meaningful way. We’ll be able to expand our programs and continue with existing programs.”

The Nazarian family has helped advance Jewish culture and fine-arts programs at other universities in the past. In 2005, UCLA used a $5 million donation from the Nazarian Family Foundation to create the Younes and Soraya Nazarian Center for Israel Studies. In 2004, the family gave $1 million to USC to establish the Nazarian Pavilion in the Edward L. Doheny Jr. Memorial Library. 

Officials said AJU will use the gift primarily to address two distinct needs. An estimated 25 percent of the funds will be dedicated to refurbishing and redesigning the campus, including creating an archway in front of the Nazarian Pavilion. A timeline for these construction projects has not yet been established. The other 75 percent of the gift will go toward funding coursework, maintaining resources and facilities, and expanding the program into new disciplines. 

Nazarian’s sculptures are primarily made out of marble and are displayed in Los Angeles and Israel, including at the Jerusalem Academy of Music and Dance, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the University of Haifa. She also displays her work at regular student shows at AJU. Her sensibility ranges from abstract to impressionistic, and her most prominent themes include her heritage, her identity and the natural world. 

Rabbi Gary Oren, vice president and dean of the Whizin Center for Continuing Education, said Nazarian’s sculptures are the result of intense commitment to her vision.

“Soraya is very dedicated to her craft, and the pieces that I have seen are magnificent,” Oren said. “They come out of her soul, they are powerful and extremely well done.”

Robert Wexler, AJU president, said the donation will help carry on a rich tradition of fine-arts education at the institution. When it was founded in 1947 as the University of Judaism, the curriculum was guided by scholar Mordecai Kaplan’s belief that there should be several different entry points into Jewish scholarship, instead of only traditional rabbinical study. 

“He understood that Jews are going to connect to Jewish life in many ways, including the arts, and when the university was founded, its fine-arts program was one-of-a-kind,” Wexler said. “This new emphasis is to try and re-create that connection with the arts, which we consider to be so important.”

Bringing music to AJU


“Once upon a time there was a legacy of producing original pieces in all the different arts, and for whatever reason, we’d strayed from that,” said Rabbi Gary Oren, dean of the Whizin Center for Continuing Education at American Jewish University (AJU), on a recent afternoon.  

The hilltop university’s Gindi Auditorium has been filled in recent years with famous speakers and thoughtful debate, but less frequently with high art. Officials hope the creation of a choir and collaboration with the Los Angeles Jewish Symphony (LAJS) will offer a breath of renewed artistic life. 

For Noreen Green, LAJS director and conductor, the decision to approach AJU last year with the idea of linking up and starting a choir was an easy one. She had just finished a 20-year run working at Valley Beth Shalom in Encino, where the symphony had performed frequently over the years, and wanted a new place for LAJS to stage a yearly concert.  

“We experimented last year with the ‘Classics to Klezmer’ concert, and it was really successful,” Green said. “The musicians love [it], and I love conducting on the stage — acoustically, it’s the best.”

The appeal of the Gindi was partly based on its sound, but history had a role, too. 

“There were so many people doing music out here — of course, [composer] Max Helfman. Part of my mission has been to kind of re-establish that excitement that was here as far as performing classical Jewish music,” Green said. 

Josh Feldman, AJU’s new director of the Institute for Jewish Creativity, is excited about the possibility of realizing the Gindi’s full artistic potential. 

“We’re in a process of rebuilding, and the choir and the symphony are both great examples of that. It’s a gradual process,” he said. “We’re looking to bring high-quality examples of both explicitly Jewish arts and culture, and culture [in general] to that space. More broadly, we’re hoping over the next 15 years to become one of the leading destinations for Jewish arts and culture in the country, and the Gindi is central to that vision.

“Arts and culture is for everyone, and I can’t think of better institutions than choirs or symphonies under great leadership that meet that sort of utility, where everyone can be a part of this, either by singing or playing, or to be listeners,” he continued.

For Green, her work at AJU requires her to wear two hats: one as the director of the independent LAJS, and another as the director of the university’s choir, an official program of the Whizin Institute. 

“Being the choir director is like being a mom. You’ve got to nurture them, and you’ve got to get them to do what you want them to do,” Green said, laughing. “It’s a different relationship with the choir and with the orchestra. I love both.”

The choir performed as recently as March 29, and the LAJS’ big spring concert will take place April 12 at 7 p.m. The concert will consist of three pieces, feature local composers Russell Steinberg and Sharon Farber, and run approximately 90 minutes.  The evening will be rounded out with a performance of Leonard Bernstein’s “Halil.”

Steinberg’s work, “Canopy of Peace,” was commissioned by the Schulweis Institute and weaves in text written by the late Rabbi Harold Schulweis, who died this past December. It’s a particularly personal piece for Green. 

“Rabbi Schulweis was one of my dear, dear mentors … There’s a real big hole in my heart since he passed away,” she said. “The performance is a couple of days before what would have been his 90th birthday.”

Farber’s piece is based on a poem called “Only a Book.” According to Green, “It basically describes the journey of the Jewish people and how they survived throughout the ages with only ‘The Book,’ the Bible.”

As for Bernstein’s “Halil,” she called it the most modern-sounding of the bunch. She’s particularly excited to have Israeli flutist Itay Lantner with the symphony to play in the flute-heavy piece.

For Green, the works are linked by some essential questions about art: What is the inspiration to write music? Is it text? Is it something that happens? Where does it come from?  

In her mind, all three pieces feature unique viewpoints on the subject. “It’s not just entertainment, you also learn something,” she said. “And you feel like you’ve come away with some knowledge about music, about Judaism.”

Or, as Feldman suggested, about life and the human experience. 

“For many of us, in our hardest or most joyous moments, it is a piece of music or a piece of art that explains for us … what that experience is in its vastness in a way that words can’t even begin to do,” he said. “Every time we put on the radio, we are a listener, and that makes us more than just a participant — we’re an active part of a community and dialogue.” 

If Feldman has his way, this will be the start of a long and fruitful relationship between LAJS and AJU. 

“AJU has a long legacy of arts and culture from its very beginning. There’s a strong belief that culture is a continued investment,” he said. “I heard a great rabbi say — Rabbi Sharon Brous — that if you can’t pray, you should sing. I think that there is a holiness to arts and culture.”

Michael Berenbaum Q&A: ‘I thought we would have done better’


On March 16, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) in Washington, D.C., will honor Michael Berenbaum with the museum’s National Leadership Award at a dinner in Los Angeles themed “What You Do Matters.”  Berenbaum, currently director of the Sigi Ziering Institute: Exploring the Ethical and Religious Implications of the Holocaust at the American Jewish University (AJU) and a frequent contributor to the Journal, oversaw the creation of the USHMM from 1988 to 1993, serving as its project director and as director of the U.S. Holocaust Research Institute. In advance of the honor, Berenbaum reflected upon his own work as well as his challenges in continuing the fight against anti-Semitism in the world today.

Jewish Journal: You’re being honored by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum at a time when talk of anti-Semitism seems more heated than ever. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s recent speech to Congress sounded the alarm, as if the next Holocaust is around the corner. Do you feel that kind of talk is warranted?

Michael Berenbaum: About a dozen years ago, I convened a conference at the AJU and published its proceedings in a book titled “Not Your Father’s Antisemitism” because I was disturbed by all the ill-informed talk of 2003 being 1933, 1939 or even 1942. I feel that those who refight the last battle lose sight of the current battle and do not understand our contemporary situation.

To say it is not 1933 or 1939 is not to say that the situation is not serious, concerning or disturbing; it is merely to reiterate the obvious — we are different, and the world is different.

How are we different? There is a dramatic imbalance between the way Jews perceive themselves and the ways we are perceived by others. We have become an empowered people. Israel is a regional military superpower and a significant economic power in a world of knowledge-based economies. And Jews in the United States are dramatically more powerful than we were a generation or two generations ago. We are perceived as Goliath, yet we perceive ourselves as David. We are perceived in Israel as the oppressor and not the oppressed. And yet we see ourselves as oppressed. Goliath does not generate much sympathy, but it is hard to view the Jews today as David with a slingshot.

To illustrate the change, there is much talk of an Iranian attack on Israel, for such an attack has been threatened. And yet, if one had to bet on a scenario of which is more likely — will Iran attack Israel, or Israel attack Iranian nuclear installations? — which way would one bet? The very fact that this issue can be raised shows how dramatically the Jewish condition has changed.

And the world is different: Hitler ruled 22 countries. Anti-Semitism was the province of those with the power to impose their will on the Jews. Today, anti-Semitism is opposed by Europe’s governments, and their leadership is speaking out — witness the behavior of the president and prime minister of France and the prime minister of Denmark. The anti-Semitism expressed in these countries is the product of alienated radical Islamic minorities, joined by some on the left who are anti-Israel. Yet they cannot strike an alliance with the right, because the right is anti-immigrant. Thus we do not face wall-to-wall, state-sponsored or state-endorsed, state-condoned anti-Semitism.

Arab and radical Islamic anti-Semitism is another matter, but there, too, it is rather different than what drove the Holocaust because these anti-Semites lack the capacity to achieve their goal, and the politics of rage has generated more Muslim-on-Muslim violence than anti-Jewish violence.

JJ: Do you feel your ongoing work of explaining the Holocaust has helped in ensuring “Never Again”? 

MB: Frankly, I am ashamed to live in the world that we are bequeathing to our children. I thought we would have done better. My generation has known many triumphs. I was part of the civil rights movement. We defeated segregation and apartheid in our society. We achieved a modicum of voters’ rights and civil rights for African-Americans — indeed for all Americans.

I was a volunteer in the Six-Day War and experienced what was a joyous victory, seemingly a transformation of Jewish destiny “from Auschwitz to Jerusalem” in one generation. I participated in the anti-Vietnam War movement that forced President Lyndon Johnson not to seek re-election and that helped end an awful war. I traveled to the Soviet Union and, along with many activists and committed Jews of my generation, helped Soviet Jews free themselves and one another. I repeatedly traveled behind the Iron Curtain and witnessed the peaceful revolution that destroyed communism from within. I was in Europe when the Berlin Wall came down. And I witnessed, albeit from afar, the second miracle of the late 20th century — the demise of apartheid and the transformation of a white racist regime in South Africa without violence.

And yet genocide persists — in Cambodia, Biafra, Rwanda, Yugoslavia and Darfur, genocide has taken new forms. Violence is pervasive, and the politics of rage endures.

It is also not clear in hindsight whether Israel ever won the Six-Day War or whether that battle continues to this day. It is not clear whether the great victory and the great unity that we experienced then, that that victory may actually have divided the Jewish people and threated the future of the Jewish democratic state and the essence of Jewish values.

JJ: Do you find yourself discouraged?

MB: I find myself repeating the words of Abraham Joshua Heschel, z”l, these days: “I am an optimist against my better judgment.” And the words that Adlai Stevenson used to eulogize Eleanor Roosevelt: “She would rather light a candle than curse the darkness.” If we become discouraged, if we despair, we will turn the world over to the forces that hate and rage.

JJ: We’ve seen the Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS) movement gain momentum on college campuses, including at UCLA — most recently, an outstanding Jewish student almost didn’t get appointed to a student judicial post, apparently because being Jewish seemed a conflict of interest until a school official intervened. Was that anti-Semitism, and what do you make of the situation on college campuses today?

MB: BDS is an effort to delegitimize Israel, and some of its proponents cannot contain their anger from morphing into overt, direct anti-Semitism. It is also, in part, a fraud. Because if its proponents were serious about BDS, they would give up their cell phones and iPads; they would cease using Intel chips and Microsoft Windows; they would cease using drip irrigation and water desalinization; they would avoid vaccinating their children against diseases or performing hypersensitive medical procedures that save lives. I understand opposition to Israeli policies in the West Bank, but Israel is hardly the most offending of countries in the world today, and BDS singles out Israel for special condemnation, ignoring fully the many magnificent contributions that it makes to the world today and to the very quality of our lives.  

JJ: When you started this work, did you envision a more peaceful world today?

MB: I have a dream that the study of the Holocaust will become irrelevant; that one will look back at the museum in Washington and say, “Look how absurd it is that 20th-century humanity treated one another with racism and lethal anti-Semitism. Imagine that they thought that state-sponsored annihilation of a people merely because they were of a different religion was a reasonable policy, that human rights could be so violated and human dignity so trampled upon, that cultural achievement, technological acumen and scientific knowledge could be divorced from respect for human right and reverence for human decency.” 

Would that we lived in such a world, but we do not.

JJ: So, what role does the USHMM play in this conversation, and how effective can any museum — even a really good one — be in combating entrenched ideas?

MB: I am enormously proud of the museum, now visited by more than 40 million people and teaching people from all walks of life — judges and policemen, Army cadets and Naval midshipmen, governmental leaders of so many nations, to ordinary — extraordinary — school children, Christians, Jews, Muslims, atheists, Buddhists and of so many other faiths — teaching them the basic history of the Holocaust and its implications. I am proud of its work to sensitize people to ongoing and impending genocides. I am honored to have played a role in its conception and its creation and in the launching of its archives and academic endeavors. It cannot be blamed for the crises of our world today, and yet it must continue its efforts. 

Washington and the United States would be less without those efforts. Yet, we still can neither be satisfied nor complacent.

JJ: Have anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism merged?

MB: How do we distinguish between legitimate criticism of the policies of the State of Israel and anti-Semitism? Natan Sharansky has suggested three ways: delegitimation, double standards, demonization.

If we move from criticism of Israeli policies to the notion that Israel has no right to exist, we move over the line to anti-Semitism.

If we judge Israel by one standard and the rest of the world by another, then we are perilously close to, if not already, anti-Semitic.

If we move from the notion that Jews or Israelis do bad to the notion that Jews or Israelis are the source of all or most evil, or are inherently evil, then we have crossed the line into anti-Semitism.

For many, anti-Zionism is an easy way to proclaim, “I am not an anti-Semite, even though I fundamentally oppose the way that many Jews have chosen to live their future and to lay stake in the future of the State of Israel.”

I am currently teaching a course on the history of Zionism and the tension in the various schools of Zionist thought and about the thinking of its major thinkers and actors. I oppose some schools of Zionism. I think they are disastrous to the Jewish future or anathema to Jewish historical values, yet I remain a Zionist, though not uncritical of Israel’s achievements and not without an understanding of its failures.

On a deep level, we Jews face a paradox that is at the core of the Zionist experience. We learned from the Holocaust that powerlessness invites victimization; therefore we have sought power, and yet however much power we have achieved, it has not ended our sense of vulnerability.

Zionism promised that the Jews would become independent, and yet Jews became independent precisely as the world became interdependent, so however much we imagine that we can act alone, we live in a dramatically interdependent world. 

Zionism also imagined that the Jews could become a normal people, a nation like other nations — dull, boring, tranquil, marginal, ignored and ignorable. We are not that people and perhaps can never be. 

JJ: So, where do you find hope for a brighter future?

MB: We have to find it in ourselves and in one another, in the resources of our tradition and the best aspirations of our people. 

L.A. rabbi says mikveh at AJU is secure, calls Freundel scandal a ‘unique case’


In the wake of a scandal in which a Washington, D.C. Orthodox rabbi was arrested on Tuesday, Oct. 14, for allegedly spying on women undressing at a mikveh connected to his synagogue, Rabbi Richard A. Flom, a Los Angeles authority on the mikveh [ritual bathhouse] and a member of the Rabbinical Assembly executive committee, said the mikveh at American Jewish University [AJU], a community resource of the Rabbinical Assembly, is secure enough that people who use it for conversion, taharat hamishpacha [family purity] and other reasons, need not worry about someone illicitly watching them while they undress and immerse themselves in the mikveh pool.

[Related: Rabbi Barry Freundel arrested, charged with voyeurism]

Flom spoke to the Journal after the arrest of Rabbi Barry Freundel, 62, who has denied allegations filed Wednesday, Oct. 15, that he recorded at least six women showering at the mikveh at his synagogue. Freundel pleaded not guilty to a charge of voyeurism, a misdemeanor and was released without bond. Freundel “allegedly placed a hidden camera and recorder … inside…the changing-preparation area,” the website Failed Messiah reported, saying that he reportedly hid the recording device inside a digital clock.

During a phone interview on Oct. 15, L.A.’s Rabbi Flom addressed Freundel’s actions. “We don’t see how anything like that would be possible, or why anyone would want to do it.”

“We don’t want anyone to be turned off from utilizing this [the AJU mikveh] or any other mikveh because of these allegations. It’s probably a unique case that this story is about. At least I hope so,” Flom said.

“We don’t think anything like that could happen here, because we have multiple supervisors here, checking everything,” he added.

Freundel’s actions occurred at the Georgetown-based modern Orthodox community, Kesher Israel Congregation, where Freundel is the spiritual leader. The synagogue has posted a statement on its website that strongly denounces Freundel’s behavior.

“This is a painful moment for Kesher Israel Congregation and the entire Jewish community,” the statement from the synagogue’s board of directors reads.

Flom, a leader in the Conservative movement – the Rabbinical Assembly is the denomination’s rabbinical arm – said mikvaot are a place where women and men willingly undress fully under the assumption that no one is watching, and he therefore described Freundel’s alleged actions as “unfortunate.”

Flom did not want to speak further about Freundel out of respect for Lashon harah [gossip] laws.

“I have to tell you in all honesty I suspect there have been questions about this kind of thing for decades in regards to mikvaot,” Flom said.The utilization of it is a private and personal experience and people are vulnerable when they do it. Anybody who takes their clothes off and goes into a pool is vulnerable to the extent that they have taken their clothes off and are in a pool and not in their home – they are someplace else.”

The mikveh at AJU is one of several in Los Angeles. Others include the Mikvah Society of Los Angeles on Pico Boulevard and Chabad of Brentwood’s Brentwood Mikvah for women.

Moving and Shaking: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev


The Hebrew University of Jerusalem recently bestowed multiple honors on people with connections to the Los Angeles area. 

Patricia Glaser, a member of the university’s international board of governors, received an honorary doctorate on June 8 in Jerusalem. The Malibu resident also was honored for her contribution as a university benefactor in a separate ceremony the following day.

Glaser is a pre-eminent business trial attorney and the chair of the litigation department at Century City-based law firm Glaser Weil.

Daniel I. Schlessinger, president of American Friends of The Hebrew University (AFHU), said in a press release that Glaser’s “generosity and sense of Jewish communal spirit are immense.”

Additionally, Israel advocate and donor Mark Vidergauz received an honorary fellowship from the university on June 9 during the school’s international board of governor’s meeting in Jerusalem. Vidergauz is the founder and CEO of the Los Angeles-based investment bank Sage Group and a member of the Hebrew University international board of governors. 

An AFHU press release indicated that Vidergauz’s “tireless support for Israel” earned him the spotlight.



Haim and Cheryl Saban and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev President Rivka Carmi. Photo by Dani Machlis

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) presented Holocaust historian Saul Friedlander with an honorary doctoral degree during the 44th annual board of governors meeting in Beer-Sheva, Israel, last month.

During the May 20 ceremony, BGU president Rivka Carmi said Friedlander is “one of the foremost researchers of the history of the Holocaust for his notable contribution in elucidating the enigma of the Jewish people’s survival in our age,” according to an American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev press release. 

Per the press release, Friedlander — the inaugural holder of the 1939 Club Chair in Holocaust Studies at UCLA, a 1999 MacArthur Fellow and 2008 Pulitzer Prize winner — expressed hope that his work on the Holocaust will have a lasting impact. 

“My dream that people will take from my work is the direction leading to compassion, understanding the suffering of others, and the will to live peacefully with others,” the honoree said in accepting the honor.

During the same event, BGU recognized social activist, philanthropist and psychologist Cheryl Saban with an honorary doctoral degree. Saban, who is married to Haim Saban, is an author and president of the Saban Family Foundation.

“My ability to give is going to continue for the rest of my life, but I really think that when one person is giving, it’s like putting a stone in a pond,” Saban said, according to a press release. “It’s a ripple that continues out. It’s infectious — it’s actually contagious in a good way. 

In conferring the honorary degree, Carmi praised the honoree’s contributions to the community and called her “a woman of vision.”

Also recognized with an honorary doctoral degree was Long Beach philanthropist James M. Breslauer, who was recognized for “personally spearheading the development of and funding for Israel’s new cyber technology center, CyberSpark, at the new Advanced Technologies Park, in Beer-Sheva,” the press release stated.



American Jewish University president Robert Wexler and Los Angeles Jewish Home CEO-President Molly Forrest. Photo courtesy of Los Angeles Jewish Home

American Jewish University (AJU) President Robert Wexler presented Los Angeles Jewish Home CEO-President Molly Forrest with an honorary degree during AJU’s commencement ceremony on May 18.

Wexler highlighted the important role Forrest, as the leader of a nationally renowned provider of senior health care services, has played in bolstering the L.A. Jewish community. 

“Molly, the work you have done on behalf of our community is nothing short of remarkable. Step by step, you have made our local Jewish Home a model for communities around the country, both through your creative planning and your careful management,” Wexler said, according to a press release.

In accepting the degree, Forrest said, “I am incredibly touched and honored to receive this doctorate degree and thank the AJU for it. rI share the success of today with gratitude to many donors, staff, colleagues, volunteers and board members who give so much to make the Jewish Home what it is.”



Front row (from left): Rabbi Denise Eger of Congregation Kol Ami, former L.A. City Clerk June Lagmay, homeless-youth advocate Carlos Sosa, and community leaders Elaine Harley and Mignon Moore.

Back row (from left): Rabbi Lisa Edwards of Beth Chayim Chadashim, City Controller Ron Galperin, NBA player Jason Collins, L.A. Mayor Eric Garcetti, former Councilmember Bill Rosendahl, Councilmember Mike Bonin and Councilmember Mitch O’Farrell. 

Los Angeles’ LGBT Heritage Month kickoff celebration honored equality activists in the community on May 30 at City Hall.

This year’s honorees included NBA athlete Jason Collins, former L.A. City Clerk June Lagmay, homeless-youth advocate Carlos Sosa, Rabbi Lisa Edwards, Rabbi Denise Eger, and community leaders Mignon Moore and Elaine Harley.

The City Council gave a presentation about the activists and advocates, explaining the work they’ve done to more than 250 people in attendance. Mayor Eric Garcetti, City Controller Ron Galperin, Councilmember Mike Bonin and Councilmember Mitch O’Farrell participated in the ceremony, which was followed by a reception in the City Hall forecourt.

“LGBT heritage month is our opportunity every year to recognize the integral role of the LGBT community in our life and culture here in Los Angeles,” Galperin said.

Eger of Congregation Kol Ami in West Hollywood has advanced equality over her 26-year career. 

“It was a very significant event,” Eger said in a phone interview. “I think part of it has to do with the instrumental way the Jewish community has modeled learning to be tolerant, accepting and ultimately inclusive. And I think that is a huge issue. It wasn’t always inclusive. Now in the Jewish community in L.A., in particular, it still struggles, but even in the Orthodox communities, conversation is happening.”

Eger has worked with members of the government and City Council to address LGBT acceptance in Los Angeles and the world as a whole. Galperin called her and Edwards “two of our community’s most inspiring leaders — for their advocacy, scholarship and commitment to equality.”

“We’ve played a role in the Jewish community for that conversation to happen and for teaching other big traditions how to be inclusive,” Eger said. “We learn to work across color lines and ethnicity lines. It’s a model for the greater world.”

— Michelle Chernack, Contributing Writer



State Assembly candidates Jacqui Irwin and Rob McCoy participated in a dialogue at the New Shul of the Conejo on March 29. The New Shul’s Rabbi Michael Barclay moderated. Photo courtesy of the New Shul of the Conejo

Two candidates for the 44th State Assembly District — Democrat Jacqui Irwin and Republican Rob McCoy — participated in a debate on May 29 at the New Shul of the Conejo.

During the dialogue, which included an hour of debate and a meet-and-greet with audience members, the candidates discussed economic growth, education and their commitment to serving the community, according to Rabbi Michael Barclay. The district includes southern Ventura County.

Both candidates received enough votes in the June 3 primary election to advance to the general election in November. A third candidate, Republican Mario de la Piedra, did not take part in the debate.

The debate took place at the Center for Spiritual Living in Westlake Village, where the synagogue currently holds services. Barclay said there was a strong turnout for the event, with attendees filling half the sanctuary.

Since its founding 3 1/2 years ago, the New Shul has worked to establish a dialogue on spiritual, social and political issues relevant to the Jewish community. Last year, the synagogue invited three Jewish leaders from different denominations to discuss the community’s response to same-sex marriage. Barclay said these kinds of events create opportunities for Jews to become more educated on issues that affect them.

“I think it’s important for us to recognize that, in order for us to say we’re spiritual people, we have to be active people as well,” he said.

— Nuria Mathog, Contributing Writer 


Moving and Shaking highlights events, honors and simchas. Got a tip? Email ryant@jewishjournal.com

Jewish art spans city with ‘Sacred Words, Sacred Texts’


The Jewish art scene in Los Angeles is a small but vibrant community that spans generations, styles, and the full length and breadth of the city itself. Now, for the first time, three of L.A.’s preeminent Jewish institutions — Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion (HUC-JIR), University of Southern California Hillel and American Jewish University (AJU) — have teamed up to produce a collaborative exhibition that stretches across three venues and features more than a dozen local artists. 

“Sacred Words, Sacred Texts,” which officially opened Oct. 6 with a reception at AJU, is an exhibition that celebrates Jews as a People of the Book: Torah, Talmud, Midrash and sacred poetry are all explored through various media by more than a dozen Jewish artists from the L.A. area. It was curated by Anne Hromadka, Sara Cannon and Georgia Freedman-Harvey.

A second reception — this time beginning at HUC-JIR and spilling over to the nearby USC Hillel — took place on Oct. 13, featuring a wide range of styles and forms, from a very traditional, literal sculpted Torah by Soraya Sarah Nazarian, to Will Deutsch’s instantly recognizable drawings, to a video installation by Jessica Shokrian featuring accompanying spices that guests were invited to sniff in a sort of avant garde Smell-O-Vision.

Hromadka said that one of her main motivations for the exhibition was to ask the question, “How are Jewish artists thinking of ourselves as keepers of the book?” 

She continued: “In thinking of ‘Sacred Words,’ I wanted to think about not just the words that we speak to each other, but what are some of the holiest words ever spoken in our tradition? And those are often the words spoken from God to us.”

Hromadka highlighted the work of artist Andi Arnovitz, a beautifully constructed sculpture made of Hebrew text featuring colorful flourishes that depict the battle between the houses of Hillel and Shammai, the circa first century BCE rabbis whose heated debates helped shape much of religious Jewish law and custom.

“The scrolls that make up the house are actually copies of pages from the Talmud,” Hromadka said.

She also spoke about a piece by Iranian artist Krista Nassi, who immigrated to the United States in 2006 after living in Iran post-revolution. The piece, a bold painting featuring sharp contrasts between darkness and light, and the text of the Shema, was apparently a personal one for Nassi. 

“She lived in Iran during the Iran-Iraq war,” Hromadka said. “Whenever there was shelling … her family would gather in one space in the house … and they would huddle. And what were the words they would say to comfort themselves? The Shema.”

Among those in attendance were participating artists Melinda Smith Altshuler and Isaac Brynjegard-Bialik. Altshuler, speaking briefly, highlighted her use of found objects in her work, which she credited to her father being in the scrap metal business when she grew up. He’d bring home “wonders” that she couldn’t help but love. Altshuler described her work, which included a piece that made use of old record sleeves, as being “like the anti-text, because they really have to do with addressing recording, which is what the written word is also, but with visual materials.”

Brynjegard-Bialik went into more depth about what the concept behind “Sacred Words, Sacred Texts” means to him. 

“What I’m trying to do is tell stories,” he said. “I’m very much into our narratives, our stories as a people. Most of my work is informed by biblical stories. And I always say my work starts with text. Maybe it’s a portion from the Bible, maybe it’s something from Talmud, maybe it’s a myth, as with the golem story.”

Brynjegard-Bialik’s beautiful pieces, which weave in images from comic books to create mythic takes on Torah and the Jewish experience, breathe new life into the often tired art of paper cutting. 

“It’s all about revisiting these texts, revisiting these stories, revisiting those things that inform us as a people, and trying to make sense of them,” he said. “The text becomes ours to own and to struggle with. What I try and do is put that struggle on the page.”

At USC Hillel, a jazz quartet played while guests, most of whom made the short walk from HUC, looked at more work by Brynjegard-Bialik, along with Hillel-specific artists like the appropriately named Hillel Smith and Carol Es. 

This display has more of a youth-oriented feel, between the comic book-influenced work of Brynjegard-Bialik, Smith’s selections — which ranged from a pop art T-shirt to colorful abstract prints — and Es’ warped, trippy paintings.

Among the artists represented at AJU are Corrie Siegel, whose map of Los Angeles was used as the artwork for the exhibition’s poster, and philanthropist Peachy Levy, whose generous gifts to many Jewish institutions, particularly camps, have helped fund arts programming for countless children over the years. 

Whichever location art lovers visit, they are guaranteed to see a wide cross-section of Jewish art from Los Angeles, a collection that fittingly captures the many artistic voices that make up our community, and asks powerful questions. The exhibition at all three institutions will continue through mid-December.

LimmudLA Fest: Less is more


There are very few places where one could learn about the Jewish prison population, sing Kiddush with a Broadway legend and do tai chi — all in one weekend. 

All of these topics were among those explored at the first-ever LimmudLA Fest, a retreat full of learning that took place Aug. 16-18 at the Brandeis-Bardin campus of American Jewish University in Simi Valley.

The Limmud concept was the same as always: bringing a diverse group of Jews together for Jewish learning opportunities that are equally varied. This year, however, the location was also part of the attraction for the 180 attendees. 

Guests slept in cabins situated near rows of corn and surrounded by summer flowers in all shades of red and orange. The campground atmosphere, complete with ample sun and a pool, was well suited to participants looking for an environment that was as physically relaxing as it was spiritually engaging. (For a working journalist, however, the prohibition against writing during Shabbat made things a little challenging.) 

The event replaced the annual LimmudLA conference, normally held in February. Past conferences were held at an Orange County hotel and had to attract around 600 people to pay for the expenses of the venue, according to Aki Yonekawa, event co-chair. This smaller Limmud took place without a paid executive director, relying entirely on volunteers.

Having a Limmud event at Brandeis-Bardin just felt right, Yonekawa said. At previous conferences, participants lounged on the floors of hotel hallways playing the guitar, giving the impression that a group of camp people had been brought into a hotel. Yonekawa said people used to approach her and ask, “Why wasn’t [Limmud] at Brandeis?”

The result was a smaller event that allowed more spontaneity, she said. 

“We were a little bit more organic. We could be a little bit more flexible.”

Good thing, because some of her most memorable moments were not scheduled at all. Like when gospel singing teacher Sharon Alexander spontaneously led a song and everyone got to their feet and joined in. Or like when Theodore Bikel, the actor known for his numerous portrayals of Tevye in productions of “Fiddler on the Roof,” performed in the fest’s concert and led Kiddush. (He happened to be at the retreat as a participant.)

Limmud volunteers also took advantage of the change in scenery to suggest that presenters make their sessions more “experiential,” Yonekawa said. One session devoted to the study of the heavens in Judaism ended with stargazing, something that would have been impossible with the light pollution of an urban hotel. Arrangements of flowers that guests picked from the garden decorated the tables on Shabbat, and the kale and tomatoes they gathered were served as a salad with lunch on Saturday. 

Other elements of LimmudLA Fest strongly adhered to the values of the previous Limmud conferences, including the effort to welcome Jews from all backgrounds. Saturday morning saw people gradually emerge from their cabins in everything from summer dresses and khaki shorts to kippot and button-down shirts — all to attend an offering of services as diverse as their dress. 

There was a mechitza service and a “traditional egalitarian minyan.” In a small building with the doors thrown open to welcome latecomers and warm breezes alike, Jewish musician and songwriter Naomi Less and Storahtelling Inc.’s founding director Amichai Lau-Lavie encouraged participants to stretch, compliment their neighbors and sing along with drums and guitar in an alternative to traditional prayer called “Shabbat Morning With Storahtelling’s Lab/Shul.”

For those preferring textual analysis to prayer, Karen Radkowsky a founder and past president of Limmud NY, led a discussion about consumerism and Judaism. The discussion included a family with multiple generations in attendance, who shared perspectives on collecting possessions. A mother of a young teenager shared a story of back-to-school shopping in which the line between “wants” and “needs” was clearly subjective, while an older woman induced tears from the group by sharing her story of collecting photo albums throughout her life and passing them down through her family. 

The relaxed setting of LimmudLA Fest did not prevent it from tackling tough, timely subjects in its study sessions. Gregory Metzger, who has worked with prisoners as the director of Jewish Committee for Personal Service, shared his experiences with helping release Jewish prisoners and helping them make a meaningful life for themselves while incarcerated. 

He provided a bit of history as well, like how the cause of the first major crime wave among Jews in the United States was bigamy. Married Jewish men immigrated to America and then found wives while waiting for their original spouses to immigrate after them, he said. He also talked about how Jewish gangsters were involved in organized crime. 

With plenty of sessions taking place each day — some simultaneously — there was plenty from which to choose. Or, well, there was always the pool.

Israel’s AG: Eliyahu’s candidacy for chief rabbi legally indefensible


Israel’s attorney general said the candidacy of Shmuel Eliyahu for Sephardic chief rabbi of Israel raised legal difficulties and could not be defended by his office.

While Yehuda Weinstein cannot officially bar Eliyahu from running for chief rabbi, the attorney general said Monday that he could not defend the rabbi should a challenge be filed against his candidacy with the Supreme Court.

Weinstein announced his decision at a hearing after reviewing Eliyahu’s responses to several questions about racist statements the rabbi had made. Weinstein had received several requests to prohibit Eliyahu, the chief rabbi of Safed, from running on the basis of the statements.

Eliyahu reportedly has said he will not drop out of the race.

“On Tisha b’Av night, the attorney general chose to trample on democracy,” Eliyahu’s office said in a statement following reports of Weinstein’s decision. “It seems that the attorney general, who has permitted serious acts of members of Knesset against IDF soldiers and given support to the heads of the Islamic Movement, has decided to hold an ad hoc tribunal against Rabbi Eliyahu and turn himself into a prosecutor, judge and hangman.

Eliyahu wrote in a response to Weinstein’s inquiry about his alleged racist comments that he did not make many of the remarks attributed to him and that some were distorted by others.

Eliyahu has instructed Jewish residents of Safed not to rent or sell property to Arabs and, in 2010, he told the Israeli daily Maariv that “a Jew should not flee from Arabs. A Jew should make the Arabs flee. There is a silent war going on here for land” and “most of the violence in Israeli society stems from the Arabs.”

In his letter to the attorney general, Eliyahu said, “I don’t understand what the problem is. Must I, as a rabbi, explain why I am against marriages between Jews and foreigners? Must I explain why I prohibit same-sex marriages? Must I explain why I am in favor of becoming religious?”

The American Jewish Committee said in a statement issued Monday that it was “deeply concerned” about Eliyahu’s candidacy.  AJC  rarely comments on internal Israeli elections.

“Tragically, Rabbi Eliyahu’s statements undermine the social fabric of Israeli society and the core tenets of Judaism,” said AJC Executive Director David Harris.

The Anti-Defamation League on Monday welcomed Weinstein’s recommendation against Eliyahu’s candidacy. ADL has publicly objected to certain positions adopted by Eliyahu.

“Rabbi Eliyahu’s racist statements and extremist views make him ill-suited to serve in such a high-profile and important Israeli government position,” said Abraham Foxman, ADL’s national director.

Hillary Clinton, private citizen, reflects on Israel, Benghazi and Middle East unrest


“Live your values, embrace your traditions, but open yourselves up and never stop trying to heal the wounds of the world,” former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton implored an audience of 4,000 at Gibson Amphitheatre in Universal City on June 24. Without revealing any future political ambitions, she spoke of Israel, Iran, Afghanistan and China, of her experiences as a world leader’s wife, a politician herself and as the United States’ leading advocate on the international stage. And she repeatedly asked the crowd to support talks with enemies and opponents, whether domestic or international.

“The fact is, diplomacy would be very easy if we only talked to our friends,” she said.

To say that Clinton, now a private citizen, spoke to a welcoming crowd would be an understatement. She arrived onstage an hour late to a restive audience that immediately turned effusive as she talked for 90 minutes — about an hour of it in an address, the last third in conversation with Rabbi Robert Wexler, president of American Jewish University, the program’s presenter.

Israel and the Middle East dominated Clinton’s speech, which ranged from memoir to foreign-policy analyst, and without answering the question on everyone’s mind as her ambitions for the 2016 presidential race, Clinton gave every indication that she intends to stay in the game for now as an eloquent stateswoman advocating for peace negotiations on multiple world fronts, as well as for women’s rights.

Espousing “unwavering support for Israel” as a “bedrock principle” of the United States, she referred to support for the Jewish state as “a commitment rooted in our deepest values,” adding that the United States continues to “stand with Israel and its right to defend itself.” She spoke twice of her appreciation of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s attempt at a settlement freeze in 2009-2010, and called it “remarkable.” “I give Prime Minister Netanyahu credit for agreeing to a 10-month settlement freeze,” she said. “If the Palestinians had been willing to engage in serious negotiations, who knows where it would have led.”

On the Arab Spring of 2011, and the wave of revolt that has followed, she acknowledged some foresight: “Many of us knew that there would be a day of reckoning, in Egypt in particular,” she said, recalling that both she and Condoleezza Rice, Clinton’s predecessor as secretary of state in the George W. Bush administration, had voiced concern over Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak’s repressive regime, but were told by Mubarak to “stay out of our internal affairs.”

Nevertheless, she said, “I don’t think I or anybody predicted the exact sequence” of the Arab revolutions that have ensued. On President Barack Obama’s actions with regards to Syria, she said little, except to express hope for the effort to “get friends and allies in the region all on the same page.”

Asked by Wexler about the Sept. 11, 2012 attack on the American compound in Benghazi, Libya, and the murder of U.S. Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens and three others, a tragedy that plagued her and President Obama in the last days of his first administration, she spoke at some length. “This was an expeditionary post,” she said, “not an embassy, not a consult,” a place to “establish a presence” for the United States. “Chris Stevens believed it was important to be in Libya,” she said, but the post was reliant upon a Libyan militia, in large part, for protection, along with “a large CIA contingent with professional security.”

Stevens, she said, “knew better than anyone that there had been some attacks, but he believed it was important to be there.” Yet on the day of the attack, she said she “called the president of Libya and he had nobody to send” to rescue the Americans. “The militia did not stay and defend our compound.” It was, she added, a day of demonstrations taking place across the Arab world, from “North Africa to Indonesia.” And after the death of Stevens, she said, “it was surprising to see some people politicize the events.”

Perhaps her most moving moments of the evening came as she spoke of how, in 1985, as the wife of then-Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton while on a trip to Miami, she came across a newspaper report about Avima D. Lombard, a professor at Hebrew University in Jerusalem, who, Clinton said, was doing groundbreaking work “helping to teach parents to become their child’s first teachers.”

She reached out to Lombard, and invited her to come to Little Rock, on a trip sponsored by the National Council of Jewish Women, to help bring the program known as HIPPY to the United States. A decade later, as first lady, Clinton made an official visit to the HIPPY program in Israel, meeting both Jewish and Arab mothers who where “united by a deep commitment to help their children lead happy and healthy lives.”

Clinton’s advocacy for the rights of women and girls, and for children, she said, is part of the job she sees for herself today, “working with my husband at the Clinton Foundation.” We have, she said, “a solid commitment to do all that we can.”

In an introduction before Clinton’s remarks, Peter Lowy, co-chief executive officer and executive director of the Westfield Group, which sponsored the event, and who also serves as chairman of the board of the Jewish Journal, spoke of Clinton as a “transformative figure in American history,” saying, “I, for one, hope Hillary Clinton is not done yet.” What Clinton’s role will be moving forward was no clearer by the end of the evening, but judging from the long and loud standing ovation she received, the stage remains hers for the taking.

Slavin Library collection dispersal benefits many


The 10,000 books, games, CDs and DVDs that once lined the walls of the Slavin Children’s Library at 6505 Wilshire Blvd. are on track to once more be made available to the public later this month.

Four institutions — American Jewish University (AJU), Chabad of Santa Monica, the Jewish Learning Exchange and the Tashbar Torat Hayim Hebrew Academy — have been given the bulk of the collection, with AJU receiving more than any other site. 

The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles, which has had oversight of the now-shuttered library, will allocate any remaining items through a lottery to local Jewish groups that agree to make the collection open to the public.

The four groups that have received collections already satisfied the Federation’s criteria: Each already has a librarian and each plans to offer programming around the books and make the collection available to the public. 

According to Jonathan Jacoby, Federation’s senior vice president of Programs for Jewish Life, “The entire collection will be made available through various institutions,” with the exception of some outdated materials.

On March 14, Federation announced that it would close the Slavin Library, located in the lobby of Federation’s Wilshire Boulevard building, to make room for an extended space of the popular Zimmer Children’s Museum, which is also in the lobby. The new space, which has been empty since the library closed on May 19, will be called the Slavin’s Children’s Center when it reopens. Construction is set to begin on June 10.

In a March interview with the Jewish Journal, Zimmer CEO Esther Netter said that the new space will allow the museum “to offer additional classes, additional school field trips, parents and educator programming, [and] performances.”

AJU has been given between 2,000 and 3,000 books for the collection of its Sperber Jewish Community Library on its Mulholland Drive campus. 

Robert Wexler, AJU’s president, said that after he found out about the Slavin’s imminent closing, he contacted Federation and expressed interest in obtaining some of the collection to become part of a children’s section at Sperber. He added that each book AJU will receive was selected on the basis of its likelihood of being valuable to future patrons and its potential usefulness for Jewish children’s teachers and teachers in training.

“The collection will continue to expand annually,” Wexler said. “We have endowment funds available for future purchases of children’s books as well as appropriate audio-visual material and educational games.”

Merav Goldman, Federation’s vice president for Management & Administration in the EJF Strategic Initiative, said Federation will give the remaining portions of the collection in coming weeks to Jewish institutions that can make them accessible to the public.

“I’m hopeful that we’ll see in uptick in programming around Jewish books now that we’ve spread the wealth, so to speak, throughout the community,” Goldman said.

Conversion: A big leap, one small step at a time


Jazmine Green’s Jewish journey began when she met the person with whom she wanted to spend the rest of her life. It wasn’t until a brief separation from her boyfriend, however, that she knew she was making the right decision — to convert.

“There was this assumption that since we were broken up, I didn’t have to be Jewish,” but, she said, “it made me realize Judaism was something I loved. I was brokenhearted, not just about our relationship, but for this spiritual path that I had already started to walk down.”

Six months later, when she and her boyfriend, Jeremy Aluma, got back together, she was ready to make the leap. “It was already a part of me,” she said. “Of course, I knew I would convert. I think I needed that time apart to know it wasn’t for him, and it was my path and something I wanted to do.”

Green, who had been attending services at Chabad of Downtown Los Angeles, started to study with the rabbi there. However, she didn’t feel the Orthodox lifestyle was right for her, so she decided to pursue a Conservative conversion at American Jewish University (AJU), in May 2012. Rabbi Adam Greenwald, director of AJU’s Introduction to Judaism program, sponsored her. 

Since she first started dating Aluma five years ago, Green, now 36 and a writer, had been observing the major holidays with him and participating in Shabbat dinners. She had fasted on Yom Kippur and gone to services, but it wasn’t until last fall, when she was weeks away from immersing in the mikveh, she said, that she truly sensed she was participating in Yom Kippur. 

“I felt like a Jew already, so it still had a lot of significance on me. It felt like my holiday, finally. Before, it was just going through the motions. Without the meaning, you’re just fasting. It was the first time it really had a deep significance for me.”

In October of last year, just after the High Holy Days, Green went into the mikveh. “I had no idea what an emotional experience it would be,” she said. “I feel like there have been very few moments at which I felt more connected to God than in that moment. It was really beautiful.”

Green grew up “loosely Catholic” in Corona, Calif., although she wasn’t practicing any religion when she met Aluma. Her parents have been entirely supportive of her conversion to Judaism, she said. “They adored Jeremy, and they were so happy to see me fall in love with a spiritual practice,” she said.

Green’s mother plans to take the Introduction to Judaism course at AJU, and her father is going to make the chuppah for the couple’s wedding in September. After the ceremony, they plan to spend their honeymoon in Israel.

Because Chabad is only two blocks away from their home in downtown Los Angeles, Green and Aluma continue to attend services there on Shabbat and the holy days. They have begun to kasher their kitchen and have chosen to follow Sephardic traditions because of Aluma’s father and Green’s Mexican heritage.

Green said one of the reasons she chose a Conservative conversion was to allow her to move at her own pace with her practice. Through observing Shabbat, she’s taken on more and more traditions. 

“It’s more comfortable for me when it’s a gradual thing,” she said. “On a practical level, it’s easier to go in step by step. Shabbat is the biggest thing that helps the transition, because it’s something that happens every week. The planning for Shabbat every week is a beautiful process.”

Green teaches yoga at Yoga Vibe in Los Feliz and Yogala in Echo Park. She also likes to go to the theater with Aluma, who directs and produces plays. The two enjoy having over friends and cooking for them as well. “Jewish holidays are the perfect time to do that,” she said. “We end up hosting many Shabbat dinners.” 

Above all, since she started her journey, Judaism has changed Green’s life for the better. “Not only has Judaism strengthened my relationship to God, it has taught me how to be a good partner, a good friend and a good person,” she said. “It has enriched my life by giving small moments of the day meaning.”

AJU’s Geller Fest spotlights the arts


In a new venture into presenting the arts, American Jewish University (AJU) will hold its first-ever Geller Festival of the Arts this summer, drawing names like Joan Rivers and Gideon Raff, the Israeli creator of “Homeland.”

Running June 16-20, the week’s four events all will be held in AJU’s Gindi Auditorium at its main campus on Mulholland Drive.

Gady Levy, vice president of AJU and dean of the Whizin Center for Continuing Education, said the festival honors Bruce and Jeanette Geller, major supporters of the Whizin Center. Bruce (1930-1978) was an award-winning screenwriter most famous for creating, writing, producing and directing the “Mission: Impossible” television series.

For the last several years, AJU sponsored a screenwriting competition in honor of the Gellers, which gave awards to three Jewish-themed screenplays. This year, Levy said, it was time to try new. 

The Geller festival will include two performances and two evening discussions (with Rivers and Raff), during which, Levy said, the two stars will “interact with the audience and answer questions in an open dialogue.”

The week will kick off June 16 at 7 p.m. with an evening of contemporary dance by BODYTRAFFIC, directed by Tina Berkett and Lilian Barbeito, and L.A. Dance Project, directed by Benjamin Millepied, a choreographer best known for his work in the movie “Black Swan.” Immediately following the performance, Berkett and Millepied will discuss the Judaism has had on their work.

On June 17 at 7:30 p.m., Raff, the Israeli writer of Showtime’s Emmy-winning series “Homeland,” will analyze the differences and similarities between the American show and Israel’s highest-rated drama of all time, “Hatufim” (abductees), on which “Homeland” is based. Raff created, wrote and directed “Hatufim,” and, according to the event’s Web site (wcce.aju.edu), Geller will also address the different markets that the two shows target.

Internationally renowned Israeli singer Noa (Achinoam Nini) will perform in concert in what will be the Los Angeles premiere of her world tour on June 18 at 7:30 p.m., accompanied by a quartet and her partner, collaborator and instrumentalist Gil Dor. (See related story on p. 10.)

And on June 20, the festival will conclude with the main attraction, comedian and actress Joan Rivers. The American comedy queen will deliver her lecture, “My Life in Show Business: 135 Years and Counting.” Rivers, 79, will discuss her life and her illustrious career. Following the lecture, she will take part in an on-stage interview and take questions from the audience.

“We have been trying to get Joan Rivers for a couple of years now,” Levy said. “We are looking forward to having her share both her comedy and life story — the influence of Judaism on her long career and her take on recent events.”

Rivers and her daughter, Melissa, are in Los Angeles filming the weekly WE TV series “Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best?”

For tickets or more information, call (310) 440-1246 or visit wcce.aju.edu.

Becoming Jewish: Tales from the Mikveh


Late on a recent Wednesday afternoon, Judith Golden and Suzanne Rosenthal perched at their desks in a small room in the depths of American Jewish University (AJU). It was a quiet day on campus; only a trickle of students occupied the new community library, the classrooms were mostly empty, and no one was paying attention to the comings and goings in the small office where the two women sat.

But just beyond, behind a closed door, a momentous occasion was unfolding, made real by the sounds of prayerful singing ringing out. The room quieted, then a jumble of people, including three rabbis, spilled into the office, all talking fast, bustling to complete some paperwork. The door opened again and a woman appeared, her short blond hair damp and dripping a bit. She appeared flushed but was smiling from ear to ear. 

“Welcome to the Jewish people,” one rabbi said, embracing the woman. She laughed, then looked like she might cry, then laughed again. A small group of family and friends gathered around as Rosenthal rushed over and gave the woman a bear hug. “How was the water?” 

“It … was … awesome.”

Newly minted as a Jew, the woman had just come from the Rabbinical Assembly Mikveh, the only community mikveh throughout the Pacific Southwest serving Orthodox and non-Orthodox Jews alike. They come here for monthly rituals of cleansing, as well as for personal reaffirmations before weddings and other important rites of passage. But the largest numbers of people who immerse here are those converting to Judaism — as many as 300 to 500 annually.

Aged eight days to more than eight decades old, the lithe and the infirm alike come to this mikveh, in family groups and solo, always with a serious intention that leads to great joy.

In actuality, the facilities are quite plain, yet they feel, even to the uninitiated, imbued with the history of transformative magic that has taken place here. There’s a changing room for careful cleansing as preparation, and the mikveh itself occupies a small, mostly unadorned room. On the surface, it could almost be mistaken for a high-end spa, its blue-tiled tub built into the floor and lined with a railing. The mikveh, however, is divided into two pools, one filled 4 1/2 feet deep, enough for an adult to sink down and become fully engulfed by the wet. The second receptacle, connected to the first by a plugged hole but otherwise separate, contains the mayim hayim — holy water — water that must never, according to Jewish law, have touched metal. Many other mikvehs use rainwater, drained directly into a pool through non-metal pipes from a rooftop; here, because there’s no direct access to the outside, the mayim hayim is derived from ice melted inside the tub — 3,600 pounds are delivered every three months in 100 pound blocks — permissible because the transformation of ice into water means the liquid has been born anew and is as holy and fresh as the rain. Just before going under, the prospective convert pulls the plug to allow some of the mayim hayim to seep and infuse the water in the larger tank, lending its sacred power. The plug is closed again after the immersions are complete. 


Suzanne Rosenthal, left, and Judith Golden, the “mikveh chicks,” staff the mikveh office, aid with immersions and provide enthusiastic support. Photo by Susan Freudenheim

For each person who dunks — for a conversion, it must be done three times, each time followed by a prayer — the experience is, quite literally, life changing, the final step in becoming Jewish.

It’s a ritual as ancient as the Torah, but one that never gets old. And here, recognizing the emotional impact of the day, each new convert is treated as a very special guest, complete with an embrace from one or the other of the two “mikveh chicks,” as Rosenthal and Golden jokingly call themselves. They serve as guides and direct witness to a woman’s immersion, helping with the prayers and staying sensitive to the required nudity. (Men are witnessed either by a male rabbi, if one is present, or a friend or relative, or sometimes students on campus also make themselves available to help, when needed.) Two Jews must be present, but only one needs to physically view the process; the other can remain behind a curtain, along with family and guests. After each conversion, Golden and Rosenthal assume the role of greeters outside the dressing room. 

“We hug everybody,” Rosenthal said. “Men and women. And they love it.” 

“Part of our job is to be the first faces,” Golden added — each woman’s words spilling over the other’s, evidence of their amicable eight-year partnership in this small space. “The most important thing is the feeling of being welcomed and cared for,” Golden said.

The immersion is a graduation of sorts, only the final step after months or years of study and commitment to the Jewish People, its mitzvot (laws) and practices. For converts 13 or older, the immersion follows testimony before a beit din (Jewish court of law), three rabbis who confirm the applicant’s knowledge of Judaism and devotion to living a Jewish life. Going into the mikveh marks the final transition to a fully new identity, and the water is a metaphor both for a birthing and for the cleansing of a former life as a new one begins.

Each convert has a unique story, and these women are so open to conversation, they say, that they hear them all. 

“Our youngest were 8-day-old twin boys born of a surrogate in Northern California, who had two Israeli dads,” Golden said. “We did the conversion before the bris on the eighth day, and we had to have special permission from Rabbi Bergman,” she said, referring to Rabbi Ben-Zion Bergman, the rabbinic scholar who oversaw the halachic aspects of the AJU mikveh’s design in 1981. 

“Usually people don’t come to the mikveh before they are circumcised, but they had to get back to Israel and wanted to do the conversion here, because in Israel everything is Orthodox,” Golden said. 

While babies so young might seem fragile, the timing is, in actuality, very good, Golden said. But it takes some courage for the new parent: “You can’t hold onto the baby under the armpits, you have to just let go. I used to tell parents: ‘Drop the baby.’ And that’s terrifying for a new parent. So now I make sure I just say, ‘Release.’”

Golden and Rosenthal have many, many stories about children, reflecting the frequency of Jewish adoptions, use of surrogates or the circumstances of interfaith parents. Anyone 12 or younger can convert without going before a beit din, and the parent usually enters the water alongside the child. 

Golden recalled one non-Jewish parent who, after accompanying her children, decided suddenly to convert on her own, as well. She’d just addressed the beit din on behalf of her children, telling the rabbis of her own studies and her commitment to raising her kids as Jews. As a result, the rabbis readily agreed to her conversion without further requirements, so she, too, now became a Jew.

There have been some elderly converts, too; the oldest, Golden said, was a 91-year-old man, who’d met a Jewish woman while living at Leisure World, the seniors community. “It was important to her that she have a Jewish husband,” Golden said. 

So, what was he like?

“Old,” Rosenthal and Golden said in unison. 

“His wife was darling; they were in love,” Golden added. 

There is no special training for mikveh staff; rituals are learned and passed on just like at any other job. Both women say, however, that this is the best job they’ve ever experienced — every day is full of laughter and tears of joy. They’re not highly paid, they say, and they have to do everything, from tidying up the dressing room to finding new prayerful readings on the Internet. 

“What we get is emotional and spiritual currency,” Golden said; she has been here eight years, while Rosenthal has marked her ninth. Their primary role is to guide the prayers, witness the authenticity of the full dunk and provide whatever support is needed. Whenever possible, they ask people to come for a tour before their ritual so that they know what to expect and don’t lose time. 

Although regular hours are indicated on the outside door, Golden and Rosenthal, who job-share to extend the day and the resources, easily make accommodations to be available in the evenings and on Sundays, when possible. Each convert gets a minimum of one hour, and they allow somewhat less for other immersion rituals. Cost is $360 for an adult conversion; $250 to convert a child. For a personal reaffirmation, it’s $90, and for monthly visits, it’s $25. Cost of the rabbis for the Rabbinical Assembly beit din is included (other beit din may charge separately).

The stories Golden and Rosenthal tell easily could fill a book: “One of the most touching ones was a lady with cancer, at the end of her life,” Rosenthal said. “She was 58 years old and had always celebrated Shabbat with her daughters and her husband, who had died four years before. She was very ill, but she had gone through the beit din, and her two daughters were with her to go into the mikveh. 

“She went in, and she immersed,” Rosenthal said, “and one wonderful thing about the water is it’s very buoyant,” because of salt that’s added for maintenance purposes. “So she wasn’t sore in the mikveh, though she was otherwise in a great deal of pain. But when they went to lift her out, she passed out.

“I was holding my breath,” Rosenthal continued, “because we didn’t know if she was going to make it. Her nurse was here, and we all managed to get her back into her wheelchair, where she woke up.” They applied cold packs and did what they could to make the woman comfortable.

“She died four days later,” Golden said. “But she was Jewish, and that’s what she wanted,” Rosenthal said.

Among the stories the mikveh duo love best — and there are many of those — is one of a 17-year-old with autism whose parents weren’t Jewish, but, Golden said, “This was her path.”

The girl couldn’t speak, but she had pre-programmed an iPad with the three required blessings, one to be said after each immersion. The first is the blessing over the commandment to perform an immersion. The second is the Shehecheyanu, the prayer used for new and unusual experiences. The culmination, and always the most powerful, is the saying of the Shema, as the new Jew declares oneness with God. The young woman with autism pressed a button each time for the prayer.

“She was drop-dead gorgeous,” Rosenthal remembered, “and so excited; she walked around the campus screaming — that was the only sound she could make, and it was her way of expressing herself. 

“I asked her mother, ‘Can I put my arm around her?’ And her mother said, ‘Absolutely.’ So I hugged her, even before she went in to the mikveh. She turned around and grabbed my arm and squeezed it.”

It was one of those defining moments, a realization of the absolute reciprocity of spiritual gain that these two women share with each new visitor. As an entryway to becoming Jewish, they have become the embodiment of good things to come. And that young woman, impeded from so much, could appreciate the goodness that Golden and Rosenthal exude — just like everyone else.

After it was all done, the new Jewish girl turned to her mother, who interpreted her words that day: “There’s a whole lot of love here,” she told her mom. “And,” Rosenthal said, reliving the pleasure, “the mother repeated that to us.”

Mikvah

Jewish conversion 101


Conversion to Judaism is not easy. It requires a change in beliefs, actions and lifestyle. It involves extensive study, practice, a leap of faith, a shift in perception and some sacrifice. However, for those who feel it’s the right decision, it can be an exciting and rewarding experience. 

Before stepping into the mikveh — the ritual of immersion in water that is the culmination of the conversion process — prospective converts to Judaism must choose a movement, which will determine what kind of observance they want to follow and how they want to live their life as a Jew. 

“It’s cliché, but it’s true that converts make the very best Jews, because they are people that have chosen to be Jewish,” said Rabbi Adam Greenwald, executive director of the Louis and Judith Miller Introduction to Judaism Program at American Jewish University (AJU). “It wasn’t an accident of birth.”

Most prospective Jews by Choice go through a Reform, Conservative or Orthodox conversion, and the rules vary for each. Anyone considering conversion must find a sponsoring rabbi as the first step, then participate in a period of study, which might mean organized classes or individual study with a rabbi or tutor. Who guides the convert will determine which beit din — a rabbinical court consisting of three rabbis — is the best one to complete the conversion. 

AJU offers an 18-week course for those considering conversion — as well as anyone wanting to learn more about the faith — that takes place at venues throughout Los Angeles. Students at AJU’s program learn about Jewish values, traditions and history, including Conservative traditions and observance. The Reconstructionist and Reform movements also approve these classes.

In addition to the classes, a Holocaust survivor speaks to the students. All candidates learn to read prayers in Hebrew and participate in a Shabbaton and in a scavenger hunt at Whole Foods for kosher products. Since the program got its start in 1986, more than 4,000 participants have converted to Judaism, Greenwald said. 

Although Greenwald does not himself give approval for prospective converts to go before the beit din, he said he meets with all of his students and helps them to connect with a sponsoring rabbi: “It’s a great challenge to give a person the tools and information that they need in only a few months to be able to feel genuinely a part of the Jewish community,” he said. 

“It’s cliché, but it’s true that converts make the very best Jews, because they are people that have chosen to be Jewish.” — Rabbi Adam Greenwald, executive director of the Louis and Judith Miller, Introduction to Judaism Program at American Jewish University (AJU)

Rabbi Neal Weinberg, the former director of the AJU program, has led Judaism by Choice, another educational offering for those wishing to convert, since 2009. Weinberg’s classes include about 300 students each year and cover Jewish history, holidays, rituals, Zionism and the Torah. Classes, which instruct students for a Conservative conversion (see sidebar for more on Weinberg’s Judaism by Choice program), are offered either once or twice per week, for an average of three months. 

Since most students have busy lives, Weinberg acknowledged, he said he tries to make his classes entertaining. He demonstrates a brit milah (ritual circumcision) using a Cabbage Patch doll, holds a mock wedding with a chuppah (wedding canopy) and goes over the prayers. His classes are offered at synagogues in Beverly Hills, Santa Monica, Venice and the San Fernando Valley. “Anybody can take the program,” said Miri Weinberg, the rabbi’s wife, who helps run Judaism by Choice. “We don’t turn anyone away.”

The Weinbergs’ program includes Shabbat dinners and holiday-themed events for both current students and program graduates. He said that he expects students wishing to convert to attend synagogue consistently and keep a level of kosher. “I think there has to be a certain behavior,” Neal said. “I’d rather I be the one [teaching them] than having them go through the beit din and not passing. That could be painful. I’m a coach that prepares people for it.”

Most of the time, the participants in the Judaism by Choice classes undergo either a Conservative conversion or go before the Sandra Caplan Community Bet Din of Southern California, a pluralistic beit din that is endorsed by Conservative, Reconstructionist and Reform rabbis. 

The Union for Reform Judaism (URJ) also offers an 18-week Introduction to Judaism course for prospective converts. This class, too, covers lifecycle events, history, holidays, prayer, Israel and theology. Many of the URJ’s candidates end up going through the Sandra Caplan Community Bet Din of Southern California, as well.

Rabbi Sabine Meyer, director of the URJ’s conversion program, said about 15 classes per year are offered throughout Los Angeles, all of them both rigorous and comprehensive. “Reform conversion is not conversion light. We do not convert people to Reform Judaism. We convert them to Judaism,” she said.

URJ has offered its introduction class for more than three decades, and Meyer has seen classes where up to 80 percent of the people have continued on to convert, but she emphasized that the class is not meant just for prospective Jews by Choice. “It’s for anybody who is interested in learning more about Judaism and the important tools that they need [to practice], if that’s what they want to do.”

Candidates for conversion in Los Angeles who would like to connect to a more traditional lifestyle can also prepare to go before an Orthodox beit din. The requirements for an Orthodox conversion typically require that the candidate observe kosher laws both inside and outside of the home, live within an Orthodox community, observe the Sabbath and study with a tutor. 

Rabbi Avrohom Union, the rabbinic administrator of the Rabbinical Council of California (RCC), which features an Orthodox beit din, said candidates must be sincere and “want to be part of the [Orthodox] community and adopt that lifestyle. We look to see that people approach this with a certain maturity and a solid [reason as to] why they want to do this.”

Applicants accepted to the RCC’s program are assigned a private tutor, and a candidate should expect to spend 18 to 24 months studying and participating fully in Jewish life before the process of conversion is complete, Union said. The most important aspect of the conversion, he said, is establishing oneself in a community. “Orthodox Jewish life tends to revolve around Shabbat. We want people working with us to be a part of that community. We don’t want them to feel different from someone who was born Jewish.”

Since entering into an Orthodox lifestyle can be a huge change for most candidates, Union said that he and the rabbis on his beit din “want people to get personal attention. For someone to make a transition from gentile to Orthodox Jew is a significant transition, and it’s not like a university course, where you simply learn the material, take the test and pass. It’s a process of personal growth.”

Any candidate who chooses to convert — whether through an Orthodox, Reform or Conservative program — should know their goals and understand the process as they enter into it. They also need to realize that being immersed in the mikveh is not the culmination of the learning — it’s just the beginning. 

“Becoming a Jew is not an event,” Miri Weinberg said. “It’s a process.”

Mayoral candidates Greuel, Garcetti go head to head


In the first debate between the two remaining Los Angeles mayoral candidates, City Controller Wendy Greuel and City Councilman Eric Garcetti attempted to convince voters there are significant differences between them, even as the two veteran politicians took identical positions on one issue after another.

The candidates spent a good deal of time on the evening of April 11 addressing questions about the city’s quality of life. A three-person panel on the stage at American Jewish University (AJU) asked about neighborhood development and traffic, and the moderator, KABC anchor Marc Brown, relayed questions about the city’s sidewalks and its spay-and-neuter law from people who submitted via Facebook.

Greuel and Garcetti both said they favor bringing football back to Los Angeles. Each also promised to end chronic homelessness in the city and pledged to ask for givebacks from the unions if elected mayor.

That last pledge would place the new mayor in the awkward position of trying to take back some of the raises that he or she voted to award to municipal workers in 2007, when both Greuel and Garcetti were members of City Council. Should Greuel win and make good on her promise, she would also be negotiating against some of the very same unions that spent millions promoting her candidacy during the primary.

But at the debate at AJU, co-sponsored by the Anti-Defamation League and AJC Los Angeles (American Jewish Committee), Greuel said she is “independent enough to be your next mayor,” even as Garcetti labeled her the “chosen candidate of the downtown power brokers.”

With the election set for May 21, there weren’t too many fireworks at this event, but Greuel and Garcetti did throw some barbed attacks.

Garcetti questioned the math underlying Greuel’s claim to have identified $160 million in wasteful spending as controller; he also assailed Greuel’s proposal to increase the number of police officers by 2,000 over the coming eight years. Greuel stood by the $160 million number and called her suggestion to increase the city’s police force a “goal,” not a plan.

“I believe that if you don’t look forward to a goal, you’ll never get there,” Greuel said.

Greuel questioned Garcetti on whether he acted quickly enough in making known his opinion on two skyscrapers planned for Hollywood, the district he represents. Garcetti has opposed the plan, which was approved by the city’s planning commission late last month, but Greuel, who also said she opposed the plan, said her opponent had waited too long.

“Let’s resolve it before it comes to the planning commission,” Greuel said.

Garcetti defended his course of action, saying that he had always thought the project was too large but wanted to give the developers the opportunity to see if they could rally public support behind it.

When Jewish Journal Editor-in-Chief and Publisher Rob Eshman, one of three questioners at the event, asked each candidate for the “vote-defining difference” that could help Angelenos decide between these two polished, Democratic City Hall insiders, Greuel pointed to their “different experiences,” arguing that her work in the public and private sector has helped to prepare her to be the best mayor.

Garcetti noted he has endorsement from all three leading candidates for mayor knocked out during the March primary. 

Just a day earlier, lame-duck Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa had fired off an attack at the two candidates during his final State of the City speech, critiquing both candidates for not speaking out enough on schools.

Taking the mayor’s criticism to heart, Adrienne Alpert of ABC7’s Eyewitness News kicked off the debate by asking the candidates if they would support Villaraigosa’s 22 “partnership schools,” which are under the supervision of the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) but receive additional support from private funds. Both replied that they would maintain the mayor’s support and focus on those low-performing schools.

And even if it was Greuel who came out with a stronger-sounding defense of “choice” on Thursday night, loudly proclaiming her support for the “parent trigger” law, which allows parents to vote out a school’s administration and bring in a new operator, Garcetti, who has been endorsed by the city’s teachers union, United Teachers Los Angeles (UTLA), said he is also in favor of the parent trigger.

Letters to the Editor: Bill Kristol and his Emergency, Bigotry in AJU Ad?


Exposing Bill Kristol

Congratulations to Rob Eshman on a superb piece explaining clearly why Bill Kristol and his Emergency Committee for Israel (ECI) not only do not help Israel, but are harmful to her interests (“Emergency?” Feb. 1). His thoughtful explanation is comprehensive, clear and completely accurate. In fact, I have spoken with a number of Israeli leaders across the political spectrum who have expressed to me exactly what Eshman stated in his thoughtful piece. They fear that: 1) the efforts to turn Israel into a partisan, wedge issue in the United States erode, rather than increase, American support for Israel; and 2) that these shrill tactics are crying wolf in a manner that will actually make real emergencies, which inevitably will arise, less believable to Americans who will not be able to distinguish ECI’s false and partisan cries for help from the real thing. It takes courage for Eshman to have written the piece. As someone who cares deeply about Israel’s security and survival, I salute him for it.

Mel Levine

Former Congressman (D-Santa Monica)

 

How does Rob Eshman find the message of Israel’s emergency condition to be bizarre? Has he not gotten the memo regarding Iran’s threat and the preparations to execute it? Did he miss the rain of missiles from Lebanon on northern Israel, and that from Gaza on the south, and the danger from Syria’s poison gas? Does he know of any other nation under perpetual threat of genocide, with frequent attempts to carry it out?

Louis Richter

Reseda

 

Rob Eshman is wise in calling out Bill Kristol. I hope he ignores the angry, defensive and obstinate critics of his column who take comfort in Kristol and others who distort facts and hide their donors behind Citizens United.

Eshman nailed it. These extremist operatives have turned Israel into part of the arch right-wingnut agenda of dividing the nation over guns, reproductive rights, taxes and wealth inequality, and manage to attract and ensnare well-meaning Jews into their brutish positions.

Jim Ruxin

via e-mail

 

Bill Kristol is doing a great job. Israel is constantly under siege from the liberal media, of which the Jewish Journal has become a part.  

Chic Lippman

Century City


Bigotry in AJU Ad?

Imagine an ad by the Republican right with a picture of a group of Mexican immigrants and the question: “Will they be the only Americans in 100 years?” No question there would be calls of racism and bigotry. At the lead would be liberal Jewish groups. 

The ad in the inside front cover of the Jewish Journal by American Jewish University (AJU) is no better (Jan. 25). We see the backs of two traditionally Orthodox Jews — large, round, black hats, payot, in a dark forbidding background. The headline: “Will they be the only Jews left in 100 years?” 

The message is clear: Ominous ultra-Orthodox are the future unless you support AJU, as it calls itself “a center for ingenuity and vision.”

AJU’s advertising is degrading and divisive. Its fear-based message fails to reflect the values of pluralism that AJU claims it aspires to instill in its students. 

Rabbi David Eliezrie

President, Rabbinical Council of Orange County

 

As a Modern Orthodox Jew and student at an Orthodox high school, I find American Jewish University’s (AJU) ad inflammatory and distasteful. AJU claims “education demands innovation.” I suggest looking to the Orthodox movement as a positive role model that promotes cross-denominational dialogue and interaction, philanthropy and community service, and commitment to morals and mitzvot

Since Judaism is not “one size fits all,” let us all be committed to working together, learning from each other and recognizing the contributions all Jewish denominations make to the “American Jewish scene.”

Sigal Spitzer, 10th grade

Shalhevet High School

 

American Jewish University President Dr. Robert Wexler responds:

Naturally, we are saddened by the prospect that anyone would see a picture of two Chasidic men peacefully davening and label it “ominous” or “insulting,” especially when the text of the ad speaks of the “remarkable resurgence of Orthodoxy.” After World War II, the expectation was that Orthodoxy could not survive the blow it had sustained during the Holocaust — but quite miraculously, it did just that. Now we are told that assimilation and intermarriage will spell the end of non-Orthodox forms of Judaism. The ad is intended to challenge all of us to defy sociological predictions, as Orthodoxy did so successfully, and to work to ensure the future of a vibrant American Jewish community. At AJU, we engage and celebrate all of the streams within Jewish life, Orthodoxy included!

Nov. 29 and Palestinian Statehood


Even as the sound of “Hatikvah” reverberated in the auditorium of the American Jewish University, where Los Angeles commemorated the 65th anniversary of the historic United Nations vote of Nov. 29, 1947, another U.N. vote was casting its shadows on our consciousness — the vote for Palestinian statehood, on Nov. 29, 2012.

The similarities between these two votes have been noted by other commentaries — I wish to stress the differences. In 1947, the dancers in Tel Aviv invited their Arab neighbors to join in a celebration of two-statehood; in 2012, the dancers in Ramallah did not invite their Jewish neighbors to any activity. On the contrary, they openly called for the expulsion of Israelis from Haifa, Jaffa and Afula.

But there is another key difference, perhaps more profound. Whereas in 1947, the Jewish people viewed the U.N. vote as their moral victory, in 2012, we find ourselves on the losing side of a moral defeat. Regardless of the political outcomes of the U.N. vote, it is fairly clear that, along the moral dimension, Israel, the United States and Canada are perceived to be on the wrong side of justice — a moral minority of 9 against 138. And it does not matter that some of the 138 states are gruesome dictatorships and others are victims of deceitful propaganda; the essence of justice rests to a large extent on societal perception of justice. And this perception, even among many Americans, depicts Palestinians as pleading for dignity, independence and hope, and those who reject their bid as operating out of pragmatic, but morally unconvincing, considerations.

Being in a moral minority is an ugly experience, totally foreign to the Jewish psyche since Nov. 27, 1947. And while it might not affect Israel’s security, it will surely affect Jewish students on U.S. campuses, whose intimidators will soon be emboldened with a new license to attack. It will also invigorate the boycott sharks, the first nibble of which was felt last week by Stevie Wonder, who was pressured to cancel a concert on behalf of the Friends of the IDF here in Los Angeles. And it will soon affect the whole structure of Israel advocacy; if, until now, truth had to be explained, from now on truth will need to be unearthed.

Worse yet, it is very dangerous for Israel to have many Americans think (and they do) that Israel forced them into a moral minority position, standing contrary to the ruling moral forces of the world. Americans, too, detest being in the minority.

What caused this defeat and what can be done to reverse it?

The greatest blunder was to keep the moral issue out of the debate. We discussed whether the bid would help Mahmoud Abbas or weaken him; would he appeal to the international court at The Hague or not; will it help Hamas or weaken it; whether it would advance peace negotiations or stall them; whether it would make Israel more flexible or less flexible; which Israeli party would benefit, and which would loose. We discussed every issue on earth except the one that matters in the moral arena: Are Palestinians entitled to, and ready for, statehood?

Abbas and his supporters were the ones who pressed this issue to its utmost, everyone else avoided it, including American and Israeli diplomats. And Abbas won because people are moved by right and wrong, not by analyses of consequences. (See my article, “Moral Dimension of Palestinian Statehood,” in the Jewish Journal, Sept. 30, 2011.)

Ironically, there was no reason for us to avoid the moral aspect of the issue, as this aspect has been and remains our strongest point in the debate: It can be summarized in one sentence: “A nation deserves a state to the extent that its  children are taught that their neighbors deserve one, too.”

It casts Israel’s objection to the Palestinian bid in a universally accepted moral principle and on established facts on the ground. Specifically, it highlights the fact that the world expects some sign, however feeble, that Palestinians are prepared to accept Israel as a permanent fixture in the Middle East, rather than use their statehood to prepare for renewed hostilities from a position of strength. Or for continued gnawing at Israel’s legitimacy from a higher diplomatic platform.

The damage is done, can it be repaired?

I think it can, by bringing Abbas’ intentions to the surface and making them central to the conversation.

What Netanyahu should do is this: Stop all settlement construction with no exception, and issue an ultimatum to Abbas: Construction will resume in three months unless we agree to meet face to face to discuss conditions for an “end of conflict,” based on 1967 lines (with adjustments) and the principle of  “two states for two peoples.”

Now, before you criticize my proposal as caving in to Abbas’ demands, and, as a play on words, let me note that, based on prevailing norms of Palestinian education, the chances that Abbas would be able to accept such an offer from Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu are extremely slim. The reason is simple: No Arab leader can utter the words “end of conflict” or “two states for two peoples,” no matter what. The former expresses acceptance of Israel as a legitimate and permanent state, which goes against everything Abbas was telling his people (in Arabic) and against everything Palestinians were brought up to believe. The last time the “end of conflict” issue came up in public was in the summer of 2000, as part of the offer that Ehud Barak made to Yasser Arafat during the Camp David Summit. The result was the outbreak of the Second Intifada; Arafat could not go back to his people and tell them that everything they were promised (in Arabic) was a fantasy and, as a price for freedom, Haifa, Jaffa and Afula will remain in Israel’s hands for eternity.

The same goes for the phrase “two states for two peoples.” The Palestinian mantra is always a “two-state solution,” never “for two peoples,” because admitting that Jews are a “people” would bestow credibility on the Zionist claim for a national homeland, thus rendering the Arab rejectionist movement irrational, if not immoral.

In conclusion, Netanyahu will not be risking a thing by demanding an “end to the conflict” and “two states for two peoples” — Abbas will reject the offer out of hand. At the same time, these demands are so morally compelling that even European politicians would not be able to brand them “unreasonable.” Abbas’ rejection will then restore to Israel the moral grounds it has always strived to uphold (Tzidkat Haderech).

In the remote case that Abbas should accept the offer, the benefit would be mutual: Palestinian children will hear, for the first time, that Israel can be accepted as a permanent and legitimate state — a monumental achievement for both sides and a major necessary step toward a lasting peace in the Middle East.


Judea Pearl is a professor at UCLA and president of the Daniel Pearl Foundation (danielpearl.org), named after his son. He is a co-editor of “I Am Jewish: Personal Reflections Inspired by the Last Words of Daniel Pearl” (Jewish Lights: 2004), winner of the National Jewish Book Award.

Home after Birthright


Moledet means “homeland” in Hebrew, and it’s no coincidence that it’s been chosen as the name of a pilot program aimed at maintaining the passion of recent Los Angeles Birthright alumni following their return home from Israel. 

Applications for the new program, created by American Jewish University (AJU) in cooperation with Birthright NEXT, will be available beginning Dec. 1.

The success of the Taglit-Birthright Israel program is no secret. More than 300,000 Jewish young adults between the ages of 18 and 26 have been inspired by its all-expenses-paid trips to Israel since 1999. While in Israel, they’ve embarked on journeys all over the nation: hiking Mount Carmel, eating falafel on a beach in Haifa and praying at the Kotel. Participants also have taken part in a mifgash  — or “encounter” — with their Israeli peers.

However, once these young adults return to the United States — 16,000 of them to the greater Los Angeles area so far — it’s proven more difficult to maintain their enthusiasm for Israel. Moledet aims to re-create the awe and profound sense of identity felt by many upon their first trip to Israel, according to Gady Levy, dean of the Whizin Center for Continuing Education and vice president of AJU.

“We wanted to create a program that emphasizes advocacy and knowledge about Israel and how to incorporate that into your own identity, and retaining that connection to Israel while living in the States,” Levy said.

Moledet will begin this summer, July 18-28, with an immersive retreat for 50 participants at AJU’s 2,700-acre Brandeis-Bardin Campus in Simi Valley. While there, attendees — who must have participated in Birthright during the past 18 months — will delve into Jewish and Israeli-themed activities while living kibbutz style.

“There will be an emphasis on the arts, with Judaism being taught as a civilization rather than just a religion. So we’ll teach things like music, painting, photography, dance and cooking,” Levy said.

Throughout the year that follows, participants will be invited to private events, receive literature about Israel on a regular basis and be paired with a mentor — a community leader who will help them become leaders in their own right.

“Our ideal candidate would be somebody who actually understands and wants to continue their relationship with Israel and their Jewish identity,” Levy said. “We also want people who are very passionate. Our ideal is someone who can help foster this passion and understanding in the community and can commit to the time to work with the community throughout the year.”

One of the ways participants will “pay” for this otherwise free program — it is funded by a grant from the Jewish Community Foundation of Los Angeles and other donors — is by creating two Los Angeles-wide events for the Jewish community, whether it be a program for Jerusalem Day or something else that promotes education or the social betterment of the city.

Levy hopes that this pilot program will help create the framework for a program that can be used nationwide. 

“My ultimate goal would be to create the masterbook for Moledet — from how to interview applicants to perfecting the curriculum,” Levy said. “That would be, for me, the greatest outcome.”

For more information, visit this story at jewishjournal.com.